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1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP July 2002 Amsterdam, Ne

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Page 1: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and

CKM Matrix Elements

Presented by Daniel Cronin-HennessyUniversity of Rochester(CLEO Collaboration)

ICHEP July 2002Amsterdam, Ne

Page 2: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Outline

Motivation for measuring moments of various spectra. Measurements:

E spectrum in inclusive decays B Xs

MX2 spectrum in inclusive decays B Xc l

El spectrum in inclusive decays B Xc l |Vcb|

Moments Summary

More from E spectrum and lepton energy endpoint (|Vub|) Exclusive decays and CKM matrix extraction Using more than one kinematic variable (B X l ) at a time.

Summary

Page 3: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Motivation Extremely naïve model for B Xs Two body decay (b s ) yields

photon energy spike at half the b quark mass. 1st moment = mb/2

2nd moment = 0

A better model (spectator) Parameterizes B meson structure

with average masses (1st) and fermi momentum (2nd). Some include QCD.

A theory (HQET) Expressions for observables in

increasing powers of 1/MB

GOOD Introduces increasing number of

non-perturbative parameters – NOT SO GOOD

1/MB

1 , 2 1/M2B

1/M3B

Page 4: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Motivation

Similar expressions for the moments of MX2 and Espectra.

The 1/M3B parameters are estimated from dimensional considerations to be

(0.5GeV)3. Extracting and requires two measurements These are used to extract |Vcb |

)

1(

94

33

12

3313))(175.1954.01()(620.0385.01

2 47

222

34321

3212

02

0M

OCMM

C

MMM

ME

BBDBB

ss

B

ssB

HQET plus OPE allows inclusive observables to be written as double expansions in powers of s and 1/MB. To order o2

s and 1/M3B in the scheme.MS

)]/1(482.741.10491.14.7482.7

153.647.1028.3298.0020.0185.3

946.0)87.01(648.1)(43.154.11[192

||)3689.0(

43

33

33

23

132

31

32

33

3

22

21

2

2

02

3

222

BBBBBB

BBB

l

BBB

B

s

B

ssBcbFs

MOMMMMM

MMMMMM

MM

MVG

Page 5: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Hadronic Mass and Photon Energy

011.0032.0346.2 E

0020.00066.00226.022 EE

GeV

GeV 2

0.0620.0230.251)( 22 MM DX

163.0048.0576.0)(222 MM XX

In MS scheme, at order 1/MB3

and s2o

= 0.35 + 0.07 + 0.10 GeV1= -.236 + 0.071 + 0.078 GeV2

|Vcb|=(4.04 + 0.09 + 0.05 + 0.08) 10-2

sl, 1 Theory

GeV 2

GeV 4

PRL 87 251807 ’01PRL 87 251808 ’01

Page 6: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Lepton Energy Moments (CLEO Preliminary)

Muons Electrons

5.1

7.1

0

dEdEd

dEdEd

Rl

l

sl

ll

sl

5.1

5.1

1

dEdEd

dEdEdE

Rl

l

sl

ll

sll

Unfolded Lepton Energy Spectrum

for leptons from B X l

R0 = 0.6187+0.0014 +0.0016

R1 = 1.7810+0.0007+0.0009 GeV

CLEO CONF 02-10ICHEP02 ABS932

M.Gremm, A. Kapustin, Z. Ligeti M. Wise, I. StewartCLEO

Preliminary

Page 7: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Consistency Among

Observables and ellipse extracted from 1st moment

of B Xs photon energy spectrum and 1st moment of hadronic mass2 distribution(B Xc l). We use the HQET equations in MS scheme at order 1/MB

3 and s2 o.

MS Expressions: A. Falk, M. Luke, M. Savage,

Z. Ligeti, A. Manohar, M. Wise, C. Bauer

The red and black curves are derived from the new CLEO results for B X l lepton energy moments. MS Expressions: M.Gremm, A. Kapustin, Z.

Ligeti and M. Wise, I. Stewart (moments) and I. Bigi, N.Uraltsev, A. Vainshtein(width)

Gray band represents total uncertainty for the 2nd moment of photon energy spectrum.

CLEOPreliminary

Page 8: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Consistency Across Schemes and ellipse extracted from 1st moment of B Xs photon energy spectrum and 1st moment of hadronic mass2 distribution (B Xc l). We use the HQET equations in 1S scheme at order 1/MB

3 and s2 o.

1S Expressions(recent): C. Bauer, M. Trott (hep-ph/0205039) C. Bauer, A. Manohar, Z.Ligeti and M. Luke private communication

In 1S mass scheme, at order 1/MB

3

and s2o

|Vcb|=(4.05+0.09+0.04+0.10) 10-2

(recall MS: |Vcb|=(4.04+0.09+0.05+0.08) 10-2)

Page 9: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Moments Summary

CLEO has measured six moments, two each from 1) the photon energy distribution in B Xs events 2) the hadronic mass2 distribution in B Xc l events and 3) most recently the lepton energy spectrum in B Xc levents.

The allowed bands for HQET parameters and 1 are in agreement for all measurements.

Additionally, CLEO has used the HQET expressions from the 1S mass renormalization scheme and has extracted a value of |Vcb| in excellent agreement with that derived from the MS scheme.

There remains some ambiguity on the treatment of uncertainties due to the higher order HQET terms.

Page 10: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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|Vub| from Lepton Endpoint (using b s )

|Vub| from b u– We measure the endpoint

yield– Large extrapolation to obtain |

Vub|

– High E cut leads to theoretical difficulties (we probe the part of spectrum most influenced by fermi momentum)

GOAL: Use b s to understand Fermi momentum and apply to b ufor improved measurement of |Vub|

Kagan-Neubert DeFazio-Neubert

Page 11: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Convolute with light cone shape function.

b s (parton level)

B Xs (hadron level)

B lightquark shape function, SAME (to lowest order in QCD/mb) for b s B Xs and b u l B Xu l.

b u l (parton level)

B Xu l (hadron level)

Fraction of b uspectrum above 2.2 is

0.13 ± 0.03

Page 12: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Method for partial inclusion of subleading corrections: Neubert

•Published

•With subleading corrections

Subleading corrections large C. Bauer, M. Luke, T. Mannel A. Leibovich, Z. Ligeti, M. Wise

|Vub| from Lepton Endpoint (using b s )

|Vub| = (4.08 + 0.34 + 0.44 + 0.16 + 0.24)10-3

The 1st two errors are from experiment and 2nd from theory

PRL 88 231803 ‘02

Page 13: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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|Vub | from B(B l) with Reduced Model Dependence

Use missing four-momentum in full B reconstruction.

Sample of 9.7 M BB pairs. Sample size allows parsing into 3

bins of q2 ( reduces dependence on modeling of q2 shape)

CLEO CONF 02-09ICHP02 ABS931

Page 14: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Three b u models of q2 distribution.

Averaging detection efficiency over smaller q2 range => smaller variation in fits to width.

Shown are the best fits to d/dq2 for SPD, Ball’01 & ISGW2

Branching fractions in restricted q2 bins

Page 15: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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|Vub| from B(B l) with Reduced Model Dependence

B(B l)= (1.376+0.180 +0.008+0.102+0.021)10-4

stat syst ffff model

|Vub | = (3.32+0.21 +0.12+0.07)10-3+0.17-0.19

+0.116-0.135

Preliminary

+0.55-0.39

Page 16: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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B X l with Neutrino Reconstruction Neutrino four-momentum inferred from hermeticity of detector.

Maximum likelihood fit over full three dimensional decay distribution

Contributions from B Xc l(D,D*,D**and NR) and B Xu l

|Vub| =(4.05 + 0.18 + 0.58 + 0.25 + 0.21 + 0.56) 10-3

stat syst model theory

Coswl q2 MX2

MX2<2.25 GeV2 Q2>11 GeV2

CLEO CONF 02-09ICHP02 ABS933

Preliminary

Page 17: 1 Inclusive B Decays - Spectra, Moments and CKM Matrix Elements Presented by Daniel Cronin-Hennessy University of Rochester (CLEO Collaboration) ICHEP

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Summary CLEO has measured the yield of B Xu l above the lepton

energy endpoint of B Xc lThe total rate is extrapolated by

using our photon energy spectrum in b s for which the spectrum is known over most of the kinematically allowed range. |Vub| is extracted from the total rate. Additional subleading correction are currently being investigated.

CLEO presented an updated B l Branching ratio and a new (exclusive) extraction of |Vub|.

CLEO has also performed a log likelihood fit to the B X l in three independent kinematic variable. A preliminary value of |Vub| was presented. The weight of events in the endpoint region is currently not fully understood – do not average the inclusive results.

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