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10

NAME:

GCSE PE

TOPIC 1.2.1

Revision Booklet

Different Body Types

Bodies come in all shapes and sizes but can be grouped into three basic types called SOMATOTYPES:

TASK

Look at the pictures below and EXPLAIN which somatotype would best suit the athletes below:

1)

2)

3)

4)

OPTIMUM WEIGHT

The dictionary definition of optimum is most favourable or best compromise.

FACTORS AFFECTING OPTIMUM WEIGHT

HEIGHT:

GENDER:

BONE STRUCTURE:

MUSCLE GIRTH:

GENETICS:

OPTIMUM WEIGHT in SPORTS

The optimum weight for individual sports performers varies widely according to the sport.

Using your sporting knowledge explain why the optimum weight of these sports performers might vary? (Give specific reasons)

RUGBY PROP and RUGBY WINGER:

JOCKEY and SHOT PUTTER:

BMI

What is it?

Weight-Related Conditions

There are a number of terms used to describe medical conditions related to weight:

ANOREXIC:

OBESE:

OVERFAT:

OVERWEIGHT:

UNDERWEIGHT:

PERFORMANCE-ENHANCING DRUGS

Why do people take performance-enhancing drugs?

1)

2)

3)

What negative affects does it have on sports?

1)

2)

3)

PERFORMANCE-ENHANCING DRUG

ANABOLIC STEROIDS

WHAT DO THEY DO?

BETA BLOCKERS

WHAT DO THEY DO?

DIURETICS

WHAT DO THEY DO?

NARCOTICS / ANALGESICS

WHAT DO THEY DO?

STIMULANTS

WHAT DO THEY DO?

PEPTIDE HORMONES

HUMAN GROWTH HORMONES

ERYTHROPOIETIN (EPO)

RECREATIONAL DRUGS

SMOKING / NICOTINE:

ALCOHOL:

RISK ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTING INJURIES

RISK ASSESSMENT:

WARMING UP / COOLING DOWN:

CHECKING EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES:

PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:

In the table below state what protective equipment is required in each activity and why is it needed:

HOCKEY

ROCK CLIMBING

BOXING

Jewellery:

Personal Presentation:

BALANCED COMPETITION

WEIGHT CATEGORIES:

MIXED OR SINGLE SEX:

AGE:

HANDICAP SYSTEM: