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  • Page 1

    Zero emission logistics with hydrogen heavy duty trucks

    Presentation at the A3PS Conference 2017 Applied Advanced Propulsion Systems

    Rolf Huber, Chairman, H2 Energy AG, Zrich-Glattbrugg

    Vienna, November 10th, 2017

  • Page 2

    Decarbonization is a worldwide initiative and will happen

    Actual and planned greenhouse gas emissions for transportation segment In MtCO2

    77

    10

    41

    21

    42

    26

    38

    158

    198

    226

    120

    118

    148

    183

    Mexico

    Canada

    Japan

    UK

    Italy

    France

    Germany

    Average projected greenhouse gas savings of more than 77% by 2050

    World-wide initiative Primary focus on heavy consumers

    necessary Are these objectives realistic? Implementation plan?

    -80%

    -83%

    -64%

    -82%

    -82%

    -95%

    -51%

    Source: DDPP, Pathways to deep decarbonization for several countries, 2015 reports

    Emissions 2010, act.

    Emissions 2050, plan

  • Page 3

    Trucks and buses emitting more CO2 than cars Example USA US greenhouse gas emissions per unit and transportation category In tCO2 per unit/vehicle

    Replacing fossils for aircrafts is a challenge

    Second biggest categories to focus on are trucks and buses

    Tesla will not safe the planet: trucks & buses account for an equivalent amount of CO2 emissions

    Source: US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, EPA-420-F-17-013, July 2017

    0.4

    2.8

    4.0

    6.1

    22.3

    37.0

    Motorcycles

    Ships and Boats

    Passenger Cars

    Light-Duty Trucks

    Buses

    Med.- and HD-trucks

    Aircrafts 740.9

    Passenger cars

    Trucks & Buses

    Aircrafts

    Others

    42.9%

    43.0%

    9.1% 5.1%

    100%=1769 MtCO2

    US split of CO2 emission by transportation category In MtCO2

    +15%

    +32%

    Diff. 1990 vs. 2015

    -15%

    -5%

  • Page 4

    Hydrogen is only viable non fossil alternative for long-haul trucks

    Current drive-trains

    Drive-trains/engines

    Internal comb. engine

    Fuel

    Synthetic fuel

    Synthetic gas

    BioDiesel (never 100%)

    Hybrid

    Electric engine

    Diesel

    Propane

    Natural gas, methanol

    Renewable fuels

    w/o Plug-in

    with Plug-in

    Battery

    Hydrogen

    Fossil

    Availability Quality

    Cost

    Cost

    Payload

    Only renewable alternative for long-haul truck operators

  • Page 5

    Payload of only one ton for 400km battery electric truck Calculation Coop H2 truck

    Chassis/platform 57% 57% 60%

    3% 3% 4%

    34%

    8%

    6%

    32% 36%

    Battery Hydrogen Diesel

    Engine/gear drive

    Battery/ fuel cell system

    Payload

    Weight calculation for 18/19 ton heavy duty rigid vehicle with standard platform and drive train In Percent

    On May 7, 2017 federal council of Switzerland allows one additional ton of payload for electrified trucks

    Without this decision the battery truck would have zero payload left

    Hydrogen with comparable payload

    100%=19to 100%=19to 100%=18to

  • Page 6 Quelle: emvalley.com

    Main reasons for additional weight of battery packs: Cooling Holder Controlling & monitoring

    systems etc.

    Despite improvement of gravimetric weight for cells total weight of battery pack not reduced sufficiently

    0

    25

    50

    75

    100

    2010 2012 2014 2016

    Battery cells Battery packs Battery weight per watt hour

    Development since 2010, in percent (starting point approx. 100Wh/Kg)

  • Page 7

    No serial OEM production of H2 trucks, despite the fact hydrogen being the only solution for decarbonizing trucks Truck OEMs Brands

    Volvo Trucks, Mack Trucks, DU Trucks, Renault Trucks Mercedes-Benz, Sterling Trucks, Western Star, Freightliner Trucks, Unimog, Mitsubishi Fuso Dongfeng (JVs mit Kia, Honda, Nissan) Scania, MAN, Volkswagen Iveco Tata, Daewoo

    Inhouse fuel cell technology Not available Available Not available Not available Not available Not available

    Perceived interest in hydrogen (status 2017) High Unclear Very high Unclear Very high Very high

  • Page 8

    World wide innovation: Coop 34t truck with trailer Potential to fully substitute diesel drive trains

    Composition Load volume: 30 transport units (normally 33)

    Cooling system Underneath, right, electric supply of trailer cooling system

    Electric engine Synchronic engine 250KW constant, Allison 4 gear automatic

    Battery Total 120kWh (2x60 kWh), left and right in front of back axes

    Electric plug-in Left side, 2 x 22kW charging performance, plug: 63A, 400VAC, only on weekends

    Fuel cell system 100kW

    H2 dispenser 350 bar high flow Left to cabin

    Chassis MAN TGS

    H2 refilling system 7 x 4.93 = 34.5 kgH2 gross pay load 31 kg H2

  • Page 9

    Coop hydrogen system closing the energy cycle

    Coop hydrogen refueling station offers hydrogen to its customers

    Run-of-the-river-plant delivers renewable energy

    H2 Energys electrolyzer transforms water and renewable energy into hydrogen

    H2 Energys hydrogen trailer stores and delivers hydrogen

    Hydrogen Coop trucks convert hydrogen into electricity and water vapor; on board electricity then feeds electric engine; water vapor transitions into rain and feeds the run-of-the-river-plant

  • Page 10

    Functioning H2 Energy hydrogen production plant, Coop HRS and fuel cell truck

    Coop HRS with H2 Energy Trailer in the background

    H2 Energy electrolyzer and trailer refilling station

    Coop fuel cell truck

  • Page 11

    Key findings

    Hydrogen technology works, is safe and ready

    Fuel cell technology underrated (especially for trucks & buses)

    Compared with passenger cars, trucks and buses produce equivalent or even higher amounts of CO2

    Coop truck able to fully replace diesel trucks with no restrictions on payload, range, refueling time and external energy consumption (cooling, etc.)

    Truck OEMs needed to make chance happen, extremely high interest from Asian truck OEMs for hydrogen

    Further advantages of technology Fuel cell trucks boosting H2 infrastructure for passenger cars Hydrogen could help boosting image for truck industry

  • Page 12

    Thank you for your attention www.h2energy.ch

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