your optimal diet; from plants to animals cara a marrs, rdn, cpt, clt registered dietitian...
Post on 30-Mar-2015
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Your optimal diet; from plants to animals Cara A Marrs, RDN, CPT, CLT Registered Dietitian Nutritionist, ACSM-Certified Personal Trainer and Certified Leap Therapist Slide 2 Does one size fit all? Is there one perfect diet? Everyone has different needs Weight loss Weight gain Sports performance for athletes Diabetes Renal disease Children The list goes on.. Slide 3 What should every diet have in common? Whole foods! Non processed, whole, real food A diet rich in the right sources of carbohydrate, fat and protein Ratios of each will differ between individuals, but we need all three Eat real food, not too much and mostly plants- Michael Pollan, The Omnivores Dilemna Slide 4 Specific diets Ive been told I have to eat a diet rich in meat, or that I have to be a vegan, which is true? Again there is no one size fits all. What is true again is that your food needs to be pure, clean, whole and based on a good deal of plants Which do I choose? Slide 5 Specific diets Whether its a vegan diet, a vegetarian diet or a higher protein omnivorous diet, take the best parts of each You can be healthy on all of these lifestyles but you must learn how to do it in a healthy manner What they all have in common when successful? A plant base Slide 6 What is a plant based diet? A plant based diet is rich in fruits and vegetables, seeds, nuts and often whole grains It would be hard to find anyone who would debate the health benefits of vegetables, fruits, nuts and seedsgrains are a bit more contentious, but thats for another day! Ok.. so plants are good how do I incorporate them? Slide 7 Getting started The macronutrients, meaning the major nutrients that our bodies need: Protein, Carbohydrate Fat Slide 8 Carbohydrates-Sugar, Starch and Fiber The dreaded C word Do not be afraid of carbohydrates, just choose the right ones in the right amounts Function Primary and preferred energy source for body Not only muscles but the brain as well Consumed carbohydrates replenish energy supplies Provide fiber Limit or cut out added sugar Slide 9 Complex vs. Simple vs. Complex carbohydrate- Lentils and beans Whole grains Quinoa, wild rice, oats, whole wheat, buckwheat, corn, amaranth, millet Starchy and non starchy vegetables Simple carbs Fruit Honey Dairy Processed grains Slide 10 The carbs I need vs What to add.. Non starchy vegetables Starchy veggies such as sweet potatoes Fruit Yogurt Beans and lentils Whole grains What to stay away from.. White bread, white rice, processed starch, candy, foods with too much added sugar content and processed sweets Slide 11 What is a whole grain? All grains start out whole Whole grains are the entire seed of a plant The bran, the germ and the endosperm Slide 12 Components Bran: skin or outer layer, this protects seed from sun, pests and water. Contains fiber and B vitamins. Removed when a grain is overly processed Germ: Inner most part where the plant sprouts. It contains some protein, B vitamins, minerals and healthy fats. Removed in over processing Endosperm: food supply for germ. Contains starchy carbohydrates, some protein and lesser amount of vitamins. The endosperm is all that is left in processed grains Slide 13 Do veggies have carb? vs Yes but it varies, so choose wisely A serving of carbohydrate is 15 grams Starch: c potatoes, corn, c peas. 1 c winter squash= 15grams Non starchy: 1c non starchy veggies such as broccoli, celery, tomatoes and asparagus =3- 10g Slide 14 Protein Function Provides amino acids the building blocks of tissue Aids in muscle repair Essential part of enzymes, hormones and antibodies Needed in Hgb formation to carry O2 to muscles Slide 15 Protein Good sources Eggs Nuts and nut butters from pistachios, almonds, walnuts and cashews to name a few Seeds such as sunflower, flax, Chia, pumpkin and sesame Beans and lentils Organic soy like tofu and tempeh Meat, poultry, fish and cheese from reputable sources You can see there is both ample plant and animal sources of protein Slide 16 Protein Vegetarian and vegan diet? You need to be aware and work hard to get enough protein but you can do it quite well Omnivorous- Plant and animal Add plant sources of protein in the diet, dont focus only on meat, add nuts, seeds, beans, etc Animal protein is typically rich in iron and provides ample grams of protein per ounce Plant protein is typically high in fiber and other nutrients such as beneficial fats Slide 17 How much do I needthe age old question! Everyone has different needs Do you have any specific medical conditions An endurance athlete How old are you? Slide 18 Fat Function Provides essential fatty acids Helps absorption of fat soluble vitamins Adds flavor Fuel source Part of cell structure (lipid membranes) Insulates and protects organs Slide 19 Fat Good sources Nuts, nut butters and meals from almonds, walnuts, cashews, hazelnuts, pistachios, etc Seeds such as pumpkin, sunflower Chia, and sesame Avocado Flax (meal and oil) Fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel and tuna, as well as sardines and anchovies Olive oil and other plant oils such as coconut and sesame Slide 20 Vitamins- Function Enhance energy production Tissue repair Red blood cell formation Antioxidants Sources Fruits, vegetables, non processed whole foods, whole grains, nuts, seeds, lean protein Slide 21 Minerals Function Energy production Body tissue building and repair Muscle contraction O2 transport Maintain acid/base balance Sources Fruits and veggies, whole grains, lean protein, nuts and seeds, whole foods Slide 22 What is making up your meals Look at the components of your meals Is there a healthy fat, a good carb for energy and a protein source? Nutrients work best when paired together Examples: Fat soluble vitamins and fat (olive oil and Vitamin D) Iron and vitamin C (kale or beef and citrus fruits) Slide 23 Ok..now putting it all together Sample breakfast 1 banana, 1 c oatmeal and OJ Is this a bad breakfast? No but we can make it much better Better breakfast: c oatmeal, 1 Tbsp flax meal, 1 Tbsp crushed nuts and c berries Why is this healthier? Slide 24 Putting it all together Sample breakfast: Whole grain bagel with cream cheese and 1 c juice Better breakfast: Whole grains English Muffin (GF or not) Avocado slices Egg Top with sprouts and tomato 1 peach Slide 25 Putting it all together- lunch Sample lunch: Philly cheese steak on white bread with sauted peppers and onions, cheese, beef and fries Better option- Whole grain tortilla with lean turkey, avocado, lettuce, tomato and onion served with a green salad or a yogurt Slide 26 Putting it all together-lunch Sample: Big green salad with tomato, cucumber, shredded carrots and vinaigrette This is just a salad it must be healthier? Better options: Big salad of mixed field greens and spinach, cucumber, carrots, and tomato topped with hummus, blueberries, optional 1Tbsp feta cheese and toasted pumpkin seeds Slide 27 Putting it all together-Dinner Sample dinner: 8 oz prime rib steak served with roasted potatoes, and corn and peas Whats wrong with this I have 3 veggies on my dish? Better dinner option: 4 oz grilled flank steak served on a bed of kale salad tossed with c quinoa and topped with walnuts, avocado, tomato and carrots Slide 28 Putting it all together Sample dinner: Fried chicken with mashed potatoes and green beans Better option: Dredge skinless chicken breast in almond meal and spices and roast with broccoli, beets and cauliflower tossed with spices and olive oil Slide 29 Putting it all together-Dinner Sample meal: Breaded pork Asian stir- fry with teriyaki sauce on bed of 2 cups white rice with veggies Better option: Stir-fry of bokchoy, Swiss chard, carrots, mushrooms and onions sauted and served on a bed of c lentils and 1/2 c wild rice tossed with 2 Tbsp home made peanut sauce and sesame seeds Slide 30 Putting it all together Food should be enjoyable You dont want to spend your days counting calories but initially you should know what your taking in by understanding portion sizes In the long run its looking at your plate Do you have a healthy fat, protein and carb Slide 31 Putting it all together Be aware Be mindful Eat when hungry and stop when full Eat to fuel yourself For work, for life for sports Make eating a calming time You get out what you put inperiod Slide 32 What does this all mean Look at what your eating Is it balanced? Does it include non processed whole foods? Does it look vibrant and healthy or beige and drab? Will this give you the energy you need to perform at your best? If its a donut from the convenient store the answer is no! Eat enoughdo not starve yourself Slide 33 Last thoughts We are all not nutrition experts Take time to learn the basics and avoid the fads Do some work in the beginning to reap life time rewards Make it fun Try new foods Try new recipes Talk with a professional Slide 34 Questions