wilton carpets indian institute of carpet technology bhadohi
Post on 17-Jul-2015
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Submitted by:- Submitted to:- JAVED Dr. BETTY DASGUPTA D.N.PANDEY DHEERAJ KUMAR PANKAJ KUMAR TAHASILDAR YADAV
Single frame- Wilton carpet is also known as a plain Wilton and it is produced as a looped pile carpet which may either stay looped or be cut by blades added to the weaving machine. Cut and loop pattern rows are also possible in the single frame technique and may be formed with multi-colored yarns.Multi-frame- method produces Wilton rugs in textures that other machine types cannot achieve. The multi-frame rug is also known as a Jacquard Wilton carpet. As the multi-frame technique involves colors of yarn strands being carried inside the backing, a thick durable carpet is formed with a padded look and feel to it
1st weaving cycleShed is formed during first revolution of weaving cycle i.e.for the formation of backing A weft shot is introduced in the opened shed to be beaten by sley or reed.
1st Weaving cycle
2nd weaving cycle In the 2nd revolution of weaving cycle one row of pile warp is raised to create a shed The weft is shot in such a way that it is above the chain warp but below the stuffer and the pile warps.A wire is thrown above the backing warp and all the rest of the pile warps(except the selected pile warps).After beat up the weft shot becomes located at the base of backing.The wire along with selected pile loops are on the surface.
Pile that has not been selected is always in the carpet and remains dead in the backingThese embedded dead pile does not contribute in texture formation but gives cushioning effect on carpetThese dead pile enhances the carpet GSM as well as cost of the carpet
2nd weaving cycle
Two type of warp useTwo chain warpOne stuffer warp
Function of chain warp Interlacing of the chain warp and the weft creates the basic structure of the backing. (chain warp made of mainly PP , Nylon, PET )
Function of stuffer warpTo provide dimensional stability in warp direction Lies straight between the weft shot in the finished carpet Fills the space between the pairs of chain warps (stuffer warp mainly made of jute, cotton, PP )
Specification of wilton loomA modern loom width is 4 meterSpeed of loom 60-70 rpmEfficiency is 85%A Standard quality of 60 picks/dmProduction is 22 meter square/hoursTotal carpet weights range from 1.4-2.5 kg/m.square
Uses The Wilton carpet is known for its strength and durability and is a popular choice for commercial areas as it can stand up to high traffic Patterned or sometimes solid color, Wilton carpeting is often used on airliners and passenger trains as well as in hotels. A Wilton carpet can also be used in residential applications, but Wilton area rugs are more common for domestic use than the wall-to-wall carpeting
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