wk 6 spanish i - regular present tense verb conjugation
Post on 20-Jun-2015
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DESCRIPTIONTutorial to help students better understand what conjugation is and how it works in both English and Spanish.
- 1. 1Conjugating Verbs In Spanish Objectives: Students will be able to identify subject pronouns in English when replacing subjects in sentences with 99% accuracy. identify subject pronouns in Spanish and use them to replacesubjects in Spanish with 99% accuracy. identify Spanish verb infinitives as ending in -ar, -er, or ir andmatch the verb ending with the corresponding pronouns with 99% accuracy when conjugating verbs in Spanish.
2. 2How can we make this sentence sound better? Bob is nice. Bob spends time with friends. Bob shares his cookies with Sara. Click when you think you know the answer -We can use the pronoun He instead of repeating Bob. Bob is nice. He spends time with friends. He shares his cookies with Sara. 3. Click me twice! 3English Subject Pronouns Singular 1st person-to talk about self2nd person-to talk to another person 3rdperson-to talk about another personPlural IYou He She ItWeYou (all)They1st person plural-to talk about self with others 2nd person plural-to talk to 2 or more people. 3rd person plural-to talk about 2 or more people 4. 4Quiz IMPORTANT: Do not proceed to the next section until you have completed the following quiz with 100% accuracy!!! Instructions: 1. You will be presented with a subject in English. 2. For each subject choose the subject pronoun with which you would replace it. 5. 51. Mary and JoeI You He She It We They You (plural) 6. 62. To talk to Mary and JoeI You He She It We They You (plural) 7. 73. JoeI You He She It We They You (plural) 8. 84. Mary and youI You He She It We They You (plural) 9. 95. Mary and II You He She It We They You (plural) 10. 106. To talk to MaryI You He She It We They You (plural) 11. 116. MaryI You He She It We They You (plural) 12. 127. My notebookI You He She It We They You (plural) 13. 13Congratulations!!! Please remember to review the pronoun section and retake the quiz if you did not get every answer correct. 14. 14Knowing the subject pronouns in Spanish is VERY important. You need to know them so that you are able to conjugate verbs and form sentences. 15. 15What are the subject pronouns in Spanish? Lets use the same chart that we used for the English subject pronouns. 16. Subject Pronouns in Spanish (Click to hear each one!) 1st personto talk about self2nd personto talk to another personI- YoWe-NosotrosNosotras You - T2nd person (polite)You - Usted3rd personto talk about another personHe - l She - Ella It* Vosotros Vosotras You (all) - Ustedes You(all) -They(m, m&f) Ellos Ellas They (f)1st person plural-to talk about self with others2nd person pluralto talk to 2 or more people. 2nd person plural 3rd person plural-to talk about 2 or more people*This is only used in Spain. The rest of the Spanish Speaking World uses Ustedes when addressing more than one person.16 17. 17REMEMBER: There are 4 ways to say you in Spanish. T Usted (Ud.) VosotrosVosotras Ustedes (Uds.)to talk to peers/friends and those you know very well.to talk to people in authority (boss, teacher) used to be polite and show respect. to talk to two or more people you would individually address as t.form is ONLY used in SPAIN *This to talk to two or more people 18. 18QUIZ: Determine which pronoun you would use for the subject provided in Spanish. Click once for instructions. INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Click on the most appropriate response. 2. If you hear chimes, you have selected the correct answer and will automatically advance to the next question. 3. If you hear a bomb you have selected an incorrect answertry again! 4. Click the arrow to proceed 19. 191.Pedro l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 20. 202. To talk to Pedro l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 21. 213. Marta l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 22. 224. Pedro y Marta l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 23. 235. Andrea y Marta l T Ellas Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Ella Usted 24. 246. Pedro y yo l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 25. 257. To talk about yourself l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 26. 268. To talk to the principal l T Ella Ellos Ustedes Nosotros Yo Usted 27. 27Congratulations!!! Please remember to review the Spanish pronoun quiz if you did not get every answer correct. 28. 28Once you have mastered the subject pronouns in Spanish you are ready to begin conjugating verbs. 29. 29How do you conjugate a verb? Start with the verb in its infinitive form. The infinitive form in English always beginswith to followed by the action. For example: To sing To eat To write Notice that none of these verbs has a su To talk perform the action. To drink To share 30. 30See if you can identify verb conjugation in English. Pedro sings. To singYou eat. To eatMarta and Pedro write. To writeIn the present tense in English the verb only changes in the 3rd person singular by adding s. 31. Verbs are conjugated when a subject carries out the action of the verb.Pedro sings. An s was added to sing to make it fit the subject. You eat. In this statement the to of the infinitive was simply removed to conjugate the verb for you. In Spanish, verb conjugation is much more obvious. Lets take a look.31 32. 32Infinitive verbs in Spanish All infinitive verbs in Spanish end in ar, -er, or ir. The ar,-er, and ir are the equivalent of the to inEnglish infinitives. 33. 33Here are some ar Spanish Infinitives and their English definitions .Hablar Cantar Esquiar Estudiar Practicar Usar Montar Ensearto talk to sing to ski to study to practice to use to ride to teach 34. -AR infinitives (Click the speaker to hear the pronunciation in Spanish)Hablar Cantar Esquiar Estudiar Practicar Usar Patinarto talk to sing to ski to study to practice to use to skateNotice the stem of the verb is in black the ending is in red.34 35. 35-AR infinitives (cont.) When verbs are conjugated in Spanish the ending is removed and a new ending is added to for each different subject.Habl ar ar Cant ar Estudi Practic a Us r ar Patin ar 36. 36AR verb endings Hablar to talk Yohabl -o I talkT Ud. l Ellaha -as You bl talkNosotros Nosotrashabl-amos*Vosotros *Vosotrasha -is You bl (plural) talkWe talkUstedesha -a Ellos Ellas You (polite) talk bl talks He/Shehabl-an You (plural)talk They talk 37. 37Now, add the correct ending to the stem for the subject provided. Write down your answers on a sheet of paper then click to see the answers.Yo habl__ 2. Ellos Cant__ 3. Nosotras estudi__1.T practic__ 5. El estudiante patin__188.8.131.52.3.5.Yo hablo. Ellos cantan. Nosotros estudiamos. T practicas. El estudiante patina. 38. -ER Infinitive Verbs (Click on the speaker to hear the Spanish pronunciation)Beber Comer Comprender Correr Leer *verto drink to eat to understand to runto read to watch38 39. 39-ER verb endings Comer-to eat Yo Com o I eat co T You eat es m Ud. l EllaNosotros Nosotras *Vosotros *Vosotrascom -emos We eatcom -isYou (plural) eatUstedesco - Ellos Youm (polite) eat Ellas e He/She eatsco -en You (plural) eat m They eat 40. Now take of the er of the infinitive and conjugate these verbs for the subject provided. Write down your answers on a sheet of paper then click for the answer to each one. 1. 2.3. 4. 5.Uds. beb____ Paco y yo com________ Ellas comprend___ Esteban corr___ T le___1. 2.3. 4. 5.Uds. beben. Paco y yo comemos. Ellas comprenden. Esteban corre. T lees.40 41. 41-IR Infinitive Verbs (Click on the speaker to hear the Spanish pronunciation.)compartir dividir Escribir Vivirto share to divide to write to live 42. 42IR verb endings Vivir-to live Yoviv -o TI livevi - *Vosotros You v live *Vosotras esviv -imos We liveviv -sYou (plural) liveUstedesUd.l EllaNosotros NosotrasvivEllos -e live You (polite) EllasHe/She livesvivYou (plural) live -en They live*Notice these endings are exactly like ER verb endings except for the nosotros(as) and vosotros(as) forms. 43. Lets try conjugating these verbs for their subjects. Write down your answers on a sheet of paper then click for the answer to each one. 1. Uds. compart____La clase divid____ 3. Mis amigos y yo escrib___ 4. Yo viv___. 2.Uds. comparten. 2. La clase divide. 3. Mis amigos y yo escribimos. 4. Yo vivo. 1.43 44. 44Now its time to put it all together! TEST 45. 45Instructions: Select the letter of the correct verb conjugation for the subject provided. 46. 461. Yo: cantar a. canto b. cantesc. cantamos d. canta 47. 47LO SIENTO! Try again 48. 482. T: escribir a. Escribires b. escribasc. escribes d. escribis 49. 49LO SIENTO! Try again... 50. 503. Elena: beber a. bebo b. bebasc. bebes d. bebe 51. 51LO SIENTO! Try again 52. 524. Nosotros: compartir a. comparten c. comparts b. compartamos d. compartimos 53. 53LO SIENTO! Try again 54. 545. Ricardo y Marcos: leer a. leemos c. leen b. lee d. lees 55. 55LO SIENTO! Try again 56. 567. Victor y t: trabajar a. trabajas b. trabajisc. trabajis d. trabajan 57. 57LO SIENTO! Try again 58. 588. Ella: comer a. coma b. comesc. como d. come 59. 59LO SIENTO! Try again 60. 609. Yo: estudiar a. canto b. cantesc. cantamos d. canta 61. 61LO SIENTO! Try again 62. 6210. Los estudiantes: comprendera. comprendes b. comprendenc. comprendis d. comprendan 63. 63LO SIENTO! Try again 64. 64Congratulations!!! 65. 65More to come Try these links for more verb conjugation practice. http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/regverb1.htm http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/regverb2.htm http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/regverb3.htm http://conjuguemos.com/list.php