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Vilnius University

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  • 1.Universitas Vilnensis V I L N I U S U N I V E R S I T Y

2. Universitas Vilnensis 3. ContentsIntroduction 4 Faculties,institutesAshorthistory 5FacultyofChemistry 22Thearchitecturalensemble FacultyofCommunication 23ofVilniusUniversity 7FacultyofEconomics 24Missionandvision 8FacultyofHistory 24StudiesatVilniusUniversity 9FacultyofHumanitiesinKaunas 25Internationalstudents 9FacultyofLaw 28Research 14 FacultyofMathematicsandInformatics 29Internationalrelations 15 FacultyofMedicine 30Newinitiatives 16 FacultyofNaturalSciences 31TheLibrary 20 FacultyofPhilology 31StudentsRepresentationand FacultyofPhilosophy 32otherstudentorganisations 21 FacultyofPhysics 33Leisuretimeactivitiesforstudents 21 InstituteofForeignLanguages 36Sportsandtourism 22 InstituteofInternationalRelationsandPoliticalSciences 37 InstituteofMaterialScienceandAppliedResearch 37 StudyandResearchCentres 38InternationalBusinessSchool 42 Universitas Vilnensis 4. Sinceitsestablishmentinthe16thcentury, The number of students at the University VilniusUniversity,asintegralpartofEuropean comprises one-fifth of the total population of scienceandculture,hasembodiedtheconceptstudentsinthecountry.One-fourthofthepro- ofaclassicaluniversityandtheunityofstudies fessors of higher education establishments of andresearch. Lithuaniaworkhere. The oldest and largest Lithuanian higherThe prestigious Vilnius University devotes education institution, Vilnius University is an specialattentiontothedevelopmentoffunda- activeparticipantininternationalscientificand mentalandappliedsciencesandthequalityof academicactivitiesandboastsmanyprominentstudies.TheUniversityenjoysauniqueacademic scientists, professors and graduates. With theatmosphere and academic freedom with the supportofsocialpartners,theUniversityeduca- priority always given to intellect, wisdom and tesglobally-mindedspecialistswhosuccessfully tolerance. integrateinthemodernEuropeancommunity. Vilnius University, which is celebrating its Universitas Vilnensis Currently,theUniversityhas12faculties,8425thanniversary,remainsyoung,dynamic,pro- institutes, 3 university hospitals, 10 study and gressiveandopentotheworld,scientificvalues researchcentres,oneoftherichestlibrariesinEu- andvarietyofcultures. rope,theAstronomicalObservatory,abotanical garden,acomputercentre,StJohnsChurch. RectorBenediktasJuodka 5. A Short History 6 The Faculty of Law was established under VilniusUniversity,oneoftheoldesthigher thecharteroftheKingVladislausIVandfunded educationestablishmentsinCentralandEasternbytheLithuanianvice-chancellorCasimirusLeo Europe,hasforalongtimebeentheonlyLithua- Sapieha. nianuniversityandhadamarkedinfluenceon theculturallifeoftheneighbouringstates. 7 The history of the University is complex TheAstronomicObservatorywasestablished, anddiverse,intertwinedwiththehistoryofthe whichwasthefourthintheworldandtheoldest LithuanianstateandreflectingitsmostdramaticinEasternEurope. periods. 77 70After the abolition of the Jesuit Order, the The Jesuits, who came to Vilnius at the University was put under the authority of the invitation of Bishop Valerianus Protasevicius, Education Commission, the prototype of the establishedaCollegeandopenedalibrary.Theministry of secular education in Europe. The library was started with a collection of booksteachingofnaturalscienceswasreinforced. donatedbytheKingofPolandandGrandDuke ofLithuania,SigismundusAugustus. 78 TheUniversitywasgrantedthenameofthe 79CentralSchooloftheGrandDuchyofLithuania. On1April,KingStephanusBatoreusissued TheFacultyofMedicinewasestablished. aChartergrantingtheCollegetheprivilegesofa university,andon30October,PopeGregoryXIII 80 announcedaPapalBullconfirmingthetransfor- The University was named an Imperial mationoftheCollegeintoaUniversity. University.Itwasauthorizedtomanageoneof AlthoughfarfromEuropeanculturalcentres, sixRussianeducationdistricts.Atthattimethe the University of Vilnius sufficed potential for University had a number of world-renowned developingprogressivescientificideasandcouldscholars:thenaturalistGeorgForster,whowas alsoafamoustraveller,memberoftheteamofUniversitas Vilnensis boastanumberofdistinguishedprofessorsand students. The poet and professor Mathias Ca-CaptainCookssecondvoyagearoundtheworld, simirusSarbievius,thelaureateofPopeUrban professor Andrzej Sniadecki, the originator of VIIIprize,becameknownthroughoutEurope,physiologyinLithuania,themedicsfromVienna- andthebookbyprofessorMartinusSmiglecius, JohannPeterFrankandhissonJosephFrank(the Logica(Logic),gainedrecognitionandwas formerreformedtheteachingofmedicineand widelyusedinFrenchandBritishuniversities. establishedatherapyclinicsandthelattersetup 6. theVilniusMedicineSociety,MedicineInstitute 1940,VilniusUniversitywasreorganizedaccor- andVaccinationandMaternityInstitutes). dingtothemodelofhighereducationestablish- mentsoftheSovietUnion. 8 TsarNicholasIorderedtheuniversitytobe9 closed.The Nazi invaders closed the University in ThenameofVilniusUniversitywasproclai- 1943, and it resumed its work in the autumn medbyitsgraduates-writersandpoetsAdamof1944. Mickiewicz,JuliuszSlowacki,JozefIgnacyKras- zewskiandAntonyEdwardOdynec,historians 990 MichalBalinskiandTeodorNarbutt,orientolo- WiththerestorationofLithuanianindepen- gistsJozefKowalewskiandJozefSenkowski,anddence,thestatuteoftheuniversitywasapproved geologistIgnacyDomeyko.andtheUniversityregaineditsautonomy. 98 After the proclamation of Lithuanias inde- pendenceon16February,attemptsweremade toreopentheuniversity.On5December1918, theLithuanianStateCouncilapprovedtheStatute oftheUniversityandannouncedadecisionto re-establishtheUniversityinJanuary1919. 99-99 ThePolishStephenBathoryUniversityfunc- tioned in Vilnius. One of its students was the futureNobelPrizewinner,CzeslawMilosz. 99 VilniusUniversityreneweditsactivitywhen FacultiesofHumanitiesandLawweretransferred Universitas Vilnensis fromKaunas. 90 After the Soviet annexation of Lithuania in6 7. The architecturalawardedtoaEuropeanuniversity.VilniusUni-versityisoneofthefewuniversitiesinEuropeensemble of Vilnius whichhaspreservedtheoriginalpurposeofitsUniversitybuildingssinceitsestablishment.TheensembleofVilniusUniversitywillrepresentLithuaniain Vilnius University was established back in theBrusselsparkMiniEuropewhichdisplays the 16th century under the jurisdiction of the themostfamousbuildingsandotherstructures VilniusbishopinablockofVilniusframedbyof cultural or historical value of the European fourstreets:Universiteto(formerlyVyskup),v.Unionmemberstates. Jono,PiliesandSkapo.TheinitiatoroftheVilniusThe spectacular chambers and cozy cour- JesuitCollege,BishopValerianusProtasevicius,tyards of Vilnius University, the active student bought a brick building for the college from lifeandtheauraofthepasthavealwaysattracted thesecretaryoftheGrandDuchyofLithuania,manyvisitors.Universityteachersandstudents MikalojusJasinskis.In1570,onestablishmentof are proud of the buildings of the University, theCollegeandtheLibrary,severalmorenearbywhicharethewitnessesofthehonourableand buildingswereboughtandin1571,theJesuitsrich past and surround the university with a werealsogivenStJohnsChurch.Theensemblespecialanduniqueatmosphere. was gradually expanding until it occupied the entireblockoftheOldtownandmanysurroun- Theoldbuildingscomprisethefacultiesof dingbuildings.History and Philology, the Institute of Foreign In four centuries, the purpose, design andLanguages,theLibraryandtheRectorsoffice. architectural forms of the university buildingsHere,studentsfromallfacultiesgatheron1Sep- often changed. Currently, the old architecturaltembertocelebratethestartofanewacademic ensemble of the University is made up of 13 year. Other faculties of the University are dis- courtyardswith13buildingswhichhaveseveral persedaroundthecity:therearefivecampuses sectionseachaswellasStJohnsChurchanda inVilniusandoneinKaunas.Intotal,Vilnius belfry.ThethirteenthBursacourtyardandtheUniversityownsover100buildingsinVilnius, buildingsoftheFacultyofPhilosophywouldbe KaunasandotherLithuaniantowns. attachedtotheensemblein2004. In1985,VilniusUniversitywasawardedtheUniversitas Vilnensis European gold medal for the preservation of oldbuildings.Thiswasthesecondsuchmedal7 8. MissionVisionThemissionofVilniusUniversityistocreate,TopositionanddistinguishitselfinEuro- accumulateanddisseminateknowledgebyen-peanresearchandeducationareabytoplevel suringcontinuityofauthenticuniversityculture research,whichshouldbesustainedbyUniver- distinguishedbytheatmospherewhereoldtra- sitys research teams of international acclaim ditionsandnewideasenricheachother. and new teams, as well as to ensure annuallyFreedomofthoughtanddiversityofopinions increasing involvement in European research arethemainvaluesoftheUniversitycommunity.andeducationalprogrammes; Aunityofresearchandstudiesisthecoreprin-toensurethatthebalanceddevelopment cipleoftheoverallactivityoftheUniversity. andinteractionofresearchinhumanities,social,The University should distinguish itself by physical,biomedicalandtechnologicalsciences abroadspectrumoffundamentalandapplied remains the most outstanding feature of the research.ItshouldseektoassumetheleadingUniversity, which essentially differentiates it positionamongotherLithuanianinstitutionsin fromotherLithuanianestablishmentsofhigher allresearchareasthatareessentialtothevery educationandresearch; nature of a comprehensive University and settoinitiateandactivelyimplementthepro- itselfthegoalofinternationalexcellenceinthejectsofvaluefortheeconomicdevelopmentof interdisciplinaryresearch.TheUniversityshould the country, which would encourage effective be committed to the mission of opening the co-operation of scientific and educational ins- doorsandprovidinguniversaleducationforthe titutions with high technology companies and mosttalentedyoungpeoplefromalldistrictsofcreate favourable conditions and environment Lithuaniaandeducating