Waste Management Meagan Heath Supervisor, Waste Management Grounds, Fleet, and Waste Management

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Waste Management Meagan Heath Supervisor, Waste Management Grounds, Fleet, and Waste Management. Tuesday, January 11, 2011. Agenda. Grounds, Fleet and Waste Management Waste Management History ZeroWaste Waste Management Program Tri-bin Recycling Organic Waste Bulk Waste Special Waste - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Waste Management

    Meagan HeathSupervisor, Waste ManagementGrounds, Fleet, and Waste ManagementTuesday, January 11, 2011

  • *AgendaGrounds, Fleet and Waste ManagementWaste Management HistoryZeroWasteWaste Management ProgramTri-bin RecyclingOrganic WasteBulk WasteSpecial WasteOther Waste DiversionFurther Potential DiversionSafe DisposalWhat Can You Do?

  • Grounds, Fleet, Waste ManagementWho are we?

    What do we do?

    *

  • Was Management History 3 Rs hierarchy * Current: 60% recycling

    Chart1

    22144100

    27488400

    2219300310830

    1952190711570

    17762501070840

    17231301185630

    1798000965000

    20440001340000

    23300001287000

    21880001200000

    22360001320000

    24277901320000

    19147402092250

    19971101854000

    19971102163900

    18260002549000

    19110002856000

    Waste

    Recycling

    Year

    Kilograms (000's)

    Waste Management Data 1987 to 2009

    Keele waste

    Waste Management Statistics (Keele Campus)

    Solid Waste Generation Pattern

    WasteRecyclingRecycling

    WasteGeneratedRecyclingGeneratedas a % of

    CommunityGeneratedper capitaGeneratedper capitaTotal

    YearSize(kg)(kg)(kg)(kg)Waste

    1987$50,0812,214,41044.22000%

    1989$53,4632,748,84051.42000%

    1991$60,5062,219,30036.68310,8306.1412%

    1993$50,6601,952,19038.54711,57014.0527%

    1995$52,9341,776,25033.561,070,84020.2338%

    1997$53,6131,723,13032.141,185,63022.1141%

    1999$57,0391,798,00031.50965,00016.9235%

    2000$58,4552,044,00034.971,340,00022.9240%

    2001$64,7302,330,00058.871,287,00019.8836%

    2002$67,7852,188,00050.141,200,00017.735%

    2003$72,8572,236,00047.781,320,00018.1237%

    2004$78,9222,427,79049.051,320,00016.7335%

    2005$82,1491,914,74023.312,092,25025.4752%

    2006$85,0001,997,11023.501,854,00021.8148%

    2007$85,0001,997,11023.502,163,90025.4652%

    2008$65,0001,826,00028.092,549,00039.258%

    2009$75,0001,911,00025.482,856,0003860%

    Keele waste

    Waste

    Recycling

    Year

    Kilograms (000's)

    Waste Management Data 1987 to 2009

    Per capita

    Waste Production and Recycling per Capita (student population)

    20022003-20042004-20052005-20062006-20072007-20082008-20092009-2010

    Solid Waste produced (excl. 3 Rs initiatives)Kg2,188,0002,236,0002,427,7901,915,0001,997,1101,997,1001,826,0001,911,000

    Recyclables producedKg1,200,0001,320,0001,320,4502,092,0001,969,4502,163,9002,549,0002,856,000

    Student population at York43,63546,79449,49650,69451,42059,68551,98953,205

    Solid waste per capitaKg/Capita50.1447.7849.0537.7838.8433.4635.1235.92

    Recyclables per capitaKg/Capita27.528.2126.6841.2738.336.2649.0353.68

    Waste Production and Recycling per Capita (student population)

    Per capita

    Solid waste per capita

    Recyclables per capita

    Kg per Capita

  • ZeroWaste Triple Bottom Line benefits Target: 65% by 2013

  • Tri-bin Recycling*

    RECYCLINGGARBAGEPAPER PRODUCTSBOTTLES AND CANSAcceptable: Any type of paper (staples and clips are okay)Boxboard (i.e. cereal boxes)Newspapers & magazinesSticky-notesBooks Acceptable: Glass & plastic bottlesMetal cansMilk & juice cartons & boxesPlastic tubs & lidsAluminum trays Aerosol containerPaint cans Acceptable:Mixed material waste (i.e. coffee cups or binder with plastic & metal parts)Non-recyclable plastics (i.e. takeout containers, cutlery and cups)Plastic bags Biodegradable packagingNot acceptable:No coffee cupsNo biodegradable packagingNo coated paper (with wax, plastic, or foil)No plastic bindersNo transparenciesNo corrugated cardboardNot Acceptable: No coffee cupsNo foam or plastic clamshellsNo biodegradable packagingNo plastic bagsNo aluminum foilNo scrap metal or plasticNo dishwareNo window/mirror glassNo light bulbsNot Acceptable:No recyclable materialsNo organic/food waste No bulk waste: cardboard, packing foam, furnitureNo special waste: batteries, electronics, household hazardous, light bulbs

  • Organic Waste*FOOD VENDORS Kitchen scraps Cooking oil

    INDOOR (KITCHENETTE) ORGANIC WASTE CONTAINEROUTDOOR ORGANIC DIGESTER (COMPOSTER)Acceptable:Any food wasteSoiled napkins or tissuesAcceptable:Fruit & vegetable wasteTea bags & coffee filtersSoiled napkins or tissuesPlain bread or grains (pasta, rice, etc.)Not Acceptable:No gum No packaging (including biodegradable)No animal wasteNo material that is not compostable (i.e. plastic, metal, glass)Not Acceptable:No meat No dairyNo oil or dressingsNo packaging (including biodegradable)No animal wasteWhere: In food waste containers located in all kitchenettesWhere: In organic digesters around campus

  • Bulk WastePaper Towels (Washrooms)

    Clothing

    Books

    Corrugated Cardboard

    Foam Packing Material

    Office Paper & Books

    Furniture*

  • Special WasteBatteries

    E-Waste

    Household Hazardous

    Light Bulbs

    Confidential Paper

    *From on campus use only, please.

  • Other Waste DiversionYard Waste

    Grass Clippings

    Wood

    Concrete

    Asphalt

    Paint

    Household Hazardous

    *Scrap Metal

    White Goods

    Propane Tanks

    Vehicles

    Tires

    Mercury

    Automotive Fluids and Filters

  • Further Potential Reuse/RecyclingConstruction, Renovation and Demolition Waste

    Handled by the contracted construction company

    Currently:Scrap MetalConcrete, Brick, Aggregate

    Potential:CarpetingCeiling TilesDrywall*

  • Safe DisposalFreon (refrigerators)

    PCB (ballasts, transformers)

    Asbestos (building materials)

    Syringes

    *

  • What Can You Do?Reduce

    Reuse

    Recycle

    Rethink*

    Chart2

    49.0526.68

    37.7841.27

    38.8438.3

    33.4636.26

    35.1249.03

    35.9253.68

    Solid waste per capita

    Recyclables per capita

    Kg per Capita

    Keele waste

    Waste Management Statistics (Keele Campus)

    Solid Waste Generation Pattern

    WasteRecyclingRecycling

    WasteGeneratedRecyclingGeneratedas a % of

    CommunityGeneratedper capitaGeneratedper capitaTotal

    YearSize(kg)(kg)(kg)(kg)Waste

    1987$50,0812,214,41044.22000%

    1989$53,4632,748,84051.42000%

    1991$60,5062,219,30036.68310,8306.1412%

    1993$50,6601,952,19038.54711,57014.0527%

    1995$52,9341,776,25033.561,070,84020.2338%

    1997$53,6131,723,13032.141,185,63022.1141%

    1999$57,0391,798,00031.50965,00016.9235%

    2000$58,4552,044,00034.971,340,00022.9240%

    2001$64,7302,330,00058.871,287,00019.8836%

    2002$67,7852,188,00050.141,200,00017.735%

    2003$72,8572,236,00047.781,320,00018.1237%

    2004$78,9222,427,79049.051,320,00016.7335%

    2005$82,1491,914,74023.312,092,25025.4752%

    2006$85,0001,997,11023.501,854,00021.8148%

    2007$85,0001,997,11023.502,163,90025.4652%

    2008$65,0001,826,00028.092,549,00039.258%

    2009$75,0001,911,00025.482,856,0003860%

    Keele waste

    Waste

    Recycling

    Year

    Kilograms (000's)

    Waste Management Data 1987 to 2009

    Per capita

    Waste Production and Recycling per Capita (student population)

    20022003-20042004-20052005-20062006-20072007-20082008-20092009-2010

    Solid Waste produced (excl. 3 Rs initiatives)Kg2,188,0002,236,0002,427,7901,915,0001,997,1101,997,1001,826,0001,911,000

    Recyclables producedKg1,200,0001,320,0001,320,4502,092,0001,969,4502,163,9002,549,0002,856,000

    Student population at York43,63546,79449,49650,69451,42059,68551,98953,205

    Solid waste per capitaKg/Capita50.1447.7849.0537.7838.8433.4635.1235.92

    Recyclables per capitaKg/Capita27.528.2126.6841.2738.336.2649.0353.68

    Waste Production and Recycling per Capita (student population)

    Per capita

    Solid waste per capita

    Recyclables per capita

    Kg per Capita

  • Thank youQuestions?

    www.yorku.ca/csbo/groundsfleetwaste/index.html*

    Hello. My name is Meagan Heath. I am the Waste Management Supervisor in the Grounds, Fleet, and Waste Management unit. Today I will be introducing you to the Universitys waste management program. If you have any questions as I go through, feel free to interrupt me at any time.*The agenda includes:Introducing who we are.Giving a brief history of waste management at York.And describing our waste management program.*Grounds, Fleet and Waste Management is a unit within Campus Services and Business Operations, which provides services to support Yorks academic and research mission, and overall campus life.Grounds, Fleet and Waste Management, which Ill call Grounds, is responsible for grounds maintenance, road and side walk maintenance, snow removal, fleet management, pest management, waste management including recycling, composting and waste reduction initiatives, and other community services such as furniture moves. This presentation will focus on the waste management aspect of our services.*Did you know that York University is responsible for managing all the waste it produces? As large institution, we do not receive waste management services from the municipality, like you probably do at home. We have to take care of it ourselves, which is why our programs are somewhat different from what you may have seen elsewhere.

    In managing our waste, York follows the 3Rs hierarchy. We try to avoid creating waste by prioritizing reduction and reuse, and when waste cant be avoided we try to divert as much as possible through recycling and composting.

    York has long been engaged in a variety of waste diversion activities. In the early-1980s, York was collecting a variety of materials, including paper, scrap metal, corrugated cardboard, and motor oil for recycling, and in the early-1990s, York formalized its waste diversion program. Today this program includes: waste reduction and reuse initiatives, recycling for a board range of materials, onsite and offsite composting, safe disposal of hazardous waste, and, as of 2009, a partnership with the province as a Stewardship Ontario waste depot. As this table illustrates, each year more and more of our waste is sent for recycling.

    Last year, approximately 60% of Yorks total solid waste was sent to be recycled. To put that in perspective, the City of Torontos residential waste management program diverts approximately 45% each year, so were doing pretty well. But, there is always room for improvement. *Our increasing recognition of the importance of reducing and diverting our waste, led to the creation of the ZeroWaste program, and the adoption of the target recycling rate of 65% by 2013.

    The ZeroWaste program, launched in June 2010, has several important elements:Garbage cans were replaced with tri-bin recycling stations, making it equally convenient to recycle as it is to use the garbage.Organic waste bins were placed in most coffee rooms and kitchenettes in academic and administrative buildings. Previously, the public could only compost through outdoor organic digesters, so these indoor bins, made it more convenient to dispose of organic waste for composting.University staff and faculty are required to empty their own desk-side recycling and garbage bins into communal bins. By making individuals take responsibility for their own waste, it is expected that waste generation will be reduced. We have partnered with units such as Residence Life and Food Services to help reduce and divert more waste from major generating areas.And, in association with Communications and Marketing, programs such as Res Race to Zero, and events such as todays, we are working on increasing education around waste management.

    The benefits of the ZeroWaste program address all three elements of the triple bottom line.

    Environmentally:Through education and greater personal responsibility, overall waste generation should be reduced.More recyclables and organic waste will be captured for diversion, reducing the amount sent to landfill.

    Economically:York will have a cost savings associated with lower disposal fees for recyclables than for garbage.Waste reduction will also provide important cost savings, both in terms of reduced asset consumption, and reduced disposal fees.

    Socially:Because Custodial staff no longer have to empty each individual desk-side waste bin, there will be a productivity gain. This will allow for a reallocation of resources, ensuring more reliable service execution, resulting in a cleaner, more pleasant workplace. It is important to note that no one is being laid off as a result of this program. Its intention is the reallocate labour, not reduce the workforce.

    Now, Ill quickly review the main elements of our waste management operations.

    Who can name 5 items that are collected for recycling at York?Much of the Universitys waste diversion program is achieved through the tri-bin system, which covers the indoors and outdoors of York Universitys Keele and Glendon campuses. Tri-bins consist of grouping of three waste receptacles, for the collection of source-separated recyclables (1) paper products and (2) bottles and cans, as well as a third bin for (3) non-recyclable garbage. Materials should be sorted and disposed of according to categories described in this chart, which can be found on our website.

    *Composting is an important part of Yorks waste diversion program we have several different means to capture organic waste: Approximately 60 Organic Digesters (a.k.a. composters) are located around the outdoors of Keele and Glendon campuses. These digesters can be used by the York community to dispose of any fruit or vegetable waste. The open-bottomed digesters are in direct contact with the soil so the food gets broken down by worms and other critters. Once per year the compost is spread around naturalized parts of campus. Any food waste with meat, dairy, or oil poses a pest and odour risk, and is not suitable for the digesters. The digesters are large black cones as pictured here, and the next slide maps out where they are located on Keele campus.

    As a part of the Zero Waste program, all kitchenettes and coffee rooms have been outfitted with a container to collect food waste for composting. The kitchenette organic container is pictured here. The organic waste from these containers is for sent to an off-site industrial aerobic composting facility. The resultant compost has various applications, including soil amendments or landfill cover.

    The types of food waste that should go into the indoor kitchenette organic waste container and outdoor digester are different. This chart, which can be found on our website, details what goes into each kind of organic bin.

    As well, all food vendors on campus are required to collect organic waste kitchen scraps, which also sent to an off-site composting facility. Food vendors also must collect their used cooking oil, which is reprocessed as animal feed by Wardlaws Poultry Farm.*We collect many bulk items for recycling. I can talk about any of them in greater detail if anyone is interested.

    Washroom waste bins in washrooms with paper towel dispensers are for paper towels only, which are collected for recycling, unless labelled Garbage. Please do not contaminate with other waste. York University continues to reduce paper towel consumption by replacing towel dispenses with new generation hand dryers in high use areas.Clothing: Donate for reuse in the two clothing bins are location on Keele campus (see the Waste Diversion Map for locations)Books: Donate for reuse. York University's Bookstore will often buy back used text books, and sell them at a discounted price to students. Corrugated cardboard (with a ruffled inner layer): Flattened and deposited in the specially marked blue containers found at any loading dock or recycling depot. Foam packing material (i.e. the blocks used to package electronics not foam peanuts): Bag and leave on any loading dock.Office paper and books: Do not overfill communal recycling bins. If you have a large quantity of paper to recycle, Custodial Services offers a free Clean Out service. Bins can be requested by emailing facilities@yorku.ca. Furniture: Leave on any loading dock. For any significant quantity, fill a Service Request. When possible, furniture will be repurposed and redistributed. Otherwise, it will be disassembled for recycling and disposal.

    *Similarly, many special waste items are collected for recycling. Again, I can elaborate any of these.

    Batteries can be deposited in specially marked black Battery Recycling containers located on loading docks (see the Waste Diversion Map). Please do not bring in batteries from home to deposit for recycling; only work usage batteries are acceptable.Electronic waste (i.e. computers & monitors, televisions, etc., including printer cartridges): leave on any loading dock. For any significant quantity, fill a Service RequestHousehold hazardous waste (cleaners, paint, etc.) should be left on any loading dock.Light bulbs: Leave on any loading dock in original packaging.

    Confidential Office Paper - We offer Confidential Paper destruction and recycling when requested. Over the last decade, this service resulted in the safe disposal and diversion of approximately 80 metric tonnes of paper.*And we collect a whole lot of other stuff that also gets sent for recycling. Again, stop me if you want details

    Household Hazardous includes caustics, acids, flammablesAutomotive Fluids includes oil, gasoline, antifreeze*One of the areas in which we are looking to expand our recycling program is CRD Waste.

    Carpeting through InterfaceCeiling Tiles through ArmstrongDrywall through New West Gypsum

    *Currently, not all the waste generated at York can be recycled. Much of it still gets sent to landfill and some items require special disposal because they may present risks if not disposed of in a secure manner. York contracts the services of certified waste haulers and processors to ensure the safe disposal of any potentially hazardous goods. *Lastly, just as the amount of waste we send to be recycled has been increasing every year, so has the average per capita amount of waste generated. So, while recycling and composting are important elements of any waste management plan, it is important to always prioritize reduction and reuse.Much of our waste management program is meaningless if you, the York community, do not participate, so please:

    Reduce by:* Reading the newspaper and online* Using hand dryers, when provided, rather than paper towels

    Reuse by:* Bringing a reusable mug Check out our Lug-a-Mug program for great discounts!* Signing up for reusable takeout containers through the Eco-Takeout program at Complex 1 & 2 Cafeterias

    Recycle:* Following the recycling guideline just described Rethink by: * Doing your part in finding new and innovative ways to reduce and reuse resources Remember, it's not waste until someone throws it away * Spreading the word about proper waste etiquette * If you live in residence, getting involved in the Res Race to Zero program * Sharing your ideas with campus sustainability groups such as the Environmental Design and Sustainability unit in CSBO, the Presidents Sustainability Council or the Institute for Research and Innovation in Sustainability * If youre a student, joining one of the many sustainability-related student Clubs and Organizations * Beautifying the space around you by taking part in the Campus Cleanup

    *Thank you for your attention.

    Here is our website, where you can access much of the information on which I presented today.

    Are there any questions?*

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