*Why do you want to be a teacher? *What do you want to accomplish? *What qualities will you take into the classroom? *What else do you need to know to.

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Take the Quiz*Why do you want to be a teacher? *What do you want to accomplish? *What qualities will you take into the classroom? *What else do you need to know to be successful?

(while youre waiting)As you come in, please write down a few thoughts about each of these questions. You will continue to reflect and add more thoughts throughout this presentation. 1Foundational BeliefsGuiding Teacher EducationJodee AndersonStacy BanksAlicia KeeganRachel WhiteSeattle Pacific UniversityEDU 6120Dr. Arthur EllisJune 8, 2009Welcome to this workshop on Foundational Beliefs Guiding Teacher Education.2PurposeTo help new educators think critically about important issues related to teaching and learning

To give a sense of the history and philosophy that has guided this noble professionThe purpose of this presentation is to help you think critically about important issues related to teaching and learning before your first day with students. It is more than a how to survive for beginning teachers. It is intended to give you a sense of the history and philosophy that has guided this noble profession.3OverviewAbout TeachersMotivationsGoalsQualities

Student PerspectivesThe ClassroomThe TeacherStudent NeedsKnowledge & AchievementWorthwhile KnowledgeRaising AchievementWhat Really Matters

Today, we will discuss what motivates a person to become a teacher. What are that persons goals? What qualities or attributes do good teachers possess? Then we will look at teaching and learning from a student perspective. What does a good classroom look and feel like in terms of atmosphere, freedom and opportunity, management and discipline, civility and orderliness? How does a teacher inspire students to learn? What needs of children and/or adolescents must be met in order for them to achieve and become good citizens? Finally, we will look at knowledge and achievement. What knowledge is of most worth? How can we raise student achievement? At the end of the school day, what really matters?4Motivations for TeachingImpact the lives of studentsPositively influence own childrenShare knowledge with othersBe in chargeParticipate in intellectual discovery (Postman & Weingartner, 2004)Engage in life-long learningHave summers/holidays off

Motivations for teaching are usually personal. They may include wanting to impact the lives of students or wanting to positively influence your own children. You may feel like you have a lot of knowledge to share with others, or perhaps you like the feeling of being in charge. You may like participating with your students in intellectual discovery or desire to keep learning yourself, which can ultimately impact the whole of society (Postman & Weingartner, 2004). And, finally, maybe you want holidays off and time during the summer to pursue personal interests or to be with your family. There are many different reasons to want to teach.

Identifying your motivations for teaching is important to better teaching. Once you examine your assumptions about teaching and your underlying objectives, you can determine how they might influence student/staff relationships and classroom instruction.5Goals in Teaching

Teach critical thinkingTeach how to learnEngage students in learningSee student progress within the aims of educationAcademic knowledgeCitizenshipEmploymentSelf-realizationCreate hunger for knowledge and skills to exploreA great teacher has intentional goals. Goals provide a strong base to start from and a way to gauge progress. Without motivated teachers who know what they want to accomplish, students will not gain the skills necessary to participate in a democratic society that is rich in choice and individuality. A teacher may hope to teach students to use critical thinking to solve problems, to help students be successful by teaching them how to learn, and to engage students in learning by providing appropriately challenging activities (Freire, 2004).

Teachers always hope to see in their students progress that demonstrates academic growth and understanding, especially within the four aims of education, including academic knowledge, citizenship, employment, and self-realization. Alfred North Whitehead, in his 1929 address, The Aims of Education, explained that education is the acquisition of the art of the utilization of knowledge. He wanted education to be useful. I think this could also apply to the employment aim, of being able to use our knowledge and skills in the workplace and in our homes. Whitehead also wanted education to be a joyful discovery for children, allowing for self-realization. He said that, the discovery which he [or she] has to make, is that general ideas give an understanding of that stream of events which pours through his life. Education for good citizenship was a major theme of much earlier philosophers, such as Socrates, a street teacher in the city of Athens in 468 BC, as well as Plato and Aristotle. They believed that successful education produced good citizens and, in turn, strengthened society. Most nobly, teachers have the obligation to create within their students an insatiable hunger for knowledge accompanied by the skills to intellectually explore their world, the people in it, and their roles as citizens.6Qualities of Great TeachersSkill Subject matterClassroom managementProfessional growthInstructional design

EnthusiasmPositive atmosphereInfluence students

CareKnow your studentsPositive relationshipsProvide opportunities for success

BeliefsStudent potentialStudent worth

Teaching greatly challenges a teachers patience, goals, and values. It is by using the positive qualities that you already possess as well as those that you develop throughout your career that greatly determines the outcomes experienced in the classroom. Though no two teachers are alike, there are some qualities that all truly great teachers seem to possess in common (DiGiulio, 2004). These are: skill, enthusiasm, and genuine care for students. Being skillful consists of having a good command of subject matter, classroom management, commitment to professional growth and an ability to create interesting learning experiences. Enthusiasm is when teachers use their own energy and creativity to create a positive classroom atmosphere and help students pick up on the excitement in learning. Genuine care includes learning about your students and their interests, creating positive teacher-student relationships, and providing opportunities for success in a safe environment.

I would add one more quality to this listbelief in student potential and worth. Great teachers believe that all students have potential to learn and are worth teaching. When a teacher can successfully show care, enthusiasm, skill and belief in students, students naturally react with an increased desire to learn. In summary, when teachers understand why they are teaching, what they hope to accomplish, and how to use positive personal qualities to influence student learning, this is when good teachers become great.7DISCUSS "The Perfect Classroom"PAUSE*What should the classroom be like?

*What is the teacher's role?

*What are the students needs?Take a few minutes to add to your initial quiz regarding your motivations, goals and qualities, and how they might affect your classroom, teaching, relationships, etc. (Reflection ~3 min) (Whole group share-aloud 3-5 min) Thank you.

To move on, lets imagine the perfect classroom. Ask yourself: What are your students doing? Where are you? How is the classroom arrangement? What is on the walls?

With the members at your table, please discuss your perfect classroom through the following questions: What is your perspective on the classroom? In other words, what should the classroom be like? What is the teachers role in the classroom? What are the students needs? (Small group discussion ~10 min) (Whole group share-aloud using a three-column chart Classroom / Teachers Role / Student Needs ~7 min)


Student Perspectives: The ClassroomReflect a positive, student-centered, orderly, safe atmosphereStudents know why they are learningStudents know how the material is relevant to their livesInformal and formal assessments are variedRoutine is established Students form a classroom democracyStudent work is displayed

The classroom must reflect a positive, student-centered, orderly atmosphere, with comfortable areas for learning and the frequent hum of activity and ideas being exchanged (Kohn, 2004, p. 162). From a student perspective, a good classroom is one where they can understand why they are learning and how the material will be relevant to their lives. Students want to be given multiple opportunities to demonstrate their learning using a variety of assessments, both formal and informal. This student choice allows them to take ownership for their learning and develop independence and confidence. John Locke supports the idea that children should be able to learn through experience in an environment rich in development of character through goal setting (Crain, 2005, pp. 5-6). This support for a student-centered classroom helps children progress. As they progress, there should be emphasis on positive reinforcement, teacher guidance, and mastery of learning.From a student perspective, an established routine with student input is appreciated. When the students have a voice in decision-making, discipline becomes class- and self- regulated because the students help to make the rules as well as their own learning goals. With daily schedules, and expectations clearly posted and accepted by all, students help each other remain on task. Students are given the opportunity to learn how to govern their own classroom as a democracy of citizens. The idea of citizenship is so important that Socrates encouraged it in the Old World. As we teach citizenship, we are not only meeting todays state standard, but we are also upholding a traditional thought in education dating back centuries. Horace Mann believed that education is the soul of a republic. In our democratic society, education serves as a foundation for our youth to gain access to power. The power of the human voice, decision making, and change in society belongs to citizens. Informed, educated citizens can use their power in order to make the changes necessary for betterment in society after graduating from the classroom. From a historical perspective, everybody has a buy in, in order to make education purposeful. Students learn this as they are allowed opportunities to establish a classroom routine and work together in a classroom democracy. Finally, student work should be displayed to encourage student motivation for learning and sustain pride. Student-centered classrooms, are inspiring for students. Their needs are known and understood. Displaying student work on the walls helps students to reflect on their own learning and understand their own needs through reflection. Student work creates inspiring spaces in the classroom. These spaces allow for freedom of thought and opportunity for students to enhance their own learning.


Student Perspectives: The TeacherInspire students to learn and growspark curiosityfacilitate learningsupport independenceGuide studentsAdjust to student needsProvide scaffoldingHigh expectationsCaters to student interestsKind and welcoming

In order for students to be truly successful, many aspects of teaching and learning must be examined. Teachers need to be more than just disseminators of information, they need to inspire their students to grow and learn, asking themselves, how can I spark their curiosity, facilitate their learning, and get out of their way? (Marlowe & Page, 2004, p. 88).The teacher is a facilitator for learning, guiding students by monitoring from various parts of the room, and participating as part of the learning team; students are often working in groups, leading the class, and helping with classroom procedures. Some thoughts about teaching tend to be much like those of John Calvin from the Reformation and Rousseau from the Romantic period of time in history. Some think that equality for all in education is a duty for a teacher to provide through guidance. Also, children should be given opportunities to follow a natural path to learning. Learning should promote activity and reflection alongside classroom study and work. Children learn through action, activity, discovery, and active participation. Memorizing vocabulary words and copying notes provided strictly by the teacher isnt the most effective or natural way for a child to learn in the classroom. There is an importance for project-based learning with teacher guidance in a quality classroom. When teachers have high expectations for the social and academic growth of their students and utilize scaffolding by adjusting to the needs of the students, students are more apt to be successful.

In addition, a teacher can inspire students by catering to their interests, allowing them to become experts on topics they enjoy. The teacher must understand how the students learn and what their developmental strengths are in order to meet various interests, needs, and maturational levels. From a lecture by Dr. Arthur Ellis in 2009, titled Four Broadly Accepted Goals of Education, we learn that balance in curriculum is needed in order to prepare students for a diverse society outside of the school. Teachers, learners, and society are all responsible for the academic outcome of each individual which includes academic knowledge, discovery, construction of knowledge, citizenship, self-realization, and career preparation. A students interests must be employed in the classroom in order for these goals to be met. A. N. Whitehead suggested that without purpose or a goal, there is no point for a learner to make a connection to their assignments in order to progress in the outside world of society. A learner can make these connections by being active learners that inquire, evaluate their thinking, and solve problems. A teacher can reinforce this by providing activities that interest the students.Finally, a teacher must be kind and welcoming. From a student perspective, a teacher needs to model excitement for learning in order to motivate inquiry and activate discovery learning. Motivating students is easy to do when a teacher displays a positive attitude, good classroom management, and has a genuine care and concern for the students. When a teacher models these positive character traits, a child learns that responsibility, caring, forgiveness, citizenship, honesty, and respect are important qualities that are valued in life. 10Safetyfreedom to make mistakesfreedom to take risksfreedom to pursue interestsClear guidelinesDecision-making opportunities

Student Perspectives: Student Needs

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