american values & assumptions
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American Values and AssumptionsGary AlthenGroup AXYZ
Introduction to the writer
Introduction to the text Basic theme of the text *Introduction *Individualism and privacy
Contd..*The future, change and progress
*Achievement, action, and materialism
*Directness and assertiveness
Foreign student adviser at University of IowaWrote 2 books on his experiencesThe handbook of Foreign Student Advising (1983)American Ways: A Guide for Foreigners in United States(1988)This passage is extracted from the latter book Gary Althen
Unwritten rules of culture Difference in values and assumptionsBeliefs and customs Seems normal in one and strange in another Problems resulting from cross-cultural variationBasic theme of the text
Values?Ideas about -whats wrong and right -desirable and not desirable -normal and abnormal -proper and improper
We learn these values from? -parents and other relatives -teachers -books and newspapers -television programs Contd..
Assumptions?The unquestioned standards about people and lifeThe way things areWhat we suppose or think Contd..
ExamplesValuesAssumptionsMen and women should inhabit separate social worldFamily belongingnessRespect towards GodPatriotism
Gaining educationLighting candles in birthdaysDress color of the brideCrossing of the way by a black cat
Consider themselves independentView about people with contrasting cultureView of ideal personRelationship: parents and children Non-Americans-regarding Americans culturePrivacy Individualism and Privacy
All men are created equalOne man one voteMen and women are equalRespect to people of higher statusBasic level of respect to everybodyEquality
Notion of equality lead Americans to be informalInformality in speech, posture and dressThey find informality appealingTheir informal and egalitarian approach to other peopleInformality
History and traditions are pass A foreseen future Overcoming difficulties Culture verses cultureImpatient bloodline
The Future, Change and Progress
Time is a resource Time is moneyAdmire well organized peopleMan or a machineMcDonalds-Symbol of American societyAmerican concept of Efficient and Efficiency
Admiration for achieversWork harder and harderBe busy doing somethingJob is the identityEarning is must for evaluation of successAchievement, Action, Work and Materialism
Directness=straightforwardness, sincerity, truthfulnessAssertive=bold, courageous, confidentFrank, bold and openSettling conflicts through forthright discussionGuarding emotional responsesSpeak up the mind
Directness and Assertiveness
We need to learn from the Americans -individual and interdependency -no distinction, all are equal All are created equal -being informal makes you work easy
- respect for time- esp. future - schedule time and bring positive changes -be bold, frank and expressive. Dont fear truthObserve the nature of people and actDont copy them but be inspired by them, positively Be yourself !!!
Tips:Read the question or essay titleBrainstorm Make it in simple words Do not repeat yourself-say it another wayLook at the final version of essay -reviewFormat it and note down
How to write an essay?
Introducing the topicGiving one point of view, in support of the argument, with reasons and examplesGiving a contrasting or different viewConcluding (giving your own opinion or interpretation of the facts
Format of the essay
Thank you !