21.3 weather instruments chapter 21 – weather. what do scientists look for in weather? ...

Download 21.3 Weather Instruments CHAPTER 21 – WEATHER. What do Scientists look for in weather?  Scientists look for patterns…  Patterns are used to make predictions

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  • Slide 1
  • 21.3 Weather Instruments CHAPTER 21 WEATHER
  • Slide 2
  • What do Scientists look for in weather? Scientists look for patterns Patterns are used to make predictions for future occurrences based on those patterns Meteorologists gather data about atmospheric pressure, humidity, temperature, wind speed, and precipitation with instruments Using these instruments in order to analyze & predict the weather. Meteorologists have not attempted to control forms of precipitation!
  • Slide 3
  • Lower Measuring the Lower Atmosphere Thermometer: Thermometer: liquid sealed in a vacuum tube that expends when heated Bc of tubing, liquid expands up in a thermometer when temp. rise. Electrical thermometer: Electrical thermometer: when temp rises, electrical current increases. Thermistor: Thermistor: electrical thermometer useful when temp changes occur rapidlycan senses smallest changes! Temperature
  • Slide 4
  • Measuring the Lower Atmosphere Cont. Air Pressure: Barometer: measures air pressure. When a front approaches, a drop in air pressure occurs. Wind Speed: Wind Speed: Anemometer: measures wind speed using an electrical signal generated by rotating cups. Wind Direction: Wind Direction: Wind Vane: arrow bar on a pole tail catches the wind. Direction can be compass (N, NW, S, etc.)
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  • Radiosonde: Radiosonde: instrument package that measures humidity (hygrometer), pressure (barometer), and temp. carried by a helium filled balloon. Wind speed/direction are measured by balloons path, balloon eventually bursts and radiosonde parachutes back to Earth. Upper Measuring the Upper Atmosphere *tracking global weather patterns Radar: Radar: Radio Detection and Ranging [NewestDoppler] Uses radio waves to determine velocity & location of water in the atmosphere.
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  • Upper Measuring the Upper Atmosphere Cont. Weather Satellites: Weather Satellites: uses cloud sequence images to measure wind speed/direction infrared to measure temp data and also measures ocean wave height, flow of ocean currents, & even soil moisture conditions in remote areas of Earth. Computers: Computers: Solutions of complicated mathematical equations with abilities to describe the atmosphere behaviors. Store incredible amounts of historical data & weather records
  • Slide 7
  • Additional Info to Know Station Models Station Models are used by meteorologists As a pattern system of symbols to represent the data collected At a particular observing station Recorded on a weather map Watches and Warnings are meant to decrease destruction and save lives. Severe Weather Watch: conditions are ideal for a severe weather event. Severe Weather Warning: severe weather has already been spotted.


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