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<p>ANNUAL REPORT 20052012007Annual,i202WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETYTui Wiioiiii Coxsiivariox Sociiry savis wiioiiii axo wiio iiacis woiiowioi. Wi oo so ruioucu sciixci, cionai coxsiivariox, ioucariox, axo rui xaxacixixr oi rui woiios iaicisr sysrix oi uinax wiioiiii iaixs, iio ny rui iiacsuii Bioxx Zoo. Tociruii ruisi acriviriis cuaxci arriruois rowaios xaruii axo uiii iioiii ixacixi wiioiiii axo uuxaxs iivixc ix uaixoxy. WCS is coxxirrio ro ruis xissiox nicausi ir is issixriai ro rui ixriciiry oi iiii ox Eairu.ON ALL FkONI52WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETYIA8LE OF CONIENI5LIVING INSTITUTIONS16WCSs engaging wildlife collections in ve parks enable millions of guests each year to appreciate the wonderful layers of life in the natural world.LIVING CLASSROOMS30WCS has a proud history of instructing generations of schoolchildren, teachers, and families through on-site and distance-learning programs.LIVING LANDSCAPES40WCS sta are involved on the ground in the most remote and dicult places around the globe, working with strategic partners and local people.Chairman Emerituss Letter4Chairs Letter6Presidents Letter8Trustees and Advisors10Wildlife Conservation Projects48Public Aairs58Financial Report 64WCS Events68Contributors76Committees88WCS Sta90WCS Publications98Facts, Awards, Credits 100Cover: This year marked The Great Return of our sea lions to their refurbished pool and the restoration of Astor Court (right), which sits at the heart of the Wildlife Conservation Societys world famous Bronx Zoo. ANNUAL REPORT 200734WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETYCHAlkMAN'5 LEIIEk DAVID T. SCHIFF, CHAIRMAN EMERITUSHaving been invited to write this letter from my new vantage as Chairman Emeritus, I nd that what rst comes to mind is my rm belief in Joseph Schumpeters thesis of creative destruction. To paraphrase the Austrian economist, every person, family, organization, or nation must renew itself periodically. Te benets of renewal are enormous, and not doing so can quickly lead to disaster, or at the very least, impotence.During the past 11 years of my tenure, WCS can proudly count many real and meaningful accomplishments. At the same time, much remains to be done.In 1996, our Global Conservation Program budget was $8 million, the Bronx Zoos Astor Court needed revitalization, our gorillas, tigers, and wild dogs had yet to inhabit their new homes, the euro was six years away, gasoline cost about $1.26 per gallon, and global climate change was a matter of international scientic cooperation, not public aairs. In the intervening years, about 1.4 billion people have been added to our global burden; human consumption of water, energy, and food has skyrocketed; and carbon dioxide and methane emissions have risen to their highest levels in recorded human history. Wildlife is still imperiled worldwide, as are many ecosystems of the greatest importance.Tese facts of life temper our pride in the fact that WCS has grown exponentially, and we now spend $60 million per year around the world in the service of conservation. Our New York City facilities educate and entertain four million people a year, our exhibits address the global vulnerability of wildlife, and our veterinarians circle the globe to confront zoonotic diseases, especially those of an airborne, viral nature. We have recommitted to historic preservation at our Bronx Zoo and New York Aquarium and to the enhancement of City facilities in our Parks Renaissance campaign. Tough we have much more to do, we have much to show for our eorts.During the 42 years in which I have been privileged to serve as a WCS Trustee, the competence and accomplishments of the organization have constantly grown. We occupy a leadership position in linking the global needs of ora, fauna, and humans. Our mission is a vital one, and its imperatives never cease. I look with optimism toward the next chapter in the life of this unique and extraordinary organization, now in the capable hands of its new Chair, Ward W. Woods.ANNUAL REPORT 200756WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETYI write this inaugural letter as Chair of the WCS Board of Trustees while steaming up the tributaries of the Amazon to-ward Perus Pacaya-Samiria Communal Reserve. Tis reserve encompasses ve million acres of irreplaceable forest in which WCS plays a central conservation role working with the Peru-vian government and local communities. Te rst impression is the landscape, or should I say river-scape? Te expanses of forest, sheries, and swamps have been aected by Amerindian presence, European invasion, com-modity booms, and resource extraction. Ten it was unsus-tainable wildlife hunting and high-grading (a form of selective logging that targets commercially valuable species) of upland forestsravages that followed those of the rubber boom. Somehow, the region survived with much of its natural glory intact. Today, it is the threat of global climate change that wor-ries conservationists. Some experts estimate that 30 percent of this forest landscape could be lost to climate changes during this century. Repeated assaults on areas of such importance to biodiver-sity remind us all of our need to develop toolsincluding the capture of the forests asset value in the market through carbon sequestrationin order to create long-term nancing for landscape conservation. We must incorporate communities in conservation planning and benets, from Cocama-Cocamilla villages to the municipalities that depend on natural resource use, to build consensus-based conservation and demonstrate the viability of large-scale conservation within the Human Footprint. Ultimately, we have to confront the global changes taking place that aect wildlife and wild lands into the future.Tese challenges are not identical to those of business, but there are many parallels. Whether operating for prot or not, we must oer the world products that make sense for our col-lective future, and we must know what we are getting in return for our investment. In the case of wildlife conservation, the re-turn is not to any single individual but to the Earth itself.WCS is in the business of creating collective goods for future generations of people and wild animals. Intelligence, common sense, innovation, and perseveranceall attributes of good businessare required by conservation, too. On the Amazon, on the Congo, or in the Arctic, we must match knowledge with eective action and working solutions in or-der to succeed in this most important mission.CHAlk'5 LEIIEkWARD W. WOODS, CHAIR OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEESANNUAL REPORT 20077In addition, WCS is tremendously grateful for the generosity and commitment of its friends who have each made contribu-tions totaling one million dollars or more this year:Darlene and Brian Heidtke, for their ongoing commitment to our work in wildlife health, in particular our Field Veteri-nary Program and the operations of our Global Center for Wildlife Health and WCS-Marine Conservation.Te Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, for its ongoing commitment to a grant program that supports state wildlife action plans in North America.Goldman Sachs Charitable Fund, for its continuing partner-ship with our Karukinka and Beyond program, whichfunds our vital conservation eorts on the island of Tierradel Fuego.Jonathan L. Cohen, for a generous gift to name the Nile crocodile pool in Madagascar! and a fund to care for these ex-traordinary animals. Te David and Lucile Packard Foundation, for support of WCSs work in Fiji and the western Pacic region, among other programs.Te Jay Pritzker Foundation, for its generous multi-year grant to fund new conservation activities in exceptionally threatened areas of Tanzania.Te Schi Family, for its magnicent support of a new en-dowment for curatorial science activities.Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods, for their extraordinarily en-lightened support of WCSs programs and activities, includ-ing the WCS Institutes State of the Wild series. Tis year, we welcome the Blue Moon Fund, Conservation International-Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, the Jay Pritzker Foundation, the Shell Exploration &amp; Production Company, and the estates of Jack R. Howard and Mary Daly Wolfson to our circle of Best Friendsthose whose cumulative philanthropy to WCS meets or exceeds one million dollars.Te Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) extends its deep ap-preciation for the new leadership gifts and pledges to our GATE-WAYS TO CONSERVATION campaign received this year.Te outstanding support of our programs, activities, and operations from those listed here is critical to ensuring that WCS continues to strive for and achieve the highest standards in all its work.WCS is enormously grateful to Robert W. Wilson for his magnicent and sustained support of our global conservation programs, with matching grant funds that this year totaled nearly $15 million. Trough this remarkably generous and enlightened challenge grant, he has had a profound and lasting impact on the future of wildlife and WCSs eorts to secure new support for its conservation work around the globe.WCS thanks the Starr Foundation for its tremendously gener-ous additional support for the construction of the C.V. Starr Sci-ence Campus at the Bronx Zoo. Te Starr Campus will be home to two vitally important new core facilities that will signicantly enhance our global conservation and wildlife health programs: the Jos E. Serrano Center for Global Conservation and the Global Center for Wildlife Health. WCS extends a heartfelt thank you to Allison and Leonard Stern, who provided an extraordinarily generous gift to support the construction of a magnicent new snow leopard exhibit at the Central Park Zoo.Te Allison Maher Stern Snow Leopard ex-hibit is scheduled to open in Spring 2009.Te Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation continued its long-standing commitment to WCS-Latin America and Caribbean by providing a major new grant for our work in the Amazon Basin. We thank Donna and Fred Nives for their generous planned gift to name the Donna and Fred Nives African Wild Dogs ex-hibit at the Bronx Zoo.PAkINEk5, FklEND5, AND 5UPPOkIEk58WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETYPkE5lDENI'5 LEIIEkSTEVEN E. SANDERSON, PRESIDENT AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICERI write this year from the western Amazon, as part of a small group visiting WCS programs in the riverine forests of north-eastern Peru. Much of Loreto, Perus largest province, is price-less to conservation. Te lands deep history of indigenous presence, colonial expeditions, nineteenth-century naturalists, and rubber barons of the Victorian era make it a perfect setting for reection on the past and future of wildlife and the special value WCS has to oer global conservation.In a famous speech in 1942, Brazilian President Getlio Vargas proposed to conquer the Amazon. Sixty-ve years later, our quest is to protect it from conquest. Te newest challenge is climate change and determining what conservation can do to mitigate and adapt to an uncertain future. Te region that has survived so many challenges for so long now confronts global transformation.Tis transformation is not exclusive to Peru or to the Ama-zon, of course. Half a world away, the rainforest of northeastern Madagascar is under similar pressure, as are the equatorial re-doubts of the great apes of Africa and the last habitat of orang-utans in Malaysian Sarawak and Indonesian Kalimantan.Te conservation challenges of the future include capturing the asset worth of forests and their creatures, through market mechanisms, to create long-term nancing for wildlife conser-vation. Tat nancial capacity is the only way to address the issues of climate mitigation and adaptation. At WCS, we also are concerned with wildlife health in the eld and in our New York City parks, as the spread of infec-tious diseases is a companion of global ecological and climate changes. In Peru, we add building human capacity to our agenda, through a long-term commitment to train the eld biologists and conservationists who will solve the Amazonian problems of the future. We also have promising exchanges with zoological institutions in the western Amazon, which help our colleagues on-site communicate the importance of wildlife to local communities. All of these activities are predicated upon a long-standing collaboration with local and national govern-ments, non-governmental partners, indigenous communities, and the Durrell Institute of Conservation Ecology.Anyone who doubts the importance of these mandates or the imminence of the threats should come to northeastern Peru. It is a spectacularly beautiful place, still rich in wild nature and human history.ANNUAL REPORT 20079In addition to those named on page 7, WCS oers special thanks to those who generously supported WCS and its ac-tivities this year with new gifts and pledges.5UPPOkI ACkO55 WC5WCS is enormously grateful to those who have provided sig-nicant unrestricted support, enabling us to utilize the funds where they are most needed. We extend our deep apprecia-tion to Katharina Otto-Bernstein, William E. Flaherty, Te Irwin Family, Te Howard Phipps Foundation, Josie and Julian Robertson, and one anonymous donor. In addition, we thank the estates of Norma E. Cossey, Eleanor T. Elliott, Henry Clay Frick II, Everett S. Steinmetz, Martha Daly Wolfson, and Ken Wollenberg for their generosity. We also extend our gratitude to those who provided fund-ing for our zoos and aquarium in New York, as well as our glob-al conservation programs around the world.Sincere thanks go to Elyssa Kellerman and Te New York Community Trust.GLO8AL CON5EkVAIlONOur global conservation eld programs, as well as our New York City-based cross-cutting programs, beneted greatly this year from a number of generous donors.We recognize the Liz Claiborne/Art Ortenberg Foundation for its signicant ongoing commitment to our conservation work around the world. Additional generous support for our global conservation programs was provided by: the Blue Moon Fund, Harvey and Heidi Bookman, BP International, Butler Conservation Fund, C. Diane Christensen, Earth Share/Envi-ronmental Federation of America, Melinda B. Frost, Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Goelet, the John D. and Catherine T. MacAr-thur Foundation, Edith McBean, Mr. and Mrs. George K. Moss, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, National Geographic Society, Katherine T. Ruttenberg/Te Ruttenberg Family, Walter and Jeanne Sedgwick, and one anonymous donor.Our conservation work in Africa received support from Mr. and Mrs. Jerey R. Anderson, Laurie F. Michaels and David Bonderman, Te Howard G. Buett Foundation, Lucy C. Dan-ziger, and Zoo Zrich.Te Homeland Foundation, Inc./E. Lisk Wycko, Jr. con-tributed vital funding for our work in Asia, and support for our Latin America and Caribbean Program was provided by Judith Hamilton. Our Marine Program was once again generously funded by Roger and Vicki Sant/Te Summit Foundation and Te Tiany &amp; Co. Foundation.Signicant support for our North America Program was pro-vided by the Wendy P. McCaw Foundation, the She...</p>