Aging FAQs

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A collection of information shared by members of various online forums and discussion boards, regarding the aging of pipe tobaccos.


<p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ</p> <p>Page 1 of 4</p> <p>Home | Fundamentals | Aging | Tin Storage | Bulk Storage | Jarring Guide | Cellaring Cellar Gallery | Categorization | Flakes | Touchstones | Moisture | Related Topics | Glossary | Appendices</p> <p>Welcome to the Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage, and Cellaring FAQ!This FAQ is a compendium of knowledge and advice for the pipe-smoking enthusiast interested in the aging, storage and cellaring of pipe tobacco. The primary source of the excerpts used in this document is the public archive of the USENET newsgroup alt.smokers.pipes. I have attempted to quote each writer's words precisely, and their meaning faithfully. I have taken the editorial liberty of making slight changes for purposes of readability and conciseness. Each author retains ownership over their original words. Another significant source is Many of these questions have a subjective component, and therefore do not have a single correct answer. In cases where there is a difference of opinion, I have tried to present each view evenly. It is up to the reader to make up his or her own mind. I have provided comment links throughout this FAQ. Please feel free to use them, as feedback is one of the few ways I know how to improve this document.</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ</p> <p>Page 2 of 4</p> <p>Note: all the text that occurs in these little boxes is my own commentary. Read on for the table of contents... Cheers, Jason in San Jose</p> <p>Table of Contents1. Fundamentals - The basics of tobacco aging. Why you should care. 2. Tobacco Aging - The nuts and bolts of aging in some depth. 3. Tin Storage Issues - Issues relating to the storage of tins and tinned tobacco. 4. Bulk Storage Issues - The storage of bulk tobacco. 5. Tobacco Jarring Guide - A step-by-step guide to jarring bulk tobacco yourself. 6. Cellaring - Care and feeding of your tobacco cellar. 7. Cellar Gallery - Images of tobacco cellars, large and small. 8. Tobacco Categorization - Collected thoughts on different types of tobacco. 9. Flake Tobacco Topics - Group lore on that wonderful form factor, the flake! 10. Tobacco Touchstones - A list of essentials and standards for many tobacco types. 11. Moisture Management - All about moisture levels and how to control them. 12. Related Topics - Other topics covered briefly. 13. Glossary - Defines a bunch of pipe tobacco terms. 14. Appendicies - Further reading, and credits.</p> <p>Change History5 February 2007: No real update. Just a note that I'm still around. :) 5 January 2006: Made the glossary its own section.</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ</p> <p>Page 3 of 4</p> <p>25 December 2005: Relocated the question on environmnentals to the Cellar section. 18 December 2005: Reorganized the storage sections into sections on Tin Storage, Bulk Storage, and a Tobacco Jarring Guide. Also added a Cellar Gallery! 15 December 2005: Added a section on moisture management. Reworked all the questions within the section, as well. 14 December 2005: Updated the question on rehydration. 12 December 2005: Updated the question on mason jar wax sealing. 13 November 2005: Updated the tobacco touchstones with a Traditional American group, and a Plugs &amp; Ropes group. Also added per-tobacco counters. 10 November 2005: Added a question on Lakeland style blends, updated the touchstones, and revamped the front page. 9 November 2005: Added a section on tobacco touchstones. 31 October 2005: Added a question on tobacco bloom. 28 October 2005: Added a question on letting tins breathe. 27 August 2005: Added a section on Flakes and a question on the "crossover effect". 23 August 2005: Updated question on pipe-blend dedication. 21 August 2005: Updated questions on actual cellars, short-term storage, and tobacco crystals. 20 August 2005: Updated several questions, including English vs. Balkan and many questions in the containers section. 14 August 2005: Added a Tobacco Glossary. Added questions on nicotine content and tongue bite. Moved the FAQ Change History into the Appendices. 13 August 2005: Added a section on Tobacco Categorization. Due to the length of the FAQ, it is now segmented into several web pages. 8 May 2005: Added question on commercial pouches, and updated question on bulk tobacco packing. 18 April 2005: Updated question on vacuum-sealing. 31 January 2005: Updated question on heating tobacco. Style changes. Started adding pictures. 7 January 2005: Added question on dividing larger containers into smaller ones. 10 December 2004: Added question on rust and corrosion. 13 November 2004: Updated and renamed question on stoving tobacco. 6 November 2004: New question on smoking aged tins quickly. 29 August 2004: General overhaul. Added commentary, tweaked many questions, altered look. 5 August 2004: Updated questions on aging milestones and on cellar selection. 8 July 2004: Updated question on aging benefits. 17 June 2004: Updated question on heating tobacco. 29 April 2004: Updated questions on heating tobacco, on bulk jars, and on rehydration. 21 February 2004: New question on other reasons to cellar, other</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ</p> <p>Page 4 of 4</p> <p>miscellaneous changes. 11 February 2004: Added magnulus's comments to aging improvement question, and rephrased the question. 26 January 2004: Added Steven Fowler's report, and new question on jar labels. 22 January 2004: Added content to, and renamed, the vacuum bags/tins question. 21 January 2004: Added title graphic. 20 January 2004: New question on propylene glycol, cosmetic changes. 19 January 2004: New questions on bail-top jars, on the heat-vacuum method, and on mold prevention. 18 January 2004: General overhaul. New URL: 22 December 2003: Initial release. Comment | Printable | Top</p> <p>Home | Fundamentals | Aging | Tin Storage | Bulk Storage | Jarring Guide | Cellaring Cellar Gallery | Categorization | Flakes | Touchstones | Moisture | Related Topics | Glossary | Appendices</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ: Fundamentals</p> <p>Page 1 of 10</p> <p>Home | Fundamentals | Aging | Tin Storage | Bulk Storage | Jarring Guide | Cellaring Cellar Gallery | Categorization | Flakes | Touchstones | Moisture | Related Topics | Glossary | Appendices</p> <p>Fundamentals1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why does this FAQ exist? What is aging? Why does tobacco age? Does properly sealed tobacco have an expiration date or shelf life? Does aging actually change and improve tobacco? What kind of taste does aged tobacco have?</p> <p>1 ~ Why does this FAQ exist?</p> <p>This FAQ exists for two reasons. First, because many people wish to increase their enjoyment of the pipe, and smoking aged tobacco is a powerful way to enjoy a richer, more complex world of flavor. Second, because it's criminal to let information such as you'll find here hide in the nooks and crannies of the internet, that's why. -Jason</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ: Fundamentals</p> <p>Page 2 of 10</p> <p>Comment | Printable | Top</p> <p>2 ~ What is aging?</p> <p>As you will see in many questions that follow, we have selected here a number of responses from Gregory Pease, of GL Pease Tobaccos. Greg gets us started with an important distinction between "melding" and "maturing", which are both part of aging:</p> <p>There are a couple things that are often lumped together as "aging." The first is more properly termed melding or marrying. This is the result of the various tobaccos "swappin' spit," resulting in something is closer to a homogenous blend than a mixture of different tobaccos. Most consider this a desirable thing, including me. This will probably take place under just about any condition imaginable, providing the tobacco is kept properly humidified. But, then there are the subtle biological and chemical changes that take place in that sealed tin. These are slow, slow processes. Many organic reactions just take TIME, unless hurried along through catalysis or heat. Heat is a poor bedfellow of tobacco, as it radically changes it - unless of course, those changes are desired. So, we're stuck with the waiting game. Waiting for microorganisms to do their work, waiting for slow organic reactions, which lead to other slow organic reactions, and so on. Once these processes are well under way, the introduction of fresh air can, and will, change things dramatically. GL PEASE, 2003-04-17 Greg adds a little about melding, with a nice simile to finish off the explanation:</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ: Fundamentals</p> <p>Page 3 of 10</p> <p>Basically, there are a couple of things which go on. If tobaccos are allowed to play in the same playground for long enough, they start to take on each others characteristics. The blend becomes more integrated and more harmonious. Complexity remains (and is, in most cases, amplified), but the overall characteristic is more like a finely rehearsed orchestra, rather than a bunch of individual musicians; individual notes are still there, but are so well integrated that they become less noticeable than the whole. GL PEASE, 1997-10-13 Comment | Printable | Top</p> <p>3 ~ Why does tobacco age?</p> <p>Again we hear exclusively from Mr. Pease. Not much formal research is available (or well understood) by the community. Perhaps if we had a biochemist in the fold. Meanwhile, Greg's no slouch, and his grasp on fermentation processes seems to be increasing over time. Listen:</p> <p>The whole aging thing is pretty amazing, really. From what limited research I've been able to do on the subject, and based on a lot of speculation, it goes something like this: It's all about microbes. Some live in air (aerobes), some live only in the absence of oxygen (obligate anaerobes), some live in either environment (facultative anaerobes). Each does a different thing, and the order of what they do is important. Aerobes eat stuff, consume oxygen, spit out CO2, and eventually die, 'cause there's no more air. Facultative and obligate anaerobes can then live, some of which will consume the chemicals left behind by the now dead microbes as by-products of their metabolic pathways. So... The tobacco is sealed in a tin. Aerobic bacteria (and</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ: Fundamentals</p> <p>Page 4 of 10</p> <p>facultative anaerobes, I suppose) go to work consuming some of the sugar, producing CO2, and using up the oxygen in respiration. Once the breathable air is gone, the aerobic bacteria die. Facultative and any endospore borne obligate anaerobes will then set about to do their things, probably relying on fermentative anabolic pathways. Most of what we're interested in is the production of esters - organic flavor and aroma components. This can be easily accomplished by some of these lovely living factories. GL PEASE 2001-10-17 Tobacco requires moisture to age. Some oxygen is necessary for the initial stages of fermentation in the tin. There's plenty of sugar in most leaf, and the presence of yeast, or, more specifically, the enzyme they secrete, zymase, will result in primary fermentation of some of those sugars. GL PEASE, 2001-05-03 Also, there's a secondary "fermentation" which takes place as the residual sugars in the leaf continue to be broken down. This adds some flavours which don't exist in the original mixture, and further increases the complexity of the smoke. GL PEASE, 1997-10-13 Comment | Printable | Top</p> <p>4 ~ Does properly sealed tobacco have an expiration date or shelf life?</p> <p>A common question among those coming from the world of grocery store tobaccos, and one that's been covered several times over the years.</p> <p>Tobacco doesn't need preservatives. The curing process is sufficient to ensure that tobacco, if stored properly, will last</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ: Fundamentals</p> <p>Page 5 of 10</p> <p>indefinitely. It *can* mold, if too wet, and ultimately rot, again if too wet. But it doesn't putrify, spoil, rot, become septic or anything else which warrants a "preservative." The reason some manufacturers put humectants [chemical preservatives] in their tobaccos is to prolong the "shelf-life" of the "fresh" (read moist) tobacco. For some reason, people don't want to find their own personal "humidity index" for their tobaccos, so the manufacturer second guesses, loads the stuff with propylene glycol, and packs the stuff in little pouches. Not all tobacco is so adulterated, but in some cases, the tobacco in pouches is, while that in tins is not. Pouches have a shorter "shelf-life." GL PEASE, 1997-12-22 In terms of quantity sold: most tobacco mixtures are flavored with chemical additives. This includes almost all 'dime store' blends, most premium continental European blends (including most of the traditional English blends being produced on the continent now), and many premium US &amp; UK blends. These blends will most probably not improve with age &amp; are probably best smoked as close to 'off the store shelf' as possible. JOHN C. LORING, 2000-05-04 And just to give you a taste of the full scope of time we're talking about, and to set expectations properly, check these next two bits of experience from Mssrs. Lindner and Pease:</p> <p>One complication is that some blends will simply be over the hill in 40 years. Many latakia blends fade over time, and really only have a 30 year shelf life. So I have to hope that whatever blend it is will still be available in 20 years' time if I am to enjoy them in 50 years. MICHAEL D. LINDNER, 2001-11-16 Some tobaccos, most notably Virginias and Virginia blends, seem to have the longest life expectancy; I've smoked Three Nuns that was over 50 years old, and it was simply amazing. Latakia mixtures don't seem to improve for as long, but still a long time. I've smoked stuff that is over 30 years old, and it's wonderful, though some 40+ year old Balkan Sobranie I smoked last year had become a little disappointing.</p> <p></p> <p>3/23/2010</p> <p>The Pipe Tobacco Aging, Storage and Cellaring FAQ: Fundamentals</p> <p>Page 6 of 10</p> <p>GL PEASE, 2001-02-02 Comment | Printable | Top</p> <p>5 ~ Does aging actually change and improve tobacco?</p> <p>There seems to be universal agreement on this topic, or just about. There aren't that many people on ASP who claim that aging ruins a tobacco. However, we reserve the possibility that there may be some who believe it. Look how open-minded we are:</p> <p>It depends on the blend and on your individual palate. With some tobaccos, it's night and day - a grassy, bland taste when young blossoms into a...</p>