Yazd University Principles of Garment Desig2013-09-159/14/2013 2 What is clothing made up of? Good fashion has a combination of the elementsand principlesof design. Principles of garment design 3 Elements of Design •Line •Shape •Color •Texture •Space

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<ul><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>1</p><p>Principles of </p><p>Garment Design</p><p>Edited by:</p><p>M. S. Ahmadi</p><p>Yazd University</p><p>Main References</p><p> Art Principles in Clothing, Edith Pankowski &amp; Dallas Pankowski, 1972 </p><p> Clothing; fashion, fabric and construction, </p><p>Jeanette Weber, 2008.</p><p>2Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>2</p><p>What is clothing made up of?</p><p>Good fashion has a combination of the </p><p>elements and principles of design.</p><p>3Principles of garment design </p><p>Elements of DesignElements of DesignElements of DesignElements of DesignElements of DesignElements of DesignElements of DesignElements of Design</p><p>LineLine</p><p>ShapeShape</p><p>ColorColor</p><p>TextureTexture</p><p>SpaceSpace</p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>3</p><p>5Principles of garment design </p><p>Lines </p><p>6Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>4</p><p> Structural &amp; Decorative lines</p><p>7Principles of garment design </p><p>Straight Lines</p><p> Message</p><p> Forceful, Rigid, Strong, Hard, Formal, Masculine, Crisp, Stiff, Severe</p><p> Illusion</p><p> Increases, emphasizes, reinforces body lines and angles, counters curved lines and rounded body areas</p><p> Placements</p><p> Closures, Necklines, Collars, Lapels, Seamlines, Darts, Tucks, Pleats, Folds, Stripes, Shapes, Silhouettes</p><p>8Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>5</p><p> 9Principles of garment design </p><p>Curved Lines</p><p> Message Gentle, Romantic, Fragile, Soft, Casual, Feminine, Graceful, </p><p>Sensual</p><p> Illusion Holds attention longer, increases, emphasizes, reinforces </p><p>rounded soft-body curves, counter straight lines and angular body areas</p><p> Placements Fabric pattern, necklines, collars, yokelines, seamlines, </p><p>bows, lapels, sleeves, ruffles, skirts, gathers, trims, buttons</p><p>10Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>6</p><p>. . </p><p>. </p><p> 11Principles of garment design </p><p>12Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>7</p><p> . </p><p> . . </p><p>. </p><p>13Principles of garment design </p><p>However, a garment designed with only straight lines is too severe; </p><p>a garment with all curves is too unstable. For optimal beauty, the </p><p>two should work together. Straight lines are softened by the curves </p><p>of the body, and full curves must be restrained to be compatible </p><p>with the human form. </p><p>However, a garment designed with only straight lines is too severe; </p><p>a garment with all curves is too unstable. For optimal beauty, the </p><p>two should work together. Straight lines are softened by the curves </p><p>of the body, and full curves must be restrained to be compatible </p><p>with the human form. </p><p>14Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>8</p><p>Line Direction</p><p>The direction that the line falls affects the </p><p>design, message and illusion drastically.</p><p>15Principles of garment design </p><p>Line directions can be compared to the human body when </p><p>standing,sleeping, and running. </p><p>16Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>9</p><p>Vertical Lines</p><p> Message</p><p> Formal, strong, dignified, stiff, business-like, stately, conservative, grandious, majestic, efficient</p><p> Illusion</p><p> Increases, emphasizes, reinforces length, height, narrowness, thinness slimming, counters horizontal lines</p><p> Placement</p><p> Deep v-necklines, pointed collars, narrow lapels, narrow panels or gores, fabric insets, lengthwise grainline, vertical stripes, darts, tucks, pleats, folds, crease, zippers, row of buttons, pockets, ties, neckties, long sleeves, high heels</p><p>17Principles of garment design </p><p>18Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>10</p><p>19Principles of garment design </p><p>Horizontal lines</p><p> Message</p><p> Restful, stable, calm, relaxed, casual, quiet, serene, in repose, lethargic</p><p> Illusion</p><p> Increases, emphasizes, reinforces width, bulk, shortness, counters vertical lines, when placed high appears taller, when placed low appears shorter</p><p> Placement</p><p> Necklines, flat collars, bow ties, yoke lines, horizontal stripes, belts, cuffs, waistline, sashes, patch/flap pockets, wide-set double-breasted closure, strap shoes, platform shoes, wide-brimmed hat</p><p>20Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>11</p><p>21Principles of garment design </p><p>22Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>12</p><p>Diagonal</p><p> Message Active, movement, instability, excitement, interesting, </p><p>dramatic, restless, sophisticated, in motion, vitality</p><p> Illusion Increases, emphasizes, reinforces the direction of the </p><p>dominant angle, counters vertical and horizontal lines</p><p> Placement V-shaped neckline, open collar, lapels, raglan sleeve </p><p>seamlines, French darts, closures, surplice closure, row of buttons, fabric inset, diagonal stripes, gores, herringbone pattern, zigzag pattern, A-line skirt, flared skirt or pants, shoe laces crisscross straps</p><p>. </p><p>23Principles of garment design </p><p>24Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>13</p><p>25Principles of garment design </p><p> . </p><p>.</p><p>. </p><p>26Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>14</p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p>27Principles of garment design </p><p>Optical illusion</p><p>28Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>15</p><p>29Principles of garment design </p><p>. . </p><p>. </p><p>. </p><p>30Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>16</p><p>31Principles of garment design </p><p>32Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>17</p><p>33Principles of garment design </p><p> . </p><p>. 34Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>18</p><p>35Principles of garment design </p><p>36Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>19</p><p>37Principles of garment design </p><p>38Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>20</p><p>Portfolio Assignment</p><p> Create 3 portfolio pages</p><p> Straight Line, Curved Line, Diagonal Line</p><p> Address the following in the paragraph:</p><p> What lines are found in the picture?</p><p> Where are the lines found?</p><p> Are the lines structural or decorative?</p><p> What is the illusion and message associated with the described lines.</p><p>39Principles of garment design </p><p>What is good and bad </p><p>about the design?</p><p>40Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>21</p><p>Shapes/Forms</p><p>They describe the outer </p><p>dimensions or contour of </p><p>objects. Shapes also enclose </p><p>space and impart a certain </p><p>character to the objects viewed.</p><p>Shape is a flat two-dimensional </p><p>area enclosed by lines</p><p>Form is a three-dimensional </p><p>area enclosed by a surface</p><p>They describe the outer </p><p>dimensions or contour of </p><p>objects. Shapes also enclose </p><p>space and impart a certain </p><p>character to the objects viewed.</p><p>Shape is a flat two-dimensional </p><p>area enclosed by lines</p><p>Form is a three-dimensional </p><p>area enclosed by a surface</p><p> / </p><p>41Principles of garment design </p><p>Type of shapes and forms</p><p>1. Equal sided</p><p>a. Shapes Square, circle, equilateral triangle,</p><p>pentagon, hexagon, octagon, diamond, marquis, ogive,</p><p>Star</p><p>b. Forms sphere, cube</p><p>42Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>22</p><p>2. Unequal sided</p><p>a. Shapes oval, scalene and isosceles triangle,</p><p>rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, heart, teardrop,</p><p>paisley, club, spade, pear, kidney</p><p>b. Forms tube, cylinder, cone, pyramid, rectangular</p><p>box, bell, dome, ovoid, egg, hourglass, trumpet, barrel</p><p>43Principles of garment design </p><p>Attributes of Shape and FormAttributes of Shape and Form</p><p>Shapes project the moods of the types and directions of lines enclosing</p><p>them and the space within them.</p><p>1. Stable and confident rectangles, squares</p><p>2. Less stable but more dynamic triangles, pentagons, hexagons,</p><p>octagons, trapezoids, parallelograms, cones, and pyramids</p><p>3. Visually interesting unequal proportions</p><p>4. Less visually interest equal proportions, circle, square, sphere, cube</p><p>5. Security shapes that fit together tightly, squares, hexagons, ogives,</p><p>diamonds, triangles, paisleys, parallelograms, rectangles</p><p>6. Variety shapes that leave spaces, octagon, star, circle, etc.</p><p>44Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>23</p><p>Basic shapesBasic shapes</p><p>In dress designing there are seven basic shapes each </p><p>season adaptations of one or more of these </p><p>predominates the fashion picture.</p><p>1. Rectangle</p><p>Examples: Long, straight, hanging in loose, graceful </p><p>folds, such as in Greek and Roman styles; straight </p><p>line sheaths; tailored suits. Styles with these lines </p><p>are slenderizing and suitable for the well </p><p>proportioned, heavier woman.</p><p>45Principles of garment design </p><p>2. Triangle</p><p>Examples: Spanish styles. Fitted bodice, </p><p>bell shaped gently widening skirt.</p><p>3. Inverted Triangle</p><p>Examples: Wide shoulders, narrow skirt, </p><p>dolman or raglan sleeves. Good fashion </p><p>design style for large bust.</p><p>46Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>24</p><p>4. Oval</p><p>Examples: Draped and softly molded, very </p><p>feminine and decorative. Good for well </p><p>proportioned, ideal figure. Suitable </p><p>especially for afternoon and evening wear.</p><p>5. Square</p><p>Examples: Straight or boat shaped </p><p>neckline, boxy jackets, capes. Generally </p><p>this style is very good for the very thin </p><p>figure, however, with proportions well </p><p>planned and good design, can camouflage </p><p>various figure irregularities.</p><p>47Principles of garment design </p><p>6. Round</p><p>Examples: Wide, crinoline lined skirts, petal </p><p>shapes, puffed sleeves. Suitable for formal </p><p>wear or afternoon frocks. This fashion </p><p>design is the most attractive on the very </p><p>young and the very thin figure.</p><p>7. Hourglass</p><p>Examples: Wide shoulders, leg of mutton </p><p>sleeves. Natural or wasp waist. </p><p>Smooth fit over hips and full skirt at </p><p>bottom. Good fashion design for the tall, </p><p>thin figure.</p><p>* Combinations</p><p>48Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>25</p><p>(repetition) </p><p>(contrast) </p><p>(transition) </p><p>49Principles of garment design </p><p>50Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>26</p><p>. .......... </p><p> . </p><p>. </p><p>51Principles of garment design </p><p>52Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>27</p><p>: </p><p>. </p><p>53Principles of garment design </p><p>54Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>28</p><p>55Principles of garment design </p><p>56Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>29</p><p>57Principles of garment design </p><p>58Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>30</p><p>59Principles of garment design </p><p>60Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>31</p><p>61Principles of garment design </p><p>62Principles of garment design </p></li><li><p>9/14/2013</p><p>32</p><p>63Principles of garment design </p></li></ul>