Wordpress Workflow

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Welaika Wordpress Workflow. Our Approach.

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<ul><li>1.1 WordPress Workflow </li></ul> <p>2. 2 WordPress? pros and cons 3. 3 WordPress? WordPress is a free and open source blogging tool and a CMS based on PHP and MySQL which runs on a Web hosting service. Features include a plug-in architecture and a template system. WordPress is used by over 14.7% of Alexa Internet's "top 1 million" websites and as of August 2011 manages 22% of all new websites. WordPress is currently the most popular blogging system in use on the Web, powering over 60 million websites worldwide. It was first released on May 27, 2003. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WordPress 4. 4 WordPress? core structure themes plugins langs uploads 5. 5 WordPress? widgets extensions Multi Site Buddy Press 6. 6 WordPress? 1. World's most used CMS 2. 10 years of development and very active community 3. Easy for customers and developers 4. Fast development 5. SEO friendly Pros 7. 7 WordPress? 6. Rich documentation 7. Powerful backend 8. Extensible functionality: plugins 9. Frontend highly customizable 10. Open Source Pros 8. 8 WordPress? 1. World's most used CMS 2. Maintenance 3. Hard-set model (data) 4. Poor growth capacity 5. Limits in pages customization Cons 9. 9 WordPress? 6. Frequently updates (plugins damage!) 7. Plugins confilcts 8. Migration and deploy 9. Low performance with lots of content 10. PHP syntax jungle Cons 10. 10 WordPress? Our works (WP flexibility examples) 11. 11 WordPress? tomato Type: showcase Domain: tomato.to.it Visit site 12. 12 WordPress? EDT Type: external sources Domain: edt.it Visit site 13. 13 WordPress? IVV - CNR Type: lot entries Domain: www.ivv.cnr.it Visit site 14. 14 WordPress? Dreher Type: different layout each page Domain: dreher.it Visit site 15. 15 WordPress? LES Type: community Domain: www.liceoeconomicosociale.it Visit site 16. 16 WordPress? Why hardening WordPress development workflow? What's wrong? 17. 17 WordPress? Theme structure Solution: Wordless 18. 18 WordPress? Languages PHP, CSS, HTML, JAVASCRIPT Solution: Wordless 19. 19 WordPress? Deploy Solution: Wordmove gem 20. 20 WordPress? Develop time spent Solution: Wordless 21. 21 WordPress? Team work Solution: Wordless and GIT 22. 22 WordPress? Maintenance Solution: InfiniteWP 23. 23 WordPress? Reduce cons impact 24. 24 Dev Environment Apache, MySQL, RVM, GIT 25. 25 Dev Environment sudo service apache status php --version sudo service mysql status type rvm | head -n 1 which git User in ww-data or nogroup? (id &gt; sudo usermod -a -G www-data username) Check 26. 26 Dev Environment github.com/welaika/breeder Visit site Breeder for XAMPP 27. 27 Dev Environment 1. Manage multiple Ruby Versions 2. Isolated from system. User-level use 3. Different gemsets. Specific Ruby Version and specific gemset for every project RVM - Ruby Version Manager 28. 28 Dev Environment What is a gem? A RubyGem is a software package, commonly called a gem. Gems contain a packaged Ruby application or library. The RubyGems software itself allows you to easily download, install, and manipulate gems on your system. Commands: list, install, update, uninstall RubyGem 29. 29 Dev Environment rvm use 2.0@gemset RVM + Gemset 30. 30 Dev Environment $ rvm install 2.0 $ rvm use 2.0@wordless --create --default &amp;&amp; gem install therubyracer sprockets compass coffee-script thor yui-compressor &amp;&amp; rvm wrapper 2.0@wordless wordless compass ruby visit site RVM + Gemset for Wordless 31. 31 GIT http://git-scm.com/book/en/ http://rogerdudler.github.io/git-guide/ 32. 32 GIT SVN: Centralized Version Control System http://git-scm.com/book/en/Getting-Started-About-Version-Control GIT vs SVN 33. 33 GIT GIT: Distribuited Version Control System http://git-scm.com/book/en/Getting-Started-About-Version-Control GIT vs SVN 34. 34 GIT SVN way http://git-scm.com/book/en/Getting-Started-Git-Basics Snapshots, Not Differences 35. 35 GIT GIT way http://git-scm.com/book/en/Getting-Started-Git-Basics Snapshots, Not Differences 36. 36 GIT http://rogerdudler.github.io/git-guide/ Workflow 37. 37 GIT $ git config --global user.name "John Doe" $ git config --global user.email johndoe@example.com Setup 38. 38 GIT Github.com 39. 39 Wordless env Stop writing themes like it's 1998 github.com/welaika/wordless 40. 40 Wordless 1. A structured, organized and clean theme organization (taken directly from Rails) 41. 41 Wordless 2. The ability to create a new theme skeleton directly within the WordPress backend interface 42. 42 Wordless 3. The ability to write PHP code using the beautiful Haml templating system 43. 43 Wordless 4. The ability to write CSS stylesheets using the awesome Sass syntax and the Compass framework 44. 44 Wordless 5. The ability to write Javascript logic in Coffeescript 45. 45 Wordless 6. The ability to merge and compress Javascript assets using Yahoo YUI Compressor 46. 46 Wordless 7. A growing set of handy and documented helper functions ready to be used within your views (helpers! helpers!helpers!) 47. 47 Wordless The RVM Way $ rvm install 2.0 ## Use Ruby 2.0 $ rvm use 2.0@wordless --create --default &amp;&amp; gem install therubyracer sprockets compass coffee-script thor yui-compressor &amp;&amp; rvm wrapper 2.0@wordless wordless compass ruby ## Create Wordless gemset 48. 48 Wordless Where are ruby and compass? $ which wordless_ruby $ which wordless_compass 49. 49 Wordless Okay, now we can get everything up and running :) 50. 50 Wordless Wordless Theme anatomy 1. A structured, organized and clean theme organization (taken directly from Rails) 51. 51 Wordless The index.php serves as a router to all the theme views if (is_front_page()) { render_view("static/homepage)"); } else if (is_post_type_archive("portfolio_work")) { render_view("portfolio/index"); } else if (is_post_type("portfolio_work")) { render_view("portfolio/show"); } 1. A structured, organized and clean theme organization (taken directly from Rails) 52. 52 Wordless Layouts (theme/views/layouts directory) Just like Rails, when Wordless renders a view as a response, it does so by combining the view with a layout. Within a layout, you have access to the yield() helper to combine it with the main content 1. A structured, organized and clean theme organization (taken directly from Rails) 53. 53 Wordless Initializers (config/initializers/*.php files) Remember the freaky functions.php file, the one where you would drop every bit of code external to the theme views (custom post types, taxonomies, wordpress filters, hooks, you name it). That was just terrible, isn't it? Well, forget it. Wordless let you split your code into many modular initializer files, each one with a specific target 1. A structured, organized and clean theme organization (taken directly from Rails) 54. 54 Wordless Initializers config/initializers backend.php custom_post_types.php default_hooks.php hooks.php login_template.php menus.php shortcodes.php thumbnail_sizes.php wordless_preferences.php 1. A structured, organized and clean theme organization (taken directly from Rails) 55. 55 Wordless Backend interface new theme 2. The ability to create a new theme skeleton directly within the WordPress backend interface 56. 56 Wordless Backend interface preferences 2. The ability to create a new theme skeleton directly within the WordPress backend interface 57. 57 Wordless HAML Beautiful, DRY, well-indented, clear markup: templating haiku. http://haml.info/ 3. The ability to write PHP code using the beautiful Haml templating system 58. 58 Wordless HAML (pHAMLp) 3. The ability to write PHP code using the beautiful Haml templating system HTML + PHP </p> <div> <p> Markup should be beautiful. </p> </div> <p> HAML .content %p %img{:src =&gt; "/images/logo.jpg", :alt =&gt; "Logo"} Markup should be beautiful. %ul.list - for($i=0; $i x * x # Arrays: list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] # Objects: math = root: Math.sqrt square: square cube: (x) -&gt; x * square x # Existence: alert "I knew it!" if elvis? Javascript var cubes, list, math, num, number, opposite, race, square, __slice = [].slice; number = 42; opposite = true; if (opposite) { number = -42;} square = function(x) { return x * x;}; list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]; math = { root: Math.sqrt, square: square, cube: function(x) { return x * square(x); }}; if (typeof elvis !== "undefined" &amp;&amp; elvis ! == null) { alert("I knew it!");} 66. 66 Wordless gem The CLI way for Wordless Tasks: wordless clean # Clean static assets wordless compile # Compile static assets wordless deploy # Deploy your WordPress site using the deploy_command defined in your Wordfile wordless help [TASK] # Describe available tasks or one specific task wordless install # Install the Wordless plugin into an existing WordPress installation wordless new [NAME] # Download WordPress in specified directory, install the Wordless plugin and create a Wordless theme wordless theme [NAME] # Create a new Wordless theme NAME github.com/welaika/wordless_gem 67. 67 Wordmove Wordmove is a nice little gem that lets you automatically mirror local Wordpress installations and DB data back and forth from your local development machine to the remote staging server. SSH and FTP connections are both supported. Think of it like Capistrano for Wordpress, complete with push/pull capabilities. github.com/welaika/wordmove 68. 68 Wordmove Tasks: wordmove help [TASK] # Describe available tasks or one specific task wordmove init # Generates a brand new Movefile wordmove pull # Pulls WP data from remote host to the local machine wordmove push # Pushes WP data from local machine to remote host Options: -w, [--wordpress] -u, [--uploads] -t, [--themes] -p, [--plugins] -l, [--languages] -d, [--db] -v, [--verbose] -s, [--simulate] -e, [--environment=ENVIRONMENT] [--no-adapt] [--all] 69. 69 Wordless Extender (experimental) Wordless Extender (WlE from now on) is a starting point for every Wordlress theme we develop at weLaika. After years of hard work we have starred a few plugins, best practices and security enhacements. WlE is a collection of those and let you control all this so cool things within the WordPress backend, in a fast and familiar way. github.com/welaika/wordless-extender 70. 70 Wordless Extender (experimental) Plugin Manager Never change a winning team! These are our starred and often used plugins; with these we cover the 90% of our developing needs. You'll have a control panel inside WlE to list, enable, disable and upgrade plugins from the collection; never search that useful plugin crawling the WP.org repo and have colleagues kickstart projects with always the same plugin set, making the teamwork easier and more coherent over the time. 71. 71 Wordless Extender (experimental) wp-config.php Constants Manager Manage WP constants (stored in your wp-config.php) directly within the WP backend! We got inspired by WordPress guidelines and we crafted this little control panel. It is intended for advanced users: we are not interested in making things easy, with fluffy names or other strategies, but we'd like to remember important/complex/abstruse settings and have them always just one click away Everytime you'll update these configs wp-config.php file will be backed-up in wp-config-backup.php. Keep it safe in mind. 72. 72 Wordless Extender (experimental) Security fixes This is the most important section in our hearts: improving WP security. Most of the tricks are directly from Hardening Wordpress guide; others are paranoid tricks discovered on battlefield. Keep in mind that you have to know what you are doing; follow the comments in the panel below if you are confused. Remind that when you'll let the plugin rewrite your .htaccess file, it will take a backup copy of the last version in htaccess_backup. If you are asking about what exoteric things are we doing with your .htaccess, well, go read the template in resources/htaccess. Essentially we'll block access to varius files and locations which is better if locked down (strange query strings, access to txt files in core/theme/plugins, markdown files, wp debug error log, ecc). We are always at work to improve this section, so if you have some tips open us an issue or send us a pull request. 73. 73 Wordless Extender (experimental) Wordless integration WlE menu in the WP backend, will be integrated with the Wordless new (will be in the next tagged release 0.4) custom backend menu, creating one place to control them all! Wordless has (and will have moar!) helpers dedicated to the WlE's plugin collection. Let contribute to the helpers too, if interested! 74. 74 Long running Security and maintenance 75. 75 Long Running inherent insecurity World's most used CMS 76. 76 Long Running Frequently core updates &gt; RTFC(changelog) Frequency and reliability of plugins updates &gt; No! Is fundamental a strict selection of plugins to be included in project Manage Wordpress sites from a central admin panel (for massive updates) &gt; infinitewp.com Updates 77. 77 Long Running Why a off-site backup? - more secure - advanced backup systems without limits by inside Wordpress backups - avaible datas for out production tasks (e.g. Security scan) Backup. Or GTFO 78. 78 Long Running - If the backup is in the same WordPress folder on the same webserver and the site is compromised, the backup itself is compromised - If the WP installation has problems, the backup is not affected Off-site BKP More secure 79. 79 Long Running - Incremental backups - Does not affect the web server performances (storage, CPU usage, etc...) Off-site BKP Advanced 80. 80 Long Running - If WebServer is down, we have datas avaible - Datas avaibles for strong tasks, in indipendent systems and right resources (like passive security) Off-site BKP Availability 81. 81 Long Running rdiff-backup wrapper + db backup incrementale retention Multihost github.com/welaika/weBackup weBackup 82. 82 Long Running Maldet - www.rfxn.com/projects/linux-malware-detect/ Linux Malware Detect (LMD) is a malware scanner for Linux released under the GNU GPLv2 license, that is designed around the threats faced in shared hosted environments. It uses threat data from network edge intrusion detection systems to extract malware that is actively being used in attacks and generates signatures for detection. In addition, threat data is also derived from user submissions with the LMD checkout feature and from malware community resources. lfbg.pl - github.com/pioneerskies/lfbg.pl This little script's scope is to act as regex collection in order to do code scanning about maliciuos code and files. Passive Security 83. 83 Resources 84. 84 Resources codex.wordpress.org codex.wordpress.org/Function_Reference Codex 85. 85 Resources welaika.github.io/wordless/docs/0.3 Wordless doc 86. 86 Resources codex.wordpress.org/First_Steps_With_WordPress codex.wordpress.org/New_To_WordPress_-_Where_to_Start bit.ly/3ZDGu First steps with WP 87. 87 Ready? Go! </p>