Arts 10 learning material (1)

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    ARTS

    All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means - electronic or mechanical including photocopying without written permission from the DepEd Central Office.

    Grade 10Learner's Material

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    188

    Quarter I: MODERN ART

    CONTENT STANDARDS

    The learner demonstrates understanding of1. art elements and processes by synthesizing and applying prior learnings and skills.2. the arts as integral to the development of organizations, spiritual belief, historical

    events, scientific discoveries, natural disasters/occurrences, and other externalphenomena.

    PERFORMANCE STANDARDSThe learner1. performs/participates competently in a presentation of a creative impression

    (verbal/nonverbal) from the various art movements.2. recognizes the difference and uniqueness of the art styles of the various art

    movements (techniques, processes, elements, and principles of art).

    LEARNING COMPETENCIESThe learner1. analyzes art elements and principles in the production of work following a

    specific art style from the various art movements.2. identifies distinct characteristics of arts from the various art movements.3. identifies representative artists and Filipino counterparts from the various art

    movements.4. derives the mood, idea, or message from selected artworks.5. determines the role or function of artwork by evaluating their utilization and

    combination of art elements and principles.6. uses artworks to derive the traditions/history of the various art movements.7. compares the characteristics of artworks produced in the various art movements.8. creates artworks guided by techniques and styles of the various art movements.9. describes the influence of iconic artists belonging to the various art movements.10. applies different media techniques and processes to communicate ideas,

    experiences, and stories showing the characteristics of the various art movements.11. evaluates works of art in terms of artistic concepts and ideas using criteria from

    the various art movements.12. shows the influences of modern art movements on Philippine art forms.13. mounts an exhibit using completed artworks influenced by Modern Art

    movements.

    From the Department of Education curriculum for ARTS Grade 10 (2014)

    All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means - electronic or mechanical including photocopying without written permission from the DepEd Central Office.

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    Modern Art

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    Quarter I: MODERN ART

    INTRODUCTION

    n all of human history, art has mirrored life in the community, society, and the world inall its colors, lines, shapes, and forms. The same has been true in the last two centuries,

    with world events and global trends being reflected in the art movements.

    The decades from 1900 to the present have seen the human race living in an ever-shrinking planet. The 20th century saw a boom in the interchange of ideas, beliefs, values,and lifestyles that continues to bring the citizens of the world closer together.

    Technological breakthroughs

    From the Industrial Revolution of the late 1800s, the world zoomed into the ElectronicAge in the mid-1900s, then into the present Cyberspace Age. In just over 100 years,humans went from hand-cranked telephones to hands-free mobile phones, from thefirst automobiles to inter-planetary space vehicles, from local radio broadcasting tointernational news coverage via satellite, from vaccinations against polio and smallpoxto laser surgery.

    Social, political, and environmental changes

    There has been migration across the globe, allowing different cultures, languages, skills,and even physical characteristics of different races to intermingle like never before.The 20th century also suffered through two World Wars, and several regional wars inAsia, Africa, and the Middle East. There was the Great Depression of the 1930s, andthe Asian economic crisis of the 1990s. Considered the modern-day plague, AIDS hasafflicted millions the world over, while millions more continue to live in hunger,disease, and poverty. Environmental destruction has also become a major concern.

    Effects on the world of art

    The art movements of the late 19th century to the 20th century captured andexpressed all these and more. Specifically, these were the movements known asimpressionism and expressionism. While earlier periods of art had a quite setconventions as to the style, technique, and treatment of their subjects, impressionistsand expressionists conveyed their ideas and feelings in bold, innovative ways. Thesewere the exciting precursors of the modern art of the 21st century.

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    All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means - electronic or mechanical including photocopying without written permission from the DepEd Central Office.

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    ARTS Quarter I

    190

    Impressionism: Origins of the Movement

    mpressionism was an art movement that emerged in the second half of the 19thcentury among a group of Paris-based artists. The duration of the impressionist

    movement itself was quite short, less than 20 years from 1872 to the mid-1880s. Butit had a tremendous impact and influence on the painting styles that followed, such asneo-impressionism, post-impressionism, fauvism, and cubismand even the artisticstyles and movements of today.

    The name impressionism was coined from the title of a work by French painterClaude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (in English, Impression, Sunrise).

    Impression, SunriseClaude Monet, 1872Oil on canvas

    The term precisely captured what this group of artists sought to represent in theirworks: the viewers momentary impression of an image. It was not intended to beclear or precise, but more like a fleeting fragment of reality caught on canvas,sometimes in mid-motion, at other times awkwardly positionedjust as it would bein real life.

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    All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means - electronic or mechanical including photocopying without written permission from the DepEd Central Office.

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    Modern Art

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    The Influence of Delacroix

    As with all emerging art movements, impressionism owed its inspiration to earliermasters. One major influence was the work of French painter Eugne Delacroix.Delacroix was greatly admired and emulated by the early impressionistsspecificallyfor his use of expressive brushstrokes, his emphasis on movement rather than onclarity of form, and most of all his study of the optical effects of color.

    In particular, Delacroixs painting, TheBarque of Dante, contained a thenrevolutionary technique that wouldprofoundly influence the comingimpressionist movement. And it involvedsomething as simple as droplets of water.

    The Barque of DanteEugne Delacroix, 1822Oil on canvas

    The painting is loosely based on a fictional scene from Dantes Inferno, showingDante and the poet Virgil crossing hells River Styx, while tormented souls struggleto climb aboard their boat. It is the drops of water running down the bodies of thesedoomed souls (see enlarged detail below) that are painted in a manner almost neverused in Delacroixs time.

    When studied closely, it is seenthat four different, unmixedpigmentsyellow, green, red,and whitecreate the image ofeach drop and its shadow.Viewed from a little distance,these colors blend to representindividual drops glistening withlight. The distinct colors mergein the eye of the viewer to appear monochromatic (single-colored) or, in this case ofwater droplets, colorless. In short, an impression is formed.

    Putting this and similar principles into wider practice, future painters would carryFrench art into one of its richest periods: impressionism.

    All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means - electronic or mechanical including photocopying without written permission from the DepEd Central Office.

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    ARTS Quarter I

    192

    Impressionism:A Break from Past Painting Traditions

    here were several areas in which impressionist artists moved away from theestablished practices of art at that time. These involved their use of color, choice

    of subject matter and setting, and technique for capturing light and conveyingmovement.

    Color and Light

    The painting conventions and techniques of earlier art periods were very muchconcerned with line, form, and composition. In contrast, the impressionists paintedwith freely brushed colors that conveyed more of a visual effect than a detailedrendering of the subject. They used short broken strokes that were intentionallymade visible to the viewer. They also often placed pure unmixed colors side by side,rather than blended smoothly or shaded. The result was a feeling of energy andintensity, as the colors appeared to shift and moveagain, just as they do in reality.

    Everyday Subjects

    Impressionists also began to break away from the creation of formally posed portraitsand grandiose depictions of mythical, literary, historical, or religious subjects. Theyventured into capturing scenes of life around them, household objects, landscapes andseascapes, houses, cafes, and buildings. They presented ordinary people seeminglycaught off-guard doing everyday tasks, at work or at leisure, or doing nothing at all.And they were not made to look beautiful or lifelike, as body parts could be distortedand facial features merely suggested by a few strokes of the brush.

    Painting Outdoors

    The location in which