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  • Yakima County Solid Waste and Moderate Risk Waste Management Plan

    January 2017

  • YAKIMA COUNTY SOLID WASTE AND MODERATE RISK WASTE

    MANAGEMENT PLAN

    January 2017

    Prepared for:

    Yakima County Department of Public Services Solid Waste Division Yakima, Washington

    Prepared by:

    Project 10025086

    with assistance from:

    Cascadia Consulting Group

  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    The Yakima County Department of Public Services Solid Waste Division would like to thank the following organizations and individuals for their assistance in the development of this Plan:

    Solid Waste Advisory Committee Members

    Name Affiliation/Title Ryan Rodruck Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences (Business)

    Bill Moore / Cus Arteaga City of Grandview

    Gary Clark City of Zillah

    Francisco Guerrero City of Sunnyside

    Mike Leita Yakima County Board of Commissioners

    Bob Groeneweg Farm Bureau

    Lance Hoyt / Art Kroes City of Toppenish

    Bill Lover City of Yakima

    Sherry Raymond City of Selah

    Keith Kovalenko Yakima Waste Systems, Inc.

    Maureen Adkison Yakima Valley Conference of Governments

    T.J. Valler Pacific Steel & Recycling

    Ryan Ibach / Ted Silvestri Yakima County Health District

    Washington State Department of Ecology staff.

    Yakima County residents and businesses also contributed to this Plan through comments provided during public meetings and through various other channels. The Board of County Commissioners and Yakima County Public Services Solid Waste Division gratefully acknowledge this input.

  • January 2017 | i

    Table of Contents

    ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................................................... vii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .............................................................................................................................. 1

    INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................... 1

    SUMMARY OF ADDITIONAL COSTS ...................................................................................................... 1

    Chapter 1.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 1-1 1.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 1-1

    1.2 PURPOSE .................................................................................................................................. 1-1

    1.3 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES ....................................................................................................... 1-1

    1.4 PARTICIPANTS IN THE PLANNING PROCESS ....................................................................... 1-2

    1.5 PLANNING AREA ...................................................................................................................... 1-2

    1.6 PLANNING AUTHORITY ........................................................................................................... 1-3

    1.7 PLAN DEVELOPMENT PROCESS ........................................................................................... 1-3

    1.8 STATUS OF PREVIOUS PLANS ............................................................................................... 1-4

    1.9 RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER PLANS ......................................................................................... 1-6

    1.10 SUSTAINABILITY AND PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP ................................................................ 1-8

    1.11 REQUIRED PLAN ELEMENTS .................................................................................................. 1-8

    1.12 REGULATORY OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................... 1-9

    1.13 SUMMARY OF RECENT CHANGES IN SOLID WASTE REGULATION AND POLICY .......... 1-10

    Chapter 2.0 WASTE STREAM .............................................................................................................. 2-1 2.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 2-1

    2.2 WASTE STREAM AND POPULATION PROJECTIONS ........................................................... 2-1

    Chapter 3.0 PROMOTION AND EDUCATION ...................................................................................... 3-1 3.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 3-1

    3.2 BACKGROUND.......................................................................................................................... 3-1

    3.3 EXISTING PROMOTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAM ELEMENTS .................................... 3-1

    3.4 STATUS OF 2010 RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................... 3-4

    3.5 PLANNING ISSUES ................................................................................................................... 3-4

    3.6 ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES ................................................................................................... 3-6

    3.7 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS ..................................................................................................... 3-8

    Chapter 4.0 Waste Reduction and Recycling ..................................................................................... 4-1 4.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 4-1

    4.2 BACKGROUND.......................................................................................................................... 4-1

    4.3 EXISTING PROGRAM ELEMENTS .......................................................................................... 4-2

    4.4 PLANNING ISSUES ................................................................................................................... 4-9

  • Table of Contents Yakima County Solid Waste and Moderate Risk Waste Management Plan

    January 2017 | ii

    4.5 OPTIONS FOR ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES ....................................................................... 4-13

    4.6 EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES ................................................................... 4-18

    4.7 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS ................................................................................................... 4-20

    Chapter 5 ORGANICS ........................................................................................................................ 5-1 5.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 5-1

    5.2 BACKGROUND.......................................................................................................................... 5-1

    5.3 EXISTING PROGRAM ELEMENTS ........................................................................................... 5-4

    5.4 STATUS OF 2010 RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................................................ 5-7

    5.5 PLANNING ISSUES ................................................................................................................... 5-8

    5.6 ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES ................................................................................................... 5-9

    5.7 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS.................................................................................................... 5-12

    Chapter 6 SOLID WASTE COLLECTION .......................................................................................... 6-1 6.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 6-1

    6.2 BACKGROUND.......................................................................................................................... 6-1

    6.3 EXISTING PROGRAM ELEMENTS ........................................................................................... 6-3

    6.4 STATUS OF 2010 RECOMMENDATION .................................................................................. 6-6

    6.5 PLANNING ISSUES ................................................................................................................... 6-6

    6.6 ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES ................................................................................................... 6-7

    6.7 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS...................................................................................................... 6-9

    Chapter 7 TRANSFER SYSTEM ........................................................................................................ 7-1 7.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 7-1

    7.2 BACKGROUND.......................................................................................................................... 7-1

    7.3 EXISTING PROGRAM ELEMENTS ........................................................................................... 7-2

    7.4 STATUS OF 2010 RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................................................ 7-4

    7.5 PLANNING ISSUES .......................................................................................................