world war looms
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DESCRIPTIONWorld War Looms. Why might the Unites States try to remain neutral?. Examine the Issues. How might involvement in a large scale war influence the United States? How can neutral countries participate in the affairs of warring countries?. Dictators Threaten World Peace. Main Idea - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
World War LoomsWhy might the Unites States try to remain neutral?
Examine the IssuesHow might involvement in a large scale war influence the United States?How can neutral countries participate in the affairs of warring countries?
Dictators Threaten World PeaceMain IdeaThe rise of rulers with total power in Europe and Asia led to World War II.Why it Matter TodayDictators of the 1930s and 1940s changed the course of history, making world leaders especially watchful for the actions of dictators today.
Nationalism Grips Europe and AsiaThe postwar years also brought the rise of powerful dictators driven by the belief in nationalism-the loyalty to ones country above all else-and dreams of territorial expansion.Failures of World PeaceTreaty of Versailles caused anger and resentment
Stalin Transforms the Soviet UnionJoseph Stalin- Man of SteelMade the Soviet Union a communist state#1 goal was control both agriculture and industryHe abolished all privately owned farmsHe transformed the Soviet Union from the a rural nation to an industrial power.1928- He outlined his 5 year planAll economic activity was controlled by the governmentStalin was responsible for some 8 million deaths
The Rise of Facism in ItalyBenito MussoliniFacist Party- stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individuals.Facists believed in a single strong leader.1922- marched on Rome w/the Black ShirtsIl Duce- the leader
The Nazis Take Over GermanyAdolf HitlerDer Fuher the leaderMein Kampf-My StruggleUnify all Set forth the basic beliefs of Nazism that later became the plan of action for the Nazi Party. Nazism- extreme nationalismGerman-speaking peopleRacial PurificationLebensraum- living spaceStorm Troopers or Brown ShirtsThird Reich Thousand Year Reich
Militarist Gain Control in JapanJapan launches a surprise at China and seize control of Manchuria in 1931Japan leaves the League of NationsAggression in Europe and AsiaHitler builds up army and invades the RhinelandMussolini invades EthiopiaCivil War Breaks Out in SpainGen. Francisco Franco rebelled against the Spanish republic3,000 Americans-Abraham Lincoln BattalionCivil War in Spain. Franco backed by Hitler & MussoliniRome-Berlin Axis signed
The United States Responds CautiouslyMost Americans were alarmed by the international conflicts of the mid thirties but believed that the United States should not get involved.1928-Kellog-Briand Pact62 countries signed saying they would not use war as an instrument of national policy.America Clings to IsolationismSenator Gerald Nye (Nye Committee)-banks & manufacturers made money during the war.Neutrality Acts:1st two- outlawed arms sales to nations at war
3rd- banned the sale of arms to nations at civil war.
Neutrality Breaks DownJapan launched an attack on China in July 1937.Roosevelt finds a way around the Neutrality ActsSend arms to China
December 8, 1941
Dictators Threaten World PeaceWhat were Stalins goals and what steps did he take to achieve them?To make the Soviet Union socialist by ending private enterprise; to transform it into a great industrial power by building state-owned factories and power plants.How did Germanys and Italys involvement affect the outcome of the Spanish Civil War?Hitler and Mussolinis military support helped Franco take power in Spain.
War In EuropeMain IdeaUsing the sudden mass attack called blitzkrieg, Germany invaded and quickly conquered many European countries.Why it Matter TodayHitlers actions started World War II and still serve as a warning to be vigilant about totalitarian government
Austria and Czechoslovakia FallHitler declared that to grow, Germany needed the land of its neighbors. His plan was to absorb Austria and Czechoslovakia into the Third Reich.Union with AustriaMarch 12, 1938-German troops marched into Austria unopposed.Bargaining for the SudetenlandWestern part of CzechoslovakiaHitler invites Edouard Daladier & Neville Chamberlain to MunichHitler says the annexation of the Sudetenland will be his last territorial demandSept. 30, 1938- Munich AgreementAppeasement- giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.
The German Offensive BeginsHitler warned he was not finished expanding the Third Reich.March 15, 1939- German troops poured into what was left of Czechoslovakia. Then later into Poland.
France and Britain Fight OnFrances Maginot Line proved to be ineffective; the German army threatened to bypass the line during its invasion of Belgium.The Fall of FranceGermans trapped almost 400,000 British & French soldiers as they fled to the beach of Dunkirk.Italy enters the war on the side of Germany and attacks France from the south.France surrenders- June 22, 1940Charles de Gaulle- French general flees to England and sets up a government-in-exileThe Battle of BritainSummer of 1940- Luftwaffe begins to bomb BritainDestroy the Royal Air Force (RAF)1,000 planes every night for 2 months bomb London.New technology helped Britain curb the bombing- the Radar
Battle of BritainThe Germans fought too far away from their bases so that refueling and rearming were impossible. The German fighters had a very limited time which they could spend over Britain before their fuel got too low. British fighters could land, refuel and rearm and be in the air again very quickly. The change of targets was crucial. It is now believed that Fighter Command was perhaps only 24 hours away from defeat when the attack on the cities occurred. The breathing space this gave Fighter Command was crucial.RadarWhy were the Germans defeated ?
War in EuropeReviewWhy was the blitzkrieg effective?It surprised the enemy and then crushed it with overwhelming force.What terms of surrender did Hitler demand of the French after the fall of France in 1940? What was General Charles de Gaulles reaction?German occupation of northern France and the establishment of a Nazi-controlled puppet government in southern France; de Gaulle fled to England and set up a government-in-exile.
The HolocaustMain IdeaDuring the Holocaust, the Nazis systematically executed 6 million Jews and 5 million other non-AryansWhy it Matters TodayAfter the atrocities of the Holocaust, agencies formed to publicize human rights. These agencies have remained a force in todays world.
The Persecution BeginsOn April 7, 1933, shortly after Hitler took power in Germany, he ordered all non-Aryans to be removed from government jobs.Hitler moves for racial purity that eventually led to the Holocaust-the systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe.
Jews arrested during Kristallnacht
Hitlers Final SolutionObsessed with a desire to rid Europe of its Jews, Hitler imposed what he called the Final Solution-a policy of genocide, the deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population.The CondemnedJewsGypsies-whom the Nazis believed to be an inferior raceFreemasons- charged as supporters of the Jewish ConspiracyJehovahs Witnesses- who refused to join the army or salute HitlerHomosexuals, people w/mental illnesses, the disable
Final Solution contForced RelocationJewish forced into Ghettos in PolandConcentration CampsLife in the concentration camps was a cycle of hunger, humiliation, and work that almost always ended in death.Those too weak to work were killed.
The Final StageThe Final Solution reached its final stage in early 1942.The 3rd phase would add murder by poison gas.Mass ExterminationThe German built 6 death camps in Poland.Chambers could kill 12,000 people a day.An estimated 6 million Jews died in the death camps.
The HolocaustReviewWhat groups did Nazis deem unfit to belong to the Aryan master race?Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, people with mental or physical disabilities, Poles, Ukrainians, and Russians.How did some Europeans show their resistance to Nazi persecution of the Jews?Some people risked death by hiding Jews in their homes or helping them to escape to neutral countries.
America Moves Toward WarMain IdeaIn response to the fighting in Europe, the United States provided economic and military aid to help the Allies achieve victory.Why it Matters TodayThe military capability of the U.S. became a deciding factor WWII and in world affairs ever since.
The United States Musters Its ForcesAs German tanks thundered across Poland, Roosevelt issued an official proclamation of neutrality.
The Great Arsenal of DemocracyNot long after the election, President Roosevelt told his radio audience during a fireside chat that it would be impossible to negotiate a peace with Hitler.
FDR Plans for WarWith the army provided for, Roosevelt began planning for the war he was certain would come.The Atlantic CharterGreat Britain and U.S pledged: collective security, disarmament, self-determination, economic cooperation, and freedom of the seas.Shoot on SightU-boat attacksWhen you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you crush himFull-scale war seemed inevitable.
Japan Attacks the United States
America Moves Toward WarReviewWhat congressional measures paved the way for the U.S. entry into World War II?Increased defense spending, peacetime draft, Lend-Lease Act, and an end to the ban against arming merchant ships.Why did the United States enter World War II?Because the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.