web science and the two (hundred) cultures: representation of disciplines publishing in web science

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This talk summarises the content of my WebSci'13 publication on disciplinary representation in Web Science. The abstract of the paper is: Web Science is an interdisciplinary field. Motivated by the unforeseen scale and impact of the web, it addresses web related research questions in a holistic manner, incorporating epistemologies from a broad set of disciplines. There has been ongoing discussion about which disciplines are more or less present in the community, and about defining Web Science itself: there is, however, a dearth of empirical work in this area. This paper presents an analysis of the presence of different disciplines in Web Science. We applied Natural Language Processing and topic extraction to a corpus of Web Science material, analysing it with graphing and visualisation tools, MatLab and an expert survey. We discovered four communities within Web Science, and trends in the conference series over time (a strong impact from collocation) and format (posters covering a broader range of topics than papers). The expert survey linked highly ranked terms with disciplines, yielding strong links with Communication, Computer Science, Psychology, and Sociology. Controversially, experts described highly ranked topics and suggested disciplines (extracted from WebSci CFPs) as not reflecting the nature of Web Science.

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  • 1. Web Science and the Two(Hundred) CulturesFriday 3rd May, 2013Clare J. Hooper1, Georgeta Bordea2, Paul Buitelaar21) IT Innovation, University of Southampton2) DERI, National University of IrelandRepresentation of Disciplines Publishing inWeb Sciencecjh@it-innovation.soton.ac.ukWeb Science 2013

2. WebSci isinterdisciplinary Its addressed keyquestions for years We can still struggleto describe it University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013The question 3. How we doWebSci isimportant Quality Credibility Data insight University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Why worry about it?dtc.webscience.ecs.soton.ac.uk/about-webscience-main-site/ 4. 1. Collate data corpus2. NLP to extract topics3. Analysis:graphing, visualisation4. Analysis ofcommunities5. Analysis of WebSciconference series6. Expert survey University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Methodsaffron.deri.ie 5. 1) Web Science Communities University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013 6. Web Science Communities University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013 7. 4 real communities 3 communitiessubsumed withinothers Web page, semanticweb technology, socialmedia 2 incongruentcommunities future research, socialscience University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Web Science Communities 8. Key CommunitiesInformationretrievalSemanticWebSocialnetworkingPersonalisedlearning University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013 9. 2) Web Science Conference Series University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013 10. Conference series (time) University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011 11. Conference series (time) University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011 12. Conference series (time) University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011 13. Conference series (time) University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011 14. 3) Expert Survey University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013 Top extracted terms Suggested discipline list (past WebSci CFPs) 13 respondents 15. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci 16. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci 17. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci 18. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci 19. Controversy University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013There are somestartling absence,e.g. businessstudies, art, culture[] and education.You need to add allthe [humanities]disciplines if youregoing to addphilosophy [] Andwhat about art,design, mediastudies, genderstudies?The [term] list seems to bevery much slanted towardstechnology and away fromanything like law, economics,sociology. 20. Larger debate Can terms represent disciplines? Mapping Meaning Term extraction loss of context argumentation, methods, author background How to get it back? Related terms/term clusters Definitions Show full paragraphs University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013 21. Data and results: clarehooper.net/WebSciCorpus/ University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Summing up 22. 4 communities Colocation works! Term/discipline links vary Discipline presence varies Disparity: terms / CFPsand expert expectations University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Summing up 23. It aint over The expert survey wasinvaluable but small: wewant more data! Please take 3 minutes tofill in a survey Or visitisurvey.soton.ac.uk/7480 University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Come participate!

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