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DESCRIPTIONVRA experiences. Niger. Namibia. By Katiella and Nickey. Adjusting Community Based NRM Practices to reduce climate change risk in the Omusati Region. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
VRA experiences NamibiaNigerBy Katiella and Nickey
Adjusting Community Based NRM Practices to reduce climate change risk in the Omusati Region. The objective of the Project is to increase community-level capacity to be able to adapt to climate change through implementation of sustainable natural resources management practices at four (4) farming communities in Onkani arid lands and the surroundings.
Outcome AOutputsFunding source1. Capacity for soil conservation increased in the face of climate change risks.1.1 Training in cost-effective soil conservation and monitoring methods.1.2 Demonstration projects developed on farms1.3 Local level monitoring of soil, vegetation and livestock initiatives in selected villagesCo-financeGoJ2. Capacity for small-scale rain water harvesting increased 2.1 Training in cost-effective water harvesting methods.2.2 Rain water harvesting pilot examples established at schools in surrounding villages including Onkani Primary school2.3 Selected HH provided with rain water harvesting infrastructureCo-financeGoJ3. Community capacity to maintaining hand-made wells improved 3.1 Training in cost-effective of maintenance at Onkaankaa and Elamba.3.2. Improving hand-made wells infrastructure in selected villagesCo-financeGoJ
VRA ProcessAbout 50 people invited/participated initiallyLater, only representatives from four targeted villagesPeople collected with two vehiclesLunch provided (traditional dish)Other stakeholders invited.. CPP grn..
Brainstorming done on CCCC/Greenhouse explain by CPP expertsVRA process rationaledOther PRA methods blended with VRA - only one big piece of paper (ZOPP)Three quarters of a day on VRAIn the end experience appreciated
Some lessonsCC not technically known by villagers
A brainstorming session on Climate Change indicated that the community is not really conversant with CC.
They might have experience CC in their villages but never discussed is as such within a bigger group or even at home.
The CC technical terms are new to them.
..the VRA session to be preceded by a thorough session on CCA.
discussion on CC in every community meetings starting with the CBA planning sessions and will be continued with the implementation of the project.
Supporting Adaptation of Productive Practices among Pastoral and Agro pastoral Communities in the Rombou Rural Commune (Dakoro Department)
Objective: The objective of the project is to build the capacity of the community to engage in livelihood practices that will maintain and strengthen ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change including variability
Outcomes Co-FinancedTraditional wells rehabilitated (co-financing)Creation of grain and seed banks to promote better-adapted and climate-resilient seeds and to provide a buffer against food insecurity stemming from increasing climate variability (co-financing)
Outcomes Core SPAWater points protected against climate-driven siltation, erosion and desertification (Tree-planting around water points)Alternative NRM practices piloted in the Tarka valley to promote ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change (Piloting of cultivated forage, Piloting of dune fixation measures using hedgerows, Piloting of degraded land restoration measures)Community members trained to implement and monitor climate-resilient natural resource management practices.Lessons learned from project implementation integrated into local-level planningUSD 145,000.00
Development of sustainable agricultural techniques for adapting to climate change in three villages in the municipality of Roumbou, Department of Dakoro
Objective: The objective of the project is to build the capacity of the community to engage in livelihood practices that will contribute to the reduction of climate change-driven soil erosion pressures.
Outcomes Co-FinancedMeasures piloted to restore degraded land (25 hectares of degraded land restored, including 5 hectares of dunesCommunity members trained to implement and monitor land reclamation practices.
Outcomes Core SPADecreasingly sustainable exploitation of natural ecosystems and extensive agricultural practices replaced with intensive practices which will reduce deforestation and be more sustainable in the face of long-term climate change pressures. A community-managed bank of agricultural inputs institutedDemonstration of quick-maturing seeds15 community-level brigadiers trained to disseminate identified best practices in climate resilient agriculture locallyAgricultural implements provided to the most vulnerable households (less than 10 households, who would otherwise be forced to subsist on clime-stressed ecosystems)
Lessons learned from project implementation integrated into local-level planning
SPECIFIC FACILITATION TECHNIQUES
Background on climate change and explanation on the VRA methodology given.
Questions repeated several times
More than one facilitator effective and culturally appropriate.
Follow up questions asked which successfully elicited detailed information on how climate change impacts have manifested themselves in the communities.
Opinions of different gender and age groups actively solicited.
Appropriate use of humour and other cultural tools can help to test the accuracy of the community answers
VRA and GenderFor most of OIKE projectit is women
Roles and Responsibilities shared if not equal.almost within all set-ups
Young man and women actively engage but not as desired
SGP principle of gender consideration in projects brushed
What can done?
Introduce the VRA at NCC and field facilitators levels before the community meeting
Translate into local languages for all questions need to be agreed before going to the meeting.
Comprehensive scoring system
Need to limit participant group size
To prepare and adapt the first question of VRA for the target group.
Baseline-additionality reasoning must be clearly understood
Reduce the number of questions
Levels to measure indicators
Accuracy of the Baseline
VRA and other existing local M&E tools
VRA quantitative data?