capablanca move by move

Download Capablanca Move by Move

If you can't read please download the document

Post on 13-Apr-2018

309 views

Category:

Documents

14 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    1/313

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    2/313

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    3/313

    t published in 2012 by Gloucester Publishers Limited, Northburgh House,Northburgh Street, London EC1V 0ATyright 2012 Cyrus Lakdawalaright of Cyrus Lakdawala to be identified as the author of this work has beenrted in accordance with the Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act 1988.rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in aeval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,trostatic, magnetic tape, photocopying, recording or otherwise,out prior permission of the publisher.

    ish Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Dataatalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.N: 978 1 85744 936 5ributed in North America by The Globe Pequot Press, P.O Box 480,Goose Lane, Guilford, CT 06437-0480.other sales enquiries should be directed to Everyman Chess, Northburgh House,Northburgh Street, London EC1V 0AT020 7253 7887 fax: 020 7490 3708il: info@everymanchess.com; website: www.everymanchess.comryman is the registered trade mark of Random House Inc. and is used in this work under licence from Random House Inc.

    ryman Chess Seriesef advisor: Byron Jacobs

    mmissioning editor: John Emmsstant editor: Richard Pallisereset and edited by First Rank Publishing, Brighton.er design by Horatio Monteverde.

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    4/313

    ontents

    ewordiographyoduction

    apa on the Attackapa on Defence

    apa on Exploiting Imbalancesapa on Accumulating Advantagesapa on Endings

    x of Opponents

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    5/313

    oreword

    Move by Moveformat is designed to be interactive, and is based on questions asked by both teachers and students. It aims as msible to replicate chess lessons. All the way through, readers will be challenged to answer searching questions and to complete exst their skills in key aspects of the game. Its our firm belief that practising your skills like this is an excellent way to study chess.

    ny thanks go to all those who have been kind enough to offer inspiration, advice and assistance in the creation of Move by Movely excited by this series and hope that readers will share our enthusiasm.

    n Emmsryman Chess

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    6/313

    ibliography

    4, Volume One, Boris Avrukh (Quality Chess 2008)Best Endings of Capablanca and Fischer, A.Matanovic (ed.) (Informator 1978)by Fischer The Greatest?,Max Euwe (Sterling Publishing 1979)

    pablanca, Edward Winter (McFarland & Company 1989)ablanca: A Primer of Checkmate, Frisco Del Rosario (Mongoose Press 2010)ablancas Best Chess Endings, Irving Chernev (Dover 1978)

    ablancas Hundred Best Games of Chess, Harry Golombek (Hardinge Simpole 1947)d the Right Plan, Anatoly Karpov & Anatoly Matsukevich (Batsford 2008)Four Knights: Move by Move, Cyrus Lakdawala (Everyman Chess 2012)Greatest Ever Chess Endings, Steve Giddins (Everyman Chess 2012)Immortal Games of Capablanca , Fred Reinfeld (Dover 1942)

    e Raul Capablanca, 3rd World Chess Champion, Isaak & Vladimir Linder (Russell Enterprises 2010)e Raul Capablanca: Games, 1901-1924, Alexander Khalifman (ed.) (Chess Stars 2004)w to Reassess Your Chess, 4th Edition, Jeremy Silman (Siles Press 2010)Chess Career, Jose Raul Capablanca, George Bell (Hardinge Simpole 1920)Great Predecessors, Volume One, Garry Kasparov (Everyman Chess 2003)

    w York 1927, Alexander Alekhine (Russell Enterprises 2011)Nimzo-Indian: Move by Move, John Emms (Everyman Chess 2011)Praxis of My System, Aaron Nimzowitsch (G.Bell & Sons 1929)Slav: Move by Move, Cyrus Lakdawala (Everyman Chess 2011)Unknown Capablanca, David Hooper & Dale Brandreth (Batsford 1975)

    ctronic/Onliness Today (with annotations from Paul Motwani and Ruslan Scherbakov)ssBase 10sslive databaseWeek in Chess

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    7/313

    ntroduction

    at others could not find in a months study, he saw at a glance. Reuben Fine.nt easy to write a book about ones chess hero and remain an unbiased annotator. This is what I wrote about Capablanca in anothehen it comes to all things Capa, I am one of those love-struck annotators who itches to give every move he played an exclamation

    another: As a faithful acolyte of Saint Capa, I hope you will forgive me for sneaking in yet another of the Blessed Ones games ik. So you see, it wont be easy, but in this book I try and remain objective, revealing Capablancas warts as well as his double excla

    Capas opening play, especially in the earlier part of his career, was uninspiring at best, so we

    end much time there. Fischer theorized: Some kid of 14 today, or even younger, could get an op

    vantage against Capablanca ... On the other hand, Capas middlegame play, especially when it

    pawn structure and planning, was two or more generations ahead of his time. If you look at his han

    the Kings Indian against Menchik (Game 31), it looks as if a contemporary GM like Karp

    amnik plays the white pieces against a C-player who bought books on KID but didnt bother to

    m. Strategically, Capa had a deceptive, elegant way of threading through the maze, the only si

    rson among the multitude of his day.He would somehow find a way of removing the complexity o

    sition, no matter how chaotic, and translate it into a plan which we can all understand. In th

    ddlegames and endings he has no rival and may well be the greatest player of all time. Only Bcher could make a case to be his equal in technical endings. Hopefully, after going over the gam

    s book, some of this will rub off on us!

    Look at Capas Career

    e four-year-old Jose Raul Capablanca quietly watched his father and a fellow army officer play

    ch night. One evening, tot-Capa corrected his father after an inaccurate move and suggested an

    hen Capas father checked the suggested move, it turned out to be an improvement! Don

    pablanca then played his son a game and lost! He ran out into the street and shouted A mira

    er his four-year-old son beat him in his very first chess game. Thus began the career of the urally gifted player of all time.

    Shortly afterward, the four-year-old Capa attended the Steinitz-Chigorin world championship ma

    vana in 1892. This match left a powerful imprint upon his mind. He also watched astounded a

    merican GM Harry Nelson Pillsbury performed a 16-board blindfold simultaneous display. Pillsb

    plays ... electrified me. Capas interests as a youth included such diverse fields as mathem

    tory, philosophy, violin and baseball. His parents sent him to the U.S. to study chemical engineer

    lumbia University on the strict promise that he avoided playing chess. Luckily for us, he diso

    m. Legend has it that he breezed through and aced a horrifically complex three-hour engine

    oblem in just 40 minutes in his final exams.He quickly earned a reputation in the United States as an unbeatable amateur and earned a match s

    first real test in 1909 with then U.S. Champion Frank Marshall, a player in the Top 10 in the w

    d an overwhelming favourite against the unknown but gifted Cuban amateur. Capa outplayed Ma

    th strategically and tactically in two out of three phases of the game. The result was an embarras

    sided +8-1=14 bloodbath in Capas favour. Capablanca held his own in the opening (His heart

    t, said Znosko-Borovsky about Capa in the opening stages of the game), and dominated the Ame

    the middlegame and ending, as his pieces glided along with the flow of a concert pianists fingers

    keys. Next, Capa toured the U.S. on a simultaneous exhibition tour; the newspaper headlines

    eyond all Expectations! and Astonishing! He managed to avoid losing a single game in his fir

  • 7/26/2019 Capablanca Move by Move

    8/313

    muls.

    The crushing victory over Marshall earned Capa an invitation to the elite GM event, San Seb

    11, where he vaulted to world prominence with a stunning first place finish. Suddenly Capa usu

    binsteins spot as Laskers natural challenger. Lasker dodged Capa for a full decade in a world

    tch. Meanwhile, during the years before and after World War I, Capa lapped up ten first place fini

    en with overwhelming scores, like a hungry cat with a bowl of cream. In short matches, he also be

    es of Teichmann and Alekhine, among others. Finally in 1921, the pressure in the press

    bearable for Lasker, who finally agreed to a championship match in Havana. Capablanca method

    oke Lasker down with a never-before-seen level of technical accuracy, defeating Lasker by +4, woss in the match.

    So difficult was Capa to beat that he went ten years without losing a tournament game, from

    ersburg tournament of 1914 to New York 1924, where he finally lost a game to Rti. (It was bel

    only reason for that defeat was loss of composure when Capas rumoured mistress walked int

    rnament hall while Capas wife and the press! also attended!) When he was world champio

    minance was absolute and his first place finish without a single loss was almost a fo

    nclusion. In the chess world, Capa was the beginning, the middle and the end, both God and devil

    y Fischer would have been had he continued playing after he won the World title from Spassky.

    Capa continued to dominate until the unthinkable happened: He lost his world title to Alekhinossly overconfident Capa entered the match unprepared psychologically for the new and imp

    ekhine. In the end, Capa lost the match because he had never previously been tested to the degree

    ich Alekhine pressed him.