anthropometric tests blood pressure session 5
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- 1. Anthropometric Tests 3 Resting Heart Rates & Blood Pressure Session 5
- Aim To be able to carry out precise health related anthropometric tests on a client and give appropriate feedback.(Assessment 1)
- To demonstrate the ability to locate pulse sites & identify resting heart rates in relation to fitness levels.
- To demonstrate the ability to use blood pressure machines take readings and identify results with any health risks.
- Please Note - If necessary the last objective will be continued in the next session to ensure the tests are completed accurately.
- Last Session you:
- Took body fat measurements using fat calipers on 4 different sites.
- Used the figures to work out, body fat %, lean body weight & Fat body weight.
- Complete Recap worksheet (5 minutes)
- It is important that as a PT you are competent able to take pulse rates quickly and accurately for a number of reasons.
- Pulse rate is an indicator of fitness.
- Pulse rates identify intensity of activities.
- The pulse can be taken in a number of locations.
- The 2 sites you need to be able to locate are:
- The Brachial Artery (wrist)
- The Carotid Artery (throat)
- Take the pulse count the beats for 15 seconds and times by 4
- Eg. 23 x 4 = 92 beats per minute
- 6. Locate the Brachial artery by placing pressure with the first 2 fingers on the THUMB side of the wrist.
- Locate your brachial artery.
- Rest your arm comfortably on the table.
- Uncross your legs.
- Record result!
- Locate your caratid artery.
- Uncross your legs.
- Record result!
- COMPLETE WORKSHEET 1 (5 MINUTE TASK)
- 9. MEN AGE 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 65+ ATHLETE 49-55 49-54 50-56 50-57 51-56 50-55 EXCET 56-61 55-61 57-62 58-63 57-61 56-61 GOOD 62-65 62-65 63-66 64-67 62-67 62-65 ABOVE AVERAGE 66-69 66-70 67-70 68-71 68-71 66-69 AVERAGE 70-73 71-74 71-75 72-76 72-75 70-73 BELOW AVERAGE 74-81 75-81 76-82 77-83 76-81 74-79 POOR 82+ 82+ 83+ 84+ 82+ 80+
- 10. WOMEN AGE 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 65+ ATHLETE 54-60 54-59 54-59 54-60 54-59 54-59 EXCET 61-65 60-64 60-64 61-65 60-64 60-64 GOOD 66-69 65-68 65-69 66-69 65-68 65-68 ABOVE AVERAGE 70-73 69-72 70-73 70-73 69-73 69-72 AVERAGE 74-78 73-76 74-78 74-77 74-77 73-76 BELOW AVERAGE 79-84 77-82 79-84 78-83 78-83 77-84 POOR 85+ 83+ 85+ 84+ 84+ 84+
- What different factors could affect this test?
- What do you need to consider each time you do this test on a client?
- To measure resting blood pressure at systole (heart contraction) and diastole (heart relaxation) as recorded in the arm.
- Blood pressures outside the normal range are indicators of poor health and can represent a significantly higher chance of cardiovascular disease.
- The measurement is part of the screening process prior to exercise prescription and an indicator of any changes needed in lifestyle.
- Systole, The highest pressures occur during systole as blood is ejected into the aorta and subsequent arteries of the body.
- Diastole , the heart's resting phase, follows systole. During diastole the ventricles fill with more blood. Systemic pressures fall until more blood is ejected during systole.
- 1. Take blood pressure in a quiet room where there are no distractions.
- 2. The client should be relaxed and rested.
- 3. The client should be seated, legs uncrossed, arm extended at the elbow, and supported at the heart level with palm facing up (supine)
- 4. The cuff is placed around the bare upper arm.
- 5. The cuff stethoscope should be placed on the brachial artery just above the elbow joint.
- In groups of 3
- Your are to take turns in taking each others blood pressure.
- 1 person to be the client
- 1 person to administer test & take readings
- 1 person to assess using the worksheet
- Follow the worksheet for group rotation.
- Normal blood pressure is:
- (Systole)120 (Diastole) 80
- Results should be recorded as 120/80
- Low blood pressure in young athletic people is common eg as low as 90/70
- A low risk associated with elevated blood pressures (hypertension) at or above 140/90
- A high risk and indicative of medical intervention before strenuous exercise is a resting systolic measurement of over 160
- You now know how to locate and take resting pulse in 2 locations. You can then describe fitness levels using the charts you have been given.
- You can demonstrate the ability to correctly administer blood pressure tests, using verbal explanations throughout.
- Some of you can analyse the blood pressure readings and give advice on health dangers associated with hypertension and ways to reduce blood pressure.
- Blood pressure
- (continued from last session if needed)
- Bioimpedance (electrical body fat)
- Correct use of electrical equipment.
- Postural analysis
- Essential test for overall health & prevention of injury.
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