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  • Version 11

  • The compilation of texts and pictures has ensued with the greatest amount of care. Never- theless, mistakes cannot be ruled out completely. The authors cannot accept any liability or incorrect instructions and their consequences. All rights are reserved, especially the rights for reproduction, sale and translation. Copy and reproduction of individual paragraphs and pictures may be made without permission of the authors given that no commercial use (no sale) ensues and a reference to the source of the texts and pictures is made. This also applies to photocopying or any other means of repro- duction, transmission to film, tape, records, OHTs and other media.

    7th revised edition

    for Grafis version 11

    June 2012

    translated by Barbara Maria Wentzel-Dickson 7th edition 2012 © 1995-2012 Grafis- Software Dr. Kerstin Friedrich GbR Klosterstraße 48 41747 Viersen Germany Phone: +49-(0)-2162-12114 www.grafis.de Source of cliparts: “Carsten Scheibes Clip-Art-CD-Rom“, Systhema Verlag, Vol.1 and Vol.2 “80.000 Cliparts“, 4CDs, Ari Data, Willich Cover illustration: Diplom Grafik-Designerin Jutta Höfs, Viersen

  • Contents ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ©Friedrich: Grafis – Textbook, Edition 2012

    Introduction 7

    Chapter 1 Calling basic blocks 1.1 Important rules for work with Grafis 9 1.2 Starting Grafis 10 1.3 Calling basic blocks 12 1.4 Alter the screen display 12 1.5 Quit Grafis 13 1.6 Exercises 13

    Chapter 2 Grading 2.1 Work with measurement charts 16 2.2 Size Table 21 2.3 Grading with measurement charts 22 2.4 Adjust interactive construction 23 2.5 Exercises 25

    Chapter 3 Extracting pieces and pattern output 3.1 Extracting pieces 28 3.2 When help is needed 30 3.3 Pattern output 31 3.4 Stack 34 3.5 Drag, rotate, flip parts 35 3.6 Rolling parts 37 3.7 Exercises 38

    Chapter 4 Create and alter perimeter 4.1 The Grafis data structure 40 4.2 The construction record 40 4.3 Geometrical basics 41 4.4 Deleting objects 43 4.5 Parallels 44 4.5.1 Interactive tools and non-interactive

    functions 44 4.5.2 The parallel menu 45 4.5.3 The parallel function 45 4.5.4 The Parallel 10 tool 46 4.6 Corners 47 4.7 Exercises 51

    Chapter 5 Easy line functions 5.1 Linking lines 54 5.2 Raster 58 5.3 Lengthening and shortening lines 61 5.4 Cut, “cut on“ and separate lines 62 5.5 The Front edge 30 tool 65 5.6 Exercises 66

    Chapter 6 Point, line and direction construction 6.1 Line construction in conjunction with

    the sub-menu point construction 70 6.2 Point construction 77 6.3 Line constructions 79 6.4 Line with direction construction 82 6.5 Circle arcs 87 6.6 Rectangles 88 6.7 Exercises 88

    Chapter 7 Measurements and annotation 7.1 Temporary measuring 93 7.2 Finished measurements 96 7.3 Set and edit text 99 7.4 Set symbols 102 7.5 Interactive tools for buttonholes and

    bartack 103 7.6 Attributes 105 7.7 Interactive Seam Tools 106 7.8 Hatching 107 7.9 Markingline function for the creation of

    templates 108 7.10 Exercises 109

    Chapter 8 Darts and pleats 8.1 Relocate dart 112 8.2 Shorten dart 115 8.3 Hoods on darts and pleats 116 8.4 Pinch with new dart 117 8.5 Spread for pleats, pivot open and close 118 8.6 Exercises 119

    Chapter 9 Curve construction and manipulation 9.1 Construction of curves 124 9.2 Manipulate curves 129 9.3 Exercises 130 9.4 Curve correction for classic curves 132

    Chapter 10 Transformation 10.1 Transformation 136 10.2 Insert with transformation 141 10.3 Complex Exercises 144

  • 4 Contents _________________________________________________________________________________________

    ©Friedrich: Grafis – Textbook, Edition 2012

    Chapter 11 The construction parameter x value 11.1 The x values 150 11.2 Size-dependent adjustment of interactive

    constructions 157 11.3 The x value reference 159 11.4 The alternative reference size 159 11.5 Exercises on x values 166

    Chapter 12 The construction parameter g and z values 12.1 The g values 170 12.2 The z values 171 12.3 Complex Exercises 174

    Chapter 13 Interactive Constructions 13.1 Interactive Bodice 50 178 13.2 Interactive Sleeve 30 188 13.3 Additional functions for adjusting

    interactive constructions 194 13.4 Reconstruct a digitized template pattern

    with an interactive construction 196 13.5 Designing the call list 198

    Chapter 14 Part organisation 14.1 Hereditary automatic 202 14.2 Part organisation 205 14.3 Difference between the functions of the

    menus insert and duplicate/ connection part in the part organisation 206

    14.4 Modifying mother parts 207 14.5 Reset ‘Clicks’ 208 14.6 Complex Exercises 216

    Chapter 15 Export and Import 15.1 Preparation for export in the Grafis

    construction program 232 15.2 Export formats and their particularities 233 15.3 The export dialogues 233 15.4 Step-by-step guide for export in

    AAMA/ ASTM/ DXF format 235 15.5 Step-by-step guide for export in

    EPN format and transfer to Gerber 236 15.6 Special settings and errors during export 237 15.7 Manual export 238 15.8 Import of grade rule patterns 239

    Chapter 16 Grade Rule Grading 16.1 Digitizing the pattern perimeter 244 16.2 Overview of assigning grade rules 249 16.3 Edit grade rules 250 16.4 Save Grade Rule Pattern 254 16.5 Edit grade rule patterns, drag and transfer

    grade rules 255 16.6 Digitize grade rules 259 16.7 Transfer grade rules 262 16.8 Extract grade rule pattern 264 16.9 Create, use and edit a grade rule library 265 16.10 Group grade points 267

    Chapter 17 Layplanning 17.1 The fastest way to a layplan 272 17.2 Preparations in Grafis Construction 272 17.3 Structure of the Grafis Layplan 273 17.4 Create production style 274 17.5 Edit layplan information 277 17.6 Layplanning 280 17.7 Functions of Layplanning menu 283 17.8 Additional functions in the Layplan and

    View pull-down menus 286 17.9 Plot layplan 286

    Chapter 18 Layplanning II 18.1 Alterations to the production style 290 18.2 Organise styles 291 18.3 Repeat 292 18.4 Shrinkage 296 18.5 Spreading type 297 18.6 Fault areas 298 18.7 Categories 298 18.8 Step lay (free mode) 300 18.9 Layplan sequence 301 18.10 Hem position 301 18.11 Line types 301 18.12 Material catalogue/ material pre-selection 302 18.13 Overlap areas 302 18.14 Exchangeable pieces 303 18.15 Additional options 304 18.16 Cutter output 305 18.17 Autonester 306

  • Contents 5 _________________________________________________________________________________________ ©Friedrich: Grafis – Textbook, Edition 2012

    The following Chapter and Appendices can be found exclusively in the Grafis Help, which is opened from within the Grafis program via the Help pull-down menu. Chapter 19 Programming Language I 19.1 A simple program: square 308 19.2 Data basis and user interface 309 19.3 Rules for programming 313 19.4 Program: Gradeable rectangle 314 19.5 Program: Collar band 316 19.6 Program: Skirt 320 19.7 General guidelines 325

    Chapter 20 Programming Language II 20.1 Subjects for advanced users 328 20.2 Automatic length adjustment 334 20.3 Collar neck with minimum as external

    function 337 20.4 Shirt collar construction 339 20.5 Construction component shoulder seam

    relocation 341

    Appendix A New in Version 11 A.1 New in the Grafis Construction program 347 A.2 New in the Grafis Layplanning program 348 A.3 New in the Interactive constructions 348

    Appendix B Install and set up Grafis B.1 Grafis Installation 351 B.2 System adjustment Grafis Setup 353 B.3 Grafis directory structure 358 B.4 Grafis.ini parameter 359 B.5 Printer/Plotter Setup 365 B.6 Plotter adjustment and printer/plotter in a

    network 367 B.7 Settings for EPN export to Gerber 369

    Appendix C Install and set up Autonester 371

    Appendix D Install and set up Plotmanager 377

  • Introduction ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ©Friedrich: Grafis – Textbook, Edition 2012

    The Grafis system

    The Grafis system includes first pattern develop- ment, grading and an industry standard layplanning system. Patterns can be graded by application of the construction system or using grade rules. During the styling process Grafis internally creates a record of the modification steps. The record can then be re-called to create other sizes automatically thus, eliminating incremental grading. Grafis also records how patterns are derived from one another, capturing the interdependence of the pieces. Alterations made to one piece are automati- cally applied to all interdependent pieces. Construction parameters can be applied during pattern development. This enables the user to com- fortably modify already finished patterns by simply changing the construction parameters.

    Prerequisites The following are requirements for learning to use Grafis: • basic knowledge in the use of computers, in

    particular the use of keyboard and mouse as well as working with files and folders and

    • good knowledge of garment pattern cutting. The application of Grafis can also be learned without knowledge of garment pattern cutting for example for use in the upholstery industry. Grafis replaces the user's