Vladimir Il'ich Talanov (on his 80th birthday)
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Vladimir Il'ich Talanov (on his 80th birthday)
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2013 Phys.-Usp. 56 635
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We are paying tribute here to the 80th birthday, on 9 June2013, of the outstanding Russian physicist AcademicianVladimir Il'ich Talanov.
V I Talanov was born in the town of Gorky (now NizhnyNovgorod). On graduating from the Faculty of Radiophysicsat the N I Lobachevsky Gorky State University in 1955, hecontinued his studies as a postgraduate student. Between 1957and 1977, V I Talanov worked at the Research Institute ofRadio Physics (NIRFI in Russ. abbr.). After the Institute ofApplied Physics was established by the USSR Academy ofSciences (AS) in 1977, his entire future scientific careerbecame inseparable from this Institute, where Vladimir Il'ichheaded theDepartment ofNonlinear Oscillations andWaves,and later the Division of Hydrophysics and Hydroacoustics.In 1987, V I Talanov was elected Corresponding Member ofthe USSR AS, and in 1992 he was elected Full Member of theRussian Academy of Sciences. At present, V I Talanov is oneof the councilors of the RAS.
When working on his first results, Talanov chose the lineof inquiry in microwave electrodynamics. His supervisor wasProfessor M A Miller. Even these early papers clearlydemonstrated one of the characteristic features of hisscientific style the tendency to obtain a rigorously analy-tical result and, at the same time, to implement the newexperimental possibilities opened in consequence of histheoretical finding. In the secondhalf of the 1950s,V ITalanovobtained analytical solutions to a series of problems linked todiffraction and excitation of surface electromagnetic waves;these results were the cornerstone of his PhD thesis defendedin 1959. The theory of antennas with modulated surfaceimpedance that he constructed subsequently allowed thestaff members of NIRFI to design and manufacture high-efficiency pencil-beam emitters with frequency control of theradiation directivity pattern.
In the early 1960s, V I Talanov successfully applied theparabolic equation method to constructing the quasiopticaltheory of open resonators and waveguides. This was also theperiod when Vladimir Il'ich's scientific school began tomature, in which quasioptics first linear, and then non-lineargrew to be a kind of methodological foundation.
During the same 1960s, a particular actuality was gainedby problems of nonlinear interaction and self-action of high-power optical radiation in various media, especially inconnection with the advent of the laser. It was precisely thisavenue of research that brought V I Talanov greatestsatisfaction in those `nonlinear years' when new areas ofwave physics were rapidly appearing and maturing. Heobtained a number of widely known results which formedthe foundation of the theory of self-focusing of wave beams in
media with cubic nonlinearity. Among them were self-similarsolutions of the nonlinear parabolic equation (nonlinearSchrodinger equation) for such beams, a new class ofinvariant transformations, and an analogue of the virialtheorem for this equation, the fundamental result concerningtransverse instability of planewaves in a nonlinear media thatis often referred to in publications as the B-integral criterion.
V I Talanov submitted at that point and defended hisHabilitation thesis based on a wide scope of research workson quasioptics (1967).
In parallel with results of high theoretical importance,V I Talanov and his colleagues achieved a number of priority-class experimental results in nonlinear optics. Virtuallycoincident with an analogous work of American researchers,he discovered the spectral continuum (supercontinuum)generation effect in the course of self-focusing of nanosecondlight pulses in media with electronic nonlinearity (1970).Later on, in the mid-1970s, V I Talanov performed a widescope of applied research on the propagation of high-powerlaser beams through atmospheric gases, which created thecornerstone of a new field in opticsnonlinear optics of theatmosphere. Experimental results obtained by researchers at
Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 183 (6) 667 668 (2013)
Translated by V I Kisin
PERSONALIA PACS number: 01.60.+q
Vladimir Il'ich Talanov (on his 80th birthday)
Physics Uspekhi 56 (6) 635 636 (2013) # 2013 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, Russian Academy of Sciences
Vladimir Il'ich Talanov
Livermore National Laboratory (USA), published muchlater, fully confirmed the results obtained by V I Talanov'sgroup at NIRFI.
The investigations into self-focusing phenomena forelectromagnetic waves brought V I Talanov the Lenin Prize(as member of a group in 1991). A series of his papers in thisarea formed the basis of a monograph written jointly withS N Vlasov, Self-Focusing of Waves (1997). Later on, in the2000s, they developed a method of wave equation decom-position that made use of pseudodifferential operators,allowing an analysis of the effects of self-focusing and ofbroadband beam modulation instability (in the angle andfrequency variables).
In 1977, as the Institute of Applied Physics of the USSRAcademy of Sciences (currently IAP RAS) was being set up,V I Talanov concentrated his attention on a new field ofresearch, which became one of the key fields for the newinstitute, namely, wave processes in the ocean andmethods oftheir diagnostics. Here another characteristic feature ofV I Talanov's talent manifested itselfhis ability to rapidlybecome master in a new field and to formulate the problemsthat would be the most important for achieving the goal.
One such challenge was then to identify physical mechan-isms by which hydrodynamic processes deep in the oceanproduce phenomena on the ocean surface. The adiabaticapproach to solving the general problem of interactionbetween waves with essentially different time and spacescales led V I Talanov and his students to developing akinematic model of the effect produced by high-intensityinternal waves on wind-generated surface waves. This modelwas later confirmed many times in natural experimentscarried out by the staff of IAP RAS in various parts of theoceans and coastal waters, and to work out on thisfoundation new radiophysical methods of remote diagnos-tics of the surface layer of the ocean.
In parallel to this, V I Talanov made a considerablecontribution to designing at IAP RAS a truly modernhydrophysical experimental base. He suggested an originalprinciple of laboratory-scale modeling of oceanic stratifica-tion. The construction of an experimental laboratory tankbased on this idea made it possible to design a unique facility,known as the Large Thermostratified Test Tank of IAPRAS,which started operations in 1991 after successful test runs in anumber of smaller-scale laboratory tanks. V I Talanov andhis younger colleagues used this facility (regarded as a uniquefacility of national importance) to complete a wide range offundamental and application-scale projects for the physicalsimulation and diagnostics of wave processes in the upperlayer of the ocean.
In the mid-1980s, V I Talanov played an important role inconducting at IAP a series of high-level applications-orientedprograms in low-frequency acoustics of the ocean; this workgenerated unique experimental results and justified proposalsfor developing promising systems of acoustic illumination ofthe underwater environment. In this work, which at a firstglance shared little with the experience of his earlier researchfields, Vladimir Il'ich found a way to efficiently apply his richquasioptical `armory'. One of the important results was thetheory of antenna synthesis that he developed for multimodewaveguides, whose role in the ocean is played by underwateracoustic channels.
In 1989, V I Talanov received the Order of theRedBannerof Labor for research in hydrophysics and hydroacoustics
and, in 1996, received the medal `300th Anniversary of theRussian Navy'.
Beginning in the mid-1990s, the experience with researchand development in acoustical diagnostics of the ocean,which had been accumulated at IAP RAS, started to `drift',on V I Talanov's suggestions, in the new direction of coherentseismoacoustics. The experimental results obtained in thisarea, including those of very recent years, seemed to point todeveloping the promising systems of seismoacoustic diagnos-tics with high spatial resolution, based on efficient radio-physical approaches, such as synthetic aperture techniques,phase measurements, and correlation processing of weaksignals.
Since practically the very beginning of his research career,V I Talanov has combined research with teaching at his almamater, viz. at the Faculty of Radiophysics in NizhnyNovgorod University, where he has delivered both a courseof lectures on the general theory of electromagnetic field andan original course on asymptotic methods of wave theory.For nearly 30 years, Professor V I Talanov headed one of theleading units at the Faculty of RadiophysicsDepartmentof Electrodynamics, thus having picked up the baton fromthis teacher, Professor M AMiller.
It would not be an exaggeration to say that Vladimir Il'ichTalanov is one of the brightest representatives of the NizhnyNovgorod school of radiophysics; for many a field in modernradiophysics, his contribution has proven to be critical. Aprofound understanding of wave physics in its most variousmanifestations, the ability to identify the major link in a newproblem and to offer a decisive path to its resolution, hiskindness and attention to the opinion of every party in adiscussion make any talk with him exceptionally useful andstimulating.
Colleagues, students, and friends wish Vladimir Il'ich allthe best from the bottom of their hearts and wish him goodhealth, creative ideas, and many happy years of life.
F V Bunkin, A V Gaponov-Grekhov, V V Zheleznyakov,V E Zakharov, V A Zverev, A G Litvak, A G Luchinin,A I Malekhanov, E A Mareev, O V Rudenko,A M Sergeev, Yu I Troitskaya
636 Personalia Physics Uspekhi 56 (6)