Who are the Aborigines?. Aborigines Aborigines Indigenous people of Australia Indigenous people of Australia Have occupied Australia for at least 40,000.

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  • Slide 1
  • Who are the Aborigines?
  • Slide 2
  • Aborigines
  • Slide 3
  • Aborigines Indigenous people of Australia Indigenous people of Australia Have occupied Australia for at least 40,000 years Have occupied Australia for at least 40,000 years Arrived from Southeast Asia Arrived from Southeast Asia The word aborigine means people who were here from the beginning The word aborigine means people who were here from the beginning
  • Slide 4
  • Aborigines Developed efficient ways to adapt to the harsh Australian environment Developed efficient ways to adapt to the harsh Australian environment Built containers for storing water and built wells to collect water underground They were hunters and gatherers: ate animals, wild nuts, fruits, and berries They were hunters and gatherers: ate animals, wild nuts, fruits, and berries They were nomadic moved from place to place in search of food They were nomadic moved from place to place in search of food
  • Slide 5
  • Aborigines Archaeologists have found early Aboriginal inventions: rock art, boomerangs, ground axes, and grindstones Archaeologists have found early Aboriginal inventions: rock art, boomerangs, ground axes, and grindstones There is no written record of prehistoric Aborigines There is no written record of prehistoric Aborigines Kept their history by telling stories that were passed down from generation to generation Kept their history by telling stories that were passed down from generation to generation
  • Slide 6
  • Social Structure Consisted of a tribe or language group Consisted of a tribe or language group A tribe included bands called hordes of 10 to 20 people A tribe included bands called hordes of 10 to 20 people Hordes joined for daily food gathering and hunting Hordes joined for daily food gathering and hunting
  • Slide 7
  • Where? Settled in the same places as present-day Australians Settled in the same places as present-day Australians Climate was mild and water was available In the tropical north, most lived along the coasts and river Before Europeans arrived in 1788, around 500,000 people lived in Australia
  • Slide 8
  • Arrival of Europeans Aborigines lived on Australias coast, which is where the Europeans wanted to settle Aborigines lived on Australias coast, which is where the Europeans wanted to settle Europeans waged war against the Aborigines in order to take their land Europeans waged war against the Aborigines in order to take their land
  • Slide 9
  • Advantage of Europeans Guns, soldiers Guns, soldiers Diseases Diseases More than half of the Aborigines in Australia died Entire population died in Tasmania (Sound familiar???)
  • Slide 10
  • What happened to the remaining Aborigines? Forced to live on reservations in the Outback Forced to live on reservations in the Outback Were forced to work for Europeans on sheep and cattle ranches Were forced to work for Europeans on sheep and cattle ranches Laws were made to limit where Aborigines could live and work Laws were made to limit where Aborigines could live and work The British hoped to end all Aboriginal culture with their policies
  • Slide 11
  • Slide 12
  • Aborigines Today 300,000 live in Australia today 300,000 live in Australia today In the 1960s, policies were changed to be in favor of Aborigines In the 1960s, policies were changed to be in favor of Aborigines Can hold a seat in Parliament Can have their own schools which teach their culture, language, and art Live modern lives, some are teachers, lawyers, nurses, and politicians
  • Slide 13
  • Aborigines Today
  • Slide 14
  • Religion Aboriginal religion is called Dreamtime Aboriginal religion is called Dreamtime the Dreaming is what Aborigines call the beginning of life on Earth the Dreaming is what Aborigines call the beginning of life on Earth During the Dreaming, spirits created the land, people, and animals During the Dreaming, spirits created the land, people, and animals Most of the spirits disappeared, but some live on in objects
  • Slide 15
  • Religion Believe the earth is a link to the spiritual world Believe the earth is a link to the spiritual world The land itself is sacred to Aborigines Aborigines have Dreamtime legends that describe how the earth was created
  • Slide 16
  • Dreamtime
  • Slide 17
  • Your Task Create your own Aboriginal Dreamtime Legend Create your own Aboriginal Dreamtime Legend You may choose to write about You may choose to write about Why certain Australian animals look/act the way they do How one of Australia's physical features was created Why certain events in nature happen There is no length limit, but your story must have at least 3 paragraphs. Be Creative!!!!
  • Slide 18
  • Your Task Create your own Aboriginal Art Create your own Aboriginal Art Use the symbol charts as a guide Use the symbol charts as a guide Remember that all Aboriginal Art revolves around nature Remember that all Aboriginal Art revolves around nature Be Creative! Be Creative! Be Colorful! Be Colorful!
  • Slide 19
  • Credits Google Images http://www.google.com/. Google Images http://www.google.com/.http://www.google.com/ Discovery Education Images Discovery Education Images Aboriginal rock painting of a kangaroo.. 2005. Image. 17 March 2011.. Aboriginal rock painting of a kangaroo.. 2005. Image. 17 March 2011.. The Aboriginals: Australia's First Inhabitants. EMI, 1988. Video Segment. 17 March 2011.. The Aboriginals: Australia's First Inhabitants. EMI, 1988. Video Segment. 17 March 2011.. Three Legends of Australian Aboriginals. EMI, 1992. Full Video. 17 March 2011.. Three Legends of Australian Aboriginals. EMI, 1992. Full Video. 17 March 2011.. Mystic Lands: Australia: Dreamtime. Duncan Group, 1997. Full Video. 17 March 2011.. Mystic Lands: Australia: Dreamtime. Duncan Group, 1997. Full Video. 17 March 2011.. Mullins, E. R., Jr. (2009). CRCT Test Prep, 6 th Grade Social Studies Teaching the Georgia Performance Standards. Clairmont Press, Inc. Lilburn, GA. Mullins, E. R., Jr. (2009). CRCT Test Prep, 6 th Grade Social Studies Teaching the Georgia Performance Standards. Clairmont Press, Inc. Lilburn, GA.