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Vegetarian Diets. Vegetarian Diets. What is a vegetarian diet? A vegetarian diet excludes meat, poultry, and fish. How common is it to be a vegetarian in America? Nearly 5 million American adults 3% of youth ages 8 to 18 years. Vegetarian Diets. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of MississippiVegetarian Diets

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsWhat is a vegetarian diet?

    A vegetarian diet excludes meat, poultry, and fish.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*How common is it to be a vegetarian in America?

    Nearly 5 million American adults3% of youth ages 8 to 18 yearsVegetarian Diets

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Why do people choose to eat vegetarian diets?ReligionHeritagePersonal philosophyHealth EconomicsVegetarian Diets

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsDo all vegetarians eat the same food choices? The answer is, it depends on the specific vegetarian diet.Three main vegetarian dietsLacto-Ovo VegetarianLacto VegetarianVegan Vegetarian

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsLacto-Ovo Vegetarians eat:

    Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Legumes, Nuts, and SeedsMilk and Milk Products (lacto)Eggs (ovo)

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsLacto Vegetarians eat:

    Similar to Lacto-ovo diet, except does not include eggs.Baked items and pastas may need to be prepared differently.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsVegans eat:

    Only plant-based foodsNo animal productsStrict vegans avoid honey and products made with animal by-products, such as gelatin.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*What are the health and nutrition benefits of vegetarian diets?Health Benefits include:Lowers blood cholesterol and blood pressure levelsReduces the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and strokeLowers body mass index (BMI)Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes and some cancersVegetarian Diets

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsNutrition Benefits include:

    Higher intakes of some vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytonutrientsLower intakes of saturated fat and dietary cholesterol

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Are there nutrients of concern for vegetarian diets?Nutrition ConcernsProteinQuantityCan a vegetarian diet provide enough protein? Lesson ActivityProtein PredictionsVegetarian Diets

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi* Teen males need 52 grams protein Adult males need 56 grams

    Mixed Lacto-Ovo Vegan 74 grams 63 grams 61 grams H M LVegetarian DietsLesson ActivityProtein Predictions

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsDo vegetarian diets provide quality protein?Animal proteins are completePlant-based proteins are incomplete

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsComplementary Proteinscombine to make complete proteins

    Grains

    Legumes Vegetables

    Nuts/Seeds

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian Diets Milk(Lacto) Complete protein from an animal source.CheesePizza Sauce and CrustGrain and Vegetable

    Both incomplete protein sources from plant-based foods.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Physical Activity BoosterThe Perfect Complement

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernAdequate Calories

    Adequate calories are needed to assure protein needs are met.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernIron

    Plant foods have non-heme iron.Serve vitamin C rich foods with plant sources of iron.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernCalcium

    Check milk substitutes to assure they are fortified with calcium and other nutrients found in milk.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernVitamin B-12

    Vitamin B-12 is only found in animal foods. Vegan diets need supplements of B-12.

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsOther Nutrients of Concern

    Vitamin DZincIodineOmega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsAccording to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsAccording to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsDietary Guidelines for Americans Food Groups to Encourage Whole grainsVegetablesFruitsLegumesLow fat and fat-free milk/milk products

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Are vegetarian diets a special nutrition need?

    What tools do school nutrition programs have to meet the preferences of students that want a vegetarian meal?

    Vegetarian Diets

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*Vegetarian DietsTaste Activity

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • Post-QuizNational Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi*

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

  • National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of MississippiEnd of Lesson 6

    National Food Service Management InstituteThe University of Mississippi

    *All slides need to be updated with new lesson order, Lesson #6 this is only noted here on the first slide. All changes noted are to the copy on slides.

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    *NO Changes unless transitions are added to slides for bullet points to come in one at a time.

    *NO Changes unless transitions are added to slides for bullet points to come in one at a time.

    *NO Changes unless transitions are added to slides for bullet points to come in one at a time.

    *NO Changes unless transitions are added to slides for bullet points to come in one at a time.

    *NO Changes unless transitions are added to slides for bullet points to come in one at a time.

    *NO Changes unless transitions are added to slides for bullet points to come in one at a time.

    *The information on this slide should appear in four se

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