biography of sri aurobindo

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Work of Sri Aurobindo

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  • 1.Central University of JammuDepartment ofEducationDeveloped by :SRI AUROBINDO GHOSHAvinash Thappa --------(1872-1950)avinash.thappa@gmail.com Nothing is impossible for one who is attentive 1

2. Life history or Sketch. Basic philosophy of Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo on Education. Aurobindo Ghosh &Yoga. Aurobindo Ghosh & Karam Yoga. Conclusion. 2 3. Born at Calcutta (Kolkata) on August 15, 1872. Father Krishnadhan (M.D), Mother Swamlata At the age of 5 years, sent to Loretto ConventSchool (Darjeeling). At the age of 7 years, sent to England forcompleting his schooling. At the age of 18 years got admission inCambridge university and also qualified theI.C.S exam in 1890 but failed to qualified Horseriding examination. So, not allowed to join the Indian Govt.services. In 1893, returned back to India and became thevice-principal of the state college in Baroda. 3 4. During 1893-1903 he studied Sanskrit, Bengali,philosophy and political science. In 1906, during partition of Bengal he resignedhis job and joined the Bengal national college. In 1908, joined the Indian freedom struggle andopenly boycotted of British goods, British courtsand everything. He was the first political leader in India toopenly put forward, in his newspaper BandeMataram, the idea of complete independencefor the country Our actual enemy is not any force exterior toourselves but our own crying weakness, ourcowardice, our selfishness, our hypocrisy, ourpurblind sentimentalism.4 5. Famous Alipore bomb case proved to be a turningpoint in Sri Aurobindo Ghosh life. Then later, he shifted from Calcutta toPondicherry (1910). Rest of the life he had spent in ashram (SriAurobindo International centre of education)established by him. The life divine, The Gita, The Secret of Veda, TheHuman cycle, The ideal of Human unity arepopular essays of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh. He passed away on December 5, 1950 atPondicherry at the age of 78. 5 6. Based on the concept of Reality of being andconsciousness. All being are united in that one self and spirit but divided bycertain separativity of consciousness, reality in the mind. He taught people to become aware of their true self and feelthe presence of divinity lying with in the them. Feel spirit while spending each and every moment of theirlives.If a person wants to experience delight then he must strive todiscover the higher spiritual nature. When a person discovers his true self and the power ofdivinity lying within it brings about a rise in his level ofconsciousness.6 7. Knowledge( not to instruct but to impart it) Power Education isLove( to empowercultivation(love forwithof four nation, intellect)main thingshuaminityBeauty (beauty is inthe eye of man to see everychild beautiful 7 8. He gave concept of integral education He emphasized education is combination of allthe isms8 9. The main functions of education can besummarized as follows.i. To bring out the real man in oneself.ii. To build the power of the human mind and spiriti.e. evoking of knowledge, character andculture.iii. To enable the individual to establish a clearcontinuity between the past, present andfuture.iv. To enable the individual to establish rightrelationship within himself and outside-world.9 10. True education, according to Sri Aurobindo, is not only spiritual but also rational, vital and physical. Education to be complete must have five principal aspects relating to the five principal activities of human being: 1. physical2.vital3.mental4.psychic5. spiritual. This education is complete, complimentary to each other and continued till the end of life.10 11. Perfection of soulRealization of inner self Physical development The development of sensesDevelopment of moralityDevelopment of consciousnessCultivation of values 11 12. I All life is education. So curriculum is not confined to a limited syllabus and a few text books.ii It should include all those subjects which promote mental and spiritual development.iii It is a means towards an end, not an end in itself, the end being the development of integral personality.iv There should be flexibility to meet individual needs.v Subjects of curriculum should be able to motivate children.vi Curriculum should involve creativity of life and constructive activitiesvii Curriculum should be interesting. 12 13. Aurobindo has prescribed the following subjects in the curriculum1. For primary stage: Mother Tongue, English, National History, Art, Painting, General Science, Social Studies, and Arithmetic.2. Secondary stage: Mother tongue, English, French, Arithmetic, Art, Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Social Studies, Physiology, Health Education.3. University Stage: Indian and western philosophy, History of Civilization, English, Literature, French, Sociology, Psychology, History of Science, Chemistry, Physics, Botany, International relations and integration.4. Vocational Education: Arts, painting, photography, sewing, sculptural, drawing, type, shorthand, collage industries, carpentry, nursing, mechanical and electrical engineering, Indian and European music, and dramatization. 13 14. I. The first principle is that nothing can be taught, but everything can be earned.ii. The second principle is that the mind has to be consulted in its growth. It is wrong to mould the child into the shape desired by the parent or teacher ignoring and destroying the divine in the child.iii. The third principle of teaching is to work from near to far, from the known to unknown. Education should be according to the nature of the child. 14 15. The following principles of methods of teachinghave been stressed by Sri Aurobindo.1. Love and sympathy for the child.2. Education through mother tongue3. Education according to the interests of the child4. Education through self experience5. Emphasis on learning by doing6. Education through co-operation of teacher andstudents in the education process7. Education according to the nature of child-considering the divinity in the child and latentgifts of mind and spirit8. Freedom of child- free environment to gainmore knowledge through his own efforts. 15 16. One must be a saint and a hero to become a goodteacher. One must be a good yogi to become a goodteacher. He should be absolutely disciplined and have anintegrated personality. One must have the perfect attitude in order to beable to exact a perfect attitude from ones pupils. He should be able to eliminate his ego, master hismind and develop an insight into human nature.The most important thing in a teacher is notknowledge but the attitude. The teacher also should grow along with thepupils.If a teacher is to be respected, he must berespectable. 16 17. Aurobindo strongly argued for national system of education. He put forward the following elements.i. Education does not become national by tagging the word national to the system.ii. Education should pay due attention to sacrifice, progress and increasing knowledge.iii. Mere knowledge of science doesnt make us educated in the true sense. This must be related to powers of the human mind and spirit.iv. There should be a balanced understanding of the national and international relationship of universal relationship.17 18. All beings are united in that one self and spirit butdivided by certain separativity of consciousness,reality in the mind. He said it is possible only through psychologicaldiscipline to remove the person of separativeconsciousness and became aware of true self, thedivinity within us and all . Life is the first step of this release to consciousness;mind is the second but the evolution does not finishwith mind it awaits a release into something greatera consciousness which is spiritual and supramental. He said education is cultivation of four things:- 18 19. Man is a transitional being, he is not final. Hehave some radiant degrees by which he coversthe journey from man to superman. Example:the difference b/w man and superman will bethe difference b/w mind and a consciousness. The differentiating essence of superman will besuper mind or a divine gnosis (knowledge,spiritual truth) To enable the individual to establish rightrelationship within himself and outside world.19 20. Meditation means properlyconcentration of mind on a single trainof ideas which work out a singlesubject. The first internal condition necessaryis concentration of the will against theobstacles to meditation. The second is freedom from alldisturbing reactions such as anger,grief, depression, anxiety etc A living of man in the divine and adivine living of the spirit in humanityprinciple and the whole object of anintegral yoga of self perfection 20 21. Integral education(strengthening of physicaland mental aspect)Self expression (the person should direct his action of power i.e. power of spirit and truth to make himself) 21 22. I mean by work, action done for the divine,more and more in union with the divine forthe divine alone and nothing else. That is noteasy at the beginning any more than deepmeditation and luminous knowledge are easyor even true love and bhakti are easy. Work action has to be begun in the right spiritand attitude, with the right will in you, thenall the rest will come. One become conscious of his inner being. Work, bhakti and knowledge go together andself perfection become possible what we callthe transformation of the nature.22 23. The goal of Sri Aurobindo was not merelythe liberation of the individual from thechain that fetters him and realization ofthe self, but to work out the will of theDivine in the world, to effect a spiritualtransformation and to bring down thedivine nature and a divine life into themental, vital and physical nature and lifeof humanity. Hidden nature is secret God. 23 24. 24