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  • What is Irony ?

  • Irony is… • A disconnect

    between expectations and reality:

    – Between what is said and what is meant– Between what is said and what is meant

    – Between what is expected and what really

    happens

    – Between what appears to be true and what

    actually is true.

  • Verbal Irony

    In verbal irony,

    there is a conflict

    between what is

    “The instructions were as clear as mud.”

    “This is a fine mess”

    “A patriot must always be ready between what is

    said and what is

    meant.

    to defend his country

    against his government.” -Edward Abbey

    ”He was as pleasant and relaxed as a coiled rattlesnake”

    -Kurt Vonnegut

    from Breakfast of Champions

  • “This worthy’s name was Hubert. . .”

    Chaucer in The General Prologue

    speaking of the friar-

    an extremely corrupt member of the clergy.

    Chaucer calls him “worthy”

    but really he is completely

    unworthy of his holy position.

  • One commonly found

    example of verbal irony is the

    ever present ironic t-shirt.

  • Sometimes verbal irony is

    unintentional…

  • Verbal irony in Jane Austen.

    • Ex. The first sentence of Pride and Prejudice:

    • “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife”

    • Actually, it is the female characters who are searching for husbands- particularly husbands with money.

  • Situational Irony

    Situational irony

    is when

    what actually what actually happens

    is different

    from what

    you expect to happen.

  • QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor

    Television shows like “The Simpsons” and

    “Family Guy” use situational irony as comedy.

    YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture.

  • Dramatic Irony

    • Dramatic irony

    occurs when the

    reader (or audience)

    knows something knows something

    that the character

    does not.

  • Dramatic Irony in Shrek

    • In this scene of

    Shrek, the audience

    knows that Princess

    Fiona is an ogre, but

    QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor

    are needed to see this picture.

    Fiona is an ogre, but

    Shrek does not.

    are needed to see this picture.

  • Dramatic Irony in Tragedy is often

    called “tragic irony”

    Romeo poisons himself when he believes Juliet is dead

    We know she is only sleeping.

    Shakespeare’s use of dramatic irony makes you want to stop Romeo from taking the poison.

    Dramatic irony in a play draws the audience into the action.