30. t.s. eliot

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  • 1.Thomas Stearns Eliot(1888-1965)Thomas Stearns Eliot.

2. T. S. Eliot1. Life1888: he was born in St. Louis, Missouri.1910: he studied in Paris at the Sorbonne.1915: he married the British ballet dancer Vivienne Haigh-Wood.1917: he established himself as an important avant-garde poet. Thomas Stearns Eliot. Only Connect ... New Directions 3. T. S. Eliot1. Life1922: he edited The Criterion, an intellectual magazine. His professions included being a poet, a critic and an editor.1925: he became director for the publishers Faber & Faber.1927: he acquired British citizenship and converted to Anglicanism.Thomas Stearns Eliot.Only Connect ... New Directions 4. T. S. Eliot1. Life1930: for the next thirty years he was considered as the most dominant figure in poetry and literary criticism in the English- speaking world.1948: he received the Nobel Prize for literature.1965: he died in London. Thomas Stearns Eliot. Only Connect ... New Directions 5. T. S. Eliot2. WorksBefore the conversion1917: Prufrock and other Observations.1922: The Waste Land. It is said to be the single most influential poetic work of the twentieth century.1925: The Hollow Men.Cover for the first edition of Prufrock andother ObservationsOnly Connect ... New Directions 6. T. S. Eliot2. WorksAfter the conversion1927: Ariel Poems.1930: Ash-Wednesday.1935-1942: Four Quartets.1935: Murder in the Cathedral.A contemporary edition of Murder in the Cathedral1939: Family Reunion. Only Connect ... New Directions 7. T. S. Eliot3. T. S. Eliots world and the 19th-century world Modern/T. S. Eliots world19th- century worldChaotic Ordered FutileMeaningfulPessimisticOptimistic UnstableStable Loss of faithFaithCollapse of moral values Morality/ValuesConfused sense of identityClear sense of identity Only Connect ... New Directions 8. T. S. Eliot4. The Love Song of J. Alfred PrufrockPoetic form: a dramatic monologue.Content: the protagonists realization of death within life, the lostopportunities in his life and the lack of any spiritual progress.The speaker: a middle-aged passive, aimless man.He is linked to:1. physical and intellectual inertia.2. inability to communicate with his fellow-beings.Style: juxtaposition of poetic images with everyday phrases and images; objective correlative instead of direct statements. Only Connect ... New Directions 9. T. S. Eliot5. The Waste Land: content It is an autobiography written in amoment of crisis in the life of the poet. It consists of five sections; it reflectsthe fragmented experience of the 20th-century sensibility of the great moderncities of the West. A contemporary edition of The Waste Land. Only Connect ... New Directions 10. T. S. Eliot5. The Waste Land: content It is an anthology of indeterminatestates of the mind, hallucinations,impressions, personalities blendedand superimposed beyond theboundaries of time and place. The speaking voice is related tovarious personalities: Tiresias, aknight from the Grail legend, theFisher King.A contemporary edition of The Waste Land.Only Connect ... New Directions 11. T. S. Eliot6. The Waste Land: themes The disillusionment and disgust of the period after World War I. Contrast between past fertility and present sterility. The mythical past linked to a new concept of History repetitionof the same events. Spring Symbols: different from Chaucer absence of rebirth. April is the cruelest month, breeding Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing Memory and desire, stirring Dull roots with spring rain. (I section) Only Connect ... New Directions 12. T. S. Eliot7. The Waste Land: style Association of ideas past andpresent are simultaneous. Mythical method to givesignificance to present futility. Subjective experiences madeuniversal. Use of Juxtaposition. First draft of The Waste Land, third section. Only Connect ... New Directions 13. T. S. Eliot7. The Waste Land: styleQuotations from different languages and literary works.Fragmentation.Technique of implication: the active participation of the reader is required.Objective correlative.Repetition of words, images and phrases. First draft of The Waste Land, third section.Only Connect ... New Directions 14. T. S. Eliot8. The objective correlative: T. S. Eliot and MontaleFor Eliot, the objective correlative is apattern of objects, events, actions, or asituation that can serve effectively to awaken inthe reader an emotional response withoutbeing a direct statement of that subjectiveemotion.Only Connect ... New Directions 15. T. S. Eliot8. The objective correlative: T. S. Eliot and Montale What The Thunder said Meriggiare pallido e assorto (Ossi di Seppia) Here is no water but only rockMeriggiare pallido e assorto Rock and no water and the sandy roadpresso un rovente muro dorto, The road winding above among theascoltare tra i pruni e gli sterpi mountains schiocchi di merli, frusci di serpi. Which are mountains of rock without water. Both Eliot and Montale depict a desolate landscape. They both refer to a waste land of the spirit. This landscape is cosmopolitan in Eliot. It is a domestic landscape in Montale.Only Connect ... New Directions 16. T. S. Eliot9. The Hollow Men Linked to The Waste Land. Main themes: despair and desolation. No redemption is possible because of the lack of faith. Parallel between past and present. Only Connect ... New Directions 17. T. S. Eliot10. Journey of the Magi (Ariel Poems) Written after his conversion to Christianity. Content: the journey to the birthplace of Christ told by one of the Magi. No celebration: the journey ispainful and meaningless. At first there is the regret ofthe previous life characterisedby alienation.The Journey of the Magi fragment of a picture with theAdoration of the Magi, Sassetta, Metropolitan Museum of Art,New York.Only Connect ... New Directions 18. T. S. Eliot10. Journey of the Magi (Ariel Poems) Written after his conversion to Christianity. Content: the journey to the birthplace of Christ told by one of the Magi. End of paganism in the last lines. The Magus cannot feel at home among an alien people clutching their gods (line 42). This captures the awkwardness felt by the faithful among nonbelievers andThe Journey of the Magi fragment of a picture with the vice-versa.Adoration of the Magi, Sassetta, Metropolitan Museum of Art,New York.Only Connect ... New Directions