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Download Carpet Cleaning & Spotting. Carpet Cleaning & Spotting What this presentation will cover Identification of the carpet soiling. Carpet & Fabric types commonly

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Carpet Cleaning & Spotting Slide 2 Carpet Cleaning & Spotting What this presentation will cover Identification of the carpet soiling. Carpet & Fabric types commonly encountered Carpet cleaning equipment required. Carpet cleaning chemicals required. Carpet cleaning procedures. Spot and stain removal. Deodorisation, Odour neutralisation and sanitization. Slide 3 Identification of the carpet soiling. Medical Institutions Facility Types Hospitals Aged Care Homes Medical Centres Typical Soils and Stains High level of tracked in soiling. Tea, coffee and cold drink stains. Medicinal stains. Urine and body fluid stains. Mal-odours caused by body fluids. Bacterial contamination. Slide 4 Identification of the carpet soiling. Domestic Facility Types Joe Citizens House Rentals Typical Soils and Stains Tea, coffee, food and beverage stains. Cosmetics stains. Stains caused by incorrect spotting agents. Urine, vomit and pet stains. Mal odours from body fluids and pets. Tracked in soiling. Slide 5 Identification of the carpet soiling. Hospitality Facility Types Hotels Motels Restaurants Typical Soils & Stains Tracked in soils Food & Beverage stains High content of oils and grease in restaurant areas. Slide 6 Identification of the carpet soiling. Community Facility Types Government & Community buildings Schools Commission Housing Typical Soils & Stains Tracked in soils Food & Beverage stains Carpet wear & neglect. Chewing gum deposits. Coffee, tannin & beverage staining. Slide 7 Carpet & Fabric Types A basic knowledge of carpet fibre types and their characteristics is critical to effective and successful carpet cleaning. Slide 8 Carpet & Fabric Types commonly encountered Synthetic Fibres Synthetics are fibres mainly derived from petrochemicals. These include Acrylics, Polyester, Polypropylene and Nylon. Acrylic and Polyester fibres are seldom used on their own but are blended with Nylons and Polypropylene. Synthetics are relatively resistant to chemical damage and have low absorbency. Natural Fibres Natural fibres are fibres derived from plants and animals. These include Wool, Cotton, Jute and Silk. Natural fibres are susceptible to damage by incorrect cleaning chemicals and procedures. They have high absorbency. Slide 9 Carpet & Fabric Types Synthetic Fibres Polypropylene (Olefin) Characteristics a strong, solution dyed fibre which is virtually non- absorbent. It is easily damaged by friction and tends to attract oily soils. Can become distorted from traffic and develop wear marks. Stain Resistance very stain resistant because it is solution dyed. Is not damaged or discoloured even by chlorine bleach. Identification a burn test will develop a asphalt odour and leave a dark, hard bead residue as ash. Requires chemistry which will reverse the static charge to facilitate easy soil release. Requires tough grease cutting chemistry. High pH chemistry permitted. Slide 10 Carpet & Fabric Types Synthetic Fibres Nylon Characteristics a very resilient fibre which releases soils easily. Some nylons are solution dyed, however most are acid dyed. Nylon technology has advanced over the years, resulting in 5 th and 6 th generation nylon fibres which are more stain resistant however the stain resistance is damaged by high pH chemistry (pH over 10) and cationic solutions. Stain Resistance Nylon stains easily due to its acceptance of acid dyes. 5 th and 6 th generation nylon carpets display significantly higher stain resistance. Identification a burn test will develop a sealing wax odour and leave a dark, hard bead residue as ash. Requires good overall cleaning chemistry for efficient soil release and stain removal. pH of cleaning solutions must be less than 10. Protection with a fluorochemical including acid dye blocks is recommended. Slide 11 Carpet & Fabric Types Natural Fibres Wool Characteristics a very resilient fibre which releases soils easily. Wool accepts dyes very well, hence its popular use for colourful area rugs. It is a highly absorbent fibre and dries very slowly. Over wetting and/or long term exposure to cleaning solutions over pH 9,5 will damage wool causing cellulosic browning. Stain Resistance Wool stains easily due to its high absorbency. Identification a burn test will develop a burning hair odour and leave a dark, crumbly ash which leaves a black mark on your fingers when crushed. Requires good overall cleaning chemistry for efficient soil release and stain removal. pH of cleaning solutions must be less than 8. If cleaning solutions over 8 are used they must be less than pH 10 and the carpet must be neutralised with an acid rinse. Protection with a fluorochemical including acid dye blocks is recommended. The cleaning process must facilitate maximum moisture removal and rapid drying. Slide 12 Carpet & Fabric Types Natural Fibres Cotton Characteristics Cotton has poor resiliency and poor dimensional stability. Cotton accepts dyes readily and is very soft, hence its popular use for colourful decorator rugs. It is a highly absorbent fibre and dries very slowly. Over wetting and/or exposure to alkaline cleaning solutions will damage cotton causing cellulosic browning. Cotton is mainly found in area rugs and up-market upholstery. Stain Resistance Cotton stains easily due to its high absorbency. Identification a burn test will develop a burning paper odour and leave a dark, crumbly ash which leaves a black mark on your fingers when crushed. Requires good overall cleaning chemistry for efficient soil release and stain removal. pH of cleaning solutions must be less than 7,9. Ideally a mildly acidic cleaner is the best option for cotton. The cleaning process must facilitate maximum moisture removal and rapid drying. Delicate cottons should be cleaned with a low moisture, low pH method. Slide 13 Carpet Cleaning Equipment Slide 14 Carpet Cleaning Equipment Details of carpet cleaning equipment is explained in a separate presentation. However a list is given below as a minimum requirement. Standard equipment required Portable or truckmounted carpet cleaning extraction unit with hose and carpet wand. 8 Litre Pump-up sprayer. Rotary scrubbing machine (optional) Carpet rake and spotting brushes. Measuring jugs and container. Slide 15 Carpet Cleaning Chemicals Slide 16 ACTICHEM CARPET CLEANING CHEMICALS Chemical Tech - presprays Prespray Solutions AP450 Perform (1:32) ideal as a multi task workhorse. Ideal for nylon carpets. Fine for use on wool when extract / rinsed with Rinse Pro. [pH 9.6 ready-to-use] AP452 Performance Plus (1:32) specially designed for the safe cleaning of wool carpets. Can also be used on nylons with excellent results. [pH 7.5 ready-to-use] AP465 Polyprop Plus (1:32) specially designed for the effective cleaning of polypropylene carpets. Overcomes the static charge to quickly release soiling. [pH 11.5 ready-to-use] AP454 Performance Gold (1:64) a premium quality prespray concentrate which provides extremely economical dilution ratios and awesome cleaning power. Use wherever you would use Perform. [pH 9.6 ready-to-use] AP453 Clean Force (1:64) a high pH, enzyme boosted prespray powder for bursting through heavy greasy soils in restaurants and schools. [pH 12.5 ready-to-use] Slide 17 ACTICHEM CARPET CLEANING CHEMICALS Chemical Tech in tank rinse In-Tank Rinse Solutions (Emulsifiers) AP455 Emulsifier Plus (1:300 to 1:600) provides powerful cleaning power at the extraction step by emulsifying residual soils and effectively flushing out prespray residues. Ideal for all synthetic carpets. Emulsifier Plus is a liquid formulation making it popular for use in portable extractors. [pH 9.6 ready-to-use] AP457 Extracta Pro (1:600 to 1:1200) provides powerful cleaning power at the extraction step by emulsifying residual soils and effectively flushing out prespray residues. Ideal for all synthetic carpets. Extractor Pro is a powder formulation making it popular for use in truck mount extractors. [pH 9.6 ready-to-use] AP440 Rinse Pro (1:100 to 1:300) an advanced acid rinse specially designed for effective neutralization of alkaline prespray residues and for powerful emulsification of residual soiling. Ideal for use when cleaning wool and delicate fibres. [pH 2.5 ready-to-use] Slide 18 Carpet Cleaning Product Guide ProductDilutionpH Carpet and Fibre Types Notes RTU NylonPolypropWoolCotton Prespray / Traffic Lane Cleaners AP451 Prespray LC1:209,8 excellent all-rounderRinse extract with Rinse Pro when cleaning wool AP450 Perform1:329,8 excellent all-rounderRinse extract with Rinse Pro when cleaning wool AP454 Performance Gold1:649,8 excellent all-rounderRinse extract with Rinse Pro when cleaning wool AP452 Performance Plus1:327,5 excellent all-rounderWool safe formulation AP453 Clean Force1:6411,5 * for greasy restraurants & severe soil build-ups * Clean Force is not suitable for Stain Resistant nylon. AP465 Polyprop Plus1:3211 * specially for polyprops* Polyprop Plus is not suitable for Stain Resistant nylon AP464 Encap Fine fabric1:166 specially for fine fabricsIdeal for decorator area rugs and delicate upholstery. AP468 Upholstery Plus1:169.5 excellent removal of oily upholstery soils & stains Use AP464 Encap Fine Fabric for delicate upholstery In-Tank Emulsifiers AP455 Emulsifier Plus 1:300 to 1:600 9,5 * Liquid product - ideal for portable extractors *Use at 1:300 for single step cleaning. Use at 1:600 for wool and two step cleaning. AP457 Extractor Pro 1:600 to 1:1000 9,9 * Powder product - ideal for portable extractors * Use at 1:600 for single step cleaning. Use at 1:1000 for wool and two step cleaning. AP440 Rinse Pro 1:100 to 1:300 4,0 Neutralizing rinse with serious cleaning action Essential when cleaning wool and delicate fibres but also produces great results on synthetics. Low Moisture & Encapsulation Cleaning AP461 Encap Pro1:327.8 excellent all rounderAlso ideal for bonnet cle