building a theme pavilion for the continent africa
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Building a Theme Pavilion for the Continent AfricaGroup III Soumodip Paul 12AR10046Harshil Pansare 12AR10033Kartik Verma 12AR10022Major Contents of the ProjectInitial Data Analysis I) Site Analysis II) Climate Study III) Wind IV) Site ZoningStudy and Concept I) Proximity Analysis II) Flow Chart III) Case Study IV) Area ProgrammingConcept in Brief I) Spatial Concept II) Structural Concept III) Circulation Concept IV) Climatic Concept V) Energy Conscious Concept VI) User Behavior ConceptFinal Sheets and Descriptions I) Plans II) Elevation III) Section IV) 3-Dimensional ViewsSite Analysis
The Site Location is Kolkata
Total Site Area= 100m * 70m = 7000 sq. m
Floor Area Ratio = 2.5
Maximum Ground Coverage = 40%
Setback for the Site Front :6m Sides:3.5mSiteLakeRoadSite Analysis
The Presence of Road on the South-Eastern Side of the Site acts a main source of noise. Thus ,the area facing in front of it must have a buffer zone like parking and landscaping to reduce the effect of noise to the main Pavilion.
Presence of Lake on the South Western side adds to the beauty of the Site . Placement of Cafeteria with a possible view of the lake can define the space well as it also helps to check the humidity from entering directly to the Pavilion.SiteLakeRoadNoiseNoiseHumidityHumidityClimatic Study
Kolkata has a Tropical wet-and-dry climate.
Humidity is the most determining factor which affects most of the things in design.
Because of it , any Structure in this region needs good ventilation to overcome the side-effects of humidity.
The annual mean temperature is 24.8C (80F); monthly mean temperatures range from 15C to 30C (59F to 86F).
Summers are hot and humid with temperatures in the low 30's and during dry spells the maximum temperatures often exceed 40C (104F) during May and June.Climatic Study
As seen in the figure , the sun-path along the East and West Region has posed maximum sunlight over there.
The region needs to be protected/shaded from sunlight in order to reduce the maximum heat gain in the Structure.
Use of solar panels along the region can also be proved effective. Sun-path DiagramWindsAs seen in the figure , the sun-path along the East South and South West Region is the main direction of wind flow.
This Region needs to have more opening in order to allow cross ventilation to reduce the effects of humid climate.
RoadSiteLakePlanning & Design Recommendations:
Minimize or reduce West faced glazing in order to reduce summer and fall afternoon heat gain.Window overhangs (designed for this latitude) or operable sunshades (extend in summer, retract in winter) can reduce or eliminate air conditioning.In this climate air conditioning will always be required, but can be greatly reduced if building design minimizes overheating.Orient most of the glass to the north, shaded by vertical fins, in very hot climates, if there are essentially no passive solar needs.
Planning & Design Recommendations:A whole-house fan or natural ventilation can store nighttime coolth ' in high mass interior surfaces, thus reducing or eliminating air conditioning .Good natural ventilation can reduce or eliminate air conditioning in warm weather, if windows are well shaded and oriented to prevailing breezes.Traditional homes in hot humid climates used light weight construction with open able walls and shaded outdoor porches, raised above ground .Use plant materials (ivy, bushes, trees) especially on the west to shade the structure (if summer rains support native plant growth).
Planning & Design Recommendations:Use light colored building materials and cool roofs (with high emissivity) to minimize conducted heat gain.Screened porches and patios can provide comfort cooling by ventilation and prevent insect problems.High mass interior surfaces like stone, brick, tile, or slate, feel naturally cool on hot days and can reduce day-to-night temperature swings.A radiant barrier (shiny foil) will help reduce radiated heat gain through the roof in hot climates.
The Site which is 100m X 70m is divided into 4 main zone-each has a defined characteristics based on the environment nearby . They are as follows:
Zone DZoningZone A
Noise Pollution is prevalent in the area . So it can act as a buffer zone between the main pavilion and roadside noise.
Immediate access to site
Zone A consists of Parking , Shops etc
Pleasant View of the Lake.
Cool Breeze Coming from the lake side.
Humidity High due to Lake .There is a need to check it.
Zone B consists of Cafeteria , Sitting Area , Outdoors etc
Contains Services and Administrative Zone
Needs good Connectivity /Access to outside and other environments.
Zone C consists of Office Spaces, Server Rooms, Electrical Services, Security services, Parking etc
Noise Pollution is very less as compared to other zone , thus main activity can be concentrated here.
View to Lake from Higher Levels.
Zone D consists of Exhibition Areas,Main Building Area.
Study and ConceptsProximity AnalysisThe whole site contains 4 zones Zone A , Zone B , Zone C and Zone D. Zone A- Parking Spaces(Including public parking only).
Zone B-Cafeteria , Sitting Area ,Outdoor including landscaping . It is also adjacent to Zone B , as it comes at the exit of it and also well connected to Zone A.
Zone C-Administrative Offices(Includes Directors Room and Office),Services Room like Electrical Room , Maintenance Workshop, Toilet for Public and Parking for Office Staff . This zone is well adjacent to Zone D, as it is needed not only for convenience for Office staff but also will be a great help in case of Fire/Emergency.
Zone D-It contains the main Exhibition Area and Main Building Area . It is adjacent to Zone B and Zone C ,and connected to Zone A . But Its gallery has been divided into 3 Groups: I. Geography Section II. Arts and Culture Section III. History Section Apart from these three components , this Zone also incorporates Outdoor Exhibits , Library and some Shops.Study and ConceptsProximity AnalysisGeneral LobbyTicket CounterExhibition-GeographyExhibition HistoryExhibition-Arts and CultureLibraryRepair WorkshopStoresCafeteriaElectrical RoomGenerators RoomOutdoorExhibitsSit-outsParkingServicesParkingPublicToiletGeneral LobbyTicket Counter4Exhibition-Geography44Exhibition-History322Exhibition-Arts and Culture1142Library11232Repair Workshop224221Stores3312241Cafeteria23132314Electrical Room223121411Generators Room2231214114OutdoorExhibits12
132313311Sit-outs121313134111ParkingServices2321113113311ParkingPublic23321212211231Toilet4342222342222111-Very Less Connected2-Partially Connected3-Well Connected4-AdjacentStudy and ConceptsArea ProgrammingZone AUnit AreaQuantityTotal AreaPublic ParkingNet AreaZone BUnit AreaQuantityTotal AreaCafeteriaSitting AreaNet AreaZone CUnit AreaQuantityTotal AreaDirector's RoomDirectors OfficeElectrical RoomMaintenance WorkshopOffice ToiletServices ParkingPublic ToiletNet AreaStudy and ConceptsArea ProgrammingZone DUnit AreaQuantityTotal AreaGeography SectionArts and Culture SectionHistory SectionOutdoor ExhibitsLibraryShopsCloak RoomTicket CounterLobbyNet AreaTotal area= value sq. mBuilt Up area= value sq. mGround Coverage= value %Floor area Ratio= value Study and ConceptsFlow ChartSite EntranceParkingEntrance LobbyAdministrationService EntranceGeneral StoreMini WorkshopDisplay AreasSecurity & MonitoringToiletsServer/Generator/Electrical RoomMini LibraryContinueThe Connectivity between the different spaces is shown here:Study and ConceptsFlow ChartThe Connectivity between the different spaces is shown here:ContinueCafeteria and Food CourtSales CounterSales CounterStudy and ConceptsCase StudySeed Cathedral : Shanghai World Expo 2010TheUK pavilion at Expo 2010, colloquially known as theSeed Cathedral, was asculpturestructure built by a nine member conglomeration ofBritishbusiness and government resources directed by designerThomas Heather wick. It referenced the race to save seeds from round the world in banks, and housed 250,000plantseedsat the end of 60,000 acrylic rods, held in place by geometrically-cut holes with the rods inserted therein.The structure stood where it was built, at a cost of 25 million, inShanghaifor the2010 World Expoand won the BIE gold award for best pavilion design.The cathedral's architecture was an elaboration of Heather wick's 2003 work of theSitooterie IIin Essex, United Kingdom.The UK Pavilion catered to over 100 public and private sector events, hundreds of VIP and dignitary visits and over seven million general public visitors during the 6 months of Expo.
Location : Shanghai
Host Country : China