Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Training Package

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Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Training Package. Scope. APRP Program Overview Phase 1 Outreach Phase 2 Demobilization Phase 3 Consolidation Governance Structures and Administrative Processes Case Studies. PoA Presidential decree, 29 June 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP)</p><p>Training Package</p></li><li><p>ScopeAPRP Program OverviewPhase 1 OutreachPhase 2 DemobilizationPhase 3 ConsolidationGovernance Structures and Administrative ProcessesCase Studies</p></li><li><p>Key DocumentsPoA Presidential decree, 29 June 2010</p><p>Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Program Document, 12 July 2010</p><p>GIRoA Joint Order, dated 29 August 2010</p></li><li><p>Understanding what Reintegration is NOTSurrenderPaying insurgents to stop fightingCeding territory to insurgentsCeding political or security rights or authority to insurgentsCompromising Islamic rights</p></li><li><p>What is APRP?The Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) is an Afghan-led peace programme which aims to take insurgents out of the fight and return them to their communities with honour and dignity so that they can live peaceful, productive lives. The APRP is enabled through 3 phases:Social OutreachDemobilizationConsolidation of Peace</p></li><li><p>Three Phase ProcessSOCIAL OUTREACH Strategic communications Negotiation and addressing grievances Sub-national and community outreach</p><p> Covered in more detail in Module 2DEMOBILISATION Biometrics, vetting, registration, assessment &amp; transition assistance Weapons management and community security Detainee release Disengagement Training</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 3CONSOLIDATION OF PEACE Community recovery Literacy, religious and vocational education and training Employment opportunities</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 4</p></li><li><p>CONSOLIDATION</p><p>DEMOBILIZATION</p><p>OUTREACH + GRIEVANCE RESOLUTION</p><p>Three Phase ProcessCommunity Vouches for InsurgentsCommunity does not vouch: RelocationDoes not pass vetting: Removed from APRP Reintegration Declaration form signedSocial outreach &amp; messaging ContactNegotiation &amp; DialogueGrievance ResolutionSecurityIntent to ReintegrateRegistrationFormal VettingWeapons RegTransition AssistanceDisengagement TrainingCommunity Recovery: Menu of Options</p></li><li><p>APRP StructureAfghan led, partnered at every level</p><p>NDS</p><p>MOD</p><p>President</p><p>High PeaceCouncil</p><p>JointSecretariat</p><p>Provincial Peace &amp; ReintegrationCommittee</p><p>DistrictReintegrationCommittee</p><p>Community</p><p>Community</p><p>Community</p><p>MOI</p><p>Security Ministries </p><p>Responsible for APRP implementation and management of reintegration within province. Members include provincial officials and unofficial leaders in province. PP&amp;RC supported by Provincial Reintegration Support Team (PRST). This provides technical and administrative support to governor and PP&amp;RC to manage reintegration activity.</p><p>PP&amp;RC</p><p>Responsible for reintegration in district. Members include ministry representatives and local leaders.</p><p>DRC</p><p>Sub-National APRP structure partnered by ISAF</p><p>Policy</p><p>Execution</p><p>*</p><p>Reintegration is a GIRoA led programme assisted and facilitated by ISAF, PRTs and UNAMA. High Peace CouncilMission: The High Peace Council advises the President on matters of policy and directs the Joint Secretariat to execute the Programme. Organization:Composition:Joint SecretariatMission: provides the coordinating function to bring all strands of the Programme together and to enable issues to be resolved. It also provides technical and financial support and political encouragement to the provincial and district level.Organization: Min Manssom Stanekzai Chair, Operations Cell, Policy Cell, Finance Cell, Support Cell, Special Staff (Legal, Strat Comm, Gender Advisor (hired as of 5 Sep 2010))Composition: an inter-agency body with representation from the MOD, MOI, NDS, IDLG (the Directorate responsible for provincial government), ISAF and other GIRoA ministries as required. </p><p>Acknowledging that reintegration takes place at community level as a series of local peace processes, the district and provincial level reintegration structures are pivotal as they enable coordination and decision making to take place below Joint Secretariat level. Support to the communities is primarily provided by District Governors through District Reintegration Shuras (names may differ on the ground) which should incorporate local elders and leaders, representatives of ANP, NDS, ANA and existing District Government institutions. ISAF and PRTs should be represented as observers to advise and assist. As well as supporting community level reintegration, these bodies provide the essential link between community and provincial governor.At provincial level, day to day reintegration activity is to be coordinated and executed by Provincial Peace and Reintegration Committees (PPRCs). These should be established by each Provincial Governor with representation from MOD, MOI and NDS, as well as from provincial development institutions, tribal and community elders, and religious scholars. Additionally, ISAF, PRTs and UNAMA (if present in the province) should be included to advise and assist. The PPRC is a key enabler as it ensures that reintegration decision making can be made below the National level. Direction has been issued to provincial governors to establish a PRRC and if a PPRC has not yet been stood up, every effort must be made to get the provincial governor to do so. </p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Provincial Peace &amp; Reintegration Committee (PP&amp;RC)Objective: a PP&amp;RC must be established to enable the APRP to be implemented at the provincial level.Lead: Provincial GovernorMembership:Provincial Development Committee representativesSecurity committeeHead of Provincial Ulema and religious scholarsTribal elders(should not exceed 21 members)Activities:Outreach and establishing dialogueSupporting grievance resolutionOther activities in support of peace and reintegration</p></li><li><p>Provincial Reintegration Support Team (PRST)Objective: Provide support to the Governor and PP&amp;RC for APRP mattersMembership:ChiefDemobilization Program OfficerCommunity Recovery Program OfficerCommunication OfficerInformation Management OfficerActivities:Execute PPR&amp;C decisionsImplement APRP activitiesDraft project proposals in support of APRP to submit to Joint Secretariat</p></li><li><p>Three Phase ProcessSOCIAL OUTREACH Strategic communications Negotiation and addressing grievances Sub-national and community outreach</p><p> Covered in more detail in Module 2DEMOBILISATION Biometrics, vetting, registration, assessment &amp; transition assistance Weapons management and community security Detainee release Disengagement Training</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 3CONSOLIDATION OF PEACE Community recovery Literacy, religious and vocational education and training Employment opportunities</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 4</p></li><li><p>Strategic CommunicationsObjective To inform the communities about the program and the benefits of reintegrationWhy? Getting the word out will encourage communities to support the program, and encourage fighters to consider reintegrating.ActivitiesPrepare advertising material to get the peace process message to the people and fightersArrange media opportunities for each of the 3 phases</p></li><li><p>OutreachObjective To start a dialogue with communities and fighters leading to reintegrationWhy? Outreach is a good way to reconnect the Afghan people with their government. In reaching out to people you are extending your authority, building trust and creating peace.ActivitiesTalking about APRP to the influential people you knowSetting up Provincial Peace and Reintegration CommitteesComing up with proposals to seek financial supportOrganizing events like shuras and jirgasEngaging mediaFacilitating communication effortsListening to messages or signals being sent by those who might be interested to join the programBe prepared to meet peopleBe ready to discuss reintegration</p></li><li><p>Grievance ResolutionObjective Understand why people fight and take it into account when offering fighters a way to lay down arms in dignityWhy? If you pay attention to grievances and come up with ways to reconcile with your brothers, you are sowing the seeds of peace.ActivitiesConduct assessmentsAsk fighters why they fightOpening negotiation in good faithGetting help from respected mediators, elders, local leaders, NGOsOrganize gatherings like jirgas and shurasMake good gestures towards those you want to open a dialogue withOrganize procedures to address and resolve differences </p></li><li><p>DosTake every opportunity to talk about the programSay join the peace processEmbrace the people, they take the courageous decision to join the peace process, they are your brothersBuild trust, confidence and respectGive a chance for upset brothers to come home in peace with honour and dignityLearn about the program and your role, it is a great opportunity to bring peace and prosperity to your communitySeek advice and guidance from respected elders if you are uncertain how to proceedIdentify whether reintegration is creating losers who need engagement, reassurance and supportMake sure the systems are in place so that the people going through reintegration can be managed wellHelp identify projects that can improve the life of fighters and their communitiesShare information about reintegration opportunities and cases so that you can get the support you need</p></li><li><p>DontsDont call reintegration surrender or say they are joining the government or putting down their weaponsDont offer amnesty or immunity from GIRoA prosecution.Dont support or be party to any agreement that cedes political authority or territorial control to insurgents.Dont make promises of assistance or development support.Dont compromise on Islamic principles. Dont offer a direct reward or payment to insurgents for stopping fighting.Dont ignore suspected abuse or corruption in the reintegration process. If necessary report it.Dont do anything that is outside the law</p></li><li><p>Three Phase ProcessSOCIAL OUTREACH Strategic communications Negotiation and addressing grievances Sub-national and community outreach</p><p> Covered in more detail in Module 2DEMOBILISATION Biometrics, vetting, registration, assessment &amp; transition assistance Weapons management and community security Detainee release Disengagement Training</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 3CONSOLIDATION OF PEACE Community recovery Literacy, religious and vocational education and training Employment opportunities</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 4</p></li><li><p>ImplementationCurrently, Demobilization is managed by Joint Secretariat mobile teams travelling to the location where reintegration opportunities arise. This is not a permanent procedure. Provincial authorities need to take action now to develop their demobilization capability.</p></li><li><p>Demobilization (1)Registration : Provincial Reintegration Support Teams will arrange for registration to be conducted. This includes completing the Intent to Reintegrate form and Individual Survey. [See survey training brief]</p><p>Biometrics: MOI is the lead agency for collecting biometric information. Vetting: Using the personal information collected by MOI, the following levels of vetting will be conducted:National vetting: MOI and NDS will conduct name checks against the national criminal database.Provincial vetting: MOI will conduct name checks against the Provincial databases. The PPRC will decide if they are prepared to vouch for the reintegrees.Community Vetting: The Community will decide if they are prepared to accept/vouch for reintegrees. If not, MOI will determine alternative arrangements.</p><p>**Joint Secretariat Standard Operating Procedures are available which describe these activities in more detail.</p></li><li><p>Demobilization (2)Weapons Management : In contrast to DIAG, the APRP allows reintegrees to keep their personal weapons, however, these must be registered. MOI is responsible to register weapons. MOD will store heavy weapons (eg machine guns, RPGs).</p><p>Security: MOI (assisted by NDS &amp; MOD) will provide security. ANSF and ISAF will work closely to determine the security risks in each reintegration case and determine a course of action to mitigate these risks.</p></li><li><p>Demobilization (3)Transitional Assistance Package: JS will support the Provincial authorities to provide a transitional package of food and provisions. A standard package has been prepared for national consistency.</p><p>Disengagement Training: JS will support the Provincial authorities to provide disengagement training. This training will include:Citizenship packagePeace packageJustice and rights packageReligious packageCommunity planning and employment package</p><p>Under development</p></li><li><p>DosEnsure key components of negotiation and grievance resolution have been completed prior to commencing demobilizationRegister and return personal weaponsCollect heavy weaponsEnsure the security and safety of your staff and the reintegrees during the processPreserve the honor of the reintegrating insurgent, respect his dignity and avoid him losing faceFollow the Joint Order and other documents that detail the program requirements.Ensure staff are trained to conduct and administer the APRP documentation</p></li><li><p>DontsDont wait for APRP to come to your Province. Be proactive.Dont rush into demobilization. Ensure the conditions have been created through negotiation and educationDont take unnecessary risks or ignore security rules or proceduresDont do anything that is outside the lawDont take shortcuts</p></li><li><p>Three Phase ProcessSOCIAL OUTREACH Strategic communications Negotiation and addressing grievances Sub-national and community outreach</p><p> Covered in more detail in Module 2DEMOBILISATION Biometrics, vetting, registration, assessment &amp; transition assistance Weapons management and community security Detainee release Disengagement Training</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 3CONSOLIDATION OF PEACE Community recovery Literacy, religious and vocational education and training Employment opportunities</p><p>Covered in more detail in Module 4</p></li><li><p>ConsolidationKey Principles:The consolidation phase aims to ensure that peace and reintegration are permanent.What will be offered in this phase for a community will be tailored to its particular needs and what can be accomplished there (security and capacity permitting):Communities will need to understand that what they will receive will not be identical to what other communities receive.</p></li><li><p>Community RecoveryRecovery Options, which will be developed uniquely for each community, may include:Literacy trainingVocational trainingEmployment opportunitiesDevelopment projects for the communityNational Community Recovery will involve all members of the community not just ex-combatants - APRP Program Document, July 2010</p></li><li><p>DosRemember that for APRP to be successful, all three phases of the program need to delivered to reintegrees and their communitiesEngage with Provincial and District Development Councils to assist with determining development priorities and potential projectsRemember that women need to benefit from APRP programs as wellRemember that community expectations will need to be managed about what they can expect to receive</p></li><li><p>DontsDont make promises of support that exceed the principles of the APRPDont do anything that is outside the law</p></li><li><p>Finance</p></li><li><p>Reintegration Support - Delivery Assistance</p><p>Reintegration Finance Mechanism funding</p><p>CERP funding (USA)</p><p>NDAA funding (USA)</p><p>Other...</p></li></ul>

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