art appreciation topic v: baroque art

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  • 1. Art Appreciation
    Topic V:
    Baroque Art

2. Baroque is the name given to the vigorous style that dominated art and architecture in the 17th century. It was a bold, theatrical style characterized by movement, intense emotion, and dramatic contrasts in lighting. This style originated in Rome and spread throughout Europe.In some ways, the Baroque style looked back to the grandeur, dignity, and directness of the High Renaissance, but it also took elements from Mannerism, blending these influences into a fresh and dynamic style. Because it was linked to the Counter-Reformation in the Catholic Church, Baroque art in its purest form was produced only in Catholic countries. It generally seemed overemotional to Protestant eyes, although elements of the Baroque style often occur in art from Protestant countries and are used to treat secular subjects.Aside from religion, other popular Baroque subjects included: portraits, landscapes, mythological and allegorical subjects, , and scenes of everyday life.
3. Sick Bacchus by Caravaggio
4. 5. 6. 7. Sleeping Cupid by Caravaggio
8. 9. 10. Ceres and StelliobyAdam Elsheimer
11. 12. Old Woman at the MirrorbyStrozzi
13. 14. Diana and her Nymphs by Domenichino
15. 16. 17. Apollo and DaphnebyBernini
18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. St. Matthew and the AngelbyReni
25. 26. 27. Romulus and Remus Given Shelter by FaustulusbyCortona
28. 29. Beheading of St. PaulbyAlgardi
30. 31. 32. Rocky Landscape with a Huntsman and Warriors by Rosa
33. 34. 35. During the 17th century France became the most powerful state in Europe and began to rival Italy for artistic leadership. While in Italy the most characteristic Baroque art was religious, in France it was frequently used in the service of the statespecifically to glorify King Louis XIV. His palace at Versailles is one of the two great monuments to the style. The most influential French Baroquepainters worked primarily in Rome, but they were highly influential in France, helping to create an ideal of classical dignity and restraint that had a profound and enduring impact on the countrys art.
36. The Fortune Teller by Vouet
37. 38. Cheater with the Ace of Diamonds by La Tour
39. 40. The Empire of FlorabyPoussin
41. 42. 43. 44. Peasant Family by the Le Nain brothers
45. 46. Smokers in an Interiorby theLe Nain brothers
47. 48. Landscape with Dancing Figures by Lorraine
49. 50. 51. 52. MolirebyCharlesLe Brun
53. 54. Vanitas (Still Life with Skull) by Champaigne
55. 56. Apollo Tended by the Nymphs by Girardon
57. 58. 59. 60. 61. Milo of Crotona Attacked by a LionbyPuget
62. 63. 64. 65. 66. Louis XIVbyRigaud
67. 68. 69. Although it had declined greatly in political power, Spain had a glorious flowering of art in the 17th century and the Baroque style was well suited to the religious fervor of the country. Religion dominated its art, although the greatest Spanish artist of the timeDiego Velzquezwas primarily a portraitist. His work sometimes has a rhetorical quality characteristic of Baroque art, but it is always tempered by naturalism.Madrid was the most important art center in the country, although other cities, notably Seville, were also of major importance at this time.
70. The Merciful ChristbyMontas
71. 72. Still Life with Quince, Cabbage, Melon, and Cucumber by SnchezCotn
73. 74. 75. Still Life with Pottery Jars byZurbarn
76. 77. 78. Still Life with Lemons by Zurbarn
79. 80. 81. 82. Las MeninasbyVelzquez
83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. Two Boys Eating Melons and GrapesbyMurillo
90. 91. 92. Young Boys Playing DicebyMurillo
93. 94. In IctuOculibyValds Leal
95. 96. 97. 98. Art in Flanders (roughly equivalent to modern-day Belgium) and the Dutch Republic (Holland) shared a common heritage, as the two countries had been united in the 16th century. However, while the Dutch broke away from Spanish rule to create an independent, largely Protestant state, Flanders remained loyal to Spain and to the Catholic Church.Consequently, although there are many similarities between the countries art, religious subjects remained of major importance in Flanders but were relatively uncommon in Holland. Rubens dominated Flemish art and ranks as one of the archetypical figures of the Baroque style, his work being full of warmth and energy. Rembrandt was a figure of comparable statue in Holland, and 17th century Dutch art was unprecedented for its volume and variety of painters.
99. Venus at the MirrorbyRubens
100. 101. 102. BacchusbyRubens
103. 104. 105. The Three GracesbyRubens
106. 107. Self-Portrait with Sunflowers by van Dyck
108. 109. 110. Lord John and Lord Bernard StuartbyvanDyck
111. 112. The Bitter TonicbyBrouwer
113. 114. 115. The Wild Boar Hunt by Snyders
116. 117. 118. Fire and ChildhoodbyLievens
119. 120. The Laughing CavalierbyHals
121. 122. The MulattobyHals
123. 124. The Music PartybyRembrandt
125. 126. Anatomy Lesson of Dr. NicolaesTulp by Rembrandt
127. 128. 129. 130. 131. The Night Watch by Rembrandt
132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. A Table of Desserts by de Heem
138. 139. 140. The QuackbyDou
141. 142. 143. 144. The MilkmaidbyVermeer
145. 146. 147. Girl with the Pearl EarringbyVermeer
148. 149. 150. 151. The Art of PaintingbyVermeer
152. 153. 154. 155. The Merry Family by Steen
156. 157. The Windmill at WijkbyRuisdael