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  • YEAR BOOK

    2016

    The National Academy of Sciences, India (The Oldest Science Academy of India)

  • POSTAL ADDRESS The National Academy of Sciences, India 5, Lajpatrai Road, Allahabad - 211 002, India PHONE +91-532-2640224 FAX +91-532-2641183 E-MAIL nasi.allahabad1@gmail.com WEBSITE http://www.nasi.org.in http://www.nasi.nic.in

    PUBLISHED BY

    Dr. Niraj Kumar & Shri Bhanu Pratap Singh Executive Secretary Asstt. Executive Secretary Grade II

  • CONTENTS The Academy

    (I) An Introduction 1 (II) Council 2016 4 (III) Activities of NASI (in a nutshell) 6

    Rules and Regulations

    Rules 10 Regulations 24 Regulations for Academy's Awards 32 Regulations for M.N. Saha Distinguished Fellowship 55

    Past Presidents 56

    Past General Secretaries 57 Other Officers of the Academy 59 Founder Fellows 61 Honorary Fellows 62 Foreign Fellows 66 Fellows 79 Deceased Honorary Fellows, Foreign Fellows and Fellows 294 Scientific Contributions of Fellows Elected in year 2015 298 Scientific Contributions of Foreign Fellows Elected in year 2015 304 Subject wise list of Honorary Fellows, Foreign Fellows and Fellows

    Agricultural Sciences 305 Animal Sciences 308 Biochemistry, Biophysics, Biotechnology 313 Chemical Sciences 320 Earth Sciences 327 Engineering Sciences including Engineering Technology 330 Mathematical Sciences 336 Medical & Forensic Sciences 341 Physical Sciences 347 Plant Sciences 355 Science & Society 362

  • Annual Sessions 363 List of Symposia/Seminars/Workshops held in the recent past 365 Sectional Presidents 368 Committees

    Fellowship Scrutiny Committees 370 Membership Scrutiny Committees 372 NASI Science Teacher Award Committees 372

    Prof. Meghnad Saha Distinguished Fellowship 373 NASI Platinum Jubilee Chair 373 J.C. Bose Chair 373 ICMR Chair in Public Health Research 373 Distinguished Woman Scientist Chair 373 Lecture Awardees

    Prof. A.C. Banerji Memorial Lecture Awardees 374 Prof. Meghnad Saha Memorial Lecture Awardees 375 Prof. N.R. Dhar Memorial Lecture Awardees 377 Dr. B.P. Pal Memorial Lecture Awardees 378 Dr. P. Sheel Memorial Lecture Awardees 380 Dr. P. Sheel Memorial (Young Woman Scientist) Lecture Awardees 381 Prof. Saligram Sinha Memorial Lecture Awardees 381 Prof. R.C. Gupta Endowment History of Science Lecture Awardees 382 Prof. R.N. Tandon Memorial Lecture Awardees 383 Prof. B.K. Bachhawat Memorial Lecture Awardees 384 Prof. B.K. Bachhawat Memorial Young Scientist Lecture Awardees 385 Prof. U.S. Srivastava Memorial Lecture Awardees 386 Prof. Shri Ranjan Memorial Lecture Awardee 387 Award Lecture in the field of Toxicology 387 Prof. Krishnaji Memorial Lecture Awardees 388 Award Lecture in the field of Biodiversity 389 Prof. Archana Sharma Memorial Lecture Awardee 389 Prof. R.N. Tandon's 90th Birthday Lecture Awardee 390

    Prof. Meghnad Saha Platinum Jubilee Lifetime Honorary Fellowship 390 NASI President's Platinum Jubilee Gold Medal 391

  • NASI-Senior Scientist Platinum Jubilee Fellows 392 NASI-Reliance Industries Platinum Jubilee Award 396 NASI-Young Scientist Platinum Jubilee Award 399 SICO-Sponsored NASI Awardees 406 The NASI - Swarna Jayanti Puraskar Awardees 408 The NASI - Millennium Awardees 412 The NASI - Science Teacher Awardees 413 U.P. Education Minister's Gold Medal Recipients 415 Academy's Local Chapters 417 Benefactors 422 Life Members 423 Contact 545

  • THE ACADEMY

    (I) An Introduction India could justly feel proud for its unique contributions to science in the ancient past. However, successive foreign invasions and alien rule for centuries pushed science in the background and the country went through with what may be described as the dark age for science. Western science attracted Indian intelligentsia after the establishment of the western system of education and the universities; and despite many constraints, the country could produce giants like Prof. J.C. Bose, Prof. S.N. Bose, Prof. Meghnad Saha, Prof. C.V. Raman and Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray. The 1st World War and the world-wide economic depression caused a setback to scientific research globally - much more so in India whose scientists found it difficult even to publish their research work since they had to be almost entirely dependent on foreign journals. The post World War India also saw the rise of the freedom movement which incidentally also drew attention to the numerous problems of the Indian people like poverty, hunger, diseases, recurrent floods, droughts, famines etc. Patriotic scientists felt deeply concerned with these. It was in this background that the idea of establishing a forum for scientists, which would bring them together to discuss and find scientific solutions to the problems of the country, was mooted by Prof. Meghnad Saha, a great scientist, patriot and then Professor of Physics at Allahabad University in 1929. His views were published in December 1929 issue of the Allahabad University magazine in an article entitled 'A Plea for an Academy of Sciences'. Thus, the National Academy of Sciences, India (initially called The Academy of Sciences of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh) was founded in the year 1930, with the objectives to provide a national forum for the publication of research work carried out by Indian scientists and to provide opportunities for exchange of views among them. The Memorandum of Association was signed by seven

    1

  • 2 Year Book 2016 distinguished and patriotic scientists namely Prof. Meghnad Saha, Prof. K.N. Bahl, Prof. D.R. Bhattacharya, Prof. P.C. MacMohan, Prof. A.C. Banerji, Prof. Ch. Wali Mohammad and Prof. N.R. Dhar. Of these, the Academy had the good fortune of having the continued association of Prof. N.R. Dhar until very lately when he expired on December 5, 1986 at the age of 96 years. Apart from being one of the founders of the Academy and taking continued interest in its welfare, Prof. Dhar also donated the piece of land on which the Academy building stands today. The Rules and Regulations of the Academy were based on those of the Royal Society of England and the Asiatic Society of Bengal. These have since been revised and updated to meet the emerging challenges. Prof. Meghnad Saha was elected its first President. In the Inaugural address, Pro. Saha Said : ..But the main function of the Academy should be towards cultural improvement by contribution to human knowledge. Since then, the Academy has crossed many milestones, successfully serving the Science & Society. In its Silver Jubilee Session in 1955, Prof. Saha, further emphasized the role of the Academies in developing human scientific resources. Similarly, during the Golden Jubilee Session of the Academy in 1980, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, Prime Minster of India stressed that the need of hour was to ensure that science does not remain confined to laboratories. The address delivered by His Excellency Sri Venkataraman, President of India, during the Diamond Jubilee Session (1990-91) was a timely reminder of the vision of late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru to integrate science with the lives of the people; and the Academy left no stone unturned in pursuing its aim and objectives, which was appreciated by His Excellency Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, President of India, in his address during the Platinum Jubilee Celebrations of the Academy in 2005. Dr. Kalam praised the role of the Academy in boosting the zeal of the budding scientists, who could do better in future with such support and endeavour. The Academy undertakes several science-society programs under the guidance of its Presidents and Fellows. As its Past Presidents, very distinguished scientists like Prof. M.G.K. Menon, Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, Prof. Manju Sharma, Prof. P.N. Tandon, Prof. S.K. Joshi, Prof. Jai Pal Mittal, Prof. V.P. Kamboj, Prof. Ashok Misra, Prof. A.K. Sharma, Prof. Asis Datta and Dr. K. Kasturirangan are keenly associated with the Academy and enormously contributing to its

  • The Academy 3 development. It is worth mentioning that a few other Past Presidents (unfortunately who are not with us), as Dr. V.P. Sharma, Dr. T.N. Khoshoo, Prof. U.S. Srivastava, Dr. A.P. Mitra and Dr. S.Z. Qasim also contributed a lot to the development of science in general and the Academy in particular, in the recent past. The Academy while starting with 57 ordinary Members and 19 Fellows, has now 1698 Members and 1719 Fellows from all parts of the country; including 23 Honorary Fellows and 98 Foreign Fellows from various disciplines of Science and Technology. The Academy is financially supported by the Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India; and it is also recognized as the Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation by the DSIR, Govt. of India. NASI - envisions the cultivation and promotion of Science & Technology in all its branches through

    (a) promoting scientific and technological research related to

    the problems of societal welfare; (b) publication of proceedings, journals, memoirs,

    transactions and other works as may be considered desirable;

    (c) organising meetings and hold discussions on scientific and technological problems;

    (d) undertaking, through properly constituted committees and bodies, the scientific work(s) of technological or public importance.

    (e) co-operating with other organizations in India and abroad, having similar objects, and to appoint representatives of the Academy to act on national and international bodies;

    (f) securing and managing funds and endowments for the promotion of science and technology;

    (g) organising a Science Library; (h) performing all other acts, matters and things that may