WHAT ARE THEY? HOW DO THEY ASSUME CONTROL? WHAT DO THEY DO WHEN THEY ARE IN CONTROL? Rise of Totalitarian Dictatorships.

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Slide 1 WHAT ARE THEY? HOW DO THEY ASSUME CONTROL? WHAT DO THEY DO WHEN THEY ARE IN CONTROL? Rise of Totalitarian Dictatorships Slide 2 Totalitarianism 1. Totalitarianism is a system of government where Slide 3 Totalitarianism 1. Totalitarianism is a system of government where One party has absolute power to control every part of a society (political, economic, & cultural). Examples of Totalitarian governments? Slide 4 Totalitarianism 1. Totalitarianism is a system of government where One party has absolute power to control every part of a society (political, economic, & cultural). Examples of Totalitarian governments? Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Communist China, the Soviet Union, Communist North Korea, Communist Cuba Slide 5 Totalitarianism 2. Totalitarian governments take control of a country By using the peoples unhappiness w/ the GOV while promising peace, security, & prosperity. Slide 6 Totalitarianism This is the Process to Dictatorship. Step 1: The people dislike the current GOV. Step 2: There is a crisis the people want solved. Slide 7 Totalitarianism This is the Process to Dictatorship. Step 1: The people dislike the current GOV. Step 2: There is a crisis the people want solved. Step 3: The party can solve the crisis promising peace, prosperity, & security. Slide 8 Totalitarianism This is the Process to Dictatorship. Step 1: The people dislike the current GOV. Step 2: There is a crisis the people want solved. Step 3: The party can solve the crisis promising peace, prosperity, & security. Step 4: The party takes control & changes all of society to what they want. Slide 9 Totalitarianism This is the Process to Dictatorship. Step 1: The people dislike the current GOV. Step 2: There is a crisis the people want solved. Step 3: The party can solve the crisis promising peace, prosperity, & security. Step 4: The party takes control & changes all of society to what they want. Step 5: The party eliminates enemies of the state & tries to expand their influence. Totalitarians are anti-democratic, anti-capitalist, anti- religion, & anti-liberty. Slide 10 Totalitarianism 3. Once in power, totalitarian governments consolidate and maintain power through Cult of Personality. Regulation of the Economy. Regulation of the State. Slide 11 Totalitarianism 4. Cult of Personality: Where a dictator uses propaganda to create a heroic image of himself, like a savior. Slide 12 Totalitarianism 4. Cult of Personality: Where a dictator uses propaganda to create a heroic image of himself, like a savior. This is similar to hero worship & messiah complex. The Leader is the symbol of the perfect man. Every person models themselves after him. Totalitarian states use film, photography, & public education to brainwash the people. Slide 13 Who is this? Cult of Personalities Slide 14 Who is this? Cult of Personalities Slide 15 Who is this? Cult of Personalities Slide 16 Who is this? Cult of Personalities Slide 17 What is this? Cult of Personalities Who is that man who appears to the toilers, Spreading happiness and joy all around? It is Stalin, I shout, so the whole world will hear, It is Stalin, our Leader and Friend. Slide 18 Totalitarianism 5. Regulation of the Economy: GOV commands all parts of the economy. GOV controls the means of production (industry, businesses, agriculture). Sometimes this means outright control or just requiring production quotas to be met. Slide 19 Totalitarianism 5. Regulation of the Economy: GOV commands all parts of the economy. GOV controls the means of production (industry, businesses, agriculture). Sometimes this means outright control or just requiring production quotas to be met. The economy gives the Leader the money & weapons to change society & conquer. Everyone has a task in the economy; everyone must complete their task for the Leaders vision to come true. Slide 20 Totalitarianism 6. Regulation of the State: GOV controls society through censorship, brainwashing, & a secret police. Slide 21 Totalitarianism 6. Regulation of the State: GOV controls society through censorship, brainwashing, & a secret police. Information is censored & actions are monitored. Schools brainwash children into the Cult of Personality. The secret police uses fear, intimidation, & violence to control your life. Any threats to GOV control are removed. Slide 22 Totalitarianism 7. Totalitarianism comes in three forms Fascism. As seen in Italy. Nazism. As seen in Germany. Communism. As seen in Russia. Slide 23 Totalitarianism 8. Fascism is a totalitarian GOV that Is very nationalistic, divides society into groups w/ specific roles, & removes all those seen as weak. Society should function like: a cell w/ each part given a role & controlled by the nucleus. Slide 24 Totalitarianism Regulation of the Economy: GOV tells all businesses, farms, & factories what to make & where to send it. Unlike in Communism, Fascism usually lets people still have private property. Regulation of the State: encourages everyone to energetically work to make the country strong & united. Slide 25 Totalitarianism Regulation of the Economy: GOV tells all businesses, farms, & factories what to make & where to send it. Unlike in Communism, Fascism usually lets people still have private property. Regulation of the State: encourages everyone to energetically work to make the country strong & united. This ideology attacks: anyone that would weaken society & the Leaders vision/control. Fascists target: Communists, Capitalists, the poor, & minorities (threats to control, strength, or unity). Foreign Policy: conquest of weaker countries to fulfill its nations destiny. Slide 26 Totalitarianism 9. Nazism is a totalitarian GOV that Is violently nationalistic, divides society into groups w/ specific roles, & commits acts of war & genocide. Slide 27 Totalitarianism 9. Nazism is a totalitarian GOV that Is violently nationalistic, divides society into groups w/ specific roles, & commits acts of war & genocide. German society: was a master race that wanted unity of all pure Germans to have the strength to conquer. In this way, Nazism is a more extreme form of Fascism specifically for Germans. Regulation of the economy & the state are the same, but Nazism is much more violent with plans of mass murder. Slide 28 Totalitarianism This ideology attacks: undesirables that pollute their superior genes & weakens the nations strength & unity. Nazis target: Communists, Capitalists, Jews, Slavic peoples, intellectuals, Gypsies, artists, criminals, and the handicapped. Foreign Policy: conquest of living space from inferior nations while enslaving or exterminating the weak. Slide 29 Totalitarianism 10. What can we remember about Communism & the Soviet Union? What are the differences between Fascism & Communism? Slide 30 Totalitarianism 10. What can we remember about Communism & the Soviet Union? What are the differences between Fascism & Communism? Similarities include both wanting total control, to change society according to their vision, to eliminate threats, & create a Cult of Personality. However, Communism takes control of all property, eliminates people w/ wealth, & wants to spread revolution. Fascism is ultra-patriotic, leaves property alone, & uses war to expand influence & eliminate anyone not apart of their nation.