Vol 18 Warren Michigan Historical Documents Three

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This book is part of a 20 volume research collection by humble historian Prof Wesley E Arnold MA. This is the most complete historical work on the Warren Township area totaling around 4,000 pages. Visit http://macombhistory.us for more up to date info and videos. 1894 Michigan Census, Busch Library, Census Warren Township Michigan 1910, Census Warren 1920, Civil Defense 1950, St Clement Destroyed, Final Exam 6th & 8th grades, Fire Department HistoryFire Truck Arrives IOOF, First Methodist Church founding, Stone Tool, St Paul Church Founding, 1859 Farmers Directory, Girls Rifle Team, First Warren High Student, Ice Box Worm Cakes, Map Warren Village,Osowski House, Library Plan, Chipchase Burial, Charwood Library Open, Macomb County Historical Markers, Oakwood Station and Schedule, Poison Gas, Public School Diploma, Richest Township,Rural Directory, WWII Sign Honor Roll, War Declared, Troops fight japs, Van Dyke Village, Virginia Declaration of Rights, Early Warnings, Learn from History or Repeat It, Terrorists, 160 pages

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Vol 18 Historical Documents Three Contents 1894 Michigan Census 5 pages Busch Library 1 page Census Warren Township Michigan 1910 15 pages Census Warren Township Michigan 1920 20 pages Civil Defense Jul 28 1950 1 page St Clement Destroyed 1 page Final Exam 6th & 8th grades 1 page Fire Department History 48 pages Fire Truck Arrives IOOF Weekly Review 1 page First Methodist Church founding of 1 page Stone Tool 1 page St Paul Church Founding 1 page 1859 Farmers Directory 5 pages Girls Organize Rifle Team First Warren Historical Student 1 page Ice Box Worm Cakes 1 page Map Warren Village Canning Factory 1 page Stab 1 1 page Osowski House 1-7 7 pages Library Plan 1-14 Chipchase Burial 1 page Charwood Library Open 2 pages Macomb County Historical Markers 15 pages Oakwood Station and Schedule 1 page Poison Gas Used 1 page Public School Diploma 1939 1 page Richest Township Warren 1 page Rural Directory 2 pages WWII Sign Honor Roll 1 page War Declared 1 page Troops fight japs on Luzon 1 page Van Dyke Village 1 page Virginia Declaration of Rights 1 page Early Warnings 2 pages Learn from History or Repeat It 1 page Terrorists 2 pages 160 pages

Census of the State of Michigan 1894 by Washington Gardner Secretary of State

1934 Warren High School

C 1962

This is a transcription of the 1920 Warren Township Mi Census. It is hoped this will be useful to you. Having all of these families together in one document is more useful than separate census searches. The Copy it was read from was not the best in addition some handwriting is questionable. Often the handwriting of the enumerator is unclear. Listed are: heads of household and some unique occupations. The occupation of most persons was listed as none, The vast majority were working on Farms. Many persons at this time were employed in auto factories and in businesses in Detroit. Those who appeared to have their own shop, teachers, clergy or other unique occupations were noted. Reference numbers to the census page are included to make it easy to look up any name for quick reference. As better copies of the census become available and as time allows corrections will be made to this work. Please send corrections to wesleyarnold@yahoo.com Wesley E Arnold humble historian. Jacob Hartsig was enumerator in 1920 census sheet 1A p234 roll 782 Note 233 is end of Sterling Twp Davy Ave is also start of Warren Twp Nolan Patrick steam Railroad Foreman Mertz Walter Mertz George Wolf Edward Wolf Peter Warner john Gardner John Bars William Belour James F telegraph operator Rivard George Flynn anna Licht Frank J Hartsig Jacob Hartsig Erma 20 bank teller Tharrett Wright Steffens Paul Stevens Ormel 50 salesman at hardware page 234B Pennow William Trombly Elizabeth Masel William Eckstin George managed the garage Evens Charly managed the brickyard Boening Charles was mail carrier Busch Edward dealer in groceries his kids Oscasr, Leland were clerks Lutz Fredrick hardware dealer Fred S Phelps Bachsmier Gusta 32 Bessie Hatch 21 school teacher Masten Herbert M managed Hotel Malburg John managed hardware Archenbrown Wm barber Vohs Geo well driller Main Street p235A

Hearn Robert Themie Arno cobbler, harness shop Rivard Herbert hardware Murtham Wm general farm Busch Otto truck farm LaDoueour Edwrard Physician Pero Denner Pero Albert E Ortman Louisa Gash Edgar Kreger Archie bodilie works my guess bottle Langel Joseph plumbing shop Langel Karl auto repair Claeys Henry Frink George Natele Anthony Steffens Mary Rumpa Mary Main street 235B Kutchey Anna Pressell John Preisel Charles Warblow Fred electrician Ninter Christian Buttu Orsan A 71 manager ice cream parlor Addison Stanley H physician Walker Mary J Therrett Ella Hudie Wilbert A Gabelnrunn Fredrick preacher Sackmann Charles Kenady Nello A Rail Road Ticket agent Otto Abe Jr Schmidt Ernest Metro John Brinker John Hardy Paul R Babcock Harwood Philipe Joseph M Henke Emiel G Arndt Carl Gidion George C Lau Carl Ekelin Alexander Dewesky Andrew 236 A Church St

Born Harry Swanson Arthur Vettzer Gaberiel Rocker Clinton H Lyons Archie C special Officer Lincoln Company Schebel Joseph Ramuss William Thackbary John Peter George Peter is last name Ames Lthalanid Hacker Benjamin Wilson David Bull Christian Rickibush Louis Cora Rickibush telephone operator 17 Licht Caroline Haington Charles Guile Yula Garlack Charles 66 had own blacksmith shop Gerlack Carl blacksmith in family shop Garlack George 44 wagon maker own shop Benort Clemons C Preisel Henry Wuzel Otto 236B end Church St Lyon Henry 38 carpenter Lyon Henry L Lyon Eva 37 postmaster W Chicago St below Hoxey Herbert mail 47 carrier Kennellz Francis ran shoe shop Cartwright Emma Moore Jauonde manager auto shop Busari Elmer Pressel Janet Jarvis Edward Riddick Frank Angel Anna Trostheide Conrad Norris John M Norres Walter Garrison Wm Peck Charles F, Marie, Marion 237A Town Line Road Gabelman Florence Sehlap Anthony Seifferline Fredrick Laintg Geo

Stranska Henry Boening Geo Rehse Wm Brown Wm Kibbe Frank 1920 census Warren Township 238A Sabbe Peter Grobbel Anthony Vohs John Vohs Henry Distelrath Lambert Creamery truck driver Distelrath George Therrett Theodore Schmer Sophie Artist Schelfelt Wm Brinker Arandus blacksmith Schuster Loretta Tatro Frank Van Howe August Engelbert Anthony Schlaf John page 238B below Hartsig Oscar Biozowskr Edward Halmich Henry Brinker Arthur Geisler George Metzger Michlous Schuster Fred Verstun Constant Hartsig Wm Hartsig Norma school teacher Weis Wm agent bottling works Peccew Peter Kucpalski John 239A McBane Rolland toolmaker at auto factory Kufuienskiy Jacob Hessell Albert Berger Charles Berger Herbert Steam engineer RR Collin Edward Desgrandchamp Henry Vadenborsche Peter Deneweth Frank Way George

239B Hashelhuhn Wm Berirdit Marie 19 teacher public school Moran Joseph Priemer Joseph Moran Salvator Winkelman Henry Battna Carlo Hoffman Fred McCulloch John Bruse Henry Gadcoli Charles Horn Charles Paetz John Fisher Geo Cornell Robt Ellis Frank 240A Rothenberg Frank Bunert Henry Reske Henry Michenbelder Monina Coghelin Jerry Maurer Max Plaetz Fred Gloede John Steriyuoski Kamace Witt Herman Dockoro Albert Thilk Agnis Doehow Herman 240B Pricks John Boening Amiel Kraft Frank Harwood Homer.50 Henrietta 51 Editor Herckner Gotlieb Rinke Frank Endres Charles Rivard Joseph Strich Charles Pagel Wm Brick Paul Spranger Frank Hagen Wm Hinke Minnie

241A Spranger George Hagen Ed Schultz Gustiv Engelbert Frank Berger Mathius 40 Mary 36 Thimian John Rotarious Addlip Rotarius Peter Rudolph August Christel Frank Gott Joseph 241B Leppa Frank Soldan Lewie Spranger Mikell Herzog Jos Snoblen Joseph Snoben Leo packing house butcher Miller Peter Hagen Jacob Hinke Frank Schnider Lena Plitt Gustiv Hinke Albert note a lot of men working in auto factory 242A Entwright James Sefferath Theodore Horn Geo Jenney Wm Mitton Joseph Smitton or Kroerzyk Anthony Kroleyyk Steven Koss Albert Slos or Hoss Range Wm Handkow Wm Jakublski Mathine Grobbel Bernard 242B Grobbel Aplonia Marlow Ernest Koss Frank Topp Albert Tasmer Joseph

Wauerzymiak Anna Raike John Hadley Joseph Brozonski John Rottmsu Julius 243A Wolf Anthony Wolf Louis Kern John Boik Julius Brinker Ed Juip Jacob Wolgust Louis Walgust Albert Beyer Herman 243B Balkir Valentine Skzezbowski Anna Goreki Philipe Wolf Bernard Zorn Christ Brinker George H Rutman Wm Barnett Robt Smitz John Dubay Lodis Warner Frank 244A Premier Richard Rinke John jr Reddick Stillman Bohm Peter Smith John B Warner Joseph Denryter Philip Ruttman Rudolph Martens Sarrah Cromonie Seymour 244B Wilson John Harwood Elizabeth Berger Mathias Baumgartner George Berger Nicholoous Hoffmeyer Edward

Foss, Adolph Miller Gottfried Schmidt Christian Sieger Franz Wieg Henry A Freidhoff George Klein August 245A Kolmorgan Henry Kolmorgan Roy Kolmorgan Wm Kolmorgan Irma 19 school teacher Pollman Conrad Miesel Ed Miesel Leonard Mullmann Wm Arft Frederick ODehmeke Wm Jawicticky Anthony Opfer William, Mary Hehnke Gustave 245B Minda Rudalpf Schroeder Jacob Measel Fredeick Zorn Henry Zorn Christian Sr Busch Elizabeth Busch Henry Sticker Albert Brozoska Frank Brinker Joseph Hartsiz Jacob F 246a Ehlert Joseph Puls Arthur Schuelge Herman Ohelert Joseph Desgrandchamps Jeano Rinke Bartholomieo Breiholz Pauline Hader Ralph Brikdlz Betrice Kader Jesse Wiegand Philip

246B Heydons Victor Rivard Ramond Robenett Henry Smitz Andrew Brozewrka Mary Golowak Anthony Koholska Elbert Gebauer Frank Schonsee Ambrous Smithe Justonia Faskow John Miller Frank Chaltron Charles 247A Reed Malvin J Wehr Charles Ames Smith Ames is last name Hartsig Elmer Cromie James Cromie Frederick cashier at Bank Hanley James Brogowski Lutwick Miller Michel Sehaltion John Herms Wm Peck Edward H 63, Erulia 67, Mary V 34 Teacher, Eldred 26, Mertel 22 dil, Donald gs 10/12 247B end 1-18 248A 1920 census Warren Township Anthony Weigand enumerator Simiouds Alice Hoxie Melessa Dilley Geo Peters Henry Boel Julia Boel James Street Railway labor Busch Louis Trombley Geo VanDamme Louis Rotarius Jacob Briggs Frank Lowery Jay Kaltz Clement Kontowski Catherina Mannier Fred Ferraza Anthony 248B

Morian Frank Keppelman Irvin Miller Geo Clark Charles F Miller Joseph J, Mary Miller Ada forelady seed company Miller Euphessine C 17 seed packer seed company Eudries Fredrig G Schmidt Herman Vanderbousch Rudena Shelbauer Michael Laass Wm salesman furniture store Elwart Franz Menge Philip G 249a Henk Joseph accountant at Tannery Custance Wm Gregory Edward Wiegand John Wiegand John J Weigand Andrew rotary well driller Gibson Edward M Ptt Henry Qualman Charles Walters Herbert 249B Qualman Frederick Kleist Carl A Desgrandchamp Alfred Giff Richard Real estate agent Center Line Van Dyke area LeRoy Wm B 70, Sarah, Wm L26 Blacksmith own shop LeRoy Wiliam L 26 blacksmith Miller August Proprietor own Cafe Grobbel Bert Muirhead Wm Muirhead james Peppu Robert DeLoug Charles DeLong Silela R telephone operator 250A Stillwell Ray H wholesale lumber dealer Weigand Joseph P own garage Prysky Leo Miller Robert A own cafe manager Hessell Cora

Rinke Joseph A hardware merchant Rinke Norbert hardware sales Rinke Edgar B bookkeeper hardware Mcgilliway John Girtile Nicodime meats groceries from Italy Girtile Emery L salesman groceries Girtile Theodore Musician theater Girtile Jerome sales groceries Schlaf Margaret Wilson Gertrude Peters Joseph Jigeu Myers Buechel John F retail grocer Buechel Cecilia C sales lady Buechel Anthony 14 had news stand 250 B Jacob Otto Brozowska August III Brozowska Bernard LaFuse Juluis Jacob Edward Heidt Louis H Elwart Joseph B Smith Alexander Klawka Louis Mouerce Joseph 251A Eckert Frank Verureleu Thecphil? Ryde Frank De Blake Gustave Beels Lawrence Devish Camiel DeHouht Juliua Qualman John Kutchy Frank Wiegand Frank J Goike Stauialaus 251B Goike John Schroeder Gustave Kutchey Joseph Skeripia Frank Puhalaki Joseph Gottahalk Freduiak W P Mera James

Penzlen Henry T Penzein John Gottihalk Ferdinan Hellzbuzet Cnarnce 252A Schmitz Herman Lidake Frank Sehlors Magdelena Sehlna Mary Goring Edward Doepfer George Masch Edward W Masch Sophia Wulff wm Revaldt Christ Blondell Charles 52 252B S or Jender Herman Verlunde Camiel Doepfer Lauia G Rwaldt Wm Masch Henry L Wasmund Walter Range Albert Mikolowski August Schneider Michael Minda Louis F Busch John C, Caroline, John, Cardine, Charles 253A Kaiser Ludwig Jackson Daniel E Groesbeck Eugene Jackson David Vroou Leuhard Teba Silas B Miller John P Kettle Jacob Fischer Bernard Fischer Ruth seamstress in tailor shop Yacht Adolph Jackson Frank Grosebeck Noah B Biebuck Edward Groesbeck Clement 253B

Conrad Madelene Maul Lester F Jackson Ben H Elbauauaki Michael Kaltz Anthony Dairy farm Dobberstein August Elliot John Brehen Henry this is on 10 mile Road Rose Charles Qualman William H dairy farm Miller Charles Susick Carl C Sparay Anthony 254A Vandenbrouck Henry Carro Peter Peneta John Culburtran Jacob H Rose William 76, Mary C 63, Amelia C 31 Kulp Anthony Werth August Sales Amanda A Roekler Alexander VanBuell Victor Macklewski Rosa Viegand Jacob Kott August 254B VanEackai Alpkou Kaltz Henry Grimm Oliva Theisen Jacob marka Edward Theisen Autouette Jenuine EdwardW Spieler Peter Theut Wm F Peters Alfred R Ostern Charles Wnyasergle Adolph Kutchy Joseph A garage man own shop Martin Henry 255A Sehultz Gustave Milke Agust

Masch Fred Huth Ed 9 mi Ryan area Range Herman Koss August Wiegand Lawrence Gardner Henry Julian Frank Shonezma Geneive Kaltz John Kaltz Julius worker 31 on street railway Weingartz Michael on Van Dyke N of 10 Mile 255B Weingartz Gertrude Weingartz William 39 C wife Helen 39 Gill Walter setp son 6 10 mile van Dyke Burg Peter Burg Mathias Parsch John Burg Anthony kaltz Mithias A Schulte Edna Cramer Frances Schulte Casper Conrad Adam Ellmer Anthony Meyers Josephene Otto Jacob Burg Peter Schultz Frank Burg Mathias 256A Parasch Anthony Klinkhammer Michael Mette John Schoenherr Edward DeVos Cyril Simonds Alonzo W Schmidt Herman Minde Albert Minde Herman Gerlach Theodore Minde Qualia Young Joseph 256B may be on 9 mile rd

Alternatt Nicholas Smith Robert Gleason Catherine Alternatt Joseph Bierman Fred De Tarerwer Charles Vanechor Park DeMeubensera Charles Miller Robert Miller Joseph A Deblow Henry Beckman Louis Delaniallence Alphons 257A Waelhart Jeanere Hoste Bernard Goike Frank Van Haverbeck Henry Hoste Bernard Schwarta Anthony Rinke Anthony Rinke Hugo Desgrandchamp Clariah Winnia John Cornellie Richard Strurn William Sturns Rogert 257B Williams Margaret Carnahau Wrtuat Rylka Joseph Rylka Frank Van Leo Henry Debesuarsert August Tack Olivar Geitzen Nicholas Ruhlman Christopher dairy farm Schrader Will steamfitter Theut Peter Lambert Daniel 258A VanByekegham Charles Hirt Joseph Areina John Striker John Striker Albert

Jacobs Henry Metter Joseph Laithenr Conrad dairy farm Weingartz Joseph P Stien William Ziegler Charles 258B Measel George Launoo Victor Sehmidt John C Opll Mathuo Moriau Anthony Moriau Ferdinand Rahasser George Distler George Eshert Josephine Beste Joseph 259 A Gill Wilhelmina Blackett Walter A Reuter Irving W Heussner John Devrnadt Henry Blackett George Aeze Qehiel Bolam Thomas Susick Henry Marner Wm Precht Dorothy Steinuetz Christian Cook James Poultry farm Dunbar Guy C Diebel John V Schoenberg Louisa 259B Strauc Thomas Munaio Edmund dufour Jeanette Diehl Andrew Gebaner Alkhons Henning Wm Fredwald John Uoratny Pauline Rausch Louig George Henry last name is George Anderson James S

Goetsch Daniel Tousaint Ernest Kaiser Christ Beyer Herman 260 A Schoenherr Rd Kaiser Julius F foreman coal yard Sherwood Charles 47, Shelia 30, Mary A 6, Leora U 5, Fraucilia 3 1/2, Adlina 3/12 10 Mile Rd Erust Gustave Brohl Louis Hookfr Fredrick Kaltz Albert Foster Leuhard 260B 10 Mile Rd Brender Albert Hessell Albert Boussora Emeil Sueaet Alpleouse Fessensen Earl Belbor Hazel Tebo James Metter Lambert Conrad Hugh Rail Road Detective Schultz Peter Terra Mirion R Saifferleier William Seifferline Eusea 261A 9 mile Rd Veneteen Edmund Venateen Adolph Mast Jacob F Rickurt Walter M Kaiser Otto Huesner Olfurt H Foerster Alfred Dodge Ave Stephens Roy Van Damme John J Snyder John V Maxwell ave Treppa Frank G 261 B Maxwell Ave Dunkle Humphry Baut George Dinswne Clarrice

Schimmel Mathwoods scheller Frank Neil Gerge L Cadillac Ave Walker Melvin E Wren Edward L Goeneaere George G Bellimu Clifford Phillips Dryiuo Max Edward Casson John Casine Rd 262 A Ford Rd Schales Robert Holden Wm Krueger Richard Kelly Wm Harrison Henry Mirkila mathuo Hooper Chester A Gross Richard m Furnkas Charles Clem Robert D 262B Hupp Rd Hornfischer Ernest Packard Ave Horan Edward V Ongrasu Charles dispatcher for RR Drew Walter Hudson Ave Warrenlulski Frank Mede George B Ratith Frank Memphis Ave Ingraham William grocer Ingraham Emma sales clerk for grocer Dauko Sarah 263A County Line Rd Rozanka John Gottchalk Frank Welletts Frank Ryan Road Stolzenfeld Wm Todororo Michael Stozenfeld Henry Ten Mile Rd

Fleishaus Thomas Weingartz Peter Measel Louis Biddle Charles H 263 B Ten Mile Rd Sauter Andrew Kutchy William DeBoo August Rickebus Frank Huys Felix Center Line Rd below Kena John Kena Gertrude 18 dressmaker in tailor shop Eleven Mile Rd below Delmotte Emiel Center line Rd Kirma Frank Can't read road Reichenbsus John 264A St Davis Rd DeVriendt Julius DeWitt Emeil Novesta James A Hanley James Langdon Earl Hanley Stanley Bussey Frank L Sherman st Etrorvie George Campbell Nicholas Soetts St Lech Walter 32, Anna 33, Frances dau 11, Walter 9, Helan 4, Irene 8/12 Maxwell Joseph M 264 B Rosetta? Ave Christe St Lynn Edward Woodward, Ervoin Eight Mile Rd follows Wymann Henry Switch-man RR Rankin John Switch-man RR Prang Julius Muller Bridget Van Dyke Leduc, Irving Ford follows Kadrofiki Joseph Netzloff Edward Hupp? Ave Bittner juius Packard ave Call Amon HUDSON follows

Lizburner William A Vinton Frank 265 A Hudson Rutzel William Rutzel William G apprentice printer Krause William H Studebaker Ave Tobian Leo H Travis John Fandolph Laureuie DeFord Lenard Jagaiski Michael Staube Michael Tyler Merle Taylor Merle Tyler Lyola Scharf Carl machinist in RR Round House 265 B Orchard St Wilson Belle female 40 proprietor grocery store Herron Ernest teacher Murphy Wm Sickumberger Edwin Jackson Charles R Center line Rd below Henkll Theodore E Plunkett Emelia Zackering Leonard Loretta St Jacoborncki Leo Campbell Joseph Janic Thomas Kedzler Joseph Musekong Peter 266 A Loretta St Creegau Peter Jancic Ferdinand Christe St Kuhn Henry B Soucua Narcisse P Tucturman Carl Green Charles L Massey Carrie M Kuhn John P Obrich Max A Warner Joseph Harmaker Joseph

Gurr Harry Miller Sophia Anaking John Willis Rd Shade Peter note many of the street names are unreadable 266 B Chastiau Rd Wagner Louis Jaremba Julius Jarewba Francis 19 Operator telephone Berza aguco Sharp James Ben Muleu William H Eight mile Rd Kegel Otto A Gangware Claud Forton Elenn G Lutz Theodore Wadsworth Adelfert Bailey Arnier C Ott Henry J LaBeasy Lous Mulleu Thomas 267 A Eight Mile Rd Moran Bennet H PACKARD ST Towsewnd Dalbert Mobbey Grover c Ritchie Norman h Smith Thelma Sehoeuer Steve Phillips Frank C Jones Edith Van Dyke Ave Green Archie VanDamme Jennie DeTavernier Hector C Eight Mile Rd Schwartz Ferdinand Schwartz Christina B LeFevre William Helen rd Suttes Grover C Parqus Daniel 267 B Helen Rd Dausroseo Frank Edna Ave

French Charles Linscott Austin Eight mile Rd Wancour Charles Waucour Julles Schoenherr Rd Wauchet Henry Brobl Frank Beste John Brohl Michael Couwliar John Minkey Charles Brohl Joseph Ten Mile Rd Rausch Fredrick VanMulle Jolin Eleven Mile Rd Lootens August 268 A Nine 1/2 Mile Rd Gardner John Nine Mile Rd Huesiner Wm Reed John Huessuer Henry Schoenherr Rd Kaiser Henry A Kaiser Leonard Gerlach Paul Nine Mile Rd Steffin Ostin Stenrberger Henry Shook Caroline Kethe Fredrick Weinert Albert Town Road Weinert Carl Weinert Paul Oakwood Ave Horn Charles 268 B Packwood Ave Geer Elmer Eight Mile Rd Peters William Berlinger Frank X Duby Arthur Beate Joseph Nummer Mary

Wirth Carolina Toepher Rd Toepher John Beste Frank Young Herman 269 A Beechwood Ave Jeffries Pery F Miles Guy Harvey Jesse Harvey Gilbert Erzto Joseph Fernwood Ave Niroville Irving Vassilatos Peter Lindl Anthony Nine Mile Rd Semsau Oskar Oakwood Rd Hennigan John Erb Theodore MoraN Philip Birchwood Rd Grover Harry 269 B Birchwood Rd Wilhmison Johana Denault Arthur R Vincent Harry Gratiot Rd Hund Mathilde Gacharinger John Kleffman Leo Girard Frank Stricker Lydia Waltou Alfred Toepher Rd Girard James Measel Susanna Goepfer Charles Birchwood Rd Schmidt Frank 270 A Birchwood Rd Rak Martin Schmidt Barbara Dunhaue William Vinewood Rd Steom Frank

Bulwood ? Rd Hauiemer Felix Granen Blve Vincent Arthur E Birchwood Ave Rowley Gery Buffey Road Toepper Fred Prasg rd Zweng George general farmer aneilt St La Rose William Center line Road Center Line Jorgensen Thorwold repairman garage Kramer Rev John F 59, Miller Catherine servant 38 Eugene Siter Mary Anna Siter Mary Verena Sister mary Weehantal sister Gerrrd sister Molenveld, George Spart William Lutz Louis Baker Baking shop 270 B Center Line Road Theut Joseph Schoensee Ernest Smith Michael retail dealer water truck Way Edward State Road Delmotte Emil Cadilac Rd Rotha Herbert Rasby St Seit James Sapon ave Reed Anthony Nine Mile Rd Bobb Maurice C Center line Rd Wiegand Frank end of Warren Township 18-36

1910 Census Warren Township Michigan It is my hope that this will be useful to you and future generations. This is a snapshot of a short period of time in our history. Having all of them together in this document is more useful than trying to piece together bits from separate census searches. Note the public copy this was made from was of poor quality and difficult to impossible to read in places. In many cases the first letter of the name was unreadable. As better copies become available I plan to revise this reading. A study of the Warren population will also yield corrections. In many cases the spelling of names back in 1910 were not the same as today's spellings. When the writing was clear I chose to use it even if it does not correspond to todays English. Accuracy is more important than political correctness. Feel free to send corrections to wesleyarnold@yahoo.com Wesley E. Arnold humble historian. Start page 1910 Census 223 Chas F Halsey enumerator Halsey Chas F, Edith 1910 Census 223 Jenuwine George 1910 Census 223 Quinn Janice 1910 Census 223 Berger Barbara 1910 Census 223 Rivard Herbert E,Augusta 1910 Census 223 Lyons Archie C Lillie Merton 1910 Census 223 Ryall Bissie 19 border teacher 1910 Census 223 Gerlack George Lizzie 1910 Census 223 Springer Anna Rose Raymond Helen 1910 Census 223 Bruger Thrman Jusiphine Roxie Dlornes Joseph Hank 1910 Census 223 Ramus Wm Annie Charles John Mary Fred 1910 Census 223 Smokel Ernst 1910 Census 223 Smith Anna 1910 Census 223 Pennow William Anna Anna Wm Jr 1910 Census 223 Barg Edna 1910 Census 223 Willson David 1910 Census 223 Brunhert Margaret 1910 Census 223 Capernus Norman 1910 Census 223 Rickabus Louis Mary Viola Erna Cora Floyd 1910 Census 223 Harrington John Maud Edith Phillis Marion Harrington Charles Cilertia 1910 Census 223 Gerlack Charles Amilia Walter Anna 1910 Census 223 Schuer Fredricka 1910 Census 223 Tharrett Diana 1910 Census 223 Archmbroun William Golda Helen 1910 Census 223 Cartwright Fred Emma 1910 Census 223 Pennow Fred 1910 Census 223 Martin Mary 1910 Census 223 Peck Charles F Maria Marion 1910 Census 223 Boening Frank 1910 Census 223 Hartline Flora 1910 Census 223 Tharrett Helen 1910 Census 223 Kennrelly Peter Francis Mary Louis 1910 Census 223 Brooks Osno M Jennie E 1910 Census 223 Moore Violet 1910 Census 223 Dyer Charles W Margaret Floyd Inez Jerome James 1910 Census 223 Whinn George J 1910 Census 223

Walker George B Mary J 1910 Census 223 Newbury Burton M Orfeha M Beatrice Margaret 1910 Census 223 Juergens Henry Anna Silina Arthur Oscar Carl 1910 Census 223 Langill Joseph M Cordilia Veronica Kasrl Arthut Josephine 1910 Census 223 LaDonceur Dr Edward Edna C Harold Jones Jennie mo 1910 Census 224 Marker Christina 1910 Census 224 Steppens Mary S Juluis dora Ernest 1910 Census 224 Gilbert Delphus Carrie Elmer Maude 1910 Census 224 Sirm Louis Elmer 1910 Census 224 Antoine Annie 1910 Census 224 Giles Robert D Mary 1910 Census 224 Lutz Yond Armilia Raymond, Buchmire Anna mo 1910 Census 224 Bower John Ida Walter 1910 Census 224 Steffens Ernst 1910 Census 224 Boenim Chas L Wilhelam Anne 1910 Census 224 Evans Charles Katherine 1910 Census 224 Ecksteine George Rude Dayton 1910 Census 224 Stevens Ormal B Sarah Bernice Clara Ormal D Sylvia Hellen John Jarnes 1910 Census 224 Warner John Ida 1910 Census 224 Strich Lillie 1910 Census 224 Wilson Fred Florence Bernice Clemm Ralph 1910 Census 224 Rivard George 1910 Census 224 Licht John angnala John Martin 1910 Census 224 Van Muer Elgm Elna 1910 Census 224 Sehsmake George Olia Ruth Cilia Ada 1910 Census 224 Gillett Emma Clara 1910 Census 224 Tharrett John Julia Gertrude Nillie Flynn Dr John Annie 1910 Census 224 Licht Frank Margaret 1910 Census 224 Addison Stanley 1910 Census 224 Cole William Bertle 1910 Census 224 Benson Ira BIL 1910 Census 224 Wolf Peter Malinda Edward Rosa Aurelia Evlyn 1910 Census 224 Bush Edward Lillie Elmer Oscar Liland John Edgar Lillian 1910 Census 224 Maas Henry Lizzie Harold Loan Riga 1910 Census 224 Nolan Patrick Jannice Wayne Eva 1910 Census 224-225 Tharrett Wright Marry 1910 Census 225 Chas Halsey enumerator Schlof Anthony Kate 1910 Census 225 Bielman Anthony Catherine Mary J Alfred Rhymond Russell 1910 Census 225 Schlaf Joseph 1910 Census 225 Berger Peter Stella Ida 1910 Census 225 Thume Armo Hulda Margaret Johanna Lilly Harry 1910 Census 225 Rosso George 1910 Census 225 Saleden Jasper 1910 Census 225 Socollo Sami 1910 Census 225 Orlando Frank 1910 Census 225 Socollo Jasper 1910 Census 225 Mazrarue Anthony 1910 Census 225 Hearn Robert Sarah 1910 Census 225

Bobcean Edward Augusta Esther 1910 Census 225 Murtham William Evangeline Edna Jessie 1910 Census 225 Bush Otto 1910 Census 225 Hartline George Fridricka 1910 Census 225 Babcock Howard Kate Mildred 1910 Census 225 Metro John Charles Enias Hirbert nephew 1910 Census 225 Reddick Frank Fannie Floyd 1910 Census 225 Angel Frank Annie Anthony Annie August Agnes Clemens 1910 Census 225 Masten Herbert N Arvilla Thervey Leona Elma 1910 Census 225 Norris Walter E Harriett John Wilford N Nellie 1910 Census 225 Wilford was a Teacher Martin Charles Grace 1910 Census 225 Ortman Louisa Martha Irene 1910 Census 225 Hoxsey Herbert Bertha M Gladys a Ula E Lee Warren Herbert was the Village Mail Carrier Halsey Nathian W FIL 1910 Census 225 Harteline Pearl 1910 Census 225 Boening Frank Josephine George Ermial Josephine Martha 1910 Census 225 Touescient Ernest Emma 1910 Census 225 Sherman Eugene Josephine Anabel Evelyne E 1910 Census 225 Rehse or Relse Hillman 1910 Census 225 Brown William 1910 Census 225 Vensky William 1910 Census 225 Dipp Whermann 1910 Census 225 Stark Edward 1910 Census 225 end of Warren Village Peck Edward H Ercelia Eldrid Martha 1910 Census 226 Martin John Sarah william Bissie Lyle Graydon Russell Cliffton Chester J 1910 Census 226 Reed James M Mary V Frank Neil or Weil 1910 Census 226 Kochler Rudolph Catherine Hazel Henry 1910 Census 226 Eckstein Michael Ethel Dorothy Vivian Halsey Hiram FIL Edith A MIL 1910 Census 226 Sheldon Austin 1910 Census 226 Public School Teacher Wilson Thomas Mary Estilla Elizabeth Margaret 1910 Census 226 Ames Smith Julius Miranda 1910 Census 226 Boelum Peter Susan Lillie Edward Peter W 1910 Census 226 Beier William nephew 1910 Census 226 Thackabery or Hack.. John Emma M 1910 Census 226 Hearn John Delila Miller Frank Mande Berger Nicholas 1910 Census 226 Cromie James Annie Seymon F Freddie Bessie Preston 1910 Census 226 Chathron Charles Florence John Ernest Viola Grace 1910 Census 226 Bonzowska Jasep 1910 Census 226 Meirow Louis Mary Hirahm 1910 Census 226 Berger Charles Catharine Henry Peter John 1910 Census 226 Durisagudski ? Frank Eva Matha Sophia 1910 Census 226 Brozneki Frank Mary John ? 1910 Census 226 ? Wills Nenirs 1910 Census 226 Boszoski Frank Jr Lena Raymond 1910 Census 226

Steaker Albert Margaret Clarence Oliver Altina 1910 Census 226 Willis Michael Catherine 1910 Census 226 Morrow Ernest Louisa 1910 Census 226 Kasa Frank Caroline Wilbert 1910 Census 226 Rickabus Frank Rosa Emily Annie 1910 Census 226 Reska John Joanna Anthony Barney Paul Annie Rosa 1910 Census 226-7 Thieka ? Walter Mary 1910 Census 227 Nadolni Joseph Annie Phillip Ida Edward Irene Bernard Rosa 1910 Census 227 Swiska Joseph Mary Joseph 1910 Census 227 Klean Paulina daughter 1910 Census 227 Ostrowski Anton Joseph Frank 1910 Census 227 Scott Jacob 1910 Census 227 Kass August Francis Frank Veronica 1910 Census 227 Spanke Henry Matilda John Joseph Frank Francis Paul 1910 Census 227 Balben Valintine Katie Alix Anthony Katie Edward 1910 Census 227 Spanke Michael Annie Felix Annie Katie Roman 1910 Census 227 Beyer Herman Amilia Annie Mary Lillian Masry mother 1910 Census 227 Wolgast Albert Ida Edwin Louis Norman 1910 Census 227 Wolgast John Shlia Louis 1910 Census 227 Kirchum Gotlob Agnes Lydia Ermma Catherine 1910 Census 227 Geisler George Mary Arthur Geo Jr Dorathea Agnes Caroline 1910 Census 227 Berndt Johanna MIL 1910 Census 227 Springsturn Louis E Jessie 1910 Census 227 Wolf Bernard Emma Catharine Elizabeth 1910 Census 227 Brinker George Josephine Fred Elizabeth 1910 Census 227 Zorn Chris Jr Anna Norman Arnold Clarence 1910 Census 227 Zorn Chris Sophie Lena Henry 1910 Census 227 Van Howie august Catherine Eli D Anthony 1910 Census 227 Hartsig Jacob F Bertha Irene Carl Helen Arthur Earl 1910 Census 227-8 Gerstimier Chris 1910 Census 228 Hartsig William Annie Lora Lily Alfred Norma 1910 Census 228 Gaulman Ray 1910 Census 228 Grobbel Anthony Mary Catherine Leo Edward Marie 1910 Census 228 Tepper or L Stanley Mary Edward Mary Stella Vincent Aleck Bernice 1910 Census 228 Walgast Max Rosa Leoria 1910 Census 228 Elwart Frank Frances Paul 1910 Census 228 Hankow William Naomie Willian Elizabeth Caroline Otto Elsie Winnie Bertha 1910 Census 228 Grobbel Elizabeth Joseph 1910 Census 228 Grobbel Firdinand Appolonia Frank Mary Frances Catharine Margaret Raymond Irene Aloysious Ferdinand Cecilia Leona 1910 Census 228 Vohs John Annie Joseph Anthony 1910 Census 228 Vohes Henry Mary George 1910 Census 228 Wolf Anthony Johana Louis Elizabeth Margurite Henry 1910 Census 228 Deselrod Margaret George Henry 1910 Census 228 Schild William Wihlimine 1910 Census 228 Schuster Edward Doritta 1910 Census 228 Tatro Frank stepson 1910 Census 228 Brinker Crmiaulus Mary Chales Arthur Mable Raymone 1910 Census 228 RehseWilliam Mary Louis Edward Ernest Walter 1910 Census 228

Bush John Elizabeth 1910 Census 228 Bush Henry Mary Harold Ernie 1910 Census 228 Thattett Thiadone Anna Raymone 1910 Census 228 Schilaf Mary MIL 1910 Census 228 Metzger Nicholis 1910 Census 228 Halmich Henry Ernssia Edwin William Mary Irene 1910 Census 229 Kaltz Anthony 1910 Census 229 Schmbir Fred Mary Waller T Heidt Louis 1910 Census 229 Giff Richard Minnie Richard H Robert Nelson annie 1910 Census 229 Celtness Sidney 1910 Census 229 Hartsiz Jacob Ermma Edward G Elmer Oscar Olivor Irving 1910 Census 229 ?Hurtine Walter 1910 Census 229 Weldon Harry 1910 Census 229 Schuste Casper Elizabeth 1910 Census 229 Schlaf John Minnie Helen Edward 1910 Census 229 Springer Josiphine George Michael Elizabeth John 1910 Census 229 Enright Jerry Hanora 1910 Census 229 Springer Frank Elizabeth Edward 1910 Census 229 Weingartz Peter 1910 Census 229 Mennert Caroline Fred 1910 Census 229 Sprenger George Mary Eudna 1910 Census 229 Camian August 1910 Census 229 Strich Charles Ermina William Edith 1910 Census 229 Strich George Catherine 1910 Census 229 Listerman Arthur Alexander Edward 1910 Census 229 Sees or Susan Charles Marg Herman Rose Margaret Clara Raymond Louisa? 1910 Census 229 Witt Herman Fredricka Laura Herman Norma 1910 Census 229 Woods Elmer 1910 Census 229 House George Margaret William George Robert Carl 1910 Census 229 Bummgartner George Sarah Elizabeth Marie 1910 Census 229 Klinger Fred 1910 Census 229 Martz Rosa 1910 Census 229 Rottmann Rudolph Dalla Edward Robert Clarence Bertha Raymond 1910 Census 229 Martin Mary Sara Grace Mable Emma 1910 Census 229 Wilson John Lizzie Fred Myrtle 1910 Census 229 Harwood Arnold Elizabeth 1910 Census 230 Berger Mithias Annie 1910 Census 230 Harwood Homer Huiretta 1910 Census 230 Halliuehead Jessie 1910 Census 230 Carbary Teddey Marey Edward Mable Charles Edna Catherine George Cladys Lawrence 1910 230 Vandenbourdie Peter Elizabeth Jaseph Rollie Charles Margarette Daniel Grank Leo Alphonse Geo 230 Hoffmann Frederick Annie Emma Herman 1910 Census 230 Wandt Julies Carolina Clara Ida Geo Norma Marthea Estilla 1910 Census 230 Moore Fredrick Annie 1910 Census 230 Hartman William Winnice ? Sylvia Edger 1910 Census 230 Moore William Alice Chester Horace Neva 1910 Census 230 Horn Charles Louise Charles George 1910 Census 230 Bunert Minnie Henry Ida 1910 Census 230

Okroe adam Mary Joseph August Edward 1910 Census 230 Haselhuhn William Gertrude 1910 Census 230 Krings Philipp Gertrude 1910 Census 230 Scheoenherr Annie Arthur Ceclia Dorothy Marcella Alovera Victor 1910 Census 230 Rutz Albert 1910 Census 230 Kuikle Joseph Mary Florence Bernard Clara Delphine Eva George Ernest Peter Sylvester 1910Cen230 Berger Charles Jr Mary Elizabeth Theresa Earl Viola Wm Margaret 1910 Census 230 Schulte Frank 1910 Census 230 Chess John 1910 Census 230 Sachs John Sarah 1910 Census 230 Socks Martin Jennice 1910 Census 230-1 Plartz Fred Emily Dydia adnia 1910 Census 231 Rundy Louis 1910 Census 231 Plarty John Ida Martha Arthur Esther John 1910 Census 231 Gloede John Lena George John Jr Lydia Sophia Freddie Fred 1910 Census 231 Groth albert Ida Martin Myrtle Milton Georige Mary 1910 Census 231 Behinke Adolph Fred 1910 Census 231 Snoblen Joseph Catherine Leo Dorothy Charles Joseph Esther 1910 Census 231 Verstegn Constant 1910 Census 231 Herzog Frank Joseph 1910 Census 231 Hessil Jacobina 1910 Census 231 Miller Peter Mare Leonard Joseph Marie George Harvey 1910 Census 231 Hegen Henry Mary K Joseph William 1910 Census 231 Schnider Tina Jacob Irene 1910 Census 231 Henke Minnie Frank William Albert 1910 Census 231 Plett Henry Edward 1910 Census 231 Cleristel Frank annie Virginia Rose Walter Margaret 1910 Census 231 Weinberger Joseph 1910 Census 231 Sebold August 1910 Census 231 Rotarius Jacob Hellen Peter Jacob H Agnes Adolph 1910 Census 231 Englebert Frank annie Vira 1910 Census 231 Zimmerman Christina MIL 1910 Census 231 Thimuan Joseph 1910 Census 231 Crammer Daniel Frances Alfred Elizabeth 1910 Census 231 Miller Frank Annie 1910 Census 231 Parker Barbara SIL 1910 Census 231 Scholz Gustive Mary Charles Norman Edward El,mer Amanda Ella 1910 Census 231 Pricks John Louise Martha Alma Metta 1910 Census 231 Kraft Frank Mary Anthony Frank Edmond Martha Johanna 1910 Census 231-2 Loring Ernst Hannah Edward 1910 Census 232 Wurterman Ida 1910 Census 232 Thilk Fred Emma Louis George Agnes Harold Selma 1910 Census 232 Dockow Albert Minnie Verna Norma Esther Adele Roland 1910 Census 232 Andrews Charles 1910 Census 232 Breihalz Henry Lina Edna Elise Clarence Ragena 1910 Census 232 Scherader Jacob Emma Fred Edward Margaret 1910 Census 232 Almstatt Louis Rose Elton Norman 1910 Census 232 Ohlert Joseph Suzana Frank Leo stella Lizoria A Amerelia 1910 Census 232 Rinke Bartholomew Rosa Christon Jacob Herbert Harvey 1910 Census 232

Schath Mary Frank Mary Joseph A Edna 1910 Census 232 Brukolz Emil Pauline ray Erwina 1910 Census 232 Kader Frank stepson 1910 Census 232 Rinke Frank Julia Earl Mary Henrietta Raymnd Francis 1910 Census 232 Wiegand Phillip Elizabeth Rose George alfred Cecilia Zita 1910 Census 232 Rivard Joseph Frances Anthony Raymone Logola Frances Ce cil Joseph Rugh Aurelius 1910 Census 232 Smith John B Rose Lena Frank Joseph Cecelia Marcella Sylvester Bernice 1910 Census 232 Denriter Philip Josiphene Fred Loretta Philip Anthony Rosiline Emizna Arthur Lucy Lambert 1910 Census 232-3 Trombly Joseph W Jusiphine Florence Rose Cecelia Joseph V Mary A 1910 Census 233 Measel Louis 1910 Census 233 Robinet Henry Elisibiti Susan Michael 1910 Census 233 Warner Joseph Carolina Eugene Emira William Aurhur Alvira 1910 Census 233 Hallman Conrad Mary Bernard Henry Joseph 1910 Census 233 Oehmke Gustive Bertha Hilda Ida Mable Meta Elsie Esther Gustave 1910 Census 233 Opfer William Mary 1910 Census 233 Schlaff William Alice William Lena Olga Charles 1910 Census 233 Oelmske William Elisabetyh Elmina Arthur Otto Rbert 1910 Census 233 Oelmke Hadn Jr 1910 Census 233 Melsman? William Hattie Harold Wilfred Erma Caroline 1910 Census 233 Measel Edward Elisibeth Mildred Alice Gottfried Leonard 1910 Census 233 Arft Fred Mary Fred A Clarence 1910 Census 233 Trombly Peter Elisabeth Florence Peter 1910 Census 233 Erdmann Charles Augusta 1910 Census 233 Schulz Carsline Herman 1910 Census 233 Sieger Franz Catharine Henry Louice Edmond 1910 Census 233 Miller Gottfried Freitrida Amanda Lydia Walater Hilda 1910 Census 233 Smith Christopher Christine 1910 Census 233 Hoffinger William Pauline 1910 Census 233 Hoffinger Edward Minnie Elmer Oscar Breatrice Mildred 1910 Census 233 Trey Caroline MIL 1910 Census 234 Fridhoff George B Mary A Stella M Aloysuis Irene Gusoutof Valentine 1910 Census 234 Calahan Joseph BIL 1910 Census 234 Klein August Amelia Harold 1910 Census 234 Weed Henry Jr Louisa William Alvina Clara Charles Henry 1910 Census 234 Redlowski John 1910 Census 234 Kollmorgen William Louise Roy Harry Clarse Hilda Tina 1910 Census 234 Rinke John A Edith 1910 Census 234 Wiegand Andrew 1910 Census 234 Rinke Lena Lina 1910 Census 234 Ellis George Mary William Richard Rose Herman Louise Lutir 1910 Census 234 Pereira Frank Hazel Arthur Nivel Manul 1910 Census 234 Rothmann William Henry Minnie Anna Pauline 1910 Census 234 Ellis Edward 1910 Census 234 Karschmick Charles 1910 Census 234 Rottmann Julius 1910 Census 234 Pooth August Birtha 1910 Census 234 Warner Frank 1910 Census 234

S half John J Licht enumerator 1910 Census 235 Jacob Edward Rosa anna bennie Edward 1910 Census 235 Smith Fred 1910 Census 235 Lefever Julise Lizzie Imma Harry Cleaner Edmond Ida Joseph Franca Clare Cecelia Luca 235 Jacob Otto Christine Fred Alvin 1910 Census 235 Elwart Joseph B Rosiliu Alma Clemena 1910 Census 235 Smith Alexander Clara Helen Grover Aicas Ginevieve Mildred Grace Ida Lawton 1910 Census 235 Klauka Louis Sophia Louis Fred 1910 Census 235 Monarcha Joseph Victoria Hlihystef Albert 1910 Census 235 Casilebek Frincis 1910 Census 235 Brozwski August Anna John Edward Bernard Ireni 1910 Census 235 Kuctchey Joseph Mary George Louis Edward Irven Margaaritt Harold 1910 Census 235 Ladd Joseph Augusta Louis 1910 Census 235 Gorki John Julia 1910 Census 235 Qualman John Mary 1910 Census 235 Schroder August 1910 Census 235 Gilbert Sam Sophia Lena Fannia Milly Augusta Abraham Georg C 1910 Census 235 Grusheky solomon FIL 1910 Census 235 Grusheky Rosa MIL 1910 Census 235 Qualman Charlie Augusta Charles 1910 Census 235 Tuzinsky John Helen Katie Frank John 1910 Census 235 Tlashan Thomas Christine Mary William August Clara 1910 Census 235-6 Kutchey Michael Anna Mary Joseph 1910 Census 236 Rumpa Frank Fransie Joseph Frank Lizzie ? ?Benard Alexander 1910 Census 236 Hentzenfeld Henry amelia Martha Otto Ella? Elzra ? Viola 1910 Census 236 Wesmond ?rd Jr Emma Lilly or Elly? Bad copy 1910 Census 236 Milke August Ernstine Willie Emma Louis Otto Martha Mathias? Walter 1910 Census 236 Wansya? Rudolf 1910 Census 236 Masch Fred Ida Risice? Fred Elise Helen 1910 Census 236 Cuss Augusta Frank Theodore Mary August Benjaman 1910 Census 236 Ostem Charles Lina Mary 1910 Census 236 Masch William Willie Ernest Elmer Edward 1910 Census 236 Keiser Ludwig dorothy Martha 1910 Census 236 Merta Fred? Minnie Malinda 1910 Census 236 Lauvena Frank Louisa 1910 Census 236 Mileolowski August Mary Henry Clara Herman Lorne Henry 1910 Census 236 Hase John 1910 Census 236 Debel Minnie 1910 Census 236 Rosyenks John Mary Anna Monna Rosian George LsRasks Anna 1910 Census 236 Gottschalk Frank Anna Remolda William Ella 1910 Census 236 Minda Radaisa Minnie Lezsa Walter Leo Ersie 1910 Census 236 Denzane Shrinfian Caroline Gihaske John Ida 1910 Census 236 Gottachala Ferdiand dora Ferdinand Laura 1910 Census 236 Ranya John Augusta Marvian Willie Augusta Robert Anna 1910 Census 237 Wasmond Fred Lizzia Edward Louis 1910 Census 237 Revodt? Henry Mary William 1910 Census 237 Stosenfeld William Louisa Walter Louis 1910 Census 237 Renolt christian Minnia 1910 Census 237

Zanlese Herman 1910 Census 237 Wolf William Anna Ronalda Charles 1910 Census 237 Masch Sophia Henry Edward 1910 Census 237 Doeffer George Lizzie Lillis Louis Margaret 1910 Census 237 Goring Edward A Anna John Albert Mary Franz Aglina Clara Alona Robert Jessica Bessie 1910 237 Schlose Frank Lozna John Frank 1910 Census 237 Schloel Mary 1910 Census 237 Macy Warnnue 1910 Census 237 Macy Frank 1910 Census 237 Lieberman Henry Maria 1910 Census 237 Miller Jacob 1910 Census 237 Simonda Alonzo Amilia Lydia Rachogu Arthur Oliver 1910 Census 237 Schnelli Charlette 1910 Census 237 Smith Herman Carrie Erma 1910 Census 237 Oestrich Charles 1910 Census 237 Smith Robert Alvina 1910 Census 237 Minda John Eurika albert Charles Minnie 1910 Census 237 Minda Amely Eva Clara Herman 1910 Census 237 Buerman Fred Monna Selma Edna charlie Robert Walter Ernest Fredie 1910 Census 237 Alternatt Joseph Kathrine Nicholas W 1910 Census 237 Miller Fred 1910 Census 237 Smith Theodore Sophia 1910 Census 237 Rosenow Wilemina Ernest Helena 1910 Census 237 Alternatt Joseph A Margaret 1910 Census 237 Bierman Fred Maria Ratie 1910 Census 237 Gottechalk Fred Emma Clara Irvin 1910 Census 237 Backman John Fredicka Ludwig 1910 Census 237 Dorflinger Fred Pauline Henry Lottie Sophia Lizzie Harjold 1910 Census 237 Hoste Benard Catherine Sophia Bernard Lawrence 1910 Census 237 Martz Charles Mary Henry Walter Jeb Margarett 1910 Census 237 Koch Plarfledander Catherine Catherine 1910 Census 237 Werth August Sarah Mabel Minda Victor Emma Hanna Casper Lavearn 1910 Census 237 Rose William Mary Millie Willie 1910 Census 237 Kleiof Charles Minnie Lillia 1910 Census 237 Qualman Fred Fredia 1910 Census 237 Desgrandchamp Rutherford Birha Emma Walter 1910 Census 237 Feldman Peter Vltestine 1910 Census 238 Hattie Peter Jr John Minnie Elise 1910 Census 238 Goeke steve Ivine Howard 1910 Census 238 siassek Casle Felechia Edward William 1910 Census 238 Qualman William Katie edward 1910 Census 238 Miller Charles 1910 Census 238 Rose Charles Anna Arthur Margarett Raymond 1910 Census 238 Kirth Harry Tobey Charles Sumual Dora Ester 1910 Census 238 geblan Samual 1910 Census 238 roberta stephin Maryann 1910 Census 238 Kristoneyer William Caroline Pareial Hubert Willard 1910 Census 238 Elliott John Ceila Joseph Ella Bertha Norman Lucide Josiph Catherine 1910 Census 238 Dobblestene august Lizzie Irvin 1910 Census 238 Kaltz Peter Sr Mary Peter Catherine Clement 1910 Census 239

Delor Henry Catherine Elvira Patles Grace Marcella Meldred Catherine Charles 1910 Census 239 Gramns Marion Mathas Lillian Hirosen? Joseph 1910 Census 239 Revard Lina 1910 Census 239 Plunkett Mary Mortimer 1910 Census 239 Buchel Joseph Sophia 1910 Census 239 Miller Joseph Mary Felix Sophia Ada Erickrosann Beatrice Lio 1910 Census 239 Trombley Teodore Gertrude Beatrice Vincent Edwin Isablle Vangeline Florence Marion 1910 239 Simond Alice 1910 Census 239 Hopeu Melissa 1910 Census 239 Brinker Edward Minnie 1910 Census 239 Wiegand John Mary Anthony Andrew John Frank David Walter 1910 Census 239 Borcel Julaa 1910 Census 239 Canice James 1910 Census 239 Binker Elicatitl 1910 Census 239 Buech Loouie Annillin Alma Elna Raymond Walter Dorothy 1910 Census 239 Zunert August 1910 Census 239 Hartzig George Martha Rubie Fasiet 1910 Census 239 Lootens Augest Mary Harold 1910 Census 239 Brown Charles 1910 Census 239 Hartsig Gertrude 1910 Census 239 Klean August Fridia Dorothy 1910 Census 239 Miller August 1910 Census 239 Grobbel John Elizabeth Bert Mildred 1910 Census 239 Buchel John Dora Cecilia Jenetta Anthony Raymond Gertrude 1910 Census 239 Delong Rosa 1910 Census 239 Krammer John F 1910 Census 239 Miller Katherine 1910 Census 239 Emerentia Sister 1910 Census 239 Adrian Sister 1910 Census 239 Aindoth Sister 1910 Census 239 Alicia Sister 1910 Census 239 Grobel Binard Catherine Alvera Viola Fredick Monelina Joseph 1910 Census 239 Wiegand Clarence? ?Linda Joseph Kate John William Mary 1910 Census 239 Rinke Joseph Elizabeth Norbert Edgar George Mareon 1910 Census 239 Pfenk Edward alma Marsella Helen 1910 Census 239 Ohlert John 1910 Census 239 Gronkowski Adolph Agnes Norbert Edith Ester Freklin anthony Edward 1910 Census 239 Emgleman Margaua MIL 1910 Census 239 Miller Robert A Hirmelinda Evelyn Carl Florence 1910 Census 239 Weigand Barha 1910 Census 239 Miller Elizabeth Irene Edith 1910 Census 239 Denewith Frank Emma trmandus Mary Margaret 1910 Census 239 Venthsnona Levine 1910 Census 239 Denenoth Benard 1910 Census 239 Rasll Robert Bertha Norman Josephine 1910 Census 239 Clays Henry Agnes Henrietta 1910 Census 239 Malburg John 1910 Census 240 Smith Michael Catherine Elizabeth Alford Corey Mary B Margarett Melflrif Thomas E 1910 Census 240

Rinke Joseph Sr Mary Hugo 1910 Census 240 Desgrandchamp William Genna Zlreo Amenind Slamens Irene 1910 Census 240 Weine Joseph Rosa John Mary 1910 Census 240 Kline Peter 1910 Census 240 Jackson William Lela Augusta Sally Howard 1910 Census 240 Stern Albert Ella 1910 Census 240 Manbuger Silarlotte 1910 Census 240 Maltin Cyeril Ella Leona Mary Henry 1910 Census 240 Dewett Jereme 1910 Census 240 Mink Charlie 1910 Census 240 Desgrandchamp John B Emma 1910 Census 240 Wood clerance 1910 Census 240 Yacht Adoph Carrie Edward Cecila 1910 Census 240 Hath Micheal Henirettia 1910 Census 240 White Hecter 1910 Census 241 Hicth Edward Linda Mary 1910 Census 241 Jackson David Elizebeth Frank W Edward 1910 Census 241 Otto Jacob Mary Joseph Verana Willis Edna Edward Margarett Harold Bertha 1910 Census 241 Zimmerman Charlie 1910 Census 241 Kaltz Mathas G Louisa George Clarence 1910 Census 241 Meyers Joseph Gertrude Mary Joseph Jr John Alferd Vera 1910 Census 241 Desgrandchamp Josephia Pearl Margerie Ellador Myertle Mildred 1910 Census 241 Kaltz Amdrew 1910 Census 241 Matiland Andrew 1910 Census 241 Miller John P Lizzie John Jr alford ?urs Methas Carl Viola 1910 Census 241 Kaltz Mathew Gertrude 1910 Census 241 Parseh Anthony Lizzia Anna 1910 Census 241 Burg Mathas Anna Anthony Joseph Veronica Jacob John P Olivia Arthur 1910 Census 241 Burg Peter Mary Elizabeth Peter Jr William Mary Catherine Susan Viola 1910 Census 241 Weingartz Michael Gertrude William 1910 Census 241 Kaltz John Gertrude Threase Matilda Julius Walter Dorothy 1910 Census 241 Weingartz Joseph Barbra Michael Christian Lawarence Thriase Clementine Gloryseuie Raymond Cecilia 1910 Census 241 Steans William Lorrisia William M 1910 Census 241 Tell Peter Margarett Evelyn George Verna Irene Roy 1910 Census 241 Pause Henry Marie 1910 Census 241 Engel Henry Henritetta Mielia 1910 Census 242 Schmidt John C Emzna Mcldern Violet Lorza Ida Nettie John Clerance 1910 Census 242 Socks William anna Clara Louisa Florence 1910 Census 242 Morian Frelinand Anna Anthony Aloysius 1910 Census 242 Spene Charles Anna Ida Anna Clara 1910 Census 242 Spens George Amlnida Arthur Marie Josephine 1910 Census 242 Munlis Edward Maggie 1910 Census 242 Prissel Louis Lylia Clara Hazel Edward 1910 Census 242 Stillhuke Rulinand 1910 Census 242 Rausch Fred Marg Osecar Viola 1910 Census 242 Wiryissi Rudolf Mary Fred Agnes 1910 Census 242 Rausch Louis Olive 1910 Census 242 Heselhuhn Herman Olina Crnana Fredirck 1910 Census 242

Georgr Lizzie Lozzie L 1910 Census 242 Beckin Birtha 1910 Census 242 Distler Bertha Gaorgr 1910 Census 242 Cdiet Mary Josphine 1910 Census 242 Schoenberg Jonas Josphine Louisa Laura Irene Hilda Josephine Ester 1910 Census 242 Spene Edward Beatrha Edina 1910 Census 242 Hartung Augusta 1910 Census 242 Harting Fred Louisa Mensia Gridea Adolph 1910 Census 242 Huecci Ringfld Caroline Agnes 1910 Census 242 Measel Johnes Mary Roda Fred Peter Norman 1910 Census 242 Measel Henry Roda Mary Elmer Clara Norma 1910 Census 242 Schuster Joseph Caroline George Cordelia Hildet Angeline Virgina 1910 Census 242 Gill John 1910 Census 243 Kiina Stanlay Agnes Frank Cylia Threase 1910 Census 243 Klinghammic Michael Barbra Joseph Romia 1910 Census 243 Thisen Antonettie Jacob 1910 Census 243 Hessel Albert Susan Michael Albert John Henry 1910 Census 243 Measel Fred Tina Elmer Clarance Herbert Mildred 1910 Census 243 Richlmann Lawrence Birbra 1910 Census 243 Schmitt John M Elizabeth 1910 Census 243 Sanderer Anna Julia 1910 Census 243 Dierbune Robert 1910 Census 243 Dtirfer Gothirire 1910 Census 243 Haussner frank Amanda Winifred Leroy J 1910 Census 243 Monie Tomas Bertha arthur Gertrude Irene 1910 Census 243 Beste Joseph Mary Oscar Roland George Rledildea Edwin 1910 Census 243 Gill Fhiliman 1910 Census 243 Kott August Matalda John Yulli August Clara Mary Edward August 1910 Census 243 Gietzen Nicholas Birtherina Anthony Willard Veronica Cecelia Peter J Vincent 1910 Census 243 Beckman Joseph Mary Joseph Rosa Martha 1910 Census 243 Theut Peter P Elizabeth Edwin Clerance W 1910 Census 243 Ginster Joseph 1910 Census 243 Destlreck Herman 1910 Census 243 Lambert Dolm Elizabeth Garold Emily 1910 Census 243 Theut Hellintin Cecilia Genieve Cecelia 1910 Census 243 Dermeskey Joseph 1910 Census 243 Ryan Mary Anna John C Michael B Mattiea 1910 Census 243 Stricker John Mary Albert 1910 Census 243 Schoenherr Edward Cecelia Raunold Edward Cilia Wetter Joseph Irene Afred Irvin Victor 1910 244 Foerster Lenard Bertha Irene Clarance 1910 Census 244 Metter John Christene Peter Lambert John Dora 1910 Census 244 Engel John Fredericka Louis Viola Freda Clara Bertha Martha 1910 Census 244 Foester John Sr Barbra Alfred Edza 1910 Census 244 Schultz Peter Mary Anthony Joseph Rosa Katharine John 1910 Census 244 Sifferlin Louis Emma William Otto 1910 Census 244 Prissel Christine 1910 Census 244 Schultz John Margarrett Clara 1910 Census 244 Heussner William Jr Apmelia Lylia Clara Bertha Elmer 1910 Census 244 Richert John Augusta Wetter 1910 Census 244

Kaiser Christine Anna Leonard Otto Jela Julius Pearl 1910 Census 244 Heuesner William Elizabeth Lolisa 1910 Census 244 Hesch Mary Willard 1910 Census 244 Heuesner Henry Minnie Louis Ida Elizabeth 1910 Census 244 Hussner John Sr Elizabeth Albert 1910 Census 244 Blackett Walter Rosa Welton Loulday Ethel 1910 Census 244 Westfil selara 1910 Census 244 Helessner John Jr Lizzie Mida Otto George Edna 1910 Census 244 Diegel Catherine Leana Joseph Mary Frank 1910 Census 244 Calackett George Caroline Norma Mildred 1910 Census 244 Fisher George M Jr Carrie 1910 Census 244 Bolam Thomas Lillian Mabel Elvira 1910 Census 244b Susiek Henry Margaret 1910 Census 244b 245 Glone Machean 1910 Census 245 Meirsel William Reca Willian Jr Klaslie Mannie Arthur Lydia Rosa Theodore Otto 1910 Census 245 Steimnetz Christian 1910 Census 245 Staffin Peter Carrie Lynde 1910 Census 245 Meseroy Henry 1910 Census 245 Cook Jayce Elizabeth 1910 Census 245 Sterorlosger Henry Louisa Caroline Louisa William Albert Helen 1910 Census 245 Weinert Charles Mary Clara Albert August 1910 Census 245 Young Henry Merrbuk Annia Herman 1910 Census 245 Doeffer John St Catherine John Jr Bertha Charles 1910 Census 245 Scholtz August Dorothy 1910 Census 245 Hund George Mathilda Walter Edward Herbert Clara Amanda Buchen George Jr Melfred 1910 Census 245 Pagei William Olive Bertha Lillian William Jr 1910 Census 245 Toepher Fred Anna 1910 Census 245 Stricker Lylia 1910 Census 245 Clark charles Loousia Elmerau Ella 1910 Census 245 Nummer George Mary Georges Lauratte Henrietta Julia Edward Fred Benhand 1910 Census 245 Schemm Louis Lotti Louis Jane 1910 Census 245 Reaun Leonard G Pauline Clanis G Earl H Mary 1910 Census 245 Case Gail 1910 Census 245 Lenenest Scmien Elizabeth Edna Margarette Leo 1910 Census 245 Hanmeric Edmond 1910 Census 245 Kaiser Schristian Henry 1910 Census 245 Boss Maryete 1910 Census 245 Boss Robert 1910 Census 245 Helderuzerdt Karl 1910 Census 245 Brohl Joseph Joseph Jr Diana 1910 Census 245 Couscier John Sidonise Joseph Leona Wetter 1910 Census 245 244b Kaiser Christian Anna Leonard Otto Iola Julius Carl 1910 Census 244 Heuesner William Elizabeth Louisa 1910 Census 244 Wesch Mary Willard 1910 Census 244 Heuesmer Henry Minnie Louis Lila Elizabeth 1910 Census 244

Heussner John Sr Elizabeth Albert 1910 Census 244 Blackett Walter Rose Welter Gorelday Ethel 1910 Census 244 Westphal Clara 1910 Census 244 Helissmer John Jr Lizzie Meda Otto George Edna 1910 Census 244 Diegel Catherine Leana Joseph R Mary Frank 1910 Census 244 Blackett George Caroline Norma Millard 1910 Census 244 Fisher George M Jr Carrie 1910 Census 244 Bolam Thomas Ellan Mabel Oliver 1910 Census 244 Sussick Henry Margaret 1910 Census 244 245A Clone Malburn grandson 1910 Census 245 Murser William Reba Willian Jr Rnaslie Minnie Arthur Lydia rosa Thiodore Otto 1910 Census 245 Steimnetz Christin 1910 Census 245 Staffin Peter Carie Lynde 1910 Census 245 Mesesey Mary 1910 Census 245 Sook James Elizabeth 1910 Census 245 Sterozborger Henry Louisa Catherine Loouisa William O?ppel Helen 1910 Census 245 Weimert Charles Mary Clara Albert August 1910 Census 245 Young Henry Minnel Annia Herman 1910 Census 245 Doeffer John sr Christine John Jr Bertha Charlie 1910 Census 245 Scholtz August Dorothy 1910 Census 245a Hund George Mathilda Walter Edurard Herbert Clara Amenda Rucben George JrMeldred 1910 245 Pagec William Clara Bertha Lillian William Jr 1910 Census 245b Toepher Fred Anna 1910 Census 245 Stricker Lylia 1910 Census 245 Clalk Charles Loouisa Elnora Ella 1910 Census 245 Nummer George Mary Georgrfs Lauratte Heinretta Julia Edward Fred Benhand 1910 Census 245 Schemm Louis? ?otta Louis Lora 1910 Census 245 Braun Conard G Pauline Clrnis G ? earl T Mary 1910 Census 245 ?Sherre Carl 1910 Census 245 ?Cosnsit Seniern Elizabeth Idna Margarette Leo 1910 Census 245 Venmale Edmond 1910 Census 245 Kaiser Christian Henry 1910 Census 245 Boss Mary C Robert 1910 Census 245 Hellerweirdt Karl 1910 Census 245 Brohl Joseph Joseph Jr Diana 1910 Census 245 Couelier John Sidonia Joseph Leona Mary Emil Anna Felix Bertha Celia Cyrial Alfonse Florence 246a Brohl Frank Jr Mary Mary Agnes Revard Norbert Norman 1910 Census 246a Recti John sr Castline frank Joseph Kate John gertrude Lucy? 1910 Census 246a Brohl Louis Mary Frank Katherine susan albert Ceclia Frank Sr Katherine 1910 Census 246a Valbricht Emil Vola Morse Elise 1910 Census 246a Beste Joseph Gertrude Agnes Aleyousus Angelina Alexander Julia 1910 Census 246a Hancour Charlie Mathilde Joseph Rosa 1910 Census 246a Albrickt William Laura 1910 Census 246b Shebler Anna MIL 1910 Census 246b Teifel Anthony ?Ghistine 1910 Census 246b VanLoo Henry Mida Henry Jr Margarett Losirea Lawrence 1910 Census 246b

Plunkett Meggie 1910 Census 246b Lakence Louid Lelana Lina Leona Delephine Frank Joseph 1910 Census 246b Mistlen Baygt Anna Thomas W 1910 Census 246b Rieges Otto Lonisa Fred 1910 Census 246b Deblosuioe Harry Lantine Gustave Harry Jr 1910 Census 246b Hanbel Theodor Otto 1910 Census 246b Plunkett Amalia Louisa Jahnet 1910 Census 246b Peters Henry Ester Bernice Marceica Hauilton Henry Jr Aral 1910 Census 246b Jackson Deniel Josephine Lewis Thomas Irvin Elmer Andrew Myrtle Charles Irena Daniel Marie 1910 Census 246b Jackson James 1910 Census 247a Groesbeck Noah Elizabeth Alexander Eugene Elese Charles Clement 1910 Census 247a VanDenning Rene Jessie Louise Rosa Lelesia Charles Edith Della 1910 Census 247a Rehlman Gpreclian Mary John Onermitt Lawrence Henry Joseph Catherine 1910 Census 247a Peters Alfred Mary Estella Fridie Albert Clemens Maria Leo Irina 1910 Census 247a Theut Anne 1910 Census 247a Seyhe Paul 1910 Census 247a Sfieler Peter Jr Elizabeth Estilla John 1910 Census 247a Jenuwine John Lizzie Andrew Edward Louisa Frank Evelyn 1910 Census 247a Otto Lucy 1910 Census 247a Simon Alfonce Linsa Metilda Seifed 1910 Census 247a Kaltz Frank Mary E 1910 Census 247b Wilson Gertrude 1910 Census 247b Irseny Margarett daughter 1910 Census 247b Geren Joseph Mary 1910 Census 247b Hellewook Emernnce Felix Charles Mary Stella Florence Arthur Carnel Francis 1910 Census 247b Sanitz John Elizabeth Glace Andrew 1910 Census 247b Melong Charles Mary Mary Louisa Silvia Edna Charles 1910 Census 247b Rinke Anthony Grtrude Lawrence Leo 1910 Census 247b Lang John Catherine Walter Estella 1910 Census 247b Trombley George C Mary Omar George 1910 Census 247b Wiegand Jacob Mary 1910 Census 247b end of warren Twp 247-223= approximately 2400 persons considering a few were probably missed as always happens.

Can you pass the 6th and 8th Grade Final Exams of 1890 This is a handwritten essay test using no computers, notes or reference material. Everything must come out of your head in one sit down session in front of the teacher. There is a time limit of four hours. If you fail it as a 12 year old you are considered unsuitable for school and must do hard work on the farm all day for the next six years without pay. Also if you fail it you will have a free trip to the woodshed where father will administer a thorough switching to your bare butt with a willow switch. Many parents took education very seriously. They also had to pay taxes for the schools whether their kids went or not. I remember my grandfather who only had an 8th grade education helping me with my square roots in high school and correcting me on math problems and in other topics when he was in his 80s. He said he learned all subjects well because he had to recite them to the teacher and then help teach the younger kids in a one room school. Using correct spelling, grammar and good hand writing elaborate in essay form the answers. Use no notes. U.S. History 1. Name the parts of the Bill of Rights and explain which rights they protect. 2. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War. 3. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion. 4. Tell what you can of the history of Michigan. 5. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln, Penn, and Howe? 6. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849, and 1865? Geography 1. Name each of the states in the USA and give its capital. 2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Michigan? 3. Describe the mountains of N.A. 4. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend? 5. Describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver, Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, and Orinoco. 6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S. 7. Name all the republics of Europe and give capital of each. 8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude? 9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers. 10.Describe the movements of the earth. Give inclination of the earth. Arithmetic 1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic. 2. A wagon box is 2 ft. deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide. How many bushels of wheat will it hold? 3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at 50cts. per bu, deducting 1050 lbs. for tare? 4. District No. 1 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary levy to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals? 5. Find cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton. 6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent. 7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $.20 per inch? 8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent. 9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance around which is 640 rods? 10.Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt. Grammar 1. Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters. 2. Name the Parts of Speech and define those that have no modifications. 3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph. 4. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal Parts of do, lie, lay and run. 5. Define Case, Illustrate each Case. 6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of Punctuation. Orthography 1. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e'. Name two exceptions under each rule. 2. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each. 3. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: Bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, super. 4. Use the following correctly in sentences, Cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays. 5. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication. The 8th Grade Final Exam added even more difficult Math, Civil War, US and State Government questions.

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History of the Center Line Fire Department Part two

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Mike Grobbel has done much good research into Center Line History. I therefore give him credit for the wording in this document. Signed Wesley E Arnold 40

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I think this is Mike Grobbel's picture probably from his family collection. Wesley Arnold 46

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48 Above from History Center Line Fire Dept and unknown documents

Learn from history or repeat it. Thousands are murdered and tortured every year. This has been going on for thousands of years. 45 Million died in WWII. Historians outside Japan estimate that at least five million captive foreign civilians and prisoners of war were brutally murdered by the Japanese military between 1937 and 1945. To that figure, can be added hundreds of thousands of victims who were slowly murdered by starvation, disease, and beatings in Japanese prisoner of war and internment camps, and hundreds of thousands of women who were brutally raped by Japanese soldiers. "The Knights of Bushido - A Short History of Japanese War Crimes" by Lord Russell of Liverpool 1958. Human heads hanging

Right decapitated head. The japs would castrate men then place the testicles in the victims mouth and sew it shut, eviscerate them and let them die a slow death. Below more decapitated heads

Historical Commission Historical Markers The first line is the title on the plaque, what follows is the language on the plaque, except where noted. Locations are all in Macomb County, Michigan. For any additions or corrections, please e-mail macombhistory@yahoo.com . Readers are invited to send their photos of the plaques. If used, the photo will be displayed near the plaques description on the webpage and credit will be given. Please include your full name, city, and state (or province or country) and a contact phone number and/or e-mail address when submitting photos to the e-mail address.

Alexander Macomb- In 1818, Territorial Governor Lewis Cass proclaimed the third Michigan county to be called Macomb. At that time, the young General was Commander of the Fifth Military Department in Detroit. Born in that city in 1782, son of prominent local entrepreneurs, Macomb had entered the U.S. Army in 1799. He had gained national renown and honor during the War of 1812 for his victory at Plattsburg in September 1814 over a far superior force of British invaders. Later as Chief Army Engineer, he promoted the building of military roads in the Great Lakes area. From May 1828 to his death in June 1841, Macomb served as Commander in Chief of the Army. He is buried in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington D.C. His birthday, April 3, is honored as Macomb County Heritage Day. Located at the corner of Gratiot and Macomb in Mt. Clemens. Baumgartner House- A native of Bavaria, John Baumgartner purchased this property in Erin Township in 1856, becoming one of Fraser's first landowners. Around 1866 he and his wife, Samantha, moved here with the first three of their seven children. In 1875 they erected this house in the Rundbogenstil (round arch mode), a German architectural style popularized in the United States from the 1840s through the 1860s. The round windows, square plan and perfect symmetry reflect the style. The farm included outbuildings and orchards. Located at 18577 Masonic in Fraser. Blossom Heath Inn- Matthew Kramer, a hotelier and yachtsman, built this roadhouse in 1911, naming it the Kramerhof. In 1920, the building was sold to William McIntosh, who renamed it the Blossom Heath Inn and added two large wings, which included an ornate ballroom. Blossom Heath was one of the most luxurious roadhouses in Michigan. Nationally known big bands, such as Ben Pollack's drew people from Detroit and Canada. Blossom Heath became notorious for illegal drinking and gambling during Prohibition and the Depression. After McIntosh's death in 1930, the roadhouse was run by his heirs. By the late 1930's, the heyday of roadhouses was over, and in 1943, Blossom Heath was sold. The building fell into disuse, but in 1946, the village of St. Clair Shores purchased it. On May 19, 1946, it reopened as a civic center with village offices in the north wing. It became the St. Clair Shores Recreation Center in 1957. Located at 24800 Jefferson Ave in St. Clair Shores.

Carnegie Library- Mount Clemens Carnegie building was erected in 1904 and was the first Carnegie Library built in Macomb County. It is one of 1,681 such libraries across the United States financed by

Andrew Carnegie, the industrialist and philanthropist. The columns, stairs, and large windows of this Neo-Classical design make the structure one of the distinguished public edifices in this vicinity. This site is part of the original land granted in 1811, private claim number 141, to Christian Clemens, founder of Mount Clemens. Initially used as a public library, this facility has an outstanding local history and genealogy collection. In 1969, the Carnegie Building became the Art Center, a community based non-profit organization, which fosters visual arts through exhibits, classes and tours in the area. Located at 125 Macomb St. in Mount Clemens. Clinton Grove Cemetery- Established in 1855, the Clinton Grove Cemetery exhibits an exquisite array of funerary art in a wooded landscape. This combination of nature and monuments reflects the rural cemetery movement of the nineteenth century, which popularized park-like pastoral planned landscapes in both rural and urban settings. The grounds include a caretakers house, built around 1885, and a Tudor office and chapel building, designed by Mount Clemens architect Theophilus Van Damme, which dates from 1914. Many business and political leaders are interred here as well as veterans of American military conflicts from the Revolutionary War through the Vietnam War. Six thousand burials date from the nineteenth century. Clinton Grove Cemetery is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Located at 21189 Cass Avenue in Clinton Township. Crocker House-The first mayor of Mount Clemens, Josua Dickinson, built this Italianate house in 1869. His daughter Katherine (1849-1882), the great-granddaughter of city founder Christian Clemens, and his son-in-law, George M. Crocker (1848-1918), moved into it after their marriage in 1870. Crocker, a former prosecuting attorney and justice of the peace became mayor upon Dickinson's death. The Crocker family owned the house until 1921. Originally located at the corner of Walnut and Market streets, the house was moved to New Street in 1908 to make room for a new post office. Slated for removal or demolition in 1975, it was rescued by the Macomb County Historical Society, which moved it to Union Street in 1976 for use as a local history museum. Located at 15 Union Street in Mt. Clemens. Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant In 1940, the U.S. Army and the Chrysler Corporation hired Detroit architect Albert Kahn to design a self-contained tank plant. Kahn specialized in factories. In 1941, he designed 20 million square feet of defense plants. The first tank rolled off the assembly line at the sprawling Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant on April 24, 1941, amid cheering spectators. The December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor thrust the U.S. into the Second World War and tank workers into round-the-clock production. President Franklin Roosevelt and his wife Eleanor inspected the plant in September 1942. Two months later workers set the monthly record for all U.S. plants by producing 896 tanks. Tank production ended here in 1997. Just two decades after the end of World War I, Europe was again at war. Construction of the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant began in 1940, before the U.S. became directly involved in the conflict. The 1941 Lend-Lease Act committed the U.S. to supplying arms to its allies. During World War II, the U.S. government contracted with automakers to make tanks, trucks and planes. William Knudson, president of the General Motors Corporation, led the government's defense production effort. Capitalizing on the auto industry's mass production capabilities, he called on Chrysler Corporation president K.T. Keller to build tanks. By the war's end, the arsenal built 22,234 tanks, over one quarter of the tanks produced in the U.S.

Located at Van Dyke at Tank Road (10 Mile) in Warren. Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery was organized in 1925 to serve the rapidly expanding post-war Detroit black population. Concerned with the indignities and poor quality of service received by the black community, several distinguished Detroiters established the cemetery to provide reasonably priced and dignified burials. This was the first black-owned and operated business of its kind in the state. Its incorporators included Charles Diggs, a mortician and acknowledged founder, and Dr. Aaron Toodle, a druggist and first president. By careful management, the cemetery corporation survived the Great Depression and expanded into financial services. Famous inventor, Elijah McCoy, is buried here among doctors, lawyers, ministers, teachers, and business, civic and political leaders. Located at 4280 E. 13 Mile Road in Warren. Edsel & Eleanor Ford House Edsel Ford, president of the Ford Motor Company for many years, and his wife, Eleanor Clay, completed this 87-acre estate in 1927. Architect Albert Kahn derived the design precedents in Cotswold, England, and many of the materials, including the staircase, paneling, and the fireplaces, were brought from old English homes. Noted landscape architect Jens Jensen developed the grounds. The Fords were collectors of art and antiques, and benefactors of local and national institutions. Edsel was instrumental in the creation of the Ford Foundation in 1936. He died here on May 26, 1943. His wife, who lived here until her death on October 19, 1976, endowed the property and directed it be maintained for public use. Located at 1100 Lake Shore Drive, near Vernier, in Grosse Pte. Shores. Erin United Presbyterian Church Under the leadership of the Reverend Harry N. Bissell of Mount Clemens, several families organized the First Presbyterian Church of Erin in 1860. The original thirteen members held their first services in a small schoolhouse. They were the first congregation in this community to conduct services in English. In early 1861, Thomas Common donated the present site to the church. The first church on this site, which cost less than $500 was completed in October 1861. The congregation built a new church here in 1930 and added a more modern sanctuary onto it in 1967. Dedicatory services for the expanded church were held on September 17, 1967. The church's name was changed to the First Presbyterian Church of Roseville in 1929 and to the Erin United Presbyterian Church in 1953. Located at 30000 Gratiot Avenue in Roseville. Erin - Warren Fractional District No. 2 School This school served children in Erin and Warren Townships from 1872 to 1921. Beginning in 1838, German farmer Christian Gerlach held classes in his home. During the 1840s, a log building served as a classroom. In 1850, a red frame school was built. In 1872, the red school was replaced with this structure. Popularly known as Halfway School, it was located in the village of Halfway, midway between Mount Clemens and Detroit. When the school closed in 1921, it was moved to the southeast corner of Nine Mile Road and Gratiot Avenue and used as a warehouse. The East Detroit Historical Society acquired the school in 1984, returning it to within one hundred feet of its original site and restoring its nineteenth century appearance. Located at 15500 Nine Mile Road in Eastpointe.

First Methodist Episcopal Church In 1844, the Reverend Jonathon Davis founded the Methodist Episcopal Church to serve the community of Davis, known then as Brooklyn. In 1846, the congregation built the town's first church. The present one, which dates from 1895, is a unique Victorian era church due to its spindles, shingles and sunbursts, more typically found on residences of the period. In 1968 the church was renamed Davis United Methodist Church. Located at 59024 Romeo Plank Road in Davis (Ray Township). General Motors Technical Center- An American icon of modern architecture, the General Motors (GM) Technical Center stands as a model corporate research and development park. Thirty-one buildings were constructed between 1949 and 1985. Conceived by Board of Directors Chairman Alfred P. Sloan, the center centralized GM's research, design and engineering efforts. Vice President for Styling Harley Earl chose Eliel and Eero Saarinen to design the campus. Eero Saarinen's International Style buildings complemented by the grounds he planned with landscape architect Thomas Church. Saarinen also worked with GM's Argonaut Division, which designed many of the structures. The center is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Located on Mound Road between 11 and 12 Mile Roads in Warren. Governor Alex J. Groesbeck-Son of a pioneer Dutch-French family, Groesbeck was born in Warren Township near the corner of Mound and Twelve Mile Roads in 1872. His father's election as sheriff in 1880 caused the family to move to Mount Clemens. In 1893, Alex graduated from the University of Michigan and began a long and distinguished legal career in Detroit. After serving as state attorney general from 1917 to 1920, he became governor for the first of three successive terms in 1921. His Republican administrations were noted for governmental reorganization, prison reform, and expansion of state highways. Highway M-97 was, subsequently, named after him. In 1927, he returned to Detroit, retaining active interest in public affairs until his death in 1953. (For more on Alex Groesbeck, see the Local History Spotlight article.) Located on the grounds of the GM Tech Center on Mound Road between 11 and 12 Mile Roads in Warren.

Grace Episcopal Church (Mt. Clemens)- The Episcopal Diocese of Michigan sent Edward Magee to Mount Clemens in 1849. The interest generated by this missionary visit culminated a year later when the Grace Episcopal congregation was formed. In December of that year Michigan's first Episcopal Bishop, the Right Reverend Samuel McCoskry, conducted services in the courthouse. Six members were confirmed and Magee was ordained. In 1870 this simple Gothic Revival church was built. Located at 115 S. Gratiot in Mt. Clemens.

Grand Pacific House- Frederick Losh opened the Grand Pacific House in 1881, during New Baltimore's golden era. The Italianate hotel and saloon was built of bricks made locally at Streits's brickyard. Losh quickly profited from the city's popularity as a summer resort. Following Losh's death in 1890, his widow Emma ran the hotel until 1909, when she sold it to her brother Amos Springborn, who converted it into a boardinghouse. In 1986 a descendant sold the building to the New Baltimore

Historical Society. Located at 51065 Washington Street in New Baltimore.

Holcombe Beach-Near this site in 1961 archeologists from the Aboriginal Research Club and the University of Michigan uncovered evidence of an early Paleo-Indian settlement. Here about 11,000 years ago these first prehistoric dwellers in the Great Lakes region inhabited a lake shore. Excavations of artifacts and bones reveal that for food the Paleo-Indian hunted Barren Ground caribou, a species suited to the tundra-like terrain of that era. As their environment changed, these Indians were forced to adapt to new ways of living, Different climate and sources of food required modified tools and methods of subsistence, and the Paleo-Indian pattern of life developed into the culture of the Early Archaic people. The site known as Holcombe Beach is a reminder of basic changes in Michigan's physical and biological environment over the ages. Located on Dodge Park, north of Metro Parkway in Sterling Heights.

Immanuel Methodist Episcopal Church-German immigrants began organizing Methodist churches in Michigan in 1846. In 1849 a small group founded the Immanuel Methodist Church in Roseville to serve Detroit's northeast side. In 1933, when the Roseville church was razed to widen Gratiot Avenue, the congregation relocated here. This Neo-Gothic sandstone church, the congregation's third was designed by Merritt and Cole of Detroit and was dedicated on November 5, 1933. Located at 23715 Gratiot in Eastpointe.

The John Theisen House-THE JOHN THEISEN HOUSE Built C. 1857. Located at 12240 East Ten Mile in Warren

Kolping Chapel-Father Joseph Wuest established the Detroit chapter of the Catholic Kolping Society in 1926. Wuest inscribed "Honor by means of untiring work," on a plaque for this chapel, which he built in 1932. Constructed of stones and shells sent from Kolping societies, churches and missions worldwide, the Neo-Gothic chapel is reminiscent of European wayside shrines. Father Adolph Kolping founded the society in 1846 to benefit German tradesmen and their families. Located in Kolping Park, Sugarbush Road, south of Cotton in Chesterfield Township.

Lake St. Clair (Lac Sainte Claire)- French explorers discovered and named Lake Saint Clair on August 12, 1679. Among the party of 34 men were voyageur Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle and Roman Catholic friar Father Louis Hennepin. Aboard the Griffin, the first sailing vessel on the Upper Great Lakes, the group sailed from the Niagara Falls area on August 7, 1679, and entered the Detroit River on August 11. They reached Lake Saint Clair the following day and named it Lac Sainte Clair in honor of Sainte Claire of Assisi whose feast day fell at that time. It was Sainte Claire who established the order of Franciscan nuns, the Order of the Poor Claires. Government officials and map makers later

changed the spelling to the present form of Saint Clair. This led to some confusion as to the true origin of the name of the lake. Location (of plaque)-Jefferson at 11 Mile Road in St. Clair Shores.

Loren Andrus House-Loren Andrus (1816 ~ 1901) came to Macomb County from New York State in 1828. He served as an assistant engineer on the survey of the Clinton-Kalamazoo Canal, but gained prominence in agricultural work. In particular, he focused on the breeding of fine wool sheep, and he helped organize both the Macomb County and Michigan Agricultural Societies. Loren and his wife Lucina hired his brother-in-law David G. Stewart, a Macomb County builder and architect, to construct this house. Stewart built an Octagon, popularized by phrenologist Orson Fowler, who touted the Octagon as a spacious building form that offered healthier air circulation and an abundance of light. Andrus himself made the bricks with local clay. The house has an elaborate central spiral stairway that leads to the cupola. Loren Andrus built Michigan's most elaborate remaining example of the Octagon house form in 1860. In 1945 Detroit businessman Albert Schmidt donated money to the Detroit Board of Education for the purchase of a farm which gave "city boys" practical experience in their agriculture studies at Wayne (State) University. By 1952, the 330-acre self-supporting farm had 90 Holstein cattle and 1,200 hens. Eggs were sold in green and gold cartons (Wayne's colors) with the slogan "Educated Eggs from the Wayne State University Farm." Despite the efforts of subsequent owners, the house eventually deteriorated and was ravaged by vandals and wildlife. In 1986, a non-profit organized to save the house. The Friends of the Octagon continued to restore and maintain the property into the twenty-first century. Located at 57500 Van Dyke Avenue in Washington Township.

Methodist Episcopal Church-When this Collegiate Gothic Church, designed by Cleveland architect Herman W. Maurer, was dedicated during the week of January 3, 1926, the Mount Clemens Daily Leader called it a "Monument to Unity of Action." Over a century earlier, in 1820, the Reverend John Kent had held the area's first Methodist Episcopal services. He formally organized the congregation in 1836. The first church was erected in 1841 on land donated by Christian Clemens, who helped plat Mount Clemens in 1818. In 1849, under the inspiring leadership of the Reverend Seth Reed, the Methodists acquired a larger structure, formerly used by Congregationalists and Presbyterians. A third church, remembered as "The Green Church," was built in 1882 and served until the present one was erected. Located at Cass Avenue in Mt. Clemens.

Milk River Settlement-The strip of land at the mouth of the Milk River was named Point a Guignolet for a grape-link berry that the French fermented into brandy. It later became known as Gaukler Point. The 1702 map of Lac Sainte Claire, attributed to Detroit founder Antoine de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac, shows an Ottawa village near the Milk River. This is the earliest documented settlement at the point. As early as 1796 some thirty French families lived in the same vicinity. Well into the nineteenth century, the Milk River settlement was called L'Anse Creuse (Deep Bay). At one time part of Erin Township and later Lake Township, the community was incorporated as the village of St. Clair Shores

in 1925 and became a city in 1951. Located at the west side of Jefferson Avenue at the Milk River Bridge in St. Clair Shores.

Moravian Road-In 1782 marauding American militia massacred nearly one hundred Christian Delaware Indians at their village in eastern Ohio. Seeking refuge, the Delaware settled on the Clinton River two and one-half miles north of here, on land granted by the Chippewa. In time the settlement numbered over one hundred, ministered by the Moravian missionaries. This highway, the first interior road in Michigan, was laid out in the winter of 1785-86 to connect the village with the fort at Detroit, twenty-three miles away. At the close of the American Revolution the Chippewa withdrew their land grant, and in April 1786, the mission was closed. Some of the members returned to Ohio and others moved to Canada. Located at the northeast corner of Moravian Road and Metro Parkway in Clinton Township.

Mt. Clemens Mineral Bath Industry-For seven decades, Mount Clemens was internationally renowned as a mineral bath resort city. In 1865 the first well was sunk to obtain brine for salt production. Because of the high cost of separating the salt from the various other minerals and elements in the water, this process proved unprofitable. In the fall of 1870, however, a local mill operator, Dorr Kellogg, decided to bath in the warm sulfurous water. Impressed with its therapeutic qualities, city businessmen were inspired to invest in a bathhouse. Known as the Original Bath House, it was completed in 1873. At the turn of the century, nine bathhouses and over thirty hotels operated in Mount Clemens. Owing to the Great Depression and increasing use of internal medicine, this "spa era" ended by 1940. Located on Cass Avenue between Gratiot and N. Walnut in downtown Mt. Clemens.

New Baltimore and St. Johns Lutheran Church-One side of plaque is about the beginnings of the City of New Baltimore and reads as follows: French explorers led by Pierre Yax first settled in the area now known as New Baltimore in 1796. Chippewa Indians inhabited this vicinity then. Fabian Robertjean made the first government land purchase in 1820. Twenty-five years later, Alfred Ashley of Mount Clemens came here and built the first sawmill and dock, and in 1851, platted the village of Ashley. He also managed a hotel and general store, opened the first post office in his store in 1852. German pioneers arrived here in 1853 clearing land along the Salt River for their settlement. Renamed New Baltimore in 1855, this area was incorporated as a village in 1867 and as a city in 1931. New Baltimore is a popular place for fisherman and hunters and is noted for its expansive shoreline dotted with summer cottages and homes. The other side of the plaque is about St. Johns Lutheran Church, where the plaque is located, and reads as follows: In 1863, during the stormy days of the Civil War, Lutheranism had its beginning in the New Baltimore area. Seven German families made up the original congregation of St. John's Lutheran Church, holding worship services in the home of Fritz Turkow. Five years later the worshipers moved to an old chapel which was rented from the Baptists. In 1870 the Lutherans erected this structure on property given by Gilbert Hatheway in January of 1869. Services and religious instruction were offered in German until 1916 when English was introduced with one English service a month. German services were discontinued in 1934. St. John's houses a Hinners mechanical action organ, which was acquired in 1905.

Located at 51161 Maria Street in New Baltimore.

Packard Proving Grounds-The Packard Motor Car Company began building a proving ground on this site in 1926. Packard, like its competitors, had previously tested cars on city streets. Architect Albert Kahn designed the principal buildings. By 1929 the complex included the Gate Lodge, warehouses, laboratories, a high-speed test track, and twelve miles of roads simulating the worst conditions of the day. During World War II (1941 ~ 1945) Packard built aircraft and marine engines while leasing the grounds to Chrysler for tank testing. Packard ceased production in 1958, and the Ford Motor Company purchased the site in 1961. In 2000 Ford and the Packard Motor Car Foundation began working to preserve the design complex portion of the site. In 1899 brothers James Ward and William Doud Packard founded the Ohio Automobile Company in Warren, Ohio. In 1902 Detroiter Henry Joy and several other local investors purchased the company, moved it to Detroit and renamed it the Packard Motor Car Company. During the 1920s and 1930s, Packard set the standard for luxury and design. Under the direction of chief engineer Jesse G. Vincent, Packard, known as Americas Master Motor Builder, also made advances in aviation technology. Vincent contributed to the development of the Liberty aircraft engine during World War I and predicted the growth of commercial aviation. He considered a proving ground to be essential to high quality. Located at 49965 Van Dyke Avenue in Shelby Township. Ray Township District School #1 (Ray Township Library)- In 1863 Ray area farmers built what became known popularly as Mill School. Kindergarten through eighth grade students attended here until 1953. That year the school district consolidated with Romeo School District and it transferred the property to the township. Elections and community meetings were held in the building for many years. In 1983 the simple Greek Revival-style School became the Ray Township Library. Located at 64255 Wolcott Road in Ray Township.

Religious Society Church-The First Religious Society of Ray organized in 1869 and built this church on land donated by Arad Freeman, a member of Ray's founding families. Known for a time as the Ray Union Church, it originally had a steeple and was similar in design to the Mill School. The church became the township hall when the society disbanded in 1950. Although Congregational in character the society had encouraged all Christian denominations to worship together. Located at 64255 Wolcott Road in Ray Township.

Richmond Society for the Performing Arts-Built in 1887, this structure formerly served as the First Congregational Church. When the congregation merged with St. Paul's Evangelical and Reformed Church in 1973, it sold the building to the Richmond Community Theatre. That group adapted the interior for reuse as a theater and carefully restored the exterior. The building is a significant example of Gothic Revival architecture. The Richmond Center for the Performing Arts was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. Located at 69619 Parker in Richmond.

Sacred Heart Church-On June 1, 1861, the Reverend Amandus Van Den Driessche, from the Detroit Diocese, helped establish a Catholic mission at Utica Junction (now Roseville). The Sacred Heart mission, composed of Irish, German, Belgian and French families, completed its first permanent church, a moderate log structure with seating for 300, in 1864. The mission became a parish in 1872. The next year, the parish purchased land for a cemetery. In 1915 expansion of the Detroit to Port Huron interurban railway necessitated moving the church building to the east. The basement of the current church was constructed in 1930, but the Great Depression and World War II delayed construction of the upper church until 1950. Located on Gratiot Avenue near Utica Road in Roseville. Saint Joseph Sanitarium and Bath House-Opened in 1899, the Saint Joseph Sanitarium and Bath House is the only building remaining from the Mt. Clemens bath era. Beginning in 1870 people suffering from rheumatism, blood poisoning, diabetes and skin diseases, among other ailments, sought the curative powers of the baths. The City was hailed as "The Great Health and Pleasure Resort of Michigan." By 1911 the city boasted seventy-eight hotels and eleven bathhouses. Elegant and modern, Saint Joseph Sanitarium sported parlors, a library, steam heat, electric lighting, and a hydraulic elevator. It offered mineral baths until 1952. Side Two-In 1900 the Sisters of Charity of Mount Saint Joseph established a fifty-bed hospital in the Saint Joseph Sanitarium and Bath House, which they operated. That same year, the director, Sister Immaculata D'Arcambal, founded one of the first state-licensed nurse training programs here. Saint Joseph's eventually became the major hospital between Detroit and Port Huron. The present structure comprises the original Colonial Revival building, designed by local architect Theophilus Van Damme, and several additions. In 1990 Saint Joseph's was transferred to the Sisters of Mercy. Located at 215 North Avenue, Mt. Clemens. Saint Marys School In 1870 Father Camillius Maes of Saint Peter Parish erected Saint Marys School on this lot, adjacent to the church. When the grammar school opened in that year, it was the first Catholic school in the city and in Macomb County. Three nuns from the Immaculate Heart of Mary Convent in Monroe were chosen to teach the students, eighty in the first year. The school was a tworoom, two-story wooden structure. The boys were taught in one room and the girls in the other. All received instruction in basic elementary education subjects and church doctrine. By 1882 Saint Marys annual enrollment numbered about 170 students. The first class-all girls-was graduated in 1895. The boys had their first graduation in 1909. The sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary taught at the school until 1896, when lay teachers took over instruction. Side Two. When the original portion of the present Saint Marys school opened in 1889, the Mount Clemens Monitor called it one of the most substantial and best finished buildings in Mount Clemens. Built in the Second Empire style, it was a square, towered, three-story building with classrooms and offices on the first two floors and an auditorium on the third floor. The third story burned in 1957, when a fire at Saint Peters Church caused the steeple to topple onto the school roof. Fortunately only the third-floor auditorium was lost. The schools four distinct stages of construction typify the evolution of schools as they grew to serve an ever-increasing population. In 1903 an addition was erected on the back of the original building. A high school wing was built in 1911, and an addition to it constructed in 1921. Located at 96 New Street, between Pine Street and South Gratiot Avenue in Mt. Clemens. Sanford Stone Sanford Stone came to Richmond in 1843. In 1875 he platted Sanford M. Stones Addition to the village of Richmond, which included Jefferson and Washington Streets between Ferguson and Beebe. Stone held many public offices, including state representative, village president, and county coroner. On this site in 1878, he built an Eastlake-style house, which sported ornate chimneys and decorative

trim in the gables, making it one of Richmonds most elaborate buildings. Side Two-Mabelle Streibig Weller purchased the former Sanford Stone House in 1920. Built in 1878 in the Victorian-era Eastlake style, the house was reconstructed for Weller and her husband, Harold, to reflect the more modern Colonial Revival style. The Wellers named the house Roseburn Place for Mabelles late mother, Rose Burns. In 1993 Weller descendants sold the house to a Richmond businessman. Restored during the 1990s, the house remains a Richmond landmark. Located at 36035 Washington St. in Richmond. Shelby Fractional District No. 1 Schoolhouse Shelby Fractional District No. 1 Schoolhouse Built in 1871. Located at the Shelby Township Offices off the east side of Van Dyke south of 24 Mile Road on Jack Millard Boulevard in Utica. Selfridge Field-Selfridge, Michigan's first real airport, began operations as a training base in July 1917. It has progressed to a leading role in America's air arm. It is often called "The House of Generals" because Selfridge has been a springboard to success in the careers of 145 air force generals. It is named for Lieutenant Thomas E. Selfridge, the nation's first military pilot. In 1908 he was killed while flying with Orville Wright, becoming America's first military casualty of powered flight. Located near Selfridge Air Museum, near roadside of M-59 (Harrison Township), on Selfridge Air Base. Selinsky-Green House-In 1868 when this area was covered with small farms, Prussian immigrants John and Mary Selinsky bought farmland in Erin Township and built this saltbox house using solid log construction covered with clapboard. The Selinskys gave the house to their daughter Ernestine when she married John Green in 1874. The property was owned by their descendants until 1974. Moved to this location in 1975 because of the construction of I-696, this house is now restored as a museum. Located at 22504 Eleven Mile Road, just east of Jefferson Avenue, in St. Clair Shores.

Shoreline Interurban Railway-The Detroit, Lake Shore, and Mt. Clemens Railway, also known as the Shore Line, began interurban rail service on September 28, 1898. The twenty-six-mile route from Detroit followed Jefferson Avenue through Grosse Pointe and St. Clair Shores to Crocker Boulevard and on into Mount Clemens. The interurban was a major factor in the growth of Detroit's suburbs in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It made the city easily accessible to those who lived along the line and brought Detroiters to the St. Clair Shores area for summer outings. Rail service between St. Clair Shores and Mount Clemens ended in 1927. Interurban railroads were eventually eliminated as automobiles and buses grew in popularity. Located at 24800 Jefferson Avenue, between Blossom Heath Boulevard and Revere Street in St. Clair Shores.

Simpson Park Campground-In the early nineteenth century Methodists began holding camp meetings, an outgrowth of their early revivals. Revival services were held during the winter months and late summer was generally reserved for the district camp meeting. Simpson Park Campground was begun as the Romeo District Summer Camp for the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1865. It is one of the oldest camp meetings in continuous service in Michigan. The Reverend John Russell, district presiding elder, was its founder. (In 1869 he also helped found the Prohibition Party.) During the late 1860s families came from over fifty miles away to gather under the foliage for three weeks of almost uninterrupted religious exercises. Side Two-Since the late 1890s Simpson Park Campground has been

operated by a private association made up predominately of United Methodists. In 1907 it was reorganized and the Reverend William G. Nixon was elected its first president. A tabernacle was built and named in his honor in 1910. Many of the children and young people who have attended camp meetings have become preachers and missionaries, as well as camp leaders. Today only ten-day camps are held. The meetings are less rigid than in the 1860s, and social and recreational activities are included. The annual Simpson Park Camp Meeting is held during the first two weeks of August. The original camp of thirteen acres has grown to forty-four acres. Located at 70199 Campground Road, Romeo vicinity, Washington Township.

St. Clement Catholic Parish-Priests from Detroit served the Catholics of Kunrod's Corner, present-day Center Line, from 1852 to 1857. In 1854, Saint Clement Catholic Parish was founded, and a church was erected on land sold to the Diocese of Detroit by Hermann and Magthalina Cramer and Anthony Joseph Clemens. Belgian, French, German and Irish Catholics worshipped in the wooden church built on this site. The Reverend Henry H. Meuffels became the first resident pastor in 1857. In 1880-81, a spacious brick church was constructed to serve a growing parish. In 1892, the Sisters of Saint Dominic from Wisconsin reorganized the Saint Clement Elementary School and opened the high school in 1923. The present Church was built in 1960-61. Saint Clement is Center Line's oldest religious institution. Located at 25320 Van Dyke in Centerline.

St. Lawrence Parish of Utica-In May 1866 the Reverend Amandus Vandendriessche of Detroit recited Utica's first Catholic mass. Forty Irish families at Utica Junction (present-day Roseville) formed what became a mission of Sacred Heart Parish. On August 15, 1874, Bishop C.H. Borgess dedicated St. Lawrence Parish's first church. Four years later a cemetery was consecrated one-half mile north of here. In 1904 a fire swept through Utica, destroying the church. Parishioners worshiped in homes and a rented hall until a new church was built in 1908. The present Neo-Romanesque church was designed by Detroit architect Arthur DesRosiers and erected in 1951. The broad nave seats eight hundred people. St. Lawrence Parish remains the oldest religious community in Utica. Located at 44663 Utica Road, Utica.

St. Peters Evangelical Lutheran Church-Erin Township's German immigrants first worshipped together in a log church amid an oak forest in 1846. The following year the Reverend John Friedrich Winkler helped organize St. Peter's church as a "country church" near Detroit. This is the third building occupied by the congregation. Dedicated in 1950, the church and school were designed by Merritt and Cole and are fine mid-twentieth century interpretations of the Neo-Gothic style. The church bells were brought from the congregation's second church, which stood two blocks south of here from 1859 to 1950. The adjacent cemetery was dedicated in 1888. Located at 23000 Gratiot Avenue, north of 9 Mile, in Eastpointe.

The Thing-Thomas Clegg (1863-1939) and his English-born father, John, built "The Thing," the first recorded self-propelled vehicle in Michigan (and perhaps the country) in 1884-85. The Thing, driven by a single cylinder steam engine with a tubular boiler carried in the rear, seated four. The vehicle was built in the John Clegg & Son machine shop here in Memphis. It ran about 500 miles before Clegg

dismantled it and sold the engine to a creamery. The shop was razed in 1936, just a short time before Henry Ford offered to buy it for Greenfield Village. Located on Bordman Road, east of the village limits of Memphis.

Thomas Edison-While working as a railway newsboy on the Detroit - Port Huron line, Tom Edison often stopped in Mount Clemens. He made friends with station agent J. U. MacKenzie and in 1862 saved MacKenzie's young son from death by a train. In gratitude Mr. MacKenzie taught Tom Edison railroad telegraphy. From his training Tom became a qualified railroad telegrapher and worked during the 1860s at this occupation. Some of his earliest inventions were based on the telegraph. Located at 198 Grand Avenue at Cass in Mt. Clemens.

Upton House-Constructed in 1866-67, the William Upton House is one of the oldest surviving nineteenth century brick dwellings in Sterling Heights. Italianate in style, the house features a reconstructed open porch topped by a second story balustrade, a cupola, period chimneys and refurbished window units. According to oral tradition, the interior building materials were imported from England. Most farmsteads of this era were constructed of wood; the brick used on this one demonstrates the affluence of its builder. By 1891 the Upton farm consisted of 138 acres. Upton farmed this land and sold fish from the Clinton River. When the exterior restoration of the house was done in 1981-82, the interior was adapted for use as public offices. Located at 40433 Utica Road in Sterling Heights.

Utica Cemetery-John and Mary Stead deeded 4.45 acres of Land to the Utica Cemetery Association in 1863. Included in that parcel was a section referred to as the "Old Burying Ground" and a family plot called "Stead's Reserve." The first burial occurred in 1817 upon the death of Thomas Squier, who was among Shelby Township's first white settlers. Businessmen, doctors, farmers, and teachers who influenced the history of the area are buried here, including Lyman T. Jenney, the county's first doctor and antislavery activists Peter and Sarah Lerich. Also interred here are Joseph Stead, who platted the village of Harlow in 1829, and Gurden C. Leech, who in 1833 suggested that the town be renamed Utica. Located at 46325 Shelby Road in Utica.

Utica Nike Base/Spring Hill Farm-(Marker dialogue not available, the following information is from the Utica Sentinel and the Shelby Twp. Historical Committee.) Peter Lerich came to Shelby Township on May 19, 1835 at the age of 22 with his wife Sarah and his mother. They named their farm Spring Hill because of a natural spring that flowed from the side of a hill on their property where Peter dug a spring house to serve as the family refrigerator. Both Peter and Sarah Lerich were active in the anti-slavery movement, as they helped many slaves escape to freedom along the Underground Railroad. The springhouse was enlarged to form a hidden cave that was used to conceal the fugitive slaves. In 1939, heavyweight champion Joe Louis purchased Spring Hill Farm for a training camp. Under Louiss ownership, the farm hosted many equestrian events, such as his annual horse show, and became

a prominent area nightclub. However, due to his financial problems, Louis sold Spring Hill to the State of Michigan in 1944. In 1954, the property was leased to the United States Army, which established and maintained a NIKE missile base on the site until 1964 when it was then turned over to the Michigan National Guard. In 1972, the Huron-Clinton Metropolitan Authority took control of 277 acres of the property adjoining the Rochester-Utica State Recreation Area. Around this same time, the Utica Community Schools also obtained a portion of the property for the Shadbush Environmental Center. In the early 1980s, much of the original Spring Hill Farm property became Shelby Townships River Bends Park. Located at River Bends Park, near Ryan and Hamlin, in Shelby Township.

Village of Romeo-Originally known as Indian Village, Romeo was platted in 1830 on the former winter campgrounds of a band of Chippewa Indians. Nathaniel Taylor, Ashael Bailey, and a Major Larned laid out the village, which was incorporated in 1838. Named Romeo by Taylor's wife, Laura, the village became an agricultural and mercantile center. Many of its early settlers were from New England and upstate New York. In 1835 the Romeo Academy was established, and in the 1840s the Romeo Branch of the University of Michigan opened in the village. The many examples of nineteenth-century architecture that remain in the village led Michigan and the federal government to list Romeo as a historic district in 1970. Located on Main at Church Street in Romeo.

Village of Warren-Pioneers, mostly farmers, from New England settled in the Warren area in 1832. Virgin forests supplied logs for the sawmills, which were located on Twelve and Fourteen Mile roads. A strap railroad, one of the first of its kind in Michigan, connected the settlement to Detroit and Utica. By 1875 the community had two churches, a school and several business establishments. It was called Beebe's Corners after John L. Beebe, who operated the toll gate for the plank road that led to Detroit. In 1893 the predominantly German community voted to incorporate as a village, electing Dr. J. D. Flynn as president. Though work and cultural activities draw residents into the Detroit metropolitan community, Warren retains its individual identity in its historic churches, homes and business establishments. Located at Mound Road at Chicago Road in Warren.

Warren Township District No. 4 School-This building was commonly named the Bunert School, for August and Mine Bunert, who sold the land to Warren School District No. 4 in January 1875. The school was built later that year on the northeast corner of the intersection of Bunert and Martin roads. When classes ceased on 1944, it was the longest-serving one-room school in Warren. In 1987 the board-and-batten building was donated to the Warren Historical Society which moved it to this site and restored it as a museum. Located at 27600 Bunert Road at Martin in Warren.

Warren Union Cemetery-In 1845 pioneer farmer Peter Gillete sold a parcel of land to eighteen families

for use a burial ground. The Warren Union Cemetery Association was organized in 1852 to maintain the cemetery, which consists of two and one-quarter acres. Some of the headstone inscriptions are in German, and 325 of the graves date from the nineteenth century. Many prominent citizens are buried here. Warren Union Cemetery is the oldest cemetery in the city. Located on Chicago Road, west of Ryan, in Warren.

William Austin Burt-Near this site lived William Austin Burt, inventor, legislator, surveyor and millwright. Born in Massachusetts in 1792, Burt settled in this area in 1824, after spending several years in Erie County, New York. There he had been a justice of the peace, a school inspector, and a postmaster. In Michigan he worked as a land surveyor and a millwright, building over eight mills. He was a member of the Michigan Territorial Legislature in 1826-27. He served as Mount Vernon's first postmaster (1832 - 1856), a Macomb County Circuit Judge (1833), A state legislator (1853) and a deputy U.S. surveyor (1833 - 1853). Between 1833 and 1857 he and his five sons won acclaim for their accurate work on public land surveys. In 1857 Burt moved to Detroit, where he died in 1858. America's first patented typewriter was constructed by William Austin Burt in 1829 in a workshop located on this site. It was also here that Burt built the solar compass, patented in 1836, which was the prototype for those used today. Burt's compass became an indispensable instrument for surveying because it used the sun instead of the magnetic north as a fixed reference and was therefore unaffected by the magnetic fields of iron ore deposits. Burt also received a patent for an Equatorial Sextant. Among Burt's other accomplishments were the establishment of the northern point of the Michigan principal meridian in 1840; the discovery of the Marquette iron ore range in 1844 and the establishment of the northern portion of the Michigan - Wisconsin boundary in 1847. In 1852 he assisted in surveying the route for the Soo Canal. Located at 4300 Main Park Road, Stoney Creek Metropark, Washington Township.

Zion Church-Organized on July 3, 1864, Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church was the first German Protestant congregation in Mount Clemens. Its founding trustees were John Rossow and Abraham Devantier from Prussia, John William Miller and Carsten Roecker from Hanover, and John Charles Riemold and John Geirge Murthum from Wuerttemberg. Zion Church operated as a free congregation, welcoming all Christians. It served primarily German-speaking Catholic and Protestant immigrants, including Lutherans, Calvinists and Huguenots. Worshipping at first in the Macomb County Courthouse, the congregation purchased this site, the former Methodist Academy, in 1862. The nave of the present brick sanctuary was built by Minard Barr in 1880. The tower and transepts were added in 1895. The itinerant ministers who served Zion Church in its formative years were Methodist, Lutheran and Evangelical. The first resident pastor was the Reverend William Kies (1862 - 1864). He was followed by the Reverend Hermann Gundert (1864 - 1903), who contributed $4,000 of his own money to help fund the tower and transept of the present church building. It was not until the 1920s, during the pastorate of the Reverend F.A. Roese (1903 - 26) that English became the language of the worship service and of church records. In the early twentieth century, the congregation turned to humanitarian work. Lead by the Reverend Jacob Wulfmann (1927 - 49), the congregation helped support the Evangelical Deaconess Hospital and the Evangelical Home for Children and Aged in Detroit. In 1961 the church received its present name, Zion United Church of Christ.

Located at 62 New Street in Mt. Clemens.

Warren Village Map Canning Factory

Mr Elnick pased away in 2010

Center Line's Jewel St Clement Historic Church Destroyed.

Islamic Terrorists have in fact murdered thousands in the US and around the world. They are responsible for most of the terrorism today, They encourage their children and women to become suicide bombers. They have targeted public places and schools on purpose to kill as many innocent persons as they can. They even kidnap and kill red cross workers, humanitarian aid workers, reporters and other innocent people including children. I did not make this up see Terrorist Acts. They arefollowing their Muslim religion and the commands of their bible the Koran. They believe that the Koran is the absolute, perfect word of God valid for all times and places, absolutely true and beyond all criticism. To question it is blasphemous and may be punishable by death. The Muslim's duty is to believe it and obey its divine commands without question. On 9 11 Muhammad Ata the leader of the 9/11 terrorists followed the commands in the Koran and killed 3000 innocent Americans. Here below are some actual quotes and paraphrases directly from the Koran. You may verify them by looking up the verses themselves. The two numbers given for each one are the chapter and verse number. Words may vary a little due to their being several translations in print. Chapter 2 Verse 191 do good for Allah loves those who do good. 2-189 Kill them [misbelievers] where ever you find them ...those that misbelieve 47-4 And when ye meet those who misbelieve then strike off their heads until you have massacred them Note misbelievers = Christians = infidels = idolaters. 9-29 fight those who do not believe. This is a call to holy war = Jihad 2-28 men have precedence over women. In Islamic countries women are 3rd class citizens. 4-38 men are superior over women. admonish them and remove them into bed chambers and beat them. Note this is plural because Muslims may have several wives at the same time. The Founder of the religion Muhammad had 13 wives or concubines. This 54 year old man's favorite was Aisha to whom he was betrothed to when she was six years old. He consummated the marriage to her when she was only nine years old. child rape? 9-5 kill idoliters, ambush them another translation readsSlay the pagans wherever you may come upon them, and take them captive, and besiege hem, and lie in wait for them at every conceivable place.. 9-111 paradise is reward for those who kill (Note this was found in the papers of the killers of the 3000 people in the world trade center attack on 9-11) 9-123 fight those near to you of the mis believers other versions say kill misbelievers 66-73 make jihad (holy war) against unbelievers. 9-39 Unless ye go forth for jihad he will punish you with a grievous penalty. 8-67do not take prisoners of war kill them instead 2-191 Kill them wherever you find them (misbelievers) A misbeliever is any non Muslim or former Muslim. Remember the above is believed by Muslims as the absolute commands of God to be obeyed without question. If you have any doubts about what will happen here Look at France where hundreds of Muslim youth have terrorized the country burning hundreds of cars and terrorized law abiding citizens. Or look at the fate of women in Pakistan or Iran.

Not only do Muslim militants terrorize, they also murder those who speaks out questioning their beliefs. On November 2, 2004, Dutch Filmmaker Theo van Gogh while riding his bicycle was murdered by Dutch born Mohammed Bouyeri for producing the 10 minute film Submission critical of the abusive treatment of women within Islam. Muslims have issued death threats calling for execution of people who questioned Islam including author Salman Rushdie and activist Taslima Nasreen. November 12, 2007 Children murdered in the name of Allah Dozens of schoolchildren and five teachers were killed The 59 schoolchildren had lined up to greet a group of lawmakers when a Muslim suicide bomber detonated explosives. The deliberate targeting of children by Islamic terrorists is yet another atrocity. Even worse militant Muslims are teaching their children to be terrorists and suicide bombers. According to the PEW University study a percentage of American Muslim children agree that suicide bombings are justified. In all fairness not all agree with this. Many Muslims claim that they do not pose a threat. This historian wants to make it clear that we are not against Muslims at all rather we are against those who pose a threat to our families or our nation. They all say that they do not believe that they are a threat but the question arises do they believe in the Koran and its many commandments to kill non believers. Perhaps the best answer to this question is to look at modern history. Look at the Netherlands, France, Pakistan and Iran where Muslims became the majority. In France for example hundreds of citizens have been terrorized by Muslim youth. In Iran Twenty five percent of the country's scientists were women. Now even these highly educated women are third class citizens. Women are not allowed to testify in court or to get an education. In Pakistan thousands of women are in prison accused of adultery because they sated that they were in fact raped but were not allowed to testify in court and must have four male witnesses in the woman's favor which in most cases is impossible to find. A man could actually go into a womens school dormitory and rape a girl and get away with it because there has to be four male witnesses in the girls favor. And if the girl gets pregnant that is proof of adultery not rape. There are hundreds of women in Pakistan who were raped and are now in jail being punished for adultery. Islam is not only a religion which is intolerant of non Muslims but a legal and political system. It has its own law. Muslims do not believe in the First amendment of our constitution They do not believe in Freedom of religion. Muslims are not free to leave their religion as the punishment is death. In Muslim countries Christians are persecuted and sometimes killed. (I have proof) Here in America which is under control of Christians Muslims are free to practice the non violent parts of their religion and to give girls the equal right to education as full citizens and to join us Christians in practicing Jesus' main commandment which was Love One Another. In the Koran something close is 2-191 Do good for Allah loves those who do good. If any individual is not willing to renounce the Killing of nonbelivers, the polygamy and slavery, women forced to be concubines, the raping of girls (forcing child marriage), the treating of women as third class citizens, the mutilation of children and other people, and the practice of Shia law in place of our constitution and Bill of Rights should be banned from our city and country because they are a threat to our American way of life. The bottom line is that anyone who is a threat to our freedom should not be allowed to live in our city or country. Look at the lessons of history. Look at what has happened in France, Iran and Pakistan when they were allowed to take over and practice their full religion. When they become the majority Christians and non believers become persecuted and Islamic law gets forced on everyone. This means it would eventually take precedence over our constitution. We Americans would lose our freedom and way of life. Any individual who is unwilling to renounce the above is a threat to our American way of life and should be banned.

Early Warning. VERY IMPORTANT TO YOU! References are included so you can verify.Right now your home, office and computer can be searched without your knowledge or permission. Your telephone calls and all Internet use are now being recorded. You can be arrested on a whim, taken away and detained for years without hearing or trial. This is the cruel fact of law now. See The Patriot act of 2006 and Military Commissions Act of 2006. Just like in any police state you could be taken away in the middle of the night and locked down for years without a hearing or trial with no notice given to your family or to the public of where you went. It has not happened to large numbers yet but has to some.(well kept secrets) You say it doesn't affect you. The problem is if they can do this to some they can do it to you. They who control the president and congress now have 4 federal State Security Police military forces at their disposal. 1 Homeland Security, 2 FEMA, 3 an Army division (Even though these are American soldiers, experience shows that they will follow orders, any orders) and 4. secret police like private thugs ( check Blackwater). This is unlike in the past which used the National Guard which were hometown folks under control of the state governors. There are now over 800 concentration camps, many just built across the United States, ready to receive political dissenters. These have barbed wire facing inward to keep people in. Each are fully staffed ready to go. Each has up to date radio equipment, Helli pad and rail sidings which can accept some of the newly created box cars outfitted with shackles. For verification just Google concentration camps America and you will find dozens of pages with pictures and locations. The following Acts and EXECUTIVE ORDERS have nullified parts of our Bill of Rights. 1. The Patriot Act of 2001 and 2006; 2.The Military Commissions Act of 2006 allows anyone to be arrested and takes away your right to a hearing and trial. There are secret plans for takeover of the state and local governments under a new police state. Under the following EXECUTIVE ORDERS they would suspend the Constitution and the Bill of Rights; EXECUTIVE ORDER 10995 allows the government to seize and control the communication media. EXECUTIVE ORDER 10998 allows the government to seize all means of transportation, including personal cars, trucks or vehicles of any kind and total control over all highways, seaports, and waterways; EXEC ORDER 10999 allows the government to take over all food resources and farms; EXEC ORDER 11000 allows the government to mobilize civilians into work brigades under government supervision; EXEC ORDER 11002 designates the Postmaster General to operate a national registration of all persons; EXEC ORDER 11003 allows the government to take over all airports and aircraft, including commercial aircraft; EXECUTIVE ORDER 11004 allows the Housing and Finance Authority to relocate communities, build new housing with public funds, designate areas to be abandoned, and establish new locations for populations; EXEC 11921 allows the Federal Emergency Preparedness Agency to establish control over the mechanisms of production and distribution, of energy sources, wages, salaries, credit and the flow of money in US. financial institutions. It also provides that Congress cannot review the action for six months. The Federal Emergency Management Agency has broad powers in every aspect of the nation, as well as prevention of dissident groups from gaining access to US. Opinion. Yes they can now control our freedom of the press. There are plans to take over your city by suspending the powers of your mayor, city council and to place local police under federal control. They can remove weapons from private citizens homes. The right for citizens to bear arms is in our Bill of Rights. It is the only way we can protect ourselves from attackers or dictators. Citizens rights to peacefully assemble under our bill of rights is now restricted. Permits are now required and public demonstrations are severely limited and can be held only where allowed. Coverage of any public demonstration can be censored as reporters can be restricted. Your news is now controlled by only a few companies which can be forced to limit coverage of any event or issue. The Internet is only partially censored now but any site they don't like can be shut down. The Internet is monitored and parts or the whole can be censored or shut down. Your phone conversations and Internet use is recorded. You can verify this. Just Google the government program called Echelon. There is increasing surveillance of public and private places. Your personal information is becoming tightly monitored and they have complete files on each of us. Your social security number is on your drivers license. Soon they will contain RFID chips with your personal information which can be scanned without your knowledge. (To verify do a Google search on RFID.) Your credit cards, bank accounts, payroll and many other financial transactions are under electronic control. They are being monitored by them and may soon be under their control. They have the power to render a persons credit card and bank account useless by freezing them. You are being robbed now if you work for pay. The Federal Reserve's owners are paid interest for each dollar

they print for the American People. When the government borrows money, or prints currency, money is being made by them. The interest on the national dept goes to them. When the rich bankers wanted more money they forced Congress to pass a huge Bailout bill. It has been reported that congressmen were threatened into passing this blatant robbery of the American people. It has been reported that many in congress are being controlled by others and not the American people. AIG Executives after getting millions of our money went back and demanded and got more millions. After each time they went on lavish vacations. Now they refuse to account for where our money went. Do a Google search on AIG and bailout. Look at the bailout. Rich bankers who on average get over 12 million a year and others demanded from congress and got billions of our money with no accountability. Many of the mortgage lenders literally forced families out of their homes by unfair rates and charges. As millions lost their homes there was a housing glut and the greedy rich bankers couldn't sell the houses so they robbed American taxpayers to get more money. In most cases if lenders had treated people as they would wanted to be treated themselves, most people would have been able to pay the lenders and stay in their homes. It would have been a win win for most. But the greedy rich bankers have severely wounded our American people and our economy and you are going to be paying for their vacations and high living for the rest of your life because we have a do little gutless congress under their control. In addition to this are many CEOs who pick the pockets of employees and the public so that they can live extravagant life styles. Like the rich executives who ran Kmart into bankruptcy, fleecing the company and employees out of millions. No executive should be allowed to get more than 100 times what the lowest paid employee gets. We are fed up companies ripping us off and with getting our pockets picked. This is white collar crime. We should pressure our elected officials to correct these abuses against us. It appears that we are having Endless wars where thousands of our young people die. Why? Because there are very rich people making money off of these wars. (making and selling arms and contracting with the government) To verify this do a Google search on Halliburton. They are making millions with no bid contracts. Also do a search on the Carlyle group. What is even more disgusting is G Bush and Chaney and others in high positions were making money off of the blood of our Troops and you and I payed for it. Many of us think that is treason. If the National Guard (which was under control of individual states) is kept busy out of the country it can't defend us at home. Now those who control the president have 4 military forces directly under their control. They have the power (Military Commissions Act) to imprison anyone without family or public knowledge, hearing or trial. And persons can be held in secret for years. Things now are like when Hitler's party gradually took over by the following methods: subvert the constitution, create external and internal threats, establish secret prisons, create paramilitary forces, surveil ordinary citizens, infiltrate citizens groups, detain citizens, target key citizens, restrict the press and news, cast criticism and dissent as treason, subvert the rule of law, gradually remove all opposition. Then privately directed thugs were used to discredit and destroy anyone opposed to their takeover. Now Blackwater is now being activated in our US. These are hired thugs virtually above the law. You must be aware that these are steps used by dictators and are proven effective in creating a police state. Warning it can happen here if these things are not stopped. You must keep informed on current events and the actions/inactions of congress. We must pressure our congress, courts, and elected officials to take action to declare unconstitutional and revoke these acts which take away our rights especially the Military Commissions act. We must insist on our rights of free press and of assembly. The above executive orders must be revoked. We must not let a police state be created here. Too many Americans are ignorant and uncaring about these events. Your freedom is at stake. Verify what is written on this paper. Circulate copies of this paper and alert other citizens of this threat. Call your congressman and public officials and tell them to repeal the Military Commissions Act and other Executive Orders that take away our freedoms. You can find their numbers in the white pages in the blue section. All it will take for this threat to become a terrible reality is for Americans to ignore it. This is a serious threat to your freedoms please don't ignore it. References: The End of America by Naomi Wolf; Michael More's books; Do Google search on concentration camps in America find out if 800 concentration camps plus secret holding areas possibility await you. Google the Military Commissions Act, and Executive Orders, and Naomi Wolf and watch videos online. Also see aclu.org, and archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders. Verify these matters then call your senators and representatives. You can ignore this early warning and stay ignorant about getting your pockets picked and losing your freedom or act now before it is too late. The choice is yours.

jap bayonet practice on innocent people just for sport

Hundreds of thousands of women were raped, tortured, beaten and brutally murdered by the japs. To right rape and stab and left to die in severe pain. Senseless brutality must be outlawed & severely punished perhaps having the same thing done to them.