# 1 Chapter 7 Solutions 7.3 Solubility Copyright © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin Cummings.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> 1 Chapter 7 Solutions 7.3 Solubility Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin Cummings </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> 2 Solubility is the maximum amount of solute that dissolves in a specific amount of solvent. expressed as grams of solute in 100 grams of solvent water. g of solute 100 g water Solubility </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> 3 Unsaturated Solutions Unsaturated solutions contain less than the maximum amount of solute. can dissolve more solute. Dissolved solute Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin Cummings </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> 4 Saturated Solutions Saturated solutions contain the maximum amount of solute that can dissolve. have undissolved solute at the bottom of the container. Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin Cummings </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> 5 At 40 C, the solubility of KBr is 80 g/100 g H 2 O. Identify the following solutions as either 1) saturated or (2) unsaturated. Explain. A. 60 g KBr added to 100 g of water at 40 C. B. 200 g KBr added to 200 g of water at 40 C. C. 25 g KBr added to 50 g of water at 40 C. Learning Check </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> 6 A. 2 Amount of 60 g KBr/100 g water is less than the solubility of 80 g KBr/100 g water. B. 1 In 100 g of water, 100 g KBr exceeds the solubility of 80 g KBr water at 40 C. C. 2 This is the same as 50 g KBr in 100 g of water, which is less than the solubility of 80 g KBr/100 g water at 40 C. Solution </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> 7 Effect of Temperature on Solubility Solubility Depends on temperature. Of most solids increases as temperature increases. Of gases decreases as temperature increases. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> 8 Effect of Temperature on Solubility </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> 9 A. Why could a bottle of carbonated drink possibly burst (explode) when it is left out in the hot sun ? B. Why do fish die in water that is too warm? Learning Check </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> 10 A. The pressure in a bottle increases as the gas leaves solution as it becomes less soluble at high temperatures. As pressure increases, the bottle could burst. B. Because O 2 gas is less soluble in warm water, fish cannot obtain the amount of O 2 required for their survival. Solution </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> 11 Solubility and Pressure Henrys Law states the solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly related to the pressure of that gas above the liquid. at higher pressures, more gas molecules dissolve in the liquid. </li> </ul>