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bamboo craft of india. mainly on kudal bamboo craft

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<ul><li><p>ACKNOWLEDGEMENT</p><p>Through craft cluster we would like to thank numerous people whose consistent support and guidance has been the standing pillar in architecture of this project. To begin with, our sincere thanks to the man-agement of NIFT for giving this opportunity to experience and learn the processes practiced in crafts of </p><p>India.</p><p>For the completion of this document we would like to thank Mr. Niteen Rangdal (Professor, Department of Textile Design, NIFT) for being our mentor and our guide throughout the project.</p><p>We would like to extend our heartiest thanks to our CC Dr. Reena Agarwal for providing us with the opportunity of learning about the Bamboo Craft of Maharastra and helping us whenever we needed her </p><p>help.</p><p>We would also like to thanks Mrs. Sneha Lata (chiva designer), Prasant Karane (manager of Konbac), Jitu Vajradkar (manager of chiva) and George Joel (founder of chiva) for providing us with ample sup-</p><p>port for completing this assignment. </p><p>CONTENTS</p><p>1. About the Craft 12. Products 23. Kudal 44. Status of Bamboo Craft in Kudal- Then and Now 115. Raw Materials 126. Instruments Used6. Instruments Used 147. Technique 168. End Use 179. Skills 2010. Colours 2111. Factors of Dyeing Process 2212. Market 2313. Visits Of Craft Cluster- The Artisans13. Visits Of Craft Cluster- The Artisans 2414. Craft Cluster Diaries 2915. Visits- The Organisations 3316. Conclusion 4017. Product Designs 4118. Weaves Developed 44</p></li><li><p>CONTENTS</p><p>1. About the Craft 12. Products 23. Kudal 44. Status of Bamboo Craft in Kudal- Then and Now 115. Raw Materials 126. Instruments Used6. Instruments Used 147. Technique 168. End Use 179. Skills 2010. Colours 2111. Factors of Dyeing Process 2212. Market 2313. Visits Of Craft Cluster- The Artisans13. Visits Of Craft Cluster- The Artisans 2414. Craft Cluster Diaries 2915. Visits- The Organisations 3316. Conclusion 4017. Product Designs 4118. Weaves Developed 44</p></li><li><p>ABOUT THE CRAFT Bamboo crafts in India are very popular due to its eco friendly attributes. Since ancient times, bamboo crafts have held a significant position in India as the country produces a huge amount of bamboo and cane. Bamboo craft, as the name suggests, is associ-ated with cane and bamboo, and forms an integral part of Indian crafts giving rise to the expression of tribal art and providing them with livelihood. As India is blessed with deft artistry, these types of crafts developed in this country very soon and with the changes in style, trend, as well as demand the craft has developed its designs and skilfully blended tradition with fashion. </p><p>Figure 1 intro pic of bamboo </p><p>Figure 2 Bamboo products</p><p>The Indian artisans are dexterous in creating bam-boo crafts and arrays of bamboo items are famous in India as well as nations abroad. Basically the arti-sans create variations in their creations. The crafts-men create different items with the help of differ-ent bamboos and canes that are locally known as sundi, barjali, harua, golla etc. which are required for making furniture and baskets. It is observed that generally three species of cane are exploited in com-mercial quantities- Jati (Calamus Tenuis), Tita (Cala-mus Leptospadix) and Lejai (Calamus Floribundus). Some less important qualities like Sundi (Calamus Guruba) and Raidang (Calamus flagellum) are also extracted for creating innovative designs.</p><p>1</p></li><li><p>PRODUCTS:Generally the products of bamboo are of two types, namely:</p><p>1)articles required for day to day use and of medium quality, that are more suited to local requirements; </p><p>2Another type is articles of finer quality, both decorative and functional, to meet the requirements and tastes of more sophisticated markets. </p><p>For instance, items like baskets, Chalani, Crossbows, Kula, Khorahi ,Dukula or Tukuri, DalaDukula or Tali , Doon or Kathi, Bamboo Mats etc. Some of the Indian states are famous for creating beautiful bam-boo items like mugs for rice beer, hukkas, musical instruments, floor mats, fishing devices and handles. In this respect, the namesof Assam, Tripura and West Bengal can be mentioned. This traditional craft has received great success in making winnowing baskets, special Pitaras, oval boxes, oblong caskets, and flower baskets. Assam, a state with abundant raw materials, has a large variety of beautiful products. Some of the well known bamboo and cane crafts are Baskets, Chalani, dolls, toys etc which are made in different sizes and fine designs. One the most interesting and colourful item of bamboo is leaf-headgear for tea garden workers and farmers. Umbrella handles made of bamboo are a speciality of the North-East. A number of designs like leaves, plants and creepers are etched on them. A variety of furniture items are made to suit the modern homes. Apart from all these, bamboo mats are extensively used for construction of temporary walls and sheds, big pandals, roofing of country boats, dwelling houses etc.</p><p>2</p></li><li><p>3</p></li><li><p>KudalABOUT THE AREA</p><p>Kudal is asmall town located in the Sindhudurg district of Maha-rashtra. It is surrounded by a river named Niranjana (also known as Kudali) on the banks of which happens to be the major attraction of the place- the Pimpleshwar Temple. Kudal is the second-largest town in Sindhudurg after Sawantwadi. As of 2011, the population is more than 25,000.The town is known for its natural beauty full of greenery. Agriculture is the main activity of the people here. Kudal provides a closer view of the historic Vairatgad Fort. Kudal houses two dams, which are located in Mahu and Hatgeghar area.Kudal supports one MIDC area.</p><p>CONNECTIVITYA railway station in Kudal on the KRCL route connects Mumbai and Mangalore. The Deccan Odyssey train also has a stoppage here. National Highway 66 passes through Kudal, along with this the town enjoys great con-nectivity with various parts of Maharashtra by means of road. The National Highway 4 connects Kudal to Panch-wad. Further, several important towns and tourist places like Mahabaleswar, Satara, Panchgani, Wai and Chiplun are located near Kudal again with great road connectivity. Regular buses are available to towns like Tarkarli, Mal-van, Mumbai, Ratnagiri, Pune, Raigad and Satara among others.</p><p>Pimpleshwar temple Weather: 29C, Wind NW at 11 km/h, 77% HumidityPopulation: 25,000 (2011)</p><p>4</p></li><li><p>GeographyKudal is located at 16.008N , 73.687E. It has an average elevation of 20 metres (65 feet). The climate is mostly like that of coastal regions and so is humid. Annual tempera-ture rises from 22 to 40 degree celcius. kudal gets very heavy rainfall of 1100mm per year.</p><p>DEMOGRAPHYAs of 2001 India census: Kudal had a population of more than 25,000 people. Males constitute 51% of the population while females- 49%. Kudal has an average literacy rate of 78%, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%, of which: Male literacy stands at 81%, and female literacy is 75%. </p><p>Interesting fact!- 12% of Kudals population is under 6 years </p><p>Vairatgad fort</p><p>5</p></li><li><p>Places to visit in and around kudal</p><p>ARVALEM CAVESThe Arvalem caves, also known as Pandavas Caves, are ancient rock cut caves dating back to the 5th-6th century. These are excavated into the laterite hill and consist of two major chambers. The cave complex draws tourists and archaeologists alike.</p><p>MANOHARGADThis fort made Shivapur a thrilling exeperience for the trekkers. To watch the deep valley among these two forts is also a thrilling exeperience. This fort are in the dense forest of Shivapur. Fort Ragangad is 18 Km from Kudal. It is 2600 feet above the sea-level. It was built by the Emperor ShilaharBhoj. ChhatrapatiShivajiMaharaj conquered this in 1959. It was his favourite Rest House The beautiful lake &amp; the temple in the fort are also tourist attractions.</p><p>RANGANA FORTIt is in Sahyadri range on the border of districts Kolhapur &amp;Sindhudurg. It was constructed by Shilahar Raja Bhoj. ShivajiMaharaj conquered this fort in 1659. Maharaj use to rest here while going to Konkan from Pune. The fort has very pleasant air, very large lake for swimmers &amp; very tasty, sweet, cool, fresh water. There is a temple near the lake of Goddess Raganai. Visitors enjoy to visit this fort for many such rea-sons &amp; so it is a great tourist attraction. 6</p></li><li><p>RAWOOL MAHARAJ MATH</p><p>It is at Sindhudurg in Kudal talunka. It is established by Raul Maharaj. He was a devotee of Datta. This math is blessed with nature. Devotees from all over India visit this math.</p><p>TARKARLI BEACH Tarkarli is a village in MalvanTaluka in Sindhudurg district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is tourist destination and an attractive beach. Ramnavmi is celebrated every year in Mahapurush Temple of the village.Tarkarli has the state's only scuba diving training centre.</p><p>NIVATI BEACHOffers peace and serenity to independent travelers. Fishermen seen launching their traditional boats and nets daily into the sea is an interesting feature to watch on this beach. Adjoining the beach is a twin village Kochara which offers wonderful view of small tropical oasis on Nivti shore.</p><p>7</p></li><li><p>AMBOLI WATERFALLSAmboli village is well known as Mahabaleshwar' of konkan. It is an eco-friendly hill station that promises you an experience to get lost into the spectacular beauty of nature, nuturing the poet in you. Amboli is an ideal retreat for the vacationers searching for seclusion and solace.The sunset point, the origin of Hiranyakeshi riv-erNagartas fall, Narayangad, Mahadergad, Kawalesad are some major points worth visiting.</p><p>KUNKERESHWAR TEMPLEKunkeshwar Temple, an ancient Shiva Temple is located in Kunkeshwar village, 14 Kms from Devgad town. A pristine beach with a very long stretch of seashore and white sand adds to the beauty of temple surroundings.This beautiful temple near beach has alluring architecture with reminiscent of South Indian style of temple architecture. Yadav Kings built this temple in 1100 A. D. ChhatrapatiShivajiMaharaj who rejuvenated this temple many times was a frequent visitor to this temple. This temple is also fa-mous as Kashi of South Konkan. Every year a huge celebration takes place on the occasion of Mahashivratri, which keeps reli-gious beliefs in constant sight of the multitudes. During the festi-val a large number of devotees throng this place with their families and friends. This vigilant Shiva deity bestows blessings on every-one who surrenders to its feet.</p><p>8</p></li><li><p>VIJAYDURG PORTVijaydurg Port is a natural harbour on the west coast of the district of Sindhudurg in Maharashtra, India. The port is situated midway between Malvan and Ratnagiri at the mouth of the Vijaydurg creek in Devgadtaluka. Its coastal jurisdiction extends 10 km north up to the Jaitapur light-house. </p><p>KUNKESHWAR SHIVLINGA walk through the 5 Kms long Kunkeshwar beach across the temple on one side of the hill has quieting effect on the mind. Swimming in the clear water freshens the mind and if you are lucky ones you can get a rare view of dolphins diving in the deep sea from a distance. Greenery of coconut and mango trees sur-rounding one side of the beach adds to the beauty and makes the whole experience of every visitor a memorable one.</p><p>SINDHUDURG FORT and BEACH</p><p>Sindhudurg Fort is a fort which occupies an islet in the Arabian Sea, just off the coast of Maharashtra in Western India. The fortress lies on the shore of Malvan town of Sindhudurg District in the Konkan region of Maharash-tra, 450 kilometres (280 mi) south of Mumbai. It is a pro-tected monument</p><p>9</p></li><li><p>Lifestyle and Cuisine of Kudal</p><p>Malvani cuisine is the standard cuisine of Kudal. Although it is an independent cuisine, it overlaps Maharash-trian cuisine and Goan or coastal South Indian cuisine. Malvani cuisine is predominantly non-vegetarian, but there are many vegetarian delicacies. </p><p>Malvani dishes have some distinctive features like it uses coconut liberally in various forms such as grated, dry grated, fried, coconut paste and coconut milk. Many masalas have dried red chilies and other spices like coriander seeds, peppercorns, cumin, cardamom, ginger, garlic, etc. Some dishes also use kokum, dried ko-kam (amsul), tamarind, and raw mango (kairi).Fishing being one of the major occupations, Fish dishes dominate the Malvani cuisine.Major Crops cultivated that influence the cuisine of the place are: Rice Coconut Kokam Mango Cashew</p><p>10</p></li><li><p>STATUS OF BAMBOO CRAFT IN KUDAL- THEN AND NOW</p><p>Interestingly, the bamboo craft has a long history but not as a commercial commodity, whereas more of a household commodity.It was made on a small scale for the basic house hold need products such as hand fans,jewellery boxes,food storage boxes,grain containers, baskets, plantation pots, wedding sets comprising of articles needed by the bride such as a basic small hand purseetc.It was only made on large scale during the oc-casion of ganeshchaturthi when required by local commodity.Traditional house hold craft was generallydone by ladies in their leisure time so as to meet their needs and also to keep themselves occupied, almost like a creative hobby. With the initiatives taken by Govt. &amp; different NGOs now the household work has been transformed to com-mercial activity with the purpose of increasing small scale industries and providing employment to the locals (though through our personal interviews we got to know that in fact there is a lack of government support in many aspects).Learned by young ones &amp; teenagers and taught by mother and grandmother, however, they are not as keen on learning the craft as the generations before them had been. (as found out from interviewing the artisans)Naubuddha community generally used to practice this craft</p><p>Traditional product</p><p>11</p></li><li><p>RAW MATERIALS</p><p>The raw materials essential for this craft are as follows:Bamboo- either bought locally at the rate of Rs 40-50 per bamboo (40ft) or cultivated at home. Price fluctuates according to the demand and availability. 10-12 bamboo shoots are bought at a time. </p><p>Products made are mostly decorative or fancy items. Pen stands, incense burners, hair clips, flower vases, lamp shades etc. earlier sieves, baskets, etc. were made. </p><p>12</p></li><li><p>The products are finished with a touch of lacquer. </p><p>About a hundred small pieces can be made from one bamboo branch, which would sell at a price of around Rs 1000 altogether. No artificial colours are added. If coloured slivers are required, then they are dyed using natural colours which are made using indigenous materia</p><p>13</p></li><li><p>Instruments Used Billhook drill Chisel </p><p>Planer Hacksaw </p><p>Scissors Sand Paper </p><p>14</p></li><li><p>sizing machine Cutter</p><p> Adhesive </p><p>15</p></li><li><p>Technique </p><p>The bamboo is first cut into suitable pieces with the billhook.Then skinned and cut into fine strips which are known as slivers.These are cut into further fine strips.The slivers are then wetted in water then weaving or construction is started.</p><p>16</p></li><li><p>End Use</p><p>In construction</p><p>Tables</p><p>Chairs Gazebo</p><p>Bamboo house</p><p>17</p></li><li><p>In craft</p><p>Veneers (matts, these form the basic structure of most products) Lamps</p><p>Tea coaster Clips</p><p>18</p></li><li><p>Rac...</p></li></ul>