Wildlife in India. Human Wildlife conflicts and wildlife protection act

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<ul><li> 1. The Royal Bengal Tiger - Delhi Zoo. Picture by- Udit Nangia </li></ul> <p> 2. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Before 1972, India only had five designated national parks. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants 3. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection. Schedule I and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties. . Species listed in Schedule III and Schedule IV are also protected, but the penalties are much lower. Schedule V includes the animals which may be hunted. The plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting. 4. Animal includes amphibians, bir ds, mammals, and reptiles, and their young, and also includes, in the cases of birds and reptiles, their eggs. Animal Article means an article made from any captive or wild animal, other than vermin (any wild animal specified in Schedule V.), and includes an article or object in which the whole or any part of such animal has been used and an article made. 5. Hunting includes (a) capturing, killing, poisoning, snaring, or trapping any wild animal, and every attempt to do so (b) injuring, destroying or taking any body part of any such animal, or in the case of wild birds or reptiles, disturbing or damaging the eggs or nests of such birds or reptiles. Taxidermy means the curing, preparation or preservation of trophies. Trophy means the whole or any part of any captive or wild animal (other than vermin) This includes: (a) rugs, skins, and specimens of such animals (b) antler, horn, rhinoceros horn, feather, nail, tooth, musk, eggs, and nests. 6. "vermin" means any wild animal specified in Schedule V. "wildlife" includes any animal, bees, butterflies, crustacean, fish and moths; and aquatic or land vegetation which forms part of any habitat 7. Black Buck Delhi Zoo. Black Buck is one of the Highly Endangered animal in India. Picture by- Udit Nangia 8. Humanwildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat. As human populations expand into wild animal habitats, natural wildlife territory is displaced. 9. Reduction in the availability of natural prey/food sources leads to wild animals seeking alternate sources. Alternately, new resources created by humans draw wildlife resulting in conflict. Outcomes of conflict Injury and loss of life of humans and wildlife. Crop damage, livestock depredation, predation of managed wildlife stock. Damage to human property. Trophic cascades. 10. Destruction of habitat. Collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges. 11. Barahsingha (Female) Delhi Zoo Barahsinghas are Endangered in India. Picture by Udit Nangia 12. National animal: Tiger (Panthera Tigris) National Heritage animal of India: Elephant National aquatic animal: Ganges River Dolphin. National bird: Peacock National flower: Lotus National tree: Banyan 13. THANK YOU Presentation By Udit Nangia Journalism Hons. 1st year </p>

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