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ANIMATIONS

ANIMATIONSANIMATIONS AND ITS TYPES

GROUP MEMBERSRAJA BILAL FAIQ AFTABSARMAD BASHIRSAKHI PANAHRAHEEL IQBALJAVARIA ZAFARDEFINATIONANIMATION is the process of creating a continuousmotionand shape change illusionby means of the rapid display of a sequence of static images that minimally differ from each other.

The word Animation is generated from word 'anime' which means life.

HISTORYThe Egyptian Mural, approximately 4000 years old, shows wrestlers in action.

Hand Drawn Animation (20th Century)

Hand Drawn Animation (20th Century)Photos of the drawings were first drawn on paper.Each drawing differs slightly from the other to create an illusion of movement.The drawings are traced or photocopied onto transparent acetate sheets called cels.The cels were then filled in with paints in assigned colors or tones on the side opposite the line drawings.The completed character cels are photographed one-by-one onto motion picture film against a painted background by a rostrum camera.

Computerized Animation (21st Century)

Computerized Animation (21st Century)In the beginning of 21st Century computerized animations are introduced.

The animators' drawings and the backgrounds are either scanned into or drawn directly into a computer system.

Various software programs are used to color the drawings and simulate camera movement and effects

The final animated piece is output to one of several delivery media, including traditional 35mm film and newer media such as digital video

TYPES OF ANIMATION FLIPBOOK ANIMATIONSTOP MOTION ANIMATION2-D ANIMATION3-D ANIMATION

FLIPBOOK ANIMATION

FLIPBOOK ANIMATIONAflip bookis abookwith a series of pictures that vary gradually from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appear to animate by simulating motion or some other change.

STOP MOTION ANIMATION

STOP MOTION ANIMATIONStop Motion Animation is a technique used in animation to bring static objects to life on screen. This is done by moving the object in increments while filming a frame per increment. When all the frames are played in sequence it shows movement.

Clay figures, puppets and miniatures are often used in stop motion animation as they can be handled and repositioned easily.STOP MOTION ANIMATION FEATURE FILMS

2-D ANIMATIONS

2D Animation figures are created and/or edited on the computer using 2D bitmap graphics or created and edited using 2D Vector graphics.

2Dimensional Refers to objects that are constructed on two planes (X and Y, height and width, row and column, etc.).

2-D ANIMATIONS

3-D ANIMATIONS

3-D ANIMATIONS3Dimensional Refers to objects that are constructed on three planes (X, Y and Z).

To manipulate a mesh, it is given a digital skeletal structure that can be used to control the mesh. (rigging)

Other techniques can be applied such as mathematical functions, simulated fur or hair, fire/water effect and the use of Motion Capture.

Many 3D animations are very believable and are commonly used as Visual Effects for recent movies.

2D and 3D refer to the actual dimensions in a computer workspace.

2D is "flat", using the horizontal and vertical (X and Y) dimensions, the image has only two dimensions and if turned to the side becomes a line.

3D adds the depth (Z) dimension. This third dimension allows for rotation and visualization from multiple perspectives. It is essentially the difference between a photo and a sculpture.

2D 3D ANIMATIONSANIMATIONS IN MEDIA

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