world history staar review spring 2013. ancient civilizations tab

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  • Slide 1
  • World History STAAR Review Spring 2013
  • Slide 2
  • Ancient Civilizations Tab
  • Slide 3
  • Ancient Civilizations Tab (Continued on back)
  • Slide 4
  • Ancient Civilizations Map goes on the Ancient Civilization tab Color the ancient river valley civilizations different colors so that your notes can be color coded.
  • Slide 5
  • Ancient Civilizations Add timeline 8,000 B.C. Neolithic Revolution- Transition from food gathering to food producing 3,000 B.C. Sumerian writing, bronze, wheel, plow Egyptian civilization begins 2500 B.C. Indus Valley Civilizations 1800 B.C. Babylonian Empire 700 B.C. Rise of Greek city-states
  • Slide 6
  • Egyptian Civilization (3100 B.C.-330 B.C.) Nile river supported the Egyptians who built their civilization along its banks Wrote in hieroglyphics on papyrus (first paper) Great pyramids housed mummified remains of pharaoh Superior math, science, medicine, and technology
  • Slide 7
  • Mesopotamia (3100 B.C.- 540 B.C.) The land between two rivers Sumer/Sumerians considered the first civilization that lived in this region Cuneiform- first writing system developed by Sumerians Invented the first wheel and irrigation Code of Hammurabi- Babylonian king wrote first laws in history Persians finally ended Babylonian rule
  • Slide 8
  • Indus River Valley (3300 B.C. 500 A.D.) Third ancient river valley civilization; developed near Indus River Two advanced cities: Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Laid out on a grid with advanced drainage and sewage system Aryan invaders brought the writing of Sanskrit and philosophy of Hinduism 600 B.C.- Siddhartha Gautama founded Buddhism 321 B.C. Mauryan Empire established by Chandragupta; Golden Age of India
  • Slide 9
  • Ancient Chinese Civilizations (1600 B.C.- 220 A.D.) Developed near the Huang He/ Yellow River in China 1600-1046 B.C.- Shang dynasty produced silk, bronze, and first language of China 1045-256 B.C.- Zhou dynasty replaced Shang dynasty stating that they had lost the Mandate of Heaven, or that God has given them the right to rule.
  • Slide 10
  • World Religions Tab
  • Slide 11
  • ReligionFounderSymbolTextLocation/ Sites Mono/ polytheist Connections ChristianityJesusBibleMiddle East, Israel, Jerusalem Mono JudaismAbrahamTorah & Talmud Middle East, Israel, Jerusalem MonoAbraham patriarch of all three mono religions IslamMuhammadKoranMecca, Medina, Jerusalem Mono5 Pillars: Belief Worship Charity Fasting Pilgramige
  • Slide 12
  • World Religions Tab ReligionFounderSymbolTextLocation/ Sites Mono/ polytheist Connections HinduismUniversal ruler Vedas & Upanishads IndiaPolytheistBoth Hindus & Buddhists believe in reincarnation BuddhismSiddhartha Gautama/ Buddha 4 Noble Truths/ 8 Fold Path IndiaWay of living/ philosophy 3 religions originate in India Confucian- ism ConfuciusAnalectsChinaWay of living/ philosophy SikhismGuru NanakGurmukhiIndiaWay of living/ philosophy
  • Slide 13
  • Classical Era Tab Pre-Columbian Civilizations
  • Slide 14
  • Pre-Columbian Civilizations Color the areas of the map different colors to represent where the Incas, Mayans, and Aztecs lived Map should go in the Classical Era tab
  • Slide 15
  • Pre-Columbian Civilizations IncaMayaAztec Time Period1200-1572AD400BC-1517AD1200-1521AD EconomyFarming (corn, cotton, potatoes), terraces Farming (corn, beans, squash), trade Farming (corn, beans, squash, tomatoes) ReligionMany gods, some human sacrifice Many gods, sacrificed animals, some humans Many gods (sun god), lots of human sacrifice GovernmentKing at center, war is for conquest Well organized city- states with kings, war is for tribute Powerful king, highly centralized, war for captives and tributes TechnologyTerraces, irrigation, medicine, roads Writing, math, architecture, calendar Architecture, calendar, chinampas End of civilizationCivil war & Spanish invasion Abandoned cities, disappeared Spanish invasion
  • Slide 16
  • Classical Era Tab Rome & Greece
  • Slide 17
  • Greece & Rome Greece (c. 750BC) Location: Balkan peninsula Religion: Greek mythology, many gods Arts: Theatre (Drama), sculpture, philosophy Democracy- rule by the people Persian Wars- series of wars between Greece & Persia (5 th century B.C. Peloponnesian War- war between Greece & Sparta (Sparta won) Philosophers: Aristotle, Socrates, Plato Alexander the Great- conquered the largest empire of the ancient world Hellenistic- blend of cultures with Greek after Alexanders conquests
  • Slide 18
  • Greece & Rome Rome c. 500 B.C. Location: West side of Italy Government: Senate w/ 2 consuls Punic Wars- 3 wars between Rome & Carthage; Hannibal is Carthages greatest general First Triumvirate- Caesar + Crassus + Pompey, try to reform Rome, broke apart Fall of Rome: civil war/unrest, division of empire, corruption, invaders Eastern half of empire (Byzantine) flourished
  • Slide 19
  • Middle Ages/Renaissance Tab
  • Slide 20
  • Middle Ages Religion Church is a unifying force Religion affects daily lives Crusades-wars to regain holy land (resulted in expanded trade, decline of popes power, king stronger) Empire Building When the Roman Empire fell, Europe dissolved into small kingdoms Charlemagne & Otto Power/Authority Feudalism- lords with estates hold power/ exchange land for services Power struggle between political leaders & pope Magna Carta- limited Kings authority
  • Slide 21
  • Middle Ages Bubonic Plague- deadly disease that swept through Europe & killed 1/3 of population Hundred Years War- conflict between England & France on French soil (1337-1453)
  • Slide 22
  • Renaissance Vocab Humanism- focus on human potential & achievements Secular- worldly/concerned with here & now Notable Works Machiavellis The Prince Shakespeare Gutenbergs printing press Leonardo da Vinci Raphael Mores Utopia Northern Art: Christianity, church, God, nature Southern (Italy) Art: Greek & Roman mythology, gods
  • Slide 23
  • Reformation Reformation- movement for religious reform King Henry VIII broke with Catholic church & became head of Church of England 1529 He wanted a divorce since his first wife didnt give him a son Renaissance challenged church authority Martin Luther, with 95 Theses, challenged church Luthers ideas spread, created their own group (Lutherans) Protestants- non-catholic Christians
  • Slide 24
  • Age of Exploration
  • Slide 25
  • Columbian Exchange- exchange of goods & ideas between the old and new world Diseases from Europe killed millions of Native Americans Atlantic Slave Trade- buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas. By 1870 ~9.5 million Africans imported as slaves Renaissance prompted exploration for God, Gold, & Glory VOCAB Favorable Balance of Trade- sell more goods than you buy Joint-stock- investors pool their wealth for a common purpose & share profits Mercantilism- countrys power depends on its wealth
  • Slide 26
  • Age of Exploration Notable Explorers Chris Columbus- tried to find a new trade route to Asia; landed in the Caribbean instead Amerigo Vesupucci- travelled around South America Hernando Cortes- defeated the Aztecs & their emperor, Montezuma II Francisco Pizarro- conquered Incas European nations created a trading empire in Africa, India & SE Asia Pilgrims & Puritans came to the New World seeking religious freedom French & Indian War- conflict between French & British over land claims in N. America Asia During Exploration Advances under Ming & Qing dynasties left China self-contained & uninterested in European contact Zheng He led 7 exploration voyages in 1405 Tokugawa regime unified Japan & began a 200 year period of isolation, autocracy, & economic growth Japanese practiced a type of feudalism where the daimyo is the figureheads
  • Slide 27
  • Chinese Dynasties
  • Slide 28
  • Shang 1600-1046BC Writing, bronze, pottery, silk Zhou 1045-256BC Loose central government Feudal power held by strong nobles Confucius Qin 221-206 BC Military dictatorship Desroyed nobles feudal power Taxation Great Wall and Terra Cotta Warriors
  • Slide 29
  • Han 206-220AD Expanded empire & trade Buddhism Civil service system Tang 618-906AD Reunited China Education & government reforms Song 960-1279AD Paper money, compass, printing, porcelain, gunpowder
  • Slide 30
  • Yuan/Mongol 1259-1368AD Mongols (central Asian nomads) conquer Asia; Genghis & Kublai Khan Ming 1368-1644AD Overthrew Mongols Encouraged trade with Europe Qing 1644-1912AD British imperialism, opium wars, western pressure Ended with Chinese republic (Mao Zedong)
  • Slide 31
  • Chinese Dynasties Tab India, Africa & Muslim World
  • Slide 32
  • Muslim World Expands The Ottomans established a Muslim empire that combined many cultures & lasted more than 600 years Art, literature, astronomy, architecture, history, mathematics
  • Slide 33
  • India Mughal Empire brought Turks, Persians & Indians together in a vast empire Arabs invaded India; then Mongols invaded Central power in India weakened while Weste

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