visualising legal meaning in legal informatics. workshop datamss 2014 presentation

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  • Visualising Legal Meaning in

    Legal Informatics

    DatAMSS 2014, Druskininkai, Lithuania, 4-6.12.2014

    6th International Workshop Data Analysis Methods for Software Systems

    Friedrich LACHMAYER Vienna and University of Innsbruck

    www.legalvisualization.com

    Vytautas YRAS Vilnius University

    Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics

    Vytautas.Cyras@mif.vu.lt

    Kristina LAPIN Vilnius University

    Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics

    Kristina.Lapin@mif.vu.lt

  • 1. Motivation:

    why visualization

    of law?

    2

  • Communicating legal contents

    from the human to the machine

    Transition from text culture to machine culture in law

    Semantic modeling [Paradauskas, Nemurait 2008 Semantic models of databases, in Lithuanian]

    3

  • Multiphase transformation

    1. Gap law computer is too wide.

    2. Therefore several stages.

    3. Multiarch bridge

    4

  • Legal visualization

    Not data visualization

    Not information visualization [Card 2008]

    A kind of knowledge visualization

    5

  • Symbolization as visualization

    1. The language of law = metaphors

    2. Logical diagrams

    6

    Privalomyb

    Esamyb

    Law

    Is Ought

    part-of part-of

  • Law as a whole

    7

  • Is does not imply Ought

    Fact A does not imply Norm(A)

    Neither is implied: Obligatory A, Permitted A, Forbidden A

    Causation does not imply imputation

    Causation: if A then B

    Imputation: if A then Ought B

    8

    B cause A

    B Ought A

  • Visualizing the meaning (semantics)

    9

    Guarino, Oberle, Staab 2009

    What is an Ontology?

    To what extent does UML

    visualize meaning?

  • 2. Visualization as

    tertium comparationis

    10

  • Tertium comparationis

    Latin the third part of the comparison

    Quality that two things that are being compared have in common

    11

    A B

    tertium comparationis

    4 apples 4 pears

    Number 4

  • Tertium communicationis

    Intermediate formats, e.g. XML Schema

    Aim: document type definition for communication humans/machines

    12

  • Two directions

    13

  • Two ways of producing

    tertium comparationis

    14

  • Text-visualization correspondence

    15

    [Fill, Karagiannis 2013]

    [Atk

    inson, K

    hn

    e 2

    00

    3]

  • Visual products

    Different representations of norms

    Etc.

    16

  • Thank you

    Vytautas.Cyras@mif.vu.lt Vytautas.Cyras@mif.vu.lt 17