verb conjugation review and conjugating stem changing verbs

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Verb Conjugation Review And Conjugating Stem Changing Verbs. First of all, this IS all review, but it wouldn’t hurt to take some notes. Especially if you still feel a little confused with stem changers or conjugation in general. What is the purpose of conjugation? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Slide 1

Verb Conjugation ReviewAnd Conjugating Stem Changing Verbs

First of all, this IS all review, but it wouldnt hurt to take some notes. Especially if you still feel a little confused with stem changers or conjugation in general.

What is the purpose of conjugation?*Conjugation means to modify or change the verb to make it express that the action (the verb) is being done by a subject. * Like TO READ is a verbI would conjugate to read for I-to express that I am the one doing that action.I READ* We do the VERY same thing in Spanish.LEER is the verb, to make it say I am doing the Reading, I MUST conjugate LEER to make it say I read or YO LEO.

Sound Familiar?* It should, on the next slide there is and ENGLISH and SPANISH conjugation chart to help you compare.

I readwe read

You read

He readsthey readShe readsyou all readYou (form.)readYo leonosotros leemosnosotras leemos

T lees

l leeEllos leenElla leeEllas leenUsted leeUstedes leenNotice that the letter S doesnt ALWAYS make something plural. Like in READS. The S does NOT make that plural. Neither does the S on lees.

When conjugating regular verbs we follow the same pattern whether the verb is an AR, ER or IR verb.

Step 1: Start with the infinitive (unconjugated) from of the verb.Like: EscribirStep 2: Cut off the endingeither the AR ER or IREscribStep 3: add the approriate ending for whoever the subject is doing the action:

ERo, es, e, emos, enIR----o, es, e, imos, enAR---o, as, a, amos, an

***This pattern works for all normal (regular) verbs.

But, when it comes to STEM CHANGING VERBS, there is a slight difference in those steps.

Examples of Stem Changers are: PEDIR-to order or ask for, SERVIR-to serve, REPETIR-to repeat, QUERER-to want/to love

Pedir, Servir, and Repetirall these are eI verbs, meaning that the e in their stem changes to an I when conjugating in some forms.

Remember---

SIRVOSERVIMOS

SIRVES

SIRVESIRVENALL THE FORMS INSIDE THE BOOTDO HAVE THE STEM CHANGE

REMEMBER THIS DOESNT CHANGE ANYTHING ABOUT THE ENDINGS.

SERVIR does do the stem change, BUT its endings are the normal IR endings: o, es, e, imos, en

The only thing irregular that happens is the eI stem change

REMEMBER THE NOSOTROS/AS FORM IS NOT AFFECTED BY THE STEM CHANGE, ITS BEEN KICKED OUT OF THE BOOT-ITS NOT PART OF THE STEM CHANGER CLUB!!

pidopidepidespidenpedimos

repitorepiterepitesrepitenrepetimosIN REPETIR ONLY THE 2ND E HAS THE STEM CHANGE EI

THE VERB QUERER DOES THE SAME THINGBUT ITS AN EIE STEM CHANGER

QUIEROQUIEREQUIERESQUIERENQUEREMOS

ANOTHER COMMON ERROR IS THAT MANY STUDENTS ARE USING THE WRONG SET OF ENDINGS

REMEMBER THAT ONLY AR VERBS ARE GOING TO USE THE AR ENDINGS: O, AS, A, AMOS, AN

AND ONLY ER VERBS ARE GOING TO USE THE ER ENDINGS: O, ES, E, EMOS, EN

ONLY IR VERBS ARE GOING TO USE THE IR ENDINGS: O, ES, E, IMOS, EN

THAT IS IT FOR REVIEW AND NOTES.

NOW PLEASE GET IN YOUR GROUPS AND WORK ON THE REVIEW WORKSHEET.