zero waste 2020 versus incineration

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Zero Waste 2020 versus Incineration. Dr Paul Connett Professor of Chemistry St Lawrence University, Canton, NY Italy, January, 2005 Paul @ fluoride ALERT .org www.no-burn.org. Arguments against incineration. Toxic air emissions Toxic ash Extremely expensive - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Zero Waste 2020versusIncinerationDr Paul ConnettProfessor of ChemistrySt Lawrence University, Canton, NY

    Italy, January, 2005

    Paul @ fluorideALERT.orgwww.no-burn.org

  • Arguments against incinerationToxic air emissionsToxic ashExtremely expensiveExtremely unpopular and undemocraticA waste of energy!There are better alternativesIncineration is not sustainable

  • AIR EMISSIONSCO2 + H2OACID GASES:HCI, HF, SO2NOxTOXIC METALS:Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etcNEW COMPOUNDS:Hundreds of 1) Chlorinated,2) Brominated, and 3) Fluorinated compoundse.g. 1) PCDDs (DIOXINS)PCDFs (FURANS)2) PBDEs (poly brominated diphenyl ethers)3) PFCs (per fluorinated compounds)MODERN ARCHITECTSDO THEIR BEST TO DISGUISE SMOKE STACK

  • Benzene Depictions

  • 2,3,7,8-TETRACHLORODIBENZO-P-DIOXIN2,3,7,8-TETRA CHLORO DIBENZO DIOXIN

  • 2,3,7,8-TETRA CHLORO DIBENZO FURAN

  • There are 17 extremely toxic dioxins and furans. They have chlorine at the 2,3,7 and 8 positions: 7 Dioxins and 10 Furans

  • DIOXINS IN OUR FOODDioxins are fat soluble and persistent and accumulate in the food chain, specially animal fats. Over 90% of our daily dioxin intake comes from dairy products, meat,and fish.

  • Dioxins - Major Concerns

    Current daily intakes from food exceed European allowable daily intakes.Dioxins disrupt several different hormonal systems (e.g. male and female sex hormones, thyroid hormone and insulin).

  • Dioxins - Major ConcernsOne liter of cows milk gives the same dose of dioxin as breathing air next to the cows for EIGHT MONTHS (Connett and Webster, 1987).

    The liver cannot convert dioxins to water soluble products thus they steadily accumulate in human body fat.

    A man cannot get rid of dioxins from his fat BUT A woman canBy having a baby!

    This means the highest doses of dioxin go to the fetus and have the potential to disrupt fetal development which is under hormonal control.

  • OUT OF OUR BABIES! WE WANT DIOXIN

  • Institute of Medicine, 2003Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds in the Food Supply

    Strategies to Decrease Exposure

    July 1, 2003

  • Institute of Medicine, 2003Fetuses and breastfed infants may be at particular risk from exposure to dioxins due to their potential to cause adverse neurodevelopmental, neurobehavioral, and immune system effects

  • Institute of Medicine, 2003recommends that the government place a high public health priority on reducing dioxin intakes by girls and young women in the years well before pregnancy is likely to occur.

    Substituting low-fat or skim milk, for whole milkand other foods lower in animal fat by girls and young women

  • WE WANT DIOXIN OUT OF OUR FOOD!

  • Incineration is not good for agricultureIncinerators burn the organics which are needed for organic farming.Incinerators emit persistent pollutants (like dioxin and toxic metals) which accumulate in food and soil.

  • Politicians often approve incineration before they have any idea where the toxic ash is going to go!

  • MODERN TRASH INCINERATORCHUTESECONDARYCHAMBERTURBINEBOILERELECTRICITYSTEAMTRASHBOTTOM ASHFLY ASHTEMP< 200oCSEMI-DRYSCRUBBERFABRIC FILTERWET SCRUBBERDE-NOXACTIVATEDCHARCOALCa(OH) 2SUSPENSIONAMMONIAINJECTIONGRATES

  • ASHTHE INCINERATOR CRISISCatch-22PollutionEquipment3-(4) TONS TRASH1 TON ASH Fly ash fails EP TOX test 100% time Bottom ash fails 38% timeCombined ash fails 47% time(EDF, 1988)10% FLY ASH90% BOTTOM ASH

  • INCINERATOR ASH - Sweden

  • Incineration is not good for tourismMany tourists will be coming from communities which have rejected incineration

  • Incineration is extremely unpopularIn the US over 300 incinerator proposals defeated since 1985In 1985, NYC wanted 6, but got none! In 1985, California wanted 35 , but only got 3!In 1985, NJ wanted 17, but only got 5 and those 5 now have an accumulated debt of 1.6 billion dollars!US has not built a trash incinerator for more than 8 years.

  • Italian taxpayers are being deceivedThe fees to deliver a ton of waste to the incinerator will be more than for the alternativesThe electricity produced will cost taxpayers three times as much as other sources of electricity - because of an Italian law providing a huge subsidy to incinerators.

  • INCINERATION BURNS FINITE RESOURCES --

    EUROPE DOES NOT RECOGNIZE INCINERATION AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE.

  • Incineration is a poor investmentMost of the money spent on incinerators goes into complicated machinery and leaves the community, whereas

    The money spent on the alternatives goes into jobs and stays in the community.

    With incineration, after 20 years all you are left with is a huge pile of toxic ash, very few extra jobs, and

    You will have moved no closer to a sustainable society.

  • Even if we made incineration safeWe would never make it sensible.It simply does not make sensespending so much tax-payers money destroying resources we should be sharing with the future.

  • INCINERATION IS NOT SUSTAINABLE

  • UNFORTUNATELYMANYPOWERFUL PEOPLEARE NOT INTERESTEDINSUSTAINABILITY

  • Their view of the world lookssomething like this

  • By the time a high schoolstudent leaves school in the US, he or shewill have watched over350,000 TV commercials.

    Paul Hawken The Ecology of Commerce.

  • We are living on this planet as if we had another one to go toWe cannot run a throwaway society on a finite planetIncinerators simply BURN the evidence of this unacceptable practiceWe need to face the real problem

  • Our task is not to dispose of waste but to stop making it

  • Unfortunately, too many European engineers are getting better and better at tackling questions at the wrong end of the problem

  • A BACK-END THINKER1. A CUP2. A BUCKET3. A FOOT PUMP4. AN ELECTRIC PUMP

  • A FRONT-END THINKER !

  • Waste is not a technological problemit is an industrial designproblem

  • We have to design azero waste society

  • A Citizens Agenda for Zero Wastewww.GRRN.ORG (ENGLISH)www.Ambientefuturo.interfree.it (ITALIAN)

  • VIDEOSpaul@fluorideALERT.orgOn the Road to Zero WastePart 1: Nova Scotia, CanadaPart 2: Burlington, Vermont, USPart 3: Canberra, Australia.Part 4: San Francisco Bay AreaPieces of ZeroCollection 1: Leadership and Creativity

  • MOVING TOWARDS THE FRONT END -we need to design waste out of the industrial systemNO TO INCINERATIONNO TO LANDFILL

  • To achieve Zero WasteWe need three things:1)COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY (at back end)2)INDUSTRIAL RESPONSIBILITY (at front end)3)GOOD LEADERSHIP

  • Community ResponsibilityBegins with separation of compostables, recyclables and residuals (e.g. San Francisco).Drop off centers for household toxics (e.g. Nova Scotia)Centers for reuse & repair (and retraining) of appliances and furniture etc (e.g. Burlington, Vermont)Deconstruction -not demolition- of old buildings (e.g. Canberra, Australia)Residual screening facilities (e.g. Nova Scotia).

  • The San Francisco ProgramRobert HaleyRecycling Program ManagerDepartment of the EnvironmentCity and County of San Francisco

  • San FranciscoPopulation = 850,000Little spaceEducation has to be done in three languagesOver 50% diversion reached by 200063% diversion reached by 200475% diversion by 2010 (goal)100% diversion by 2020 i.e. Zero Waste

  • The Fantastic 3

  • ALL FOOD SCRAPS, YARD TRIMMINGS AND COMPOSTABLE PAPER GO IN THE GREEN CART

  • ALL BOTTLES, CANS AND RECYCLABLE PAPER GO IN THE BLUE CART

  • WHAT CANT BE RECYCLED OR COMPOSTED GOES IN THE BLACK CART

  • PROGRAM BROCHURE OUTSIDE

  • BUS SHELTER AD

  • SPLIT COMPACTING SIDE-LOADERS FOR RECYCLABLES AND REFUSE

  • @ Pier 96Recycle Central

  • DEDICATED COMPACTING SIDE-LOADERS FOR COMPOSTABLES

  • SMALL BUSINESSES ARE COLLECTED WITH RESIDENCES

  • Compost Facility

  • RICH COMPOST READY FOR MARKET

  • ORGANIC PRODUCE RETURNS TO SF MARKETS & RESTAURANTS

  • Canberra, Australia.Canberra (the capitol of Australia) was the first city worldwide to declare a zero waste goal.

    Law passed in 1996: No Waste by 2010

  • NEW ZEALANDBy 2004 over 60% of the municipalities in NZ had declared a Zero Waste goal by 2020.

  • Nova Scotia

    50% waste diverted from landfills in 5 years (Halifax ~ 60%)1000 jobs created since April 1996 Another 2000 jobs created in industries using separated materials

  • Materials re-used in manufacturing in Nova Scotia:All corrugated cardboardAll newspapers, magazines, & other paperSome plasticsAll waste paintAll organic materialAll glassAll tiresSteel goes to Quebec

  • MORE TOXICSNON-RECYCLABLE PACKAGINGAND OBJECTS - RESEARCH FOR BETTER INDUSTRIAL DESIGN RESIDUAL SCREENING & RESEARCH FACILITYSCREENING FACILITY AT COMMUNITY CONTROLLED LANDFILLMORERECYCLABLESDIRTYORGANICFRACTIONINTERIM LANDFILLBIOLOGICAL STABILIZATION

  • The message to industryIf we cant re-use it, recycle it or compost it industry shouldnt be making it.We need better industrial design for the 21st Century.

  • A comparisonWith incinerationYou convert three tons of trash to one ton of ash that nobody wants!

  • With a zero waste strategyYou convert three tons of trash into:One ton of recyclablesOne ton of compostables, andOne ton of education!

  • Pay by bag2. MATERIALS RECOV

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