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Why are quotation marks important? Direct quotations Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Quotation marks for titles Review A Review B Using Quotation Marks Slide 2 Why are quotation marks important? In everyday conversation, its easy to tell who said what. Do you have a favorite writer? I really like Edgar Allan Poe. Slide 3 Why are quotation marks important? [End of Section] In writing, the only way we can show exactly who is speaking, and when, is by the use of quotation marks. Do you have a favorite writer? Jaime asked. I really like Edgar Allan Poe, said Maria. Slide 4 Direct quotations Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotationa persons exact words. Rita said, This car is making a strange noise. Maybe we should pull over, suggested Amy. Slide 5 Do not use quotation marks for an indirect quotationa rewording of a direct quotation. Vicki said, Im going to wash the car. Vicki said that she was going to wash the car. Direct quotation Indirect quotation Direct quotations Slide 6 When an interrupting expression divides a direct quotation into two parts, place quotation marks around both parts of the quoted statement. I want to sit here, Anna said, not over there. Lets compromise, said Sylvia. Well sit in one of the middle rows. One quoted sentence with an interrupting expression New quoted sentence following the interrupting expression Slide 7 Direct quotations Your Julius Caesar project is due on the Ides of March, Mr. Chen announced. On what date does the Ides of March fall ? Tony asked. A direct quotation can be set off from the rest of a sentence by a comma, a question mark, or an exclamation point, but not by a period. Thats easy ! Dorothy exclaimed. Its March 15 ! Comma Question mark Exclamation point Slide 8 Direct quotations Place commas and periods inside the closing quotation marks. I havent seen the movie yet, remarked Juan, but Ive heard its excellent. Slide 9 Direct quotations Place semicolons and colons outside the closing quotation marks. The Greek philosopher Socrates once said, As for me, all I know is that I know nothing ; this is one reason people consider him a wise man. The following students have been named most likely to succeed : Corey Baxter and Sally Ling. Slide 10 Direct quotations Place question marks and exclamation points inside the closing quotation marks if the quotation itself is a question or an exclamation. Is it cold in here ? the server asked. Yes! I answered. P lease turn down the air conditioner ! The quoted sentence is a question. Both direct quotations are exclamations. Slide 11 Direct quotations If the quotation itself is not a question or an exclamation, place the question mark or exclamation point outside the quotation marks. Why did you say to her, It doesnt matter ? Its not an insult to be called a bookworm ! The quoted part is not a question, but the whole sentence is. The quoted part is not an exclamation, but the whole sentence is. Slide 12 Sometimes both the whole sentence and the quotation are questions (or exclamations). Use just one question mark (or exclamation point), and place it inside the closing quotation marks. Who asked, What time is it ? Direct quotations Slide 13 1. It was a long journey, said Casey. 3.At the age of six, explained Mr. Reyes, I moved to Colorado. Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 4.Did Frances really say, Dont wait for me? Direct quotations 2. George yelled, Watch out for that pole! Slide 14 Direct quotations Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 1. It was a long journey, said Casey. The quotation marks go before and after the direct quotation. The comma is placed inside the closing quotation marks. Slide 15 Direct quotations Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 2. George yelled, Watch out for that pole! The quotation marks go before and after the direct quotation. The exclamation point is placed inside the closing quotation marks because the quotation itself is an exclamation. Slide 16 Direct quotations Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 3.At the age of six, explained Mr. Reyes, I moved to Colorado. Quotation marks must enclose both parts of the direct quotation. Periods and commas go inside closing quotation marks. Slide 17 The quotation marks go before and after the direct quotation. The question mark is placed outside the closing quotation marks because the quotation itself is not a question. Direct quotations Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 4.Did Frances really say, Dont wait for me ? Slide 18 Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 1. We should visit some castles while we are in England, Mom suggested. 2.Our guide said, Warwick Castle is one of the most beautiful. 3.Jason asked, Are any of the castles haunted? 4.No, said Mom, but well stay close together. 5. Did Jason say, I like the collection of suits of armor best? [End of Section] On Your Own Direct quotations Slide 19 Answers Direct quotations Add quotation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 1. We should visit some castles while we are in England, Mom suggested. 2.Our guide said, Warwick Castle is one of the most beautiful. 3.Jason asked, Are any of the castles haunted? 4.No, said Mom, but well stay close together. 5. Did Jason say, I like the collection of suits of armor best ? Slide 20 Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations When you write dialogue (conversation), begin a new paragraph every time the speaker changes. Sounds good to me. Meet me back here in about half an hour. In about thirty minutes, Mel answered. Sure, said Sergio. May I bring my dog, Rufus? He could use some exercise. Do you want to go to the park today? Mel asked. Slide 21 For a quoted passage with several paragraphs, put quotation marks at the beginning of each paragraph and at the end of the last paragraph. Now, this car is one of our hottest sellers. It has bucket seats, a built-in DVD player, and alloy wheels. Its also one of the safest cars on the road because of its heavy suspension and antilock brake system. It gets good gas mileage, too. All in all, I think this would be the perfect car for you. Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Slide 22 Use single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation. Helena told me, It was Ron who said, Parrots make great pets. Ron said, My parrot can say, Im a pretty bird. Do you want to hear it? Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Slide 23 1.Who shot that ball? Coach Bird wanted to know. I did, came the reply from the small, shy player. Good job, said the coach. 2.Grace asked me, What is your favorite quotation about friendship? Well, I said, I like one by Ralph Waldo Emerson. He wrote, The only way to have a friend is to be one. Correct each item by adding quotation marks and single quotation marks where necessary and by showing where each new paragraph should begin. Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Slide 24 1.Who shot that ball? Coach Bird wanted to know. I did, came the reply from the small, shy player. Good job, said the coach. Correct each item by adding quotation marks and single quotation marks where necessary and by showing where each new paragraph should begin. Slide 25 2.Grace asked me, What is your favorite quotation about friendship? Well, I said, I like one by Ralph Waldo Emerson. He wrote, The only way to have a friend is to be one. Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Correct each item by adding quotation marks and single quotation marks where necessary and by showing where each new paragraph should begin. Slide 26 On Your Own Correct the following passage by adding quotation marks and single quotation marks where needed. Also show where each new paragraph should begin. I cant wait for our camping trip! Alicia exclaimed. Its going to be so much fun. Dont forget, responded her brother Brian, Dad said that we have to help make a list and pack all the essentials. I know, said Alicia, and wasnt it Mom who said, Make sure youre prepared or you cant go along? [End of Section] Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Slide 27 Answers Dialogue, quoted passages, and quotations within quotations Correct the following passage by adding quotation marks and single quotation marks where needed. Also tell where each new paragraph should begin. I cant wait for our camping trip! Alicia exclaimed. Its going to be so much fun. Dont forget, responded her brother Brian, Dad said that we have to help make a list and pack all the essentials. I know, said Alicia, and wasnt it Mom who said, Make sure youre prepared or you cant go along ? Slide 28 Quotation marks for titles Use quotation marks to enclose titles of short works such as short stories, poems, essays, articles, songs, and chapters and other parts of books and periodicals. The Pit and the Pendulum Short story Fire and Ice Poem Charley in Yellowstone Essay Slide 29 For titles within quotations, use single quotation marks. Quotation marks for titles Val asked, Did you like my rendition of America the Beautiful ? Carl Sandburg wrote the poem Fog, said Terry. Slide 30 1.I learned the information from an essay called Digital Communication in the 21 st Century. 2.Have you read the story The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry? 3.Born in the USA is my sisters favorite Bruce Springsteen song. Identify the title in each sentence. Then correct the sentence by adding quotation marks where needed. Quotation marks for titles Slide 31 1.I learned the information from an essay called Digital Communication in the 21 st Century. Identify the title in each sentence. Then correct the sentence by adding quotation marks where needed. Essay titleDigital Communication in the 21 st Cen

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