(1914) Navy of Today: Royal Navy

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1914 - Percival A. Hislam (Great Britain)

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<p>THE-PEOPLFS <b>ool, and Newcastle, launched;1909-10. Displacement, 4,800 tons; speed, 25 knots; armament, 2 6-irich and 10 4 -inch guns, and 2 T.T. Engines, T. Challenger, launched 1902. Displacement, 5,880 tons ; speed, 21 knots; armament, 11 6-inch and 9 12-pr. guns, and 2 T.T. Highflyer, Hyacinth, and Hermes, launched 1898. Displacement, 5,600 tons ; speed, 20 knots ; armament as for Challenger. Talbot, Diana, Doris, Isis, Juno, Venus, and Minerva, launched 1895-6. Displacement, 5,600 tons; armament, 11 6-inch and 9 12-pr. guns, and 3 T.T. Eclipse, launched 1894. Displacement, 5,600 tons; speed, 19-5 knots armament, 5 6-inch, 6 47-inch, and 9 12-pr. guns, and 3 T.T. Engines, R. Vindictive, launched 1897. Displacement, 5,750 tons speed, 19 knots ; armament, 10 6-inch and 9 and 2 T.T. 12-pr. guns, Astrsea, Fox, Charybdis, and Hermione, launched 1893. Displacement, 4,360 tons; speed, 19'5 knots ; armament, 2 6-inch, 8 47; ;inch, and 1 12-pr. guns, and 3 T.T. Sappho, launched 1891. Displacement, 3,400 tons armament, 2 6-inch and 6 47-inch guns.;speed, 20 knots;PROTECTED CRUISERS, SRP CLASSTopaze, Amethyst, Diamond, and Sapphire, launched 1903-4. Displacement, 3,000 tons ; speed, 22 knots ; armament, 12 4-inch guns and 2 T.T. Engines, T. in Amethyst only. Pelorus, Proserpine, Pegasus, Pyramus. Psyche, launched 1896-1898. Displacement, 2,135 tons ; speed, 20 knots armament, 8 4-inch guns and 2 T.T. Philomel, launched 1890. speed, 16'5 Displacement, 2,575 tons knots armament, 8 47-inch guns and 3 T.T.; ; ;APPENDIXUNARMOURED CRUISERS87Boadicea, Belloiia, Blanche, Blonde, Active, Amphion, and Fearless, launched 1908-12. Displacement, 3,300 to 3,440 tons; speed, 25 knots; armament, 10 4-inch guns and 2 T.T., but only 6 4-inch in first two. Engines, T.SCOUTSSentinel, Skirmisher, Attentive, Adventure, Forward, Foresight, Pathfinder, and Patrol, launched 1904-5. Displacement, 2,670 to 2,940 tons ; speed, 25 knots ; armament, 9 4-inch guns and2T.T.LIGHT ARMOURED CRUISERSArethusa, Aurora, Galatea, Inconstant, Eoyalist, Undaunted, Penelope, and Phaeton, provided for in 1912-13. Displacement, 3,500 tons ; speed, 30 knots (oil fuel only) armament, 2 6-inch and 8 4-inch guns. T. (Under construction.) Engines, Calliope, Conquest, Cordelia, Carysfort, Cleopatra, Comus, Caroline, and Champion, provided for in 1913-14. Details as for Arethusa class but slightly larger. Four additional vessels provided for in;1914-15.(Under construction.)FLOTILLA LEADERSSwift, launched 1907. Displacement, 2,170 tons; speed, 36 knots; armament, 4 4-inch guns and 2 T.T. Oil fuel only engines, T. Details Lightfoot, Marksman, Kempenfelt, and Nimrod, building.;not known.DESTROYERS"M"(1913-14 programme). Milne, Moorsom, Morris, Matchless, Murray, Myngs, Miranda, Minos, Manly, Mentor, Mansfield, Details not known. Meteor, and Mastiff. "L" class (1912-13 programme). Laertes, Lark, Linnet, Lysander, Laforey, Lawford, Louis, Lydiard, Loyal, Legion, Leonidas, Lucifer, Lance, Lookout, Laurel, Liberty, Laverock, Landrail, Llewellyn, and Lennox. Displacement, 965 tons ; speed, 29 knots ; armament, 3 4 -inch and one machine gun, and 2 doubleclassT.T.Oil fuel"K";engines, T.(1911-12 programme). Acasta, Achates, Ambuscade, Ardent, Fortune, Garland, Christopher, Cockatrice, Contest, Shark, Sparrowhawk, Spitfire, Paragon, Hardy, Lynx, Midge, Owl, Porpoise, Unity, and Victor. Displacement, 908 to 964 tons; speed, 29 to 32 knots; armament, 3 4-inch and 1class88THE NAVY OF TO-DAYmachine gun, and 2 T.T.Oil fuel Diesel engine for cruising speeds.;engines, T.Hardy has one"I"class (1910-11 programme). Ariel, Acheron, Archer, Attack, Badger, Beaver, Defender, Druid, Ferret, Forester, Goshawk, Hind, Hornet, Hydra, Jackal, Lapwing, Lizard, Phoenix, Sandfly, Tigress, Firedrake, Lurcher, and Oak. Displacement, 745 to 810 tons speed, 27 to 30 knots, but 32 in last three armament, 2 4-inch and 2 12-pr. guns, and 2 T.T. Oil fuel engines, T. "H" class (1909-10 programme). Acorn, Alarm, Brisk, Cameleon, Comet, Goldfinch, Fury, Hope, Larne, Lyra, Martin, Minstrel, Nemesis, Nereide, Nymphe, Redpole, Ruby, Rifleman, Sheldrake, and Staunch. Displacement, 720 to 780 tons; speed, 27 knots ; armament, 2 4-inch and 2 12-pr. guns, and 2 T.T.; ;;Oil fuel;"G"engines, T.programme). Beagle, Basilisk, Bulldog, FoxGrampus, Grasshopper, Harpy, Mosquito, Racoon, Rattlesnake, Renard, Pincher, Savage, Scourge, Scorpion, andclass (1908-9hound,Wolverine.armament,engines, T.1 4 -inchDisplacement, 897 to 976 tons speed, 27 knots and 3 12-pr. guns, and 2 T.T. Coal fuel;;;"F"class (1906-7 and 1907-8 programme). Amazon, Crusader, Nubian, Maori, Saracen, Viking, and Zulu. Displacement, 970 to 1090 tons; speed, 33 knots; armament, 2 4-inch guns and"F"2 T.T.Oil fuel;engines, T.;Mohawk, and*(1905-6 programme). Afridi. Cossack, Ghurka, Displacement, 865 to 885 tons speed, 33 knots; armament, 5 12-pr. guns and 2 T.T. Oil fuel;Tartar.class (continued)E"and 1903-4 programmes). Arun, Boyne, Chelmer, Cherwell, Colne, Dee, Derwent, Doon, Eden, Erne, Ettrick, Exe, Foyle, Garry, Itchen, Jed, Kale, Kennet, Liffey, Moy, Ness, Nith, Ouse, Ribble, Rother, Stour, Swale, Test, Teviot, Ure, Usk, Waveney, Wear, and Welland. Displacement, 540 to 590 tons speed, 25'5 knots armament, 4 12-pr. guns and 2 T.T. Eden has turbines, others reciprocating machinery.; ;engines, T. class (1901-2, 1902-3,All are coal burners."D"class (launched 1896-9). Angler, Coquette, Cynget, Cynthia, Desperate, Fame, Mallard, and Stag. Displacement, 335 to 355 tons ; speed, 30 knots ; armament, 1 12-pr. and 5 6-pr. guns, and 2 T.T."C"class (launched 1896-1902). Albatross, Avon, Bat, Bittern, Brazen, Bullfinch, Cheerful, Crane, Dove, Electra, Fairy, Falcon, Fawn, Flirt, Flying Fish, Gipsy, Greyhound, Kestrel, Leopard, Leven, Mermaia, Osprey, Ostrich, Racehorse, Recruit, Roebuck, Star, Sylvia, Thorn, Velox, Vigilant, Violet, Vixen, and Vulture. Displacement, 350 to 400 tons, except Velox (420) and Albatross (430); speed, 30 knots; armament, 1 12-pr. and 5 6-pr. guns, and 2 T.T. Velox has turbines, others reciprocating machinery,allandburncoal.APPENDIX"B""B"class (launched 1906-7).89Displacement,Albacore and Bonetta.; speed, 26 knots ; armament, 3 12-pr. guns and 2 T.T. class (continued) (launched 1895-1901). Arab, Earnest, Express, Griffon, Kangaroo, Lively, Locust, Myrmidon, Orwell, Panther, Peterel, Quail, Seal, Spiteful, Sprightly, Success, Syren, Thrasher, and Wolf. Displacement, 355 to 400 tons, except Arab (470)440 tonsand Express (499) armament, 1 12-pr. and speed, 30 knots 5 6-pr. guns, and 2 T.T., except Orwell, 6 3-pr. guns and 2 T.T. "A" class (launched 1894-5). Conflict, Fervent, Lightning, Opossum, Porcupine, Sunfish, Surly, and Zephyr. Displacement, 310 to 350 tons speed, 27 knots armament, 1 12-pr. and 5 6-pr. guns, and 2 T.T., but Sunfish and Opossum have only 1 T.T.;;;;TORPEDO-BOATSNos.Displacement, 244 to 308 tons ; armament, 2 12-pr. guns and 3 T.T. Oil fuel ; speed, 26 knots engines, T. Seventy older vessels (launched 1885-1901) of little fighting value.1to 36 (launched 1906-9).;SUBMARINES(For submarines building seepage',46.)"E"class.EltoE9(9 boats).800 tons; speed,4 T.T.Launched 1912-13. Displacement, 16/10 knots; armament, 2 12-pr. guns and(8 boats).;"D""C"class.Dl01toD8ment, 595-620 tons speed, 15/9 knots D4 and later have 1 12-pr. gun also.class.Launched 1908-1911. Displacearmament, 3 T.T., but;toCIO; C12to018 (17;boats).1909. 2 T.T.Displacement, 316 tonsspeed,13/8 knotsLaunched 1906armament,;"Launched 1904-6. Displacement, 316 tons; speed, 13/8 knots; armament, 2 T.T. "A" class. A5, A6, and A8 to A13 (8 boats). Launched 1904-5. Displacement, 204 tons; speed, 11/7 knots; armament, 2 T.T.B(20 boats). tons, otherwise as for other C class. " class. Bl, and B3 to Bll (10 boats).C19toC38Launched 1909-10.Displacement, 321SHIPS OFBattle Cruisers.THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY.Displacement, 19,200;Australia (launched 1911).speed, 25 knots armament, 8 12-in. and 16 4-in. guns, and 2 T.T. Engines, T. Protected Cruisers. Sydney, Melbourne, and' Brisbane (launchedtons;1912, except Brisbane, whichisunder construction).Displace-902 T.T.THE NAVY OF TO-DAYment, 5,400 tons;speed, 25 '5 knots;armament, 86-in.guns and;Engines, T. Encounter (launched 1902). Displacement, 5,880 tons speed, 21 knots armament, 11 6-in. and 9 12-pr. guns, and 2 T.T. Pioneer (launched 1899). Displacement, 2,200 tons; speed, 20 knots ; armament, 8 4-in. guns, and 2 T.T.;Destroyers.Parramatta, Yarra, and Warrego (launched 1910-11). Displacement, 700 tons speed, 27 knots armament, 1 4-in. and 3 12-pr. and 3 T.T. Swan, Dei-went, and Torrens under guns,;;construction.Submarines.AE1 and AE2(launched 1913).Similar to BritishEBIBLIOGRAPHYNAVAL HISTORY. The works dealing with one phase or another of our naval history are almost innumerable. The most complete is The Royal Navy : History (seven volumes), edited by the late Sir W. Laird Clowes, which deals not only with the military side of the Navy, but also with its civil, social, and administrative aspects, and with the progress The of maritime exploration and the art of shipbuilding. British Battle Fleet, by Fred T. Jane, is a more compact work The history of the (one volume) on the same general lines. Navy as an international force (i.e. as a political and fighting machine) is best told in the following series of works by Mr. Julian S. Corbett Drake and the Tudor Navy ; The Successors of Drake ; England in the Mediterranean ; England in the Seven Years War ; and The Campaign of Trafalgar.BRITISHA:1are Mahan's Life of Nelson ; Anson's Life of John Jervis ; Laughton's From Howard to Nelson ; and Campbell's Lives of the Admirals. The social side of naval progress is well treated by Commander C. N. Robinson in The British Fleet and The British Tar in Fact and Fiction, the latter being unique for its Sea Life in Nelson s Time literary and artistic explorations.Amongthe best biographiesCaptain1(John Masefield), and The Inner Life of the Navy (Lionel Yexley), deal with specific periods, the latter covering the later part of the nineteenth century. The development of shipbuilding from ancient times to theend of the sailing era is excellently told and illustrated in E. K. Chatterton's Sailing Ships and their Story, while Warships and their Story (R. A. Fletcher) covers the whole ground down to the super-Dreadnought era. Warships, by Mr. E. L. Attwood, is a technical account of warship coustruc9192characterisTHE NAVY OF TO-DAYworks of a similar modified by the secrecy enjoined upon those the design and construction of modem ships.tion ten years ago, but the value of laterengaged inSubmarine Boats, Mines, and Torpedoes, by Captain M. F.Sueter, R.N., gives the best description extant of the progress of these aids to naval warfare, but there is no modern work onguns and gunnery, the most recent (Naval Gunnery, by Captain H. Garbett, R.N.) having been published in 1897. Naval warfare in comparatively recent times is the subject of Ironclads in Action (H. W. Wilson), Four Modern Naval Campaigns (Laird Clowes), and several books by Russian officers giving their experiences during the war with Japan.The "Novik" (Lieut. E. P. Steer), Tsushima (Engineer-Lieut. Politovsky), and Rasplata (The Reckoning), by Commander Semenoff. WORKS OF REFERENCE. The Naval Annual and TJie Navy League Annual give lists of British and foreign warThebest of these aretoFrom Libauwith articles on various phases of naval progress, techand political. The Naval Pocket Book gives only a list (with some plans) of the world's warships and docks, though the details are fuller than in the two first mentioned. Fightships, nicaling Ships (Fred T. Jane), issued annually, gives photographs and descriptive plans of almost every class of warship in theworld, besides a series of silhouettes enabling them to be The Navy List, published monthly recognised at a distance.by the Admiralty, gives the name, class, displacement, horsepower, armament (guns only), and station of every ship in the British Navy, as well as a full list of the commissioned and warrant officers, and of the personnel of the administrativedepartments at the Admiralty.INDEXACCOUNTANT branch,53, 57D'Eynccv.rt, Afr. E.'T.,G8Bireift Jjsitfy ^fccijieer-s; 05Active commission, 72 Admiral, 56Admiral of Patrols, 74 Admiral of the Fleet, 57 Admiralty, Board of, 64 Admiralty departments, 68 Aerial depot ship, 34Aircraft, 48 in naval war, Air stations, naval, 48 Alfred and the Navy, 9;HirsctGT of ;NaVal Construction, 07 Dirigibles, 47, 48 Discipline, 69, 70 Dockyards, establishment of, 12 Dreadnought, the first, 20 ; characteristics of, 17, 2028, 47EDGAR, the Navy53Armada, British shipsat, 11, of,ArmamentArmoured79of warships, 15-19of, 10 Engineers, naval, 53, 55, 57 Engines, builders of, 25 Equipment, Naval, Directorof,689,Armour, introductionfacturers of, 2513;manu-cruisers, 29; illustration of,progress of, 30 ; Artisans, 57 Australian Navy, 76, 89Auxiliaries, 31Sir Nathaniel, 66 Battle cruisers, 25; progress of, 26;of the British Navy," First Fleet, 72 First Lord of the Admiralty, 64 First Sea Lord, 65 Fleet Reserve, Royal, 61 Fleets, organisation of, 71 Foreign stations, 75"FATHER10BARNABY,illustration of, 78 Battleships, 16 progress of, 25 Battle squadrons, 72, 74 Breechloading guns, 14 Broadside fire, 22 Builders of warships, 25;Formidable, H.M.S. (illust.), 79 Fourth Sea Lord, 66 Fuel ships, 32 Funnel markings, 77; arrangement of, 22 ; manufacturers of, 25 progress of, 14, 22, 24 Gunnery and ship design, 20GUNS, 13;CANTEENS, 60 Capital ships, 16 Captain, 56 Carausius, 10Chatham, H.M.S.Cinque Ports, 11additional, 66 ; Coastal destroyers, 39 62 Coastguard, Colleges, naval, 54, 67Civil Lord, 66HENRY VII and Home fleets, 71(illust.),the Navy, 980Hospital ship, 33 Hyper-super- Dreadnoughts, 17, 23Chatham Dockyard,12Chief Constructor, 68INTELLIGENCE Division, 67Invasion, defence against, 75 Iron shipbuilding, 13KING GEORGE V, H.M.S., 78King'sRegulationsand AdmiraltyColliers, 31Instructions, 69Commander, 56 Cost of ships, 13, 19, 20, 23, 25 Court-martial, 69 Courts-martial, 1902-1912, 70 Crews, 53 Cruisers, 28 types of, 29 recognition of, 81 Cruiser squadrons, 73, 74;LIEUTENANT, 55 Lieutenant-Commander, 55 Light armoured cruisers, 29,;;31 Light cruisers, 29 illustration of, 80 Lion, H.M.S. (illust.), 78 Lord High Admiral, 64 Lower deck, 57 ; pay of, 59 ; promotion from, 65, 58DEPOTships, 34MANNINGDeptford Dockyard, 12 Design of ships, 67 Destroyer flotillas, 73, 74Destroyers, 35;classes of, 38, 87; illustrations of, 80 ; introduction of, 37 ; latest types of, 41 ; recognition of, 81arrangements, 72 Marines, Royal, 61, 62 Mate, 58 Medical officers, 57Mediterranean Fleet, 71Merchant ships and war,Mines, submarine, 49 Mine-laying, 50 Mine-sweeping, 51 Mobilisation Division, 6711Destroyer-destroyers, 42 Devonport Dockyard, 1293NAVALAirSadmlnictrntior 01,N;wy, toiuiuauon" New Scheme," 63 Nucleus crews, 72classes of, 83ititfal of, i&gt;;cost of, 00 R...</b></p>

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