Www.derby.ac.uk www.derby.ac.uk/icegs Career Development – The Policy Conversation Professor Tristram Hooley

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Career Development The Policy Conversation

Professor Tristram Hooley www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Overviewwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Overviewwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs A careerThe individuals passage through life, learning and work.Career is democratic not hierarchical. www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs OECD definitionCareer guidance refers to services and activities intended to assist individuals, of any age and at any point throughout their lives, to make educational, training and occupational choices and to manage their careersThe activities may take place on an individual or group basis, and may be face-to-face or at a distance (including help lines and web-based services). (OECD, 2004)

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Where does career development take place?SchoolsColleges/VETUniversitiesPublic employment service and careers servicesEmploymentTrade unions and professional associationsPrivate sector (individuals buying career support)www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Across the worldCareer education and development exists all over the world.

Detailed reviews have been conducted in 55 countries.

There is lots to learn from this experience.www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Important differences

Different labour markets

Different education systems

Different cultureswww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Overviewwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Key policy challengesActive ageing.Active labour markets.Economic developmentEfficient investment in education and training Employee engagementLabour market efficiencyLabour market flexibility/flexicurity.Lifelong learningMobility Participation in vocational and higher education.Reducing early school-leaving. Skills utilisationSocial equitySocial inclusionUnemploymentYouth transitions

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Rationale for career developmentIt benefits both the individual and society.

It supports a range of policy goalsLearning and educationEmployment and the economySocial mobility and social equity.

It benefits a range of stakeholders including individuals, employers, public employment services, schools and other education providers. www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Relating to different policy interestsCareer development is a soft policy instrument that is designed to maximise the efficiency of market systems.

Career development can appeal to both right and left.

It is flexible and can include different elements being emphasised e.g. addressing social exclusion, supporting the smooth functioning of the market.

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Overviewwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Summarising the evidence base: focus on the individualwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Summarising the evidence base: support learning and progressionwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Summarising the evidence base: ensuring qualitywww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs 10 evidence-based principles for the design of lifelong guidance services www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Overviewwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Effective career development policy

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Policy instrumentsNational career development strategyCo-ordination and planningNational service provisionRegulation and perscriptionCareer management skills frameworkQuality assurance (professional and service standards)Stimulating citizen demand (marketing and campaigns)www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Building a career development cultureTraining and education

Continuing professional development

A community of practiceConferencesOnline discussionsA professional association?www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Overviewwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Issues for New ZealandWhat is the level of policy interest in this field?How can it be increased?Relationship between career development in education and work/public and private sector?Role of the profession?Role of Careers New Zealand?Strategies, documents and frameworks?Where next?www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Useful referencesEuropean Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (2012). Lifelong Guidance Policy Development: A European Resource Kit. Jyvskyl, Finland: ELGPN.Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004a). Career Guidance and Public Policy: Bridging the Gap. Paris: OECD.Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004b). Career Guidance: A Handbook for Policy Makers. Paris: OECD. Watts, A.G. (2005). Career guidance policy: An international review. Career Development Quarterly, 54(1): 66-76.Watts, A.G. (2009). The Relationship of Career Guidance to VET. Paris: OECD.Watts, A.G. (2010). National all-age career guidance services: Evidence and Issues. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 38(1): 31-44.Sultana, R. (2009). Career Guidance Policies: Global Dynamics, Local Resonances. iCeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: International Centre for Guidance Studies.Watts, A.G., Bezanson, L., & McCarthy, J. (2014). The international symposia on career development and public policy: retrospect and prospect. Australian Journal of Career Development. Online First.

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs Some of my researchHooley, T. (2012). How the internet changed career: framing the relationship between career development and online technologies. Journal of the National Institute for Career Education and Counselling (NICEC), 29: 3-12.Hooley, T. (2013). Career Development in Canada. Derby: International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby.Hooley, T. (2014). The Evidence Base on Lifelong Guidance. Jyvskyl, Finland: European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN).Hooley, T., Watts, A.G., Andrews, D. (2015).Teachers and Careers: The Role Of School Teachers in Delivering Career and Employability Learning. Derby: International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby.Hooley, T., Watts, A. G., Sultana, R. G. and Neary, S. (2013). The 'blueprint' framework for career management skills: a critical exploration. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 41(2): 117-131.Neary, S., Marriott, J. and Hooley, T. (2014). Understanding a 'career in careers': learning from an analysis of current job and person specifications. Derby: International Centre for Guidance Studies. University of Derby.Taylor, A.R. & Hooley, T. (2014). Evaluating the impact of career management skills module and internship programme within a university business school. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 42(5): 487-499.

www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.uk/icegsTristram HooleyProfessor of Career EducationInternational Centre for Guidance StudiesUniversity of Derbyhttp://www.derby.ac.uk/icegs t.hooley@derby.ac.uk@pigironjoe

Blog athttp://adventuresincareerdevelopment.wordpress.com www.derby.ac.uk/icegs www.derby.ac.ukwww.derby.ac.uk/icegs

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