WH Chapter 1 Section 1 Notes

Download WH Chapter 1 Section 1 Notes

Post on 23-Jun-2015




1 download

Embed Size (px)


  • 1. CHAPTER 1 Section 1

2. UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST Austen Layard dug up statues in Iraq in 1845 that were from the Assyrian civilization--- statues that were 3,000 years old Geography---the study of people, their environments, and their available resources Five important themes sum up the impact of geography on the human story---location, place, movement, region, and human- environment interaction 3. LOCATION Location tells us where a place is on the Earths surface Latitude---measures distances north or south of the Equator Longitude---measures distances east or west of the Prime Meridian 4. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE 5. PLACE Geographers describe places in terms of their physical features and human characteristics Physical features of a place can include: landforms, bodies of water, climate, soil quality, resources, and plant and animal life Human characteristics include: where most people live, economic activities, religious beliefs, and languages 6. HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION People interact with the environment (Common Sense!!!) Examples---using river water to irrigate crops, cutting down trees for farmland, canals and roads 7. MOVEMENT In early times, people followed herds of animals on which they depended on for food In more recent times, people have migrated from rural areas into cities in search of jobs In both ancient times and today, traders carry goods from one part of the Earth to the other and people such as settlers carry ideas 8. REGION Geographers divide the world into many types of regions Regions can be defined based on location (the Middle East),or by political, economic, or cultural features 9. PREHISTORY Prehistory is the period of time before writing (think about it logically---without writing anything down there was no records of anything humans did before they learned to write) Prehistoric people DID NOT HAVE: cities, countries, governments, or complex inventions 10. ANTHROPOLOGY AND CULTURE Anthropology---the study of the origins and development of people and their societies Culture---the way of life of a society handed down from generation to generation 11. ARCHAEOLOGY Archaeology---the study of past people and cultures 12. TECHNOLOGY Technology---the skills and tools used to meet basic needs 13. EXAMPLES OF SCIENTISTS WHO HELP OUT ARCHAEOLOGISTS Geologists, botanists, zoologists, biologists, chemists, climate experts 14. HISTORIANS Historians---study how people lived in the past What historians do you know?