Active reader

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<ul><li>1.Tips to being an active reader</li></ul> <p>2. Preview the Text 3. Preview the Cover Bet youve heard the old saying,You cant judge a book by itscover.But actually you can! 4. Preview the Cover Look at the cover and ask yourself thesequestions: What clues about the story to I get from the title? What clues about the story do I get from thepictures on the front and back cover? Who wrote the book? Have I read books by thisauthor before? How is the story described in the inside the jacketflaps? 5. Preview the Title If you are reading a novel look at the titleand ask yourself the following questions: What does the title mean? What reasons could the writer have forchoosing the title? Based on the title what do I predict willhappen in the story? 6. Some other good things to preview before you read Preview the Table of Contents Preview Any Pictures,Illustrations, Photographs, Chartsor Maps Preview Captions 7. Make Predictions As you read, your brain is alwaystrying to figure out whats comingnext in the story. As a result you make predictionsbefore you read and while you read. 8. Make Predictions If you are reading a novel or a story, askyourself the following questions:Based on what I know and clues in the story, what do I think will happen next?How accurate were my predictions?What new predictions can I make using the facts I just read? 9. Make PredictionsLets practice previewing and making predictions! 10. The Supreme Court:The Highest Court in the Land 1. Preview the passage. 2. Make predictions 3. Read the passage to confirm orchange your predictions. 11. Set a Purpose for Reading Why are you reading? To confirm To discover opinions To get facts To get instructions To have fun To learn new information To learn new vocabulary To review notes 12. Setting a Purpose for Reading Shapes the Way You Read When you read to study, you read slowlyso you understand and remember thematerial. If you are reading to be entertained, youread more quickly and might even skimover parts of the story in your haste tosee how it turns out. 13. Build Your Own Terrarium Why would you want to read this? To confirm To discover opinions To get facts To get instructions To have fun To learn new information To learn new vocabulary To review notes 14. Baby in a Crib Why would you want to read this? To confirm To discover opinions To get facts To get instructions To have fun To learn new information To learn new vocabulary To review notes 15. Use What You Know You can use what you know to make yourreading easier and more fun! Connecting new facts with prior knowledgehelps you remember new information whenyou study it. After you preview, predict, and set a purposefor reading, take a few minutes to jot downnotes about what you already know about thepassage. 16. Use What You Know You can arrange your ideas on a KWL chart likethis one:What I Know What I Want to Know What I Learned 17. The Statue of LibertyWhat I Know What I Want to Know What I Learned 18. Skim the Text Skimming is a very fast method ofreading that lets you glance at a passageto get the main idea or to find key points. Skimming isnt a substitute for acomplete reading. Skim before you readthe textnot instead of reading it. 19. Skim the Text Follow these steps as you skim read: 1. Preview the text by looking at the title,subheadings, pictures, and captions. 2. Make predictions and set a purpose for reading. 3. Start skimming by running your eyes across thepage. Try to read as fast as you can. 4. Focus on key words. These will be nouns and verbs. 5. Look for facts you need. These will often be in thefirst and last sentences. 6. Pause at the end of every passage to restate themeaning in your own words. 20. A Night to Remember Skim the following passage to geta general idea of its meaning. What is the general idea? 21. Find the Main Idea Whats your point? When you find the main idea, you know theauthors point. This helps you understand the whole passagemore clearly. The stated main idea is a paragraph is alsocalled the topic sentence. 22. Find a Stated Main Idea Use the following steps to find the stated mainidea in a paragraph: 1. Find the topic or subject of the paragraph. 2. Look for a sentence that tells about the topic. Itwill explain what the entire paragraph is about. 3. Check to see if the sentence tells what theparagraph is about. 23. Lets look at examples of main ideas found in the beginning,middle, and end of paragraphsthen give it a try. 24. Find an Unstated Main Idea Follow these steps:1. Find the topic or subject of the paragraph.2. Look for details that relate to the topic.3. Make an educated guess about the main idea from the details. 25. Egypt, Land of Pyramids Give it a try: 1. Find the topic or subject of the paragraph. 2. Look for details that relate to the topic. 3. Make an educated guess about the main idea from the details. 26. Find Key Details Be a detective and find clues. These clues aredetails, words that tell who, what, when ,where, why, and how. Details are small pieces of information thatsupport the main idea. Details tell about people, events, things, time,objects, situations, or the way somethinghappened. 27. Find Key Details Details will fall into these 6 main categories: 1. Examples 2. Facts 3. Statistics 4. Reasons 5. Definitions 6. Descriptions 28. Find Key Details Follow these steps to find the key details in aparagraph: Step 1: Identify the topic Step 2: Identify the main idea Step 3: Find details that back up the main idea 29. Blue Jeans Lets use this graphic organizer to help finddetails: Who?Why?What?Main Ideas:Where?When? How? 30. Girl Scout National Centers Lets use this graphic organizer to help finddetails: Who?Why?What?Main Ideas:Where?When? How? 31. Summarize What You Read To summarize, find the most importantinformation and restate it in your ownwords. Be sure you have included all theimportant details by answering thesequestions: Who? What? When? Where?Why? and How? 32. Keeping an Eye on the Weather Lets practice 1. Preview the passage, make predictions, set apurpose, and read the passage. 2. Find the main idea and important details. 3. Explain them in your own words 4. Skim the passage again to make sure you haveincluded all the important points. 5. Begin your summary by stating the main idea.Then summarize the key details. 33. USE SQ3RSurvey Preview the text by reading the title, headings, illustrations, and captions. Based on your survey, make predictions about the contents. Then skim the passage to get its overalls meaning. 34. USE SQ3RQuestion As you survey and skim, ask questions about the material and what you find. Start by turning the title in a question. For example, look back at the passage Keeping an Eye on the Weather. Turn this in the question How do we keep an eye on the weather? As you read , look for the answer to this question. 35. USE SQ3RRead Read the passage and continue making and revising predictions. Try to find the main idea by looking at the topic sentence and details in each paragraph. 36. USE SQ3RRecite After you finish reading, look back over the passage. Focus on the title, headings, and topic sentences. Summarize the material in your head, reducing what you read to a few sentences. Then recite or say your summary aloud. 37. USE SQ3RReview Review by looking back at your predictions. Were they on target? If so, find details you used to make them. If not, figure where and why you guessed incorrectly. 38. Jim Thorpe Lets practice: Survey Question Read Recite Review </p>