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Preface ( j j j )
1. INTRODUCTION j n 1.1. Concept o f EIA j 1.2. Hierachy in EIA ^ 1.3. Major issues in EIA 4
1.4. Scope for use o f Computers in EIA ^ 1.5. Scope o f Current Research 7
2. LITERATURE REVIEW 12.86 2.1. Evolution o f EIA Worldwide 12 2.2. Evolution o f EIA in India 14
2.3. Classification o f Environmental Impacts 18
2.4. Proj ect S creening j g
2.4.1. Methodologies for Screening of Projects jg 2.4.2. Project Screening criteria in India 21
2.5. Methodology for Site Selection 25 2.6. EIA Methodologies 29
2.6.1 Introduction 29
2.6.2 Review o f EIA Methodologies 29 2.6.2.1 Checklists 29 2.6.2.2 Matrices 4 0
2.6.2.3 Networks 4 5
2.6.2.4 Overlays 4 7
2.6.2.6 Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) 5 0
2.7 Computer Aided EIA 50 2.8 Impact Quantification Techniques 51
2.9 Mathematical Models for EIA 5 1
2.9.1 Concept 51
vi Contents
2.9.3 Water Quality Models 57 2.9.4 Noise Prediction Models 68
2.10 Indicators of Biological and Socio-economic Environment 69
2.11 Environmental Indices 77 2.12 Enlarged Scope o f EIA o f Industrial Projects 79 2.13 Conclusion 80 EIA-AID : A SOFTWARE PACKAGE FOR COMPUTER AIDED ELA 87-201 3.1 Package Organization 87 3.2 Screening o f Projects 90 3.3 Ranking o f Site Alternatives 91 3.4 Impact Identification 115 3.5 Prediction of Impacts 127
3.5.1 Prediction o f Impacts on Air Quality 127 3.5.1.1 Problem Identification 127 3.5.1.2 Theoretical Background 139 3.5.1.3 Mathematical Formulations 143 3.5.1.4 Computational Representation 151
3.5.2 Prediction of Impacts on Water Quality 153 3.5.2.1 Problem Identific ation 153 3.5.2.2 Theoretical Background 161 3.5.2.3 Mathematical Formulations 163 3.5.2.4 Computational Representation 170
3.5.3 Prediction of Impacts on Noise 173 3.5.3.1 Problem Identification 173 3.5.3.2 Theoretical Background 175
3.5.3.3 Mathematical Formulations 176
3.5.3.4 Computational Representation 178
3.5.3.5 Biological Environment 179
3.5.3.6 Socio-Economic Environment 179
3.6 Impact Evaluation 179
3.7 Sensitivity Analysis in Impact Evaluation 196 3.8 Design o f Green Belt 197
DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSIONS 202-203
Preface , vii
1. Weed 1 2. List of Beneficial Weeds 37 3. Dietary Supplement in Weeds 86 4. Cannabis Cultivation 128 5. Religious and Spiritual use of Cannabis 157 6. Legality of Cannabis 205
Bibliography ' 282 Index 286
Acknowledgements v Preface vii
1. Introduction 1 2. Status of MIS in Latur and Osmanabad Districts 26 3. Performance of Micro-irrigation System at Farmer's Level 45 4. Impact of Micro-irrigation on Input Use 102 5. Role of Government Agencies in Implementation of MIS 117 6. Role of Manufacturers in Implementation of MIS 130 7. Role of Dealers in Implementation of MIS 149 8. Farmers'Feedback on Micro-irrigation System 159
Bibliography 175 Appendices 178
i r y g k v k
1 JAY a978
Contents
Preface .....................................................................................................................
2. Brinjal (Solanum melongena Linnaeus Solanaceae)................................ 7
3. Chilli (Capsicum Sps. Solanaceae)...........................................................13
5. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. Papilionaceae)........................... 23
6. Lab lab (Dolichous lablab Linnaeus Papilionaceae,)............................... 27
7. Cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Linnaeus Taub Papilionaceae) ....................................................... .............................33
8. Ash gourd (Benincasa hispida (Thumb.) Cucurbitaceae Cogn.)........... 35
9. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia Linnaeus Cucurbitaceae).............39
10. Ribbed gourd {Luffa acutangula Linnaeus Roxb. Cucurbitaceae)......................................................................................... 43
12. Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley Cucurbitaceae) . 51
13. Pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima Duch. Cucurbitaceae)..............................55
14. Onion {Allium cepa Linnaeus Alliaceae).................................................59
15. Amaranth {Amaranthus tricolor Linnaeus Amaranthaceae /A.cruentus Linnaeus I A.blitum var. oleracea Duthie) ........................63
viii Scientific Seed Production of Horticultural Crops
16. Moringa (Moringa oleifera Linnarck Moringaceae) ............................ 67
17. Elephant yam (Amorphophallus companulatus Blume Araceae)......69
18. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata Linnaeus Cruciferae).......73
19. Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Linnaeus Cruciferae)................................................................................ 79
21. Beetroot (Beta vulgaris Linnaeus Chenopodiaceae)............................... 87
22. Peas (Pisum sativum var. arvense Linnaeus Papilionaceae)...................93
23. French bean (.Phaseolus vulgaris Linnaeus Papilionaceae)................95
24. Potato (Solanum tuberosum Linnaeus Solanaceae)................................99
Section 2: Ornamentals 25. Marigold (Tagetes erecta Linnaeus Compositae)................................107
26. Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum segetum Linnaeus Compositae).............................................................................................HI
27. Petunia (Petunia Juss. Solanaceae)....................................................... 115
Section 3: Medicinal Plants
29. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Linnaeus) Dunal Solanaceae....................................................................................119
30. Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus Linnaeus) G. Don Apocynaceae..........................................................................................121
31. Senna (Cassia angustifolia Vahl. Leguminasae)............................... 123
32. Phyllanthus amarus Schumach & Thonn - Euphorbiaceae (APG: Phyllanthaceae).......................................................................... 125
34. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum Linnaeus Papilionaceae)......................................................................................
Section 5: Plantation Crops 35. Cocoa (Theobroma cacao Linnaeus Steruliaceae)............................. 133
36. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale Linnaeus Anacardiaceae)........... 135
37. Coffee (Coffea arabica Linnaeus Rubiaceae).................................... 137
38. Coconut (Cocos nucifera Linnaeus Palmae)....................................... 141
Section 6: Minor Fruits
40 Jamun (Syzygium cumini (Linnaeus) Skeels Myrtaceae)................... 149
References.......................................................................................... ^ 3
Reprinted by SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS (INDIA)
Editors D .B. M ackay F. Ader A.G. Gordon C. Hutin W.J. Rennie
CONTENTS
J.E. Butler — Purity testing in the tropics 3
B.R. Gregg — Seed processing in the tropics 19
R.L. Harty — Testing of tropical species for germination 41
T.O’Dowd and P. Dobie — Reducing viability losses in open seed stores in tropical climates 57
R.H. Ellis, T.D. Hong and E.H. Roberts — Procedures for the safe removal of dormancy from rice seed 77
S.B. Mathur — Testing seeds of tropical species for seed- borne diseases 1 13
B.R. Gregg — Seed marketing in the tropics 129
K.B. Hanssen — The production of certified seed for the tobacco industry 149
W.J. van der Burg, J. Bekendam, A. van Geffen and M. Heuver — Project seed laboratory 2000-5000 157
PROGRESS AND RECENT ADVANCES
Contents
F o rew o rd .................................................. ................................................................jx
P r e fa c e ..................................................................................................................... x i
1. Overview o f Seed, Seed Classes, Seed Production Principles and Variety Release Procedure..............................................................................1
M. A. Vaddoria and J. B. Patel
2. Indian Seed S ecto r................................................................................................. 21 J.B. Patel and M. A. Vaddoria
3. Seed G erm ination................................................................................................... 37 M. A. Vaddoria, J. B. Patel and Jyoti Sondarva
4. Seed Vigour T esting ............................................................................................... 63 M. A. Vaddoria, J.B. Patel and D.R. Mehta
5. Seed C ertification....................................................................................................79 J.B. Patel, M.A. Vaddoria and V.J. Bhatiya
6 . Testing o f Genuineness o f Varieties Through M orphological Biochemical and M olecular M ark ers ............................................................ 127
Rukam S. Tomar and Jasminkumar Kheni
7. Hybrid Seed P roduction ................................................................................... 149 J. B. Patel and M. A. Vaddoria
8. Advances in Seed Coating and Pelleting...................................................... 193 M. A. Vaddoria and J. B. Patel
9. Advances in Seed H ardening ..........................................................................209 M. A. Vaddoria and J. B. Patel
10. Recent Advances in Seed P atho logy ............................................................. 225 C. M. Bhaliya and L. F. Akbari
xiv Seed Technology
11. Recent Advances in Seed E n tom ology ........................................................ 235 D. M. Jethva, P. S. Wadaskar and A. M. Bhimani
12. M aintenance Breeding in Context to Protection o f Plant Varieties and Fanners’ Right A c t ...................................................................253
S. Acharya and J. B. Patel
13. DUS Testing and Registration o f Plant Varieties under PPV & FR A c t .................................................................................................. 273
J. B. Patel, C. A. Babariya and M.A. Vaddoria
14. Seed Legislation and Intellectual Property R igh ts..................................... 333 J. B. Patel and. M. A. Vaddoria
15. Organic Seed P ro d u c tio n .................................................................................363 M. A. Vaddoria and J. B. Patel
16. Sources o f Organic Seed Contam ination through Synthetic C hem icals................................................................................................................399
Khyati J. Rathod, Jaymin K. Jadav and B. A. Golakiya
17. Quick G erm ination............................................................................................... 407 C. A. Babariya, Jyoti Sondarva and J. B. Patel
18. Seed A rchaeo logy ................................................................................................ 413 Jyoti Sondarva, C. A. Babariya and J. B. Patel
19. Seed B a n k .............................................................................................................. 425 Ankit Raval, Kalyan Rao and H. L. Dhaduk
20. Synthetic S eed .......................................................................................................439 G. U. Kulkarni, D. R. Mehta, J. B. Patel and M. A. Vaddoria
21. Export M arket Perform ance o f Fruits and Vegetables Seeds from In d ia ..................................................................................................457
B. Swaminathan, N. J. Ardeshna, R. L. Shiyani and M. Khorajiya
22. Commonly Used Terminology o f Seed Science and T echno logy .................................................................................................... 473
J. B. Patel, V. J. Bhatiya and M. A. Vaddoria
Seed Technology
CONTENTS
4. Planting Value of S eed ...................................22
5. Seed Production and Certification System in India..................................................24
6. Maintenance Breeding.....................................31
9. Agronomical Principles and Considerations of Seed Production................ 49
10. Seed Deterioration........................................... 55
11. Deterioration of Variety..................................58
14. Management of Objectionable Weeds...........94
15. Seed Treatment and Management of Seedbome Pathogens........................................ 99
16. Seed Drying.................................................... 109
18. Seed Processing..............................................119
20. Sampling.........................................................131
23. Germination.................................................. 148
25. Moisture Content......................................... 171
26. Genetic Purity.............................................. 176
28. Detection of Genetically Modified C rops............................................................ 190
29. Seed Health.................................................. 194
32. Identification of Objectionable Parasitic Weeds............................................ 235
33. Identification of Objectionable Nematodes................................................... 237
34. Seed Quality Enhancement Techniques................................................... 240
36. Hybrid Seed Production.............................. 257
37. Seed Production of Seedless Varieties...... 285
38. Potato Micro Tubers................................... 291
39. True Potato Seeds and its Production....... 294
40. Production of Synthetic S eed .................... 297
41. Seed Packaging and Handling................... 302
42. Storage of Seed............................................ 307
43. Insect Infestation and its Control............... 316
Seed Technology (Succinct Edition) V l l l
44. Rights in Protection of Plant Varieties
45. NDUS Test.
341 353
SEED TESTING
SANGEETAYADAV ARUN KUMAR BARHOLIA
UAS L IB R A R Y G K V K
633.83 YAD SDC-3998
RURAL SOCIOLOGY a n d EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
*ARY G K V K
7015 PON -3853
ICAR
Directorate of Knowledge M anagem ent in Agriculture Indian Council of Agricultural Research
New Delhi
changing perspectives 1
2. Rural sociology and its importance in agricultural extension 9
3. Social groups: dynamics and implications for agricultural extension 20
4. Social stratification: functions, forms and characteristics 31
5. Cultural dimensions and their importance in agricultural extension 42
6. Social values and their role in agricultural extension 49
7. Social institutions and their roles in rural society 57
8. Social organizations: characteristics, types and roles in technology transfer
67
9. Social control and its influence in extension education 74
10. Social'change: theories and dimensions and techniques of accelerating social change
84
11. Leadership: importance, functions and methods of selecting leaders 98
12. Training of leaders and their role in agricultural extension 112
13. Psychology and educational psychology: scope and importance in agricultural extension
124
15. Intelligence: types, factors and importance of intelligence in agricultural extension
141
16. Attitude: theories, factors, measurement of attitude and steps for building a positive attitude
154
18. Emotion and its application in extension work 180
19. Stress: causes and consequences and techniques of handling stress 191
20. Personality and its importance in rural extension work 200
21. Principles and theories of learning in relation to agricultural extension education
210
22. Group psychology - factors affecting group performance, conflicts in group and group belongingness
228
(UPSC, PCS, ARS/SRF/JRF/AFO, State PG & Ph.D. Entrance examinations and interviews of all Forest services)
IY GKVK
Contents
Preface About the Author JRF Syllabus for Forestry NET Syllabus for Agro forestry 1. General Forestry 2. Ecology
3. Forest Management 4. Wildlife Management 5. Forest Utilization 6. Plant and Wood Anatomy 7. Forest Mensuration 8. Remote Sensing
9. Plant Physiology 10. Rangeland Management
11. Forest Protection 12. Silviculture 13. Agroforestry 14. Social Forestry
15. Genetics & Tree Improvement 16. Tree Seed Technology 17. Soil Science
18. Agricultural Extension 19. Agricultural Statistics and Economics 20. Key Points of State Forest Reports 2015
21. Memory based JRF Paper 2015 22. Memory based JRF Paper 2016 23. Memory based JRF Paper-2018
V II
viii ix